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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

MUNICIPALITIES
(65 ILCS 5/) Illinois Municipal Code.

65 ILCS 5/11-31-1.01

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-1.01)
    Sec. 11-31-1.01. Securing or enclosing abandoned residential property.
    (a) In the case of securing or enclosing an abandoned residential property as defined in Section 11-20-15.1, the municipality may elect to secure or enclose the exterior of a building or the underlying parcel on which it is located under this Section without application to the circuit court, in which case the provisions of Section 11-20-15.1 shall be the exclusive remedy for the recovery of the costs of such activity.
    (b) For the purposes of this Section:
        (1) "Secure" or "securing" means boarding up, closing
    
off, or locking windows or entrances or otherwise making the interior of a building inaccessible to the general public; and
        (2) "Enclose" or "enclosing" means surrounding part
    
or all of the abandoned residential property's underlying parcel with a fence or wall or otherwise making part or all of the abandoned residential property's underlying parcel inaccessible to the general public.
    (c) This Section is repealed upon certification by the Secretary of the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, after consultation with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, that the Mortgage Electronic Registration System program is effectively registering substantially all mortgaged residential properties located in the State of Illinois, is available for access by all municipalities located in the State of Illinois without charge to them, and such registration includes the telephone number for the mortgage servicer.
(Source: P.A. 96-856, eff. 3-1-10.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-1.1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-1.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-1.1)
    Sec. 11-31-1.1. No owner of property who held title to the property when property taxes became delinquent and which taxes were still delinquent at the time of the foreclosure of a demolition lien by the corporate authorities of a municipality or the acceptance of a deed of conveyance in lieu of foreclosing such lien and no person, firm, association, corporation or other entity related to or associated with any such owner shall within 10 years after title vests in the municipality reacquire any right, title or interest in or to such property.
(Source: P.A. 80-1386.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2)
    Sec. 11-31-2. (a) If the appropriate official of any municipality determines, upon due investigation, that any building or structure therein fails to conform to the minimum standards of health and safety as set forth in the applicable ordinances of such municipality, and the owner or owners of such building or structure fails, after due notice, to cause such property so to conform, the municipality may make application to the circuit court for an injunction requiring compliance with such ordinances or for such other order as the court may deem necessary or appropriate to secure such compliance.
    If the appropriate official of any municipality determines, upon due investigation, that any building or structure located within the area affected by a conservation plan, adopted by the municipality pursuant to the Urban Community Conservation Act, fails to conform to the standards and provisions of such plan, and the owner or owners of such building or structure fails, after due notice, to cause such property so to conform, the municipality has the power to make application to the circuit court for an injunction requiring compliance with such plan or for such other order as the court may deem necessary or appropriate to secure such compliance.
    The hearing upon such suit shall be expedited by the court and shall be given precedence over all other actions.
    If, upon application hereunder, the court orders the appointment of a receiver to cause such building or structure to conform, such receiver may use the rents and issues of such property toward maintenance, repair and rehabilitation of the property prior to and despite any assignment of rents; and the court may further authorize the receiver to recover the cost of such maintenance, repair and rehabilitation by the issuance and sale of notes or receiver's certificates bearing such interest as the court may fix, and such notes or certificates, after their initial issuance and transfer by the receiver, shall be freely transferable and when sold or transferred by the receiver in return for a valuable consideration in money, material, labor or services, shall be a first lien upon the real estate and the rents and issues thereof, and shall be superior to all prior assignments of rents and all prior existing liens and encumbrances, except taxes; provided, that within 90 days of such sale or transfer for value by the receiver of such note or certificate, the holder thereof shall file notice of lien in the office of the recorder in the county in which the real estate is located, or in the office of the registrar of titles of such county if the real estate affected is registered under the Registered Titles (Torrens) Act. The notice of the lien filed shall set forth (1) a description of the real estate affected sufficient for the identification thereof, (2) the face amount of the receiver's note or certificate, together with the interest payable thereon, and (3) the date when the receiver's note or certificate was sold or transferred for value by the receiver. Upon payment to the holder of the receiver's note or certificate of the face amount thereof together with any interest thereon to such date of payment, and upon the filing of record of a sworn statement of such payment, the lien of such certificate shall be released. Unless the lien is enforced pursuant to subsection (b), the lien may be enforced by proceedings to foreclose as in the case of mortgages or mechanics' liens, and such action to foreclose such lien may be commenced at any time after the date of default. For the purposes of this subsection (a), the date of default shall be deemed to occur 90 days from the date of issuance of the receiver's certificate if at that time the certificate remains unpaid in whole or in part.
