Illinois Compiled Statutes
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240 ILCS 40/1-10
(240 ILCS 40/1-10)
As used in this Act:
"Board" means the governing body of the Illinois Grain Insurance
"Certificate" means a document, other than the license, issued by
the Department that certifies that a grain dealer's license has
been issued and is in effect.
(a) a person, including, without limitation, a lender:
(1) who possesses warehouse receipts issued from an
Illinois location covering grain owned or stored by a failed warehouseman; or
(2) who has other written evidence of a storage
obligation of a failed warehouseman issued from an Illinois location in favor of the holder, including, but not limited to, scale tickets, settlement sheets, and ledger cards; or
(3) who has loaned money to a warehouseman and was to
receive a warehouse receipt issued from an Illinois location as security for that loan, who surrendered warehouse receipts as part of a grain sale at an Illinois location, or who delivered grain out of storage with the warehouseman as part of a grain sale at an Illinois location; and
(i) the grain dealer or warehouseman failed
within 21 days after the loan of money, the surrender of warehouse receipts, or the delivery of grain, as the case may be, and no warehouse receipt was issued or payment in full was not made on the grain sale, as the case may be; or
(ii) written notice was given by the person to
the Department within 21 days after the loan of money, the surrender of warehouse receipts, or the delivery of grain, as the case may be, stating that no warehouse receipt was issued or payment in full made on the grain sale, as the case may be; or
(b) a producer not included in item (a)(3) in the definition of "Claimant"
who possesses evidence of the sale at an Illinois location of grain delivered
to a failed grain dealer, or its designee in Illinois and who was not paid
"Class I warehouseman" means a warehouseman who is authorized to
issue negotiable and non-negotiable warehouse receipts.
"Class II warehouseman" means a warehouseman who is authorized to
issue only non-negotiable warehouse receipts.
"Code" means this Grain Code.
(a) irrevocable letters of credit;
(b) certificates of deposit;
(c) cash or a cash equivalent; or
(d) any other property acceptable to the Department to the
extent there exists equity in that property. For the purposes of
this item (d), "equity" is the amount by which the fair
market value of the property exceeds the amount owed to a creditor who
has a valid, prior, perfected security interest in or other valid, prior,
perfected lien on
"Corporation" means the Illinois Grain Insurance Corporation.
"Daily position record" means a grain inventory accountability
record maintained on a daily basis that includes an accurate
reflection of changes in grain inventory, storage obligations,
company-owned inventory by commodity, and other information
that is required by the Department.
"Daily grain transaction report" means a record of the daily
transactions of a grain dealer showing the amount of all grain
received and shipped during each day and the amount on hand at the
end of each day.
"Date of delivery of grain" means:
(a) the date grain is delivered to a grain dealer, or its designee in
purpose of sale;
(b) the date grain is delivered to a warehouseman, or its designee in
purpose of storage; or
(c) in reference to grain in storage with a warehouseman,
the date a warehouse receipt representing stored grain is delivered
to the issuer of the warehouse receipt for the purpose of selling the stored
or, if no warehouse receipt was issued:
(1) the date the purchase price for stored grain is
(2) if sold by price later contract, the date of the
"Department" means the Illinois Department of Agriculture.
"Depositor" means a person who has evidence of a storage
obligation from a warehouseman.
"Director", unless otherwise provided, means the Illinois Director of
Agriculture, or the Director's designee.
"Electronic document" means a document that is generated, sent, received,
or stored by electrical, digital, magnetic, optical electromagnetic, or any
other similar means, including, but not limited to, electronic data
interchange, electronic mail,
telegram, telex, or telecopy.
"Electronic warehouse receipt" means a warehouse receipt that is issued or
transmitted in the form of an electronic document.
"Emergency storage" means space measured in bushels and used for a
period of time not to exceed 3 months for storage of grain
as a consequence of an emergency situation.
