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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

INSURANCE
(215 ILCS 5/) Illinois Insurance Code.

215 ILCS 5/527

    (215 ILCS 5/527) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.74)
    Sec. 527. Right to appeal. (1) Any applicant or affected insurer has the right of appeal to the Governing Committee. A decision of the Committee may be appealed to the Director within 30 days after such decision.
    (2) All orders or decisions of the Director made pursuant to this Article are subject to judicial review in accordance with the Administrative Review Law.
(Source: P.A. 82-783.)

215 ILCS 5/528

    (215 ILCS 5/528) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.75)
    Sec. 528. Inspection reports.
    There is no liability on the part of, and no cause of action against insurers, the Inspection Bureau, the Facility, the Association, the Governing Committee, their agents or employees, or the Director or his authorized representatives, with respect to any inspections required to be undertaken by this Article or for any acts or omissions in connection therewith, or for any statements made in any report and communication concerning the insurability of the property, or in the findings required by the provisions of this Article, or at the hearings conducted in connection with such inspections. The reports and communications of the Inspection Bureau, the Facility, the Association, and the records of the Governing Committee are not considered public documents.
(Source: Laws 1968, p. 15.)

215 ILCS 5/529

    (215 ILCS 5/529) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.76)
    Sec. 529. Illinois Insurance Development Fund.
    (a) A trust fund is created to be known as the "Illinois Insurance Development Fund" to be administered by the State Treasurer as a special trust fund. The purpose is to provide financial back-up for the Facility and the Association in order to enable companies to qualify for riot and civil disorder reinsurance under the National Insurance Development Corporation Act of 1968 or any other act of the United States which will similarly provide reinsurance or financial back-up to accomplish the purpose of this Article.
    (b) The Fund shall consist of all payments made to the Fund by companies in accordance with the provisions of this Article, any securities acquired by and through use of monies belonging to the Fund, any monies appropriated to the Fund, and any interest and accretions earned on assets of the Fund. The State Treasurer shall have the same power to enforce the collection of the assessments provided hereunder as any other obligation due the State.
(Source: P.A. 76-714.)

215 ILCS 5/529.1

    (215 ILCS 5/529.1) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.76-1)
    Sec. 529.1. Reimbursement of the Secretary.
    The Fund shall reimburse the Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter referred to as "the Secretary") under the provisions of Section 1223(a) (1) of the Urban Property Protection and Reinsurance Act of 1968 (hereinafter referred to as "the Act") for losses reinsured by the Secretary and occurring in this State on or after August 1, 1968, provided that the total amount of reimbursement in any one year shall not, in the aggregate, exceed 5% of the aggregate property insurance premiums earned in this State during the preceding calendar year on those lines of insurance reinsured by the Secretary in this State during the calendar year.
(Source: P.A. 76-714.)

215 ILCS 5/529.2

    (215 ILCS 5/529.2) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.76-2)
    Sec. 529.2. Making of Assessments.
    Whenever the Secretary shall, in accordance with the Act, present to the State a request for reimbursement under the Act, the Fund shall immediately assess all companies which, during the calendar year with respect to which reimbursement is requested by the Secretary, are engaged in writing property insurance in this State. The amount of each such company's assessment shall be calculated by multiplying the amount of the reimbursement requested by the Secretary by a fraction the numerator of which is the company's direct property insurance premiums earned in this State and the denominator of which is the aggregate of such premiums for all companies. Within 30 days following the end of each full calendar quarter, each company shall pay to the Fund an amount equal to one-twelfth of the company's assessment.
(Source: P.A. 76-714.)

215 ILCS 5/529.3

    (215 ILCS 5/529.3) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.76-3)
    Sec. 529.3. Insolvency. In the event any company fails, by reason of insolvency, to pay any assessment, the Fund shall cause the reimbursement ratios, computed under Section 529.2, to be immediately recalculated, excluding therefrom the amount of the insolvent company's assessment determined by the Director of Insurance to be uncollectible, so that such uncollectible amount is, in effect, assumed and redistributed among the remaining companies.
(Source: P.A. 81-1509.)

215 ILCS 5/529.4

    (215 ILCS 5/529.4) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.76-4)
    Sec. 529.4.
    Whenever the fund shall assess insurers in accordance with this