    In the event a receiver appointed under this subsection (a) completes a feasibility study which study finds that the property cannot be economically brought into compliance with the minimum standards of health and safety as set forth in the applicable ordinances of the municipality, the receiver may petition the court for reimbursement for the cost of the feasibility study from the receivership feasibility study and fee fund. The court shall review the petition and authorize reimbursement from the fund to the receiver if the court finds that the findings in the feasibility report are reasonable, that the fee for the feasibility report is reasonable, and that the receiver is unable to obtain reimbursement other than by foreclosure of a lien on the property. If the court grants the petition for reimbursement from the fund and, upon receiving certification from the court of the amount to be paid, the county treasurer shall order that amount paid from the fund to the receiver. If the court grants the petition for reimbursement from the fund, the court shall also authorize and direct the receiver to issue a certificate of lien against title. The recorded lien shall be a first lien upon the real estate and shall be superior to all prior liens and encumbrances except real estate taxes. The court shall also order the receiver to reimburse the fund to the extent that the receiver is reimbursed upon foreclosure of the receiver's lien upon sale of the property.
    In any proceedings hereunder in which the court orders the appointment of a receiver, the court may further authorize the receiver to enter into such agreements and to do such acts as may be required to obtain first mortgage insurance on the receiver's notes or certificates from an agency of the Federal Government.
    (b) In any case where a municipality has obtained a lien pursuant to subsection (a), the municipality may enforce such lien pursuant to this subsection (b) in the same proceeding in which the lien is authorized.
    A municipality desiring to enforce a lien under this subsection (b) shall petition the court to retain jurisdiction for foreclosure proceedings under this subsection. Notice of the petition shall be served, by certified or registered mail, on all persons who were served notice under subsection (a). The court shall conduct a hearing on the petition not less than 15 days after such notice is served. If the court determines that the requirements of this subsection (b) have been satisfied, it shall grant the petition and retain jurisdiction over the matter until the foreclosure proceeding is completed. If the court denies the petition, the municipality may enforce the lien in a separate action as provided in subsection (a).
    All persons designated in Section 15-1501 of the Code of Civil Procedure as necessary parties in a mortgage foreclosure action shall be joined as parties prior to issuance of an order of foreclosure. Persons designated in Section 15-1501 of the Code of Civil Procedure as permissible parties may also be joined as parties in the action.
    The provisions of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure applicable to mortgage foreclosures shall apply to the foreclosure of a lien pursuant to this subsection (b), except to the extent that such provisions are inconsistent with this subsection. However, for purposes of foreclosures of liens pursuant to this subsection, the redemption period described in subsection (b) of Section 15-1603 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall end 60 days after the date of entry of the order of foreclosure.
(Source: P.A. 91-554, eff. 8-14-99.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2.1)
    Sec. 11-31-2.1. (a) If a municipality petitions for appointment of a receiver pursuant to Section 11-31-2 of this Act and it clearly appears from specific facts shown by affidavit or by verified petition or verified complaint that immediate and irreparable injury, loss or damage will result before personal service can practicably be had, a receiver may be appointed upon a showing that the municipality attempted to give notice by any means practicable and reasonably calculated to give actual notice under the circumstances, including by telephone to the defendant's last known phone number or by mailing to the defendant's last known address. If a receiver is appointed pursuant to this subsection, another hearing shall be set at the earliest practicable date.
    (b) Within 10 days after the appointment of a receiver pursuant to subsection (a) of this Section, the municipality shall attempt to obtain personal service, but if unable to obtain personal service and a summons duly issued in such action is returned without service stating that service cannot be obtained, then the municipality, its agent or attorney, may file an affidavit stating that the defendant is not a resident of this State or has departed from this State, or on due inquiry cannot be found or is concealed within this State so that process cannot be served upon him or her, and also stating the place of residence of the defendant, if known, or if not, that upon diligent inquiry affiant has not been able to ascertain the defendant's place of residence, and the defendant may be notified by mailing to the defendant's last known address and posting at the real estate in receivership, or by such mailing and by publication pursuant to Section 2-206 of the Code of Civil Procedure. In cases where a defendant is notified by mailing and posting or by mailing and publication and the defendant does not appear generally, the court may not enter a personal judgment against the defendant, but may continue the receivership and authorize the issuance of receiver's certificates to become liens upon the real estate, as provided in Section 11-31-2 of this Act.
    (c) For purposes of notice by mail to owners as provided in Section 11-31-2.1, if the municipality in which the real estate subject to receivership is located has an owner registration ordinance, mailing to the addresses of unserved owners at the addresses registered with the municipality pursuant to the ordinance shall be sufficient. Notice shall be deemed provided 4 days after mailing. The notice shall state the caption and case number of the action, the address of the affected real estate, the fact that a receiver may be or has been appointed, the possibility that a lien may be filed against the real estate as a result of the appointment, and the date, time and place of the next court hearing on the matter.
(Source: P.A. 85-634.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2.2)
    Sec. 11-31-2.2. If a receiver is appointed pursuant to Section 11-31-2 of this Code, the receiver may file in the appointing Court a forcible entry and detainer action as provided in Article IX of the Code of Civil Procedure. Filing fees and court costs shall be waived for a receiver filing under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 85-634.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.3