"Equity assets" means:
(a) The equity in any property of the
licensee or failed
licensee, other than grain assets. For purposes of this item (a):
(1) "equity" is the amount by which the fair market
value of the property exceeds the amount owed to a creditor who has a valid security interest in or other valid lien on the property that was perfected before the date of failure of the licensee;
(2) a creditor is not deemed to have a valid security
interest or other valid lien on property if (i) the property can be directly traced as being from the sale of grain by the licensee or failed licensee; (ii) the security interest was taken as additional collateral on account of an antecedent debt owed to the creditor; and (iii) the security interest or other lien was perfected (A) on or within 90 days before the date of failure of the licensee or (B) when the creditor is a related person, within one year of the date of failure of the licensee.
"Failure" means, in reference to a licensee:
(a) a formal declaration of insolvency;
(b) a revocation of a license;
(c) a failure to apply for license renewal, leaving
indebtedness to claimants;
(d) a denial of license renewal, leaving indebtedness to
(e) a voluntary surrender of a license, leaving
indebtedness to claimants.
"Federal warehouseman" means a warehouseman licensed
by the United States government under the United
States Warehouse Act (7 U.S.C. 241 et seq.).
"Fund" means the Illinois Grain Insurance Fund.
"Grain" means corn, soybeans, wheat, oats, rye, barley, grain
sorghum, canola, buckwheat, flaxseed, edible soybeans, and
other like agricultural commodities that may be
designated by rule.
"Grain assets" means:
(a) all grain owned and all grain stored by a licensee or
failed licensee, wherever located, including redeposited grain of a licensee
or failed licensee;
(c) identifiable proceeds, including, but not limited to, insurance
received by or due to a licensee or failed licensee resulting
from the sale, exchange,
destruction, loss, or theft of grain, or other disposition of grain by the
licensee or failed licensee; or
(d) assets in hedging or speculative margin accounts held by
commodity or security exchanges on behalf of a licensee or failed
licensee and any moneys due or to become due to a licensee or
failed licensee, less any secured financing directly associated with those
assets or moneys, from any transactions on those exchanges.
For purposes of this Act, storage charges, drying charges, price later
contract service charges, and other grain service charges received by or due to
a licensee or failed licensee shall not be deemed to be grain assets, nor shall
such charges be deemed to be proceeds from the sale or other disposition of
grain by a licensee or a failed licensee, or to have been directly or
indirectly traceable from, to have resulted from, or to have been derived in
or in part from, or otherwise related to, the sale or other disposition of
grain by the licensee or failed licensee.
"Grain dealer" means a person who is licensed by the Department to
engage in the business of buying grain from producers.
"Grain Indemnity Trust Account" means a trust account established by
the Director under Section 205-410 of the Department of
Agriculture Law (20 ILCS 205/205-410) that is used for the receipt and
moneys paid from the Fund and proceeds from the liquidation of and
collection upon grain assets, equity assets, collateral, and
guarantees of or relating to failed licensees. The Grain Indemnity
Trust Account shall be used to pay valid claims, authorized refunds
from the Fund, and expenses incurred in preserving, liquidating, and
collecting upon grain assets, equity assets, collateral, and
guarantees relating to failed licensees.
"Guarantor" means a person who assumes all or part of the
obligations of a licensee to claimants.
"Guarantee" means a document executed by a guarantor by which the
guarantor assumes all or part of the obligations of a licensee
"Incidental grain dealer" means a grain dealer who purchases
only in connection with a feed milling operation and whose total
purchases of grain from producers during the grain dealer's fiscal
year do not exceed $100,000.
"Licensed storage capacity" means the maximum grain storage capacity
measured in bushels approved by the applicable licensing agency for
use by a warehouseman.
"Licensee" means a grain dealer or warehouseman who is licensed by
the Department and a federal warehouseman that is a participant
in the Fund, under subsection (c) of Section 30-10.
