Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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COURTS705 ILCS 205/0.01
(705 ILCS 205/) Attorney Act.
(705 ILCS 205/0.01)
(from Ch. 13, par. 0.01)
This Act may be cited as the
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)
705 ILCS 205/1
(705 ILCS 205/1)
(from Ch. 13, par. 1)
No person shall be permitted to practice as an attorney or
counselor at law within this State without having previously obtained a
license for that purpose from the Supreme Court of this State.
No person shall receive any compensation directly or indirectly for any
legal services other than a regularly licensed attorney, nor may an unlicensed person advertise or hold himself or herself out to provide legal services.
A license, as provided for herein, constitutes the person receiving the
same an attorney and counselor at law, according to the law and customs
thereof, for and during his good behavior in the practice and authorizes
him to demand and receive fees for any services which he may render as an
attorney and counselor at law in this State. No person shall be granted
a license or renewal authorized by this Act who has defaulted on an
educational loan guaranteed by the Illinois Student Assistance Commission;
however, a license or renewal may be issued to the aforementioned persons
who have established a satisfactory repayment record as determined by the
Illinois Student Assistance Commission.
No person shall be granted a license or renewal authorized by this Act who is
more than 30 days delinquent in complying with a child support order; a license
or renewal may be issued, however, if the person has
established a satisfactory repayment record as determined (i) by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Illinois
Department of Public Aid) for cases being enforced under Article X of the
Illinois Public Aid Code or (ii) in all other cases by order of court or by
written agreement between the custodial parent and non-custodial parent.
No person shall be refused a license under this Act on account of sex.
Any person practicing, charging or receiving fees for legal services
or advertising or holding himself or herself out to provide legal services within this State, either directly or indirectly, without being licensed to
practice as herein required, is guilty of contempt of court and shall be
punished accordingly, upon complaint being filed in any Circuit Court of
this State. The remedies available include, but are not limited to: (i) appropriate equitable relief; (ii) a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000, which shall be paid to the Illinois Equal Justice Foundation; and (iii) actual damages. Such proceedings shall be conducted in the Courts of the
respective counties where the alleged contempt has been committed in the
same manner as in cases of indirect contempt and with the right of review
by the parties thereto.
The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to other remedies
permitted by law and shall not be construed to deprive courts of this State
of their inherent right to punish for contempt or to restrain the
unauthorized practice of law.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to conflict with, amend, or modify Section 5 of the Corporation Practice of Law Prohibition Act or prohibit representation of a
party by a person who is not an attorney in a proceeding before either panel
of the Illinois Labor Relations Board under the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act, as now or
hereafter amended, the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board under the
Illinois Educational Labor Relations Act, as now or hereafter amended, the
State Civil Service Commission, the local Civil Service Commissions, or the
University Civil Service Merit Board, to the extent allowed pursuant to
rules and regulations promulgated by those Boards and Commissions or the giving of information, training, or advocacy or assistance in any meetings or administrative proceedings held pursuant to the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the federal Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, or the federal Social Security Act, to the extent allowed by those laws or the federal regulations or State statutes implementing those laws.
(Source: P.A. 94-659, eff. 1-1-06; 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 95-410, eff. 8-24-07.)
705 ILCS 205/2
(705 ILCS 205/2)
(from Ch. 13, par. 2)
(Text of Section before amendment by P.A. 99-419
No person shall be entitled to receive a license as aforesaid
unless he is a citizen of the United States or unless he has made a
declaration of intention to become a citizen or unless, having made such
declaration of intention, he has filed a petition for naturalization within
thirty days after becoming eligible to do so and until he shall have
obtained a certificate of his good moral character from a circuit court.
(Source: P.A. 79-1361.)
(Text of Section after amendment by P.A. 99-419
Licensing of noncitizens.
(a) No person shall be prohibited from receiving a license solely because he or she is not a citizen of the United States.
(b) The Supreme Court of this State may grant a license to a person who, in addition to fulfilling the requirements to practice law within this State, satisfies the following requirements:
(1) the United States Department of Homeland Security
has approved the person's request for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals;
(2) the person's Deferred Action for Childhood
Arrivals has not expired or has been properly renewed; and
(3) the person has a current and valid employment
authorization document issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service.
The General Assembly finds and declares that this subsection (b) is a state law within the meaning of subsection (d) of Section 1621 of Title 8 of the United States Code.
(c) The Illinois Supreme Court may promulgate any orders or rules necessary to implement this amendatory Act of the 99th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 99-419, eff. 1-1-16.)
705 ILCS 205/4
(705 ILCS 205/4)
(from Ch. 13, par. 4)
Every person admitted to practice as an attorney and counsellor at
law shall, before his name is entered upon the roll to be kept as
hereinafter provided, take and subscribe an oath, substantially in the
I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be), that I will support
the constitution of the United States and the constitution of the state of
Illinois, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of
attorney and counselor at law to the best of my ability.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 169
705 ILCS 205/5
(705 ILCS 205/5)
(from Ch. 13, par. 5)
It shall be the duty of the clerk of the supreme court to make and
keep a record, stating at the head thereof that the persons whose names are
therein written have been regularly licensed and admitted to practice as
attorneys and counselors at law within this State, and that they have duly
taken the oath of office as prescribed by law, which shall be certified and
indorsed on the license.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 34.)