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31-2.3) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31-2.3)
    Sec. 11-31-2.3. If a receiver is appointed pursuant to Section 11-31-2 of this Act, the applicant's bond shall be excused. The court also may excuse the surety on the receiver's bond upon a showing that the receiver is especially qualified for the appointment. Evidence of special qualifications shall include but not be limited to: (a) satisfactory past performance as a receiver; (b) prior real estate management or development experience; (c) licensure or certification in a relevant profession or occupation; or (d) specialized training as a receiver.
(Source: P.A. 85-634.)

65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 31.1

 
    (65 ILCS 5/Art. 11 Div. 31.1 heading)
DIVISION 31.1. BUILDING CODE VIOLATIONS

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-1

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-1) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-1)
    Sec. 11-31.1-1. Definitions. As used in this Division, unless the context requires otherwise:
    (a) "Code" means any municipal ordinance, law, housing or building code or zoning ordinance that establishes construction, plumbing, heating, electrical, fire prevention, sanitation or other health and safety standards that are applicable to structures in a municipality or any municipal ordinance that requires, after notice, the cutting of weeds, the removal of garbage and debris, the removal of inoperable motor vehicles, or the abatement of nuisances from private property;
    (b) "Building inspector" means a full time state, county or municipal employee whose duties include the inspection or examination of structures or property in a municipality to determine if zoning or other code violations exist;
    (c) "Property owner" means the legal or beneficial owner of a structure;
    (d) "Hearing officer" means a municipal employee or an officer or agent of a municipality, other than a building inspector or law enforcement officer, whose duty it is to:
        (1) preside at an administrative hearing called to
    
determine whether or not a code violation exists;
        (2) hear testimony and accept evidence from the
    
building inspector, the building owner and all interested parties relevant to the existence of a code violation;
        (3) preserve and authenticate the transcript and
    
record of the hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing;
        (4) issue and sign a written finding, decision and
    
order stating whether a code violation exists.
(Source: P.A. 91-162, eff. 7-16-99.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-2

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-2) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-2)
    Sec. 11-31.1-2. Code hearing department. The corporate authorities of any municipality may adopt this Division and establish a Code Hearing Department within an existing code enforcement agency or as a separate and independent agency in the municipal government. The function of the hearing department is to expedite the prosecution and correction of code violations in the manner set forth in this Division.
(Source: P.A. 88-37.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-3

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-3) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-3)
    Sec. 11-31.1-3. Hearing procedures not exclusive. In any municipality where this Division is adopted, this Division does not preclude the municipality from using other methods to enforce the provisions of its code.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-4

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-4) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-4)
    Sec. 11-31.1-4. Instituting code hearing proceedings. When a building inspector finds a code violation while inspecting a structure, he shall note the violation on a multiple copy violation notice and report form, indicating the name and address of the structure owner, a citation to the specific code provision or provisions alleged to have been violated, a description of the circumstances present that constitute the alleged violation, the date and time the violation was observed, the names of witnesses to the violation, and the address of the structure where the violation is observed.
    The violation report form shall be forwarded by the building inspector to the Code Hearing Department where a Docket number shall be stamped on all copies of the report, and a hearing date noted in the blank spaces provided for that purpose on the form. The hearing date shall not be less than 30 nor more than 40 days after the violation is reported by the building inspector.
    One copy of the violation report form shall be maintained in the files of the Code Hearing Department and shall be part of the record of hearing, one copy of the report form shall be returned to the building inspector so that he may prepare evidence of the code violation for presentation at the hearing on the date indicated, and one copy of the report form shall be served by first class mail on the owner of the structure, along with a summons commanding the owner to appear at the hearing. If the municipality in which the structure is situated has an ordinance requiring property owners to register with the municipality, service may be made on the owner by mailing the report and summons to the owner's address registered with the municipality. If the name of the owner of the structure cannot be ascertained or if service on the owner cannot be made by mail, service may be made on the owner by posting or nailing a copy of the violation report form on the front door of the structure where the violation is found, not less than 20 days before the hearing is scheduled.
(Source: P.A. 97-1088, eff. 8-24-12.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-5

