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35 ILCS 520/16

    (35 ILCS 520/16) (from Ch. 120, par. 2166)
    (Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 16. All assessments are jeopardy assessments - lien.
    (a) Assessment. An assessment for a dealer not possessing valid stamps or other official indicia showing that the tax has been paid shall be considered a jeopardy assessment or collection, as provided by Section 1102 of the Illinois Income Tax Act. The Department shall determine and assess a tax and applicable penalties and interest according to the best judgment and information available to the Department, which amount so fixed by the Department shall be prima facie correct and shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the amount of tax due, as shown in such determination. When, according to the best judgment and information available to the Department with regard to all real and personal property and rights to property of the dealer, there is no reasonable expectation of collection of the amount of tax and penalty to be assessed, the Department may issue an assessment under this Section for the amount of tax without penalty.
    (b) Filing of lien. Upon issuance of a jeopardy assessment as provided by subsection (a) of this Section, the Department may file a notice of jeopardy assessment lien in the office of the recorder of the county in which any property of the taxpayer may be located and shall notify the taxpayer of such filing.
    (c) Protest. If the taxpayer believes that he does not owe some or all of the amount for which the jeopardy assessment lien against him has been filed, he may protest within 20 days after being notified by the Department of the filing of such jeopardy assessment lien and request a hearing, whereupon the Department shall hold a hearing in conformity with the provisions of Section 908 of the Illinois Income Tax Act and, pursuant thereto, shall notify the taxpayer of its decision as to whether or not such jeopardy assessment lien will be released.
    After the expiration of the period within which the person assessed may file an action for judicial review without such action being filed, a certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment of the Department may be filed with the Circuit Court of the county in which the dealer resides, or of Cook County in the case of a dealer who does not reside in this State, or in the county where the violation of this Act took place. The certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment shall be accompanied by a certification which recites facts that are sufficient to show that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the dealer had this opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself or herself of either or both of these opportunities or not. If the court is satisfied that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the taxpayer had his opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself of either or both of these opportunities or not, the court shall render judgment in favor of the Department and against the taxpayer for the amount shown to be due by the final assessment or the revised final assessment, plus any interest which may be due, and such judgment shall be entered in the judgment docket of the court. Such judgment shall bear the same rate of interest and shall have the same effect as other judgments. The judgment may be enforced, and all laws applicable to sales for the enforcement of a judgment shall be applicable to sales made under such judgments. The Department shall file the certified copy of its assessment, as herein provided, with the Circuit Court within 2 years after such assessment becomes final except when the taxpayer consents in writing to an extension of such filing period, and except that the time limitation period on the Department's right to file the certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court shall not run during any period of time in which the order of any court has the effect of enjoining or restraining the Department from filing such certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court.
    If, when the cause of action for a proceeding in court accrues against a person, he or she is out of the State, the action may be commenced within the times herein limited, after his or her coming into or returning to the State; and if, after the cause of action accrues, he or she departs from and remains out of the State, the time of his or her absence from the State, the time of his or her absence is no part of the time limited for the commencement of the action; but the foregoing provisions concerning absence from the State shall not apply to any case in which, at the time the cause of action accrues, the party against whom the cause of action accrues is not a resident of this State. The time within which a court action is to be commenced by the Department hereunder shall not run from the date the taxpayer files a petition in bankruptcy under the Federal Bankruptcy Act until 30 days after notice of termination or expiration of the automatic stay imposed by the Federal Bankruptcy Act.
    No claim shall be filed against the estate of any deceased person or any person under legal disability for any tax or penalty or part of either, or interest, except in the manner prescribed and within the time limited by the Probate Act of 1975, as amended.
    The collection of tax or penalty or interest by any means provided for herein shall not be a bar to any prosecution under this Act.
    In addition to any penalty provided for in this Act, any amount of tax which is not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate determined in accordance with the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, per month or fraction thereof from the date when such tax becomes past due until such tax is paid or a judgment therefor is obtained by the Department. If the time for making or completing an audit of a taxpayer's books and records is extended with the taxpayer's consent, at the request of and for the convenience of the Department, beyond the date on which the statute of limitations upon the issuance of a notice of tax liability by the Department otherwise run, no interest shall accrue during the period of such extension. Interest shall be collected in the same manner and as part of the tax.
    If the Department determines that an amount of tax or penalty or interest was incorrectly assessed, whether as the result of a mistake of fact or an error of law, the Department shall waive the amount of tax or penalty or interest that accrued due to the incorrect assessment.
(Source: P.A. 97-1129, eff. 8-28-12.)
 
    (Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 100-22)
    Sec. 16. All assessments are jeopardy assessments - lien.