"Official grain standards" means the official grade designations as
adopted by the United States Department of Agriculture under
the United States Grain Standards Act and regulations adopted under that Act (7
U.S.C. 71 et seq. and 7 CFR 810.201 et seq.).
"Permanent storage capacity" means the capacity of permanent structures
available for storage of grain on a regular and continuous basis,
measured in bushels.
"Person" means any individual or entity, including, but not
limited to, a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a corporation,
a cooperative, an association, a limited liability company, an estate,
a trust, or a governmental agency.
"Price later contract" means a contract, in written or electronic form, for the sale of
grain whereby any part of the purchase price may be established by
the seller after delivery of the grain to a grain dealer
according to a pricing formula contained in the contract. Title to
the grain passes to the grain dealer at the time of delivery. The
and the general terms and conditions
of the contract
shall be established by rule.
"Producer" means the owner, tenant, or operator of land who has an
interest in and receives all or part of the proceeds from the
sale of the grain produced on the land.
"Producer protection holding corporation" means a holding
corporation to receive, hold title to, and liquidate assets of or
relating to a failed licensee, including assets in reference to
collateral or guarantees relating to a failed licensee.
"Regulatory Fund" means the fund created under Article 35.
"Related persons" means affiliates of a licensee, key persons
of a licensee, owners of a licensee, and persons who have
control over a licensee. For the purposes of this definition:
(a) "Affiliate" means a person who has direct or
indirect control of a licensee, is controlled by a licensee, or is under common control with a licensee.
(b) "Key person" means an officer, a director, a
trustee, a partner, a proprietor, a manager, a managing agent, or the spouse of a licensee. An officer or a director of an entity organized or operating as a cooperative, however, shall not be considered to be a "key person".
(c) "Owner" means the holder of: over 10% of the
total combined voting power of a corporation or over 10% of the total value of shares of all classes of stock of a corporation; over a 10% interest in a partnership; over 10% of the value of a trust computed actuarially; or over 10% of the legal or beneficial interest in any other business, association, endeavor, or entity that is a licensee. For purposes of computing these percentages, a holder is deemed to own stock or other interests in a business entity whether the ownership is direct or indirect.
(d) "Control" means the power to exercise authority
over or direct the management or policies of a business entity.
(e) "Indirect" means an interest in a business held
by the holder not through the holder's actual holdings in the business, but through the holder's holdings in another business or other businesses.
(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act,
the term "related person" does not include a lender, secured party, or other lien holder solely by reason of the existence of the loan, security interest, or lien, or solely by reason of the lender, secured party, or other lien holder having or exercising any right or remedy provided by law or by agreement with a licensee or a failed licensee.
"Reserve Fund" means a separate and discrete fund of up to $2,000,000 held
by the Corporation as set forth in Section 30-25.
"Successor agreement" means an agreement by which a licensee succeeds to
the grain obligations of a former licensee.
"Temporary storage space" means space measured in bushels and used
for 6 months or less for storage of grain
on a temporary basis due to a need for additional storage in excess
of permanent storage capacity.
"Trust account" means the Grain Indemnity Trust Account.
"Valid claim" means a request for payment under the provisions of this
Code, submitted by a claimant, the amount
and category of which have been determined by the Department, to the extent
that determination is not subject to further administrative review
Each grain sale transaction and each storage obligation shall be considered a
separate and discrete request for payment even though one or more requests are
contained on one claim form or are filed with the Department in one document.
"Warehouse" means a building, structure, or enclosure in which grain
is stored for the public for compensation, whether grain of
different owners is commingled or whether identity of
different lots of grain is preserved.
"Warehouse receipt" means a receipt for the storage of grain issued
by a warehouseman.
"Warehouseman" means a person who is licensed:
(a) by the Department to engage in the business of
storing grain for compensation; or
(b) under the United States Warehouse Act but
participates in the Fund under subsection (c) of Section 30-10.
(Source: P.A. 96-464, eff. 8-14-09.)