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-5) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-5)
    Sec. 11-31.1-5. Subpoenas; Defaults. At any time prior to the hearing date the hearing officer assigned to hear the case may, at the request of the building inspector or the attorney for the municipality, or the owner or his attorney, issue subpoenas directing witnesses to appear and give testimony at the hearing. If on the date set for hearing the owner or his attorney fails to appear, the hearing officer may find the owner in default and shall proceed with the hearing and accept evidence relevant to the existence of a code violation.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-6

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-6) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-6)
    Sec. 11-31.1-6. Continuances - Representation at code hearings. No continuances shall be authorized by the hearing officer in proceedings under this Division except in cases where a continuance is absolutely necessary to protect the rights of the owner. Lack of preparation shall not be grounds for a continuance. Any continuance authorized by a hearing officer under this Division shall not exceed 25 days. The case for the municipality may be presented by the building inspector, by any other municipal employee or by an attorney designated by the municipality. However, in no event shall the case for the municipality be presented by an employee of the Code Hearing Department. The case for the dwelling owner may be presented by the owner, his attorney, or any other agent or representative.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1905.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-7

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-7) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-7)
    Sec. 11-31.1-7. Hearing; Evidence. At the hearing, a hearing officer shall preside and shall hear testimony and accept any evidence relevant to the existence or non-existence of a code violation in the structure indicated. The strict rules of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings shall not apply to hearings authorized by this Division.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-8

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-8) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-8)
    Sec. 11-31.1-8. Eviction - Rights of the occupants. No action for eviction, abatement of a nuisance, forcible entry and detainer or other similar proceeding shall be threatened or instituted against an occupant of a dwelling solely because such occupant agrees to testify or testifies at a code violation hearing.
(Source: Laws 1967, p. 1905.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-9

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-9) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-9)
    Sec. 11-31.1-9. Defenses to code violations. It shall be a defense to a code violation charged under this Division if the owner, his attorney, or any other agent or representative proves to the hearing officer's satisfaction that:
    (a) The code violation alleged in the notice does not in fact exist, or at the time of the hearing the violation has been remedied or removed;
    (b) The code violation has been caused by the current property occupants and that in spite of reasonable attempts by the owner to maintain the dwelling free of such violations, the current occupants continue to cause the violations;
    (c) An occupant or resident of the dwelling has refused entry to the owner or his agent to all or a part of the dwelling for the purpose of correcting the code violation.
(Source: P.A. 89-372, eff. 1-1-96.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-10

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-10) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-10)
    Sec. 11-31.1-10. Findings, decision, order. At the conclusion of the hearing the hearing officer shall make a determination on the basis of the evidence presented at the hearing whether or not a code violation exists. The determination shall be in writing and shall be designated as findings, decision and order. The findings, decision and order shall include the hearing officer's findings of fact, a decision whether or not a code violation exists based upon the findings of fact, and an order, ordering the owner to correct the violation or dismissing the case, in the event a violation is not proved. If a code violation is proved, the order may also impose the sanctions that are provided in the code for the violation proved. A copy of the findings, decision, and order shall be served on the owner within 5 days after they are issued; service shall be in the same manner as the report form and summons are served pursuant to Section 11-31.1-4. Payment of any penalty or fine and the disposition of fine money shall be in the same manner as set forth in the code, unless the corporate authorities adopting this Division provide otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 86-1039.)

65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-11

    (65 ILCS 5/11-31.1-11) (from Ch. 24, par. 11-31.1-11)
    Sec. 11-31.1-11. Administrative review. The findings, decision and order of the hearing officer shall be subject to review in the circuit court of the county where the municipality is located, and the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and all amendments and modifications thereto, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto are adopted and shall apply to and govern every action for the judicial review of the final findings, decision and order of a hearing officer under this Division.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)