Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
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SCHOOLS
(105 ILCS 5/) School Code.

105 ILCS 5/27-9.1

    (105 ILCS 5/27-9.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 27-9.1)
    Sec. 27-9.1. Sex education.
    (a) In this Section:
    "Adapt" means to modify an evidence-based program model for use with a particular demographic, ethnic, linguistic, or cultural group.
    "Age appropriate" means suitable to particular ages or age groups of children and adolescents, based on the developing cognitive, emotional, and behavioral capacity typical for the age or age group.
    "Evidence-based program" means a program for which systematic, empirical research or evaluation has provided evidence of effectiveness.
    "Medically accurate" means verified or supported by the weight of research conducted in compliance with accepted scientific methods and published in peer-reviewed journals, if applicable, or comprising information recognized as accurate, objective, and complete.
    (a-5) No pupil shall be required to take or participate in any class or course in comprehensive sex education if his parent or guardian submits written objection thereto, and refusal to take or participate in such course or program shall not be reason for suspension or expulsion of such pupil. Each class or course in comprehensive sex education offered in any of grades 6 through 12 shall include instruction on both abstinence and contraception for the prevention of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. Nothing in this Section prohibits instruction in sanitation, hygiene or traditional courses in biology.
    (b) All public school classes that teach sex education and discuss sexual intercourse in grades 6 through 12 shall emphasize that abstinence from sexual intercourse is a responsible and positive decision and is the only protection that is 100% effective against unwanted teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) when transmitted sexually.
    (c) All classes that teach sex education and discuss sexual intercourse in grades 6 through 12 shall satisfy the following criteria:
        (1) Course material and instruction shall be
    
developmentally and age appropriate, medically accurate, and complete.
        (1.5) Course material and instruction shall replicate
    
evidence-based programs or substantially incorporate elements of evidence-based programs.
        (2) Course material and instruction shall teach honor
    
and respect for monogamous heterosexual marriage.
        (3) Course material and instruction shall place
    
substantial emphasis on both abstinence, including abstinence until marriage, and contraception for the prevention of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases among youth and shall stress that abstinence is the ensured method of avoiding unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV/AIDS.
        (4) Course material and instruction shall include a
    
discussion of the possible emotional and psychological consequences of preadolescent and adolescent sexual intercourse and the consequences of unwanted adolescent pregnancy.
        (5) Course material and instruction shall stress that
    
sexually transmitted diseases are serious possible hazards of sexual intercourse. Pupils shall be provided with statistics based on the latest medical information citing the failure and success rates of condoms in preventing AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
        (6) Course material and instruction shall advise
    
pupils of the laws pertaining to their financial responsibility to children born in and out of wedlock.
        (7) Course material and instruction shall advise
    
pupils of the circumstances under which it is unlawful for males to have sexual relations with females under the age of 18 to whom they are not married pursuant to Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 2012.
        (8) Course material and instruction shall teach
    
pupils to not make unwanted physical and verbal sexual advances and how to say no to unwanted sexual advances. Pupils shall be taught that it is wrong to take advantage of or to exploit another person. The material and instruction shall also encourage youth to resist negative peer pressure. The material and instruction shall include, with an emphasis on the workplace environment and life on a college campus, discussion on what constitutes sexual consent and what may be considered sexual harassment or sexual assault.
        (9) (Blank).
        (10) Course material and instruction shall teach
    
pupils about the dangers associated with drug and alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
    (d) An opportunity shall be afforded to individuals, including parents or guardians, to examine the instructional materials to be used in such class or course.
    (e) The State Board of Education shall make available resource materials, with the cooperation and input of the agency that administers grant programs consistent with criteria (1) and (1.5) of subsection (c) of this Section, for educating children regarding sex education and may take into consideration the curriculum on this subject developed by other states, as well as any other curricular materials suggested by education experts and other groups that work on sex education issues. Materials may include without limitation model sex education curriculums and sexual health education programs. The State Board of Education shall make these resource materials available on its Internet website. School districts that do not currently provide sex education are not required to teach sex education. If a sex education class or course is offered in any of grades 6 through 12, the school district may choose and adapt the developmentally and age-appropriate, medically accurate, evidence-based, and complete sex education curriculum that meets the specific needs of its community.
(Source: P.A. 100-684, eff. 8-3-18.)