705 ILCS 205/6
(705 ILCS 205/6)
(from Ch. 13, par. 6)
No person, whose name is not on such roll, with the day and year
when the same was written thereon, shall be suffered or admitted to
practice as an attorney or counselor at law in any court within this State,
and the justices of the supreme court, in open court, shall have power at
their discretion to strike the name of any attorney or counsel at law from
the roll for malconduct in his office; and any judge of a Circuit Court
shall, for like cause, have power to suspend any attorney or counselor at
law from practice in the court over which he presides, during such time as
he may deem proper, subject to the right of appeal as in other civil cases.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 3675.)
705 ILCS 205/7
(705 ILCS 205/7)
(from Ch. 13, par. 7)
In all cases when an attorney of any court in this state, or
solicitor in chancery, shall have received, or may hereafter receive, in
his said office of attorney or solicitor, in the course of collection or
settlement of any claim left with him for collection or settlement, any
money or other property belonging to any client, and shall, upon demand
made, and a tender of his reasonable fees and expenses, refuse or neglect
to pay over or deliver the same to the said client, or to any person duly
authorized to receive the same, it shall be lawful for any person
interested, to apply to the supreme court of this state for a rule upon the
said attorney or solicitor, to show cause, at a time to be fixed by the
said court, why the name of the said attorney or solicitor should not be
stricken from the roll, a copy of which rule shall be duly served upon said
attorney or solicitor at least two days previous to the day upon which said
rule shall be made returnable; and if, upon the return of said rule, it
shall be made to appear to the said court that such attorney or solicitor
has improperly refused or neglected to pay over or deliver said money or
property so demanded as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of the said court
to direct that the name of the said attorney or solicitor be stricken from
the roll of attorneys in said court.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 169
705 ILCS 205/8
(705 ILCS 205/8)
(from Ch. 13, par. 8)
Every attorney, before his name is stricken off the roll, shall
receive a written notice from the clerk of the supreme court, stating
distinctly the grounds of complaint, or the charges exhibited against him,
and he shall, after such notice, be heard in his defense, and allowed
reasonable time to collect and prepare testimony for his justification. And
every attorney whose name shall, at any time, be stricken from the roll by
order of the court in manner aforesaid, shall be considered as though his
name had never been written thereon, until such time as the said justices,
in open court, shall authorize him to sign or subscribe the same.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 169
705 ILCS 205/9
(705 ILCS 205/9)
(from Ch. 13, par. 9)
All attorneys and counselors at law, judges, clerks and sheriffs,
and all other officers of the several courts within this state, shall be
liable to be arrested and held to bail, and shall be subject to the same
legal process, and may in all respects be prosecuted and proceeded against
in the same courts and in the same manner as other persons are, any law,
usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided, nevertheless,
said judges, counselors or attorneys, clerks, sheriffs and other officers
of said courts, shall be privileged from arrest while attending courts, and
whilst going to and returning from court.
(Source: R.S. 1874, p. 169
705 ILCS 205/10
(705 ILCS 205/10)
(from Ch. 13, par. 10)
No coroner, sheriff or deputy sheriff shall be permitted to
practice as an attorney or counselor at law in the county in which he is
commissioned or appointed, nor shall any clerk or deputy clerk of a court
be permitted to practice as an attorney or counselor at law in the court in
which he is such clerk or deputy clerk, and no person shall be permitted or
suffered to enter his name on the roll or record, to be kept as aforesaid,
by the clerk of the Supreme Court, or do any official act appertaining to
the office of an attorney or counselor at law, until he has taken the oath
hereinbefore required; and the person administering such oath shall certify
the same on the license, which certificate shall be a sufficient voucher to
the clerk of the Supreme Court to enter or insert, or permit to be entered
or inserted, on the roll of attorneys or counselors at law, the name of the
person of whom such certificate is made.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 3675.)
705 ILCS 205/11
(705 ILCS 205/11)
(from Ch. 13, par. 11)
Plaintiffs shall have the liberty of prosecuting, and defendants
of defending in their proper persons. The provisions of Section 1 hereof
notwithstanding, corporations shall have the liberty to act through any
officer, director, manager, department manager or supervisor in prosecuting
as plaintiff or defending as defendant any small claims proceeding in any
court of this State as authorized by Section 2-416 of the Code of Civil
Procedure. Nothing herein contained shall be
so construed as to affect any person or persons heretofore admitted to the
degree of an attorney or counselor at law, by the laws of this state, so as
to subject him to further examination, or make it necessary for him to
renew his license.
Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed to prohibit a corporation
from prosecuting as plaintiff or defending as defendant any small claims
proceeding in any court of this State through any officer, director, manager,
department manager or supervisor of the corporation as authorized by Section
2-416 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 83-909.)
705 ILCS 205/12
(705 ILCS 205/12)
(from Ch. 13, par. 12)
When any counselor or attorney at law, residing in any other state
or territory, may desire to practice law in this state, such counselor or
attorney shall be allowed to practice in the several courts in this State
upon the same terms and in the same manner that
counselors and attorneys at law residing in this state now are or hereafter
may be admitted to practice law in such other state or territory.
(Source: P.A. 79-1361.)