    (a) Assessment. An assessment for a dealer not possessing valid stamps or other official indicia showing that the tax has been paid shall be considered a jeopardy assessment or collection, as provided by Section 1102 of the Illinois Income Tax Act. The Department shall determine and assess a tax and applicable penalties and interest according to the best judgment and information available to the Department, which amount so fixed by the Department shall be prima facie correct and shall be prima facie evidence of the correctness of the amount of tax due, as shown in such determination. When, according to the best judgment and information available to the Department with regard to all real and personal property and rights to property of the dealer, there is no reasonable expectation of collection of the amount of tax and penalty to be assessed, the Department may issue an assessment under this Section for the amount of tax without penalty.
    (b) Filing of lien. Upon issuance of a jeopardy assessment as provided by subsection (a) of this Section, the Department may file a notice of jeopardy assessment lien in the State Tax Lien Registry and shall notify the taxpayer of such filing.
    (c) Protest. If the taxpayer believes that he does not owe some or all of the amount for which the jeopardy assessment lien against him has been filed, he may protest within 20 days after being notified by the Department of the filing of such jeopardy assessment lien and request a hearing, whereupon the Department shall hold a hearing in conformity with the provisions of Section 908 of the Illinois Income Tax Act and, pursuant thereto, shall notify the taxpayer of its decision as to whether or not such jeopardy assessment lien will be released.
    After the expiration of the period within which the person assessed may file an action for judicial review without such action being filed, a certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment of the Department may be filed with the Circuit Court of the county in which the dealer resides, or of Cook County in the case of a dealer who does not reside in this State, or in the county where the violation of this Act took place. The certified copy of the final assessment or revised final assessment shall be accompanied by a certification which recites facts that are sufficient to show that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the dealer had this opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself or herself of either or both of these opportunities or not. If the court is satisfied that the Department complied with the jurisdictional requirements of the Act in arriving at its final assessment or its revised final assessment and that the taxpayer had his opportunity for an administrative hearing and for judicial review, whether he availed himself of either or both of these opportunities or not, the court shall render judgment in favor of the Department and against the taxpayer for the amount shown to be due by the final assessment or the revised final assessment, plus any interest which may be due, and such judgment shall be entered in the judgment docket of the court. Such judgment shall bear the same rate of interest and shall have the same effect as other judgments. The judgment may be enforced, and all laws applicable to sales for the enforcement of a judgment shall be applicable to sales made under such judgments. The Department shall file the certified copy of its assessment, as herein provided, with the Circuit Court within 2 years after such assessment becomes final except when the taxpayer consents in writing to an extension of such filing period, and except that the time limitation period on the Department's right to file the certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court shall not run during any period of time in which the order of any court has the effect of enjoining or restraining the Department from filing such certified copy of its assessment with the Circuit Court.
    If, when the cause of action for a proceeding in court accrues against a person, he or she is out of the State, the action may be commenced within the times herein limited, after his or her coming into or returning to the State; and if, after the cause of action accrues, he or she departs from and remains out of the State, the time of his or her absence from the State, the time of his or her absence is no part of the time limited for the commencement of the action; but the foregoing provisions concerning absence from the State shall not apply to any case in which, at the time the cause of action accrues, the party against whom the cause of action accrues is not a resident of this State. The time within which a court action is to be commenced by the Department hereunder shall not run from the date the taxpayer files a petition in bankruptcy under the Federal Bankruptcy Act until 30 days after notice of termination or expiration of the automatic stay imposed by the Federal Bankruptcy Act.
    No claim shall be filed against the estate of any deceased person or any person under legal disability for any tax or penalty or part of either, or interest, except in the manner prescribed and within the time limited by the Probate Act of 1975, as amended.
    The collection of tax or penalty or interest by any means provided for herein shall not be a bar to any prosecution under this Act.
    In addition to any penalty provided for in this Act, any amount of tax which is not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate determined in accordance with the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, per month or fraction thereof from the date when such tax becomes past due until such tax is paid or a judgment therefor is obtained by the Department. If the time for making or completing an audit of a taxpayer's books and records is extended with the taxpayer's consent, at the request of and for the convenience of the Department, beyond the date on which the statute of limitations upon the issuance of a notice of tax liability by the Department otherwise run, no interest shall accrue during the period of such extension. Interest shall be collected in the same manner and as part of the tax.
    If the Department determines that an amount of tax or penalty or interest was incorrectly assessed, whether as the result of a mistake of fact or an error of law, the Department shall waive the amount of tax or penalty or interest that accrued due to the incorrect assessment.
(Source: P.A. ; 100-22, eff. 1-1-18.)