105 ILCS 5/27-9.2

    (105 ILCS 5/27-9.2) (from Ch. 122, par. 27-9.2)
    Sec. 27-9.2. Family Life. If any school district provides courses of instruction designed to promote wholesome and comprehensive understanding of the emotional, psychological, physiological, hygienic and social responsibility aspects of family life, then such courses of instruction shall include the teaching of the alternatives to abortion, appropriate to the various grade levels; and whenever such courses of instruction are provided in any of grades 6 through 12, then such courses also shall include instruction on the prevention, transmission and spread of AIDS. However, no pupil shall be required to take or participate in any family life class or course on AIDS instruction if his parent or guardian submits written objection thereto, and refusal to take or participate in such course or program shall not be reason for suspension or expulsion of such pupil.
    The State Superintendent of Education shall prepare and make available to local school districts courses of instruction designed to satisfy the requirements of this Section.
    The State Superintendent of Education shall develop a procedure for evaluating and measuring the effectiveness of the family life courses of instruction in each local school district, including the setting of reasonable goals for reduced sexual activity, sexually transmitted diseases and premarital pregnancy. The goals shall be set by the beginning of the 1991-92 school year. The State Superintendent shall distribute a copy of the procedure to each local school district. Each local school district may develop additional procedures or methods for measuring the effectiveness of the family life courses of instruction within the district. Before the beginning of the 1993-94 school year, the State Superintendent shall collect and evaluate all relevant data to determine whether the goals are being achieved.
(Source: P.A. 86-941.)

105 ILCS 5/27-11

    (105 ILCS 5/27-11) (from Ch. 122, par. 27-11)
    Sec. 27-11. Instruction on diseases.
    No pupil shall be required to take or participate in instruction on diseases if a parent or guardian files written objection thereto on constitutional grounds, and refusal to take or participate in such instruction on such grounds shall not be reason for suspension or expulsion of such pupil. Nothing in this act shall prohibit instruction in sanitation and hygiene.
(Source: Laws 1961, p. 31.)

105 ILCS 5/27-12

    (105 ILCS 5/27-12) (from Ch. 122, par. 27-12)
    Sec. 27-12. Character education. Every public school teacher shall teach character education, which includes the teaching of respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, trustworthiness, and citizenship, in order to raise pupils' honesty, kindness, justice, discipline, respect for others, and moral courage for the purpose of lessening crime and raising the standard of good character.
(Source: P.A. 94-187, eff. 7-12-05.)

105 ILCS 5/27-12.1

    (105 ILCS 5/27-12.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 27-12.1)
    Sec. 27-12.1. Consumer education.
    (a) Pupils in the public schools in grades 9 through 12 shall be taught and be required to study courses which include instruction in the area of consumer education, including but not necessarily limited to (i) understanding the basic concepts of financial literacy, including consumer debt and installment purchasing (including credit scoring, managing credit debt, and completing a loan application), budgeting, savings and investing, banking (including balancing a checkbook, opening a deposit account, and the use of interest rates), understanding simple contracts, State and federal income taxes, personal insurance policies, the comparison of prices, higher education student loans, identity-theft security, and homeownership (including the basic process of obtaining a mortgage and the concepts of fixed and adjustable rate mortgages, subprime loans, and predatory lending), and (ii) understanding the roles of consumers interacting with agriculture, business, labor unions and government in formulating and achieving the goals of the mixed free enterprise system. The State Board of Education shall devise or approve the consumer education curriculum for grades 9 through 12 and specify the minimum amount of instruction to be devoted thereto.
    (b) (Blank).
    (c) The Financial Literacy Fund is created as a special fund in the State treasury. State funds and private contributions for the promotion of financial literacy shall be deposited into the Financial Literacy Fund. All money in the Financial Literacy Fund shall be used, subject to appropriation, by the State Board of Education to award grants to school districts for the following:
        (1) Defraying the costs of financial literacy
    
training for teachers.
        (2) Rewarding a school or teacher who wins or
    
achieves results at a certain level of success in a financial literacy competition.
        (3) Rewarding a student who wins or achieves
    
results at a certain level of success in a financial literacy competition.
        (4) Funding activities, including books, games,
    
field trips, computers, and other activities, related to financial literacy education.
    In awarding grants, every effort must be made to ensure that all geographic areas of the State are represented.
    (d) A school board may establish a special fund in which to receive public funds and private contributions for the promotion of financial literacy. Money in the fund shall be used for the following:
        (1) Defraying the costs of financial literacy
    
training for teachers.
        (2) Rewarding a school or teacher who wins or
    
achieves results at a certain level of success in a financial literacy competition.
        (3) Rewarding a student who wins or achieves
    
results at a certain level of success in a financial literacy competition.
        (4) Funding activities, including books, games,
    
field trips, computers, and other activities, related to financial literacy education.
    (e) The State Board of Education, upon the next comprehensive review of the Illinois Learning Standards, is urged to include the basic principles of personal insurance policies and understanding simple contracts.
(Source: P.A. 99-284, eff. 8-5-15.)

105 ILCS 5/27-13.1

    (105 ILCS 5/27-13.1) (from Ch. 122, par. 27-13.1)
    Sec. 27-13.1. In every public school there shall be instruction, study and discussion of current problems and needs in the conservation of natural resources, including but not limited to air pollution, water pollution, waste reduction and recycling, the effects of excessive use of pesticides, preservation of wilderness areas, forest management, protection of wildlife and humane care of domestic animals.
(Source: P.A. 86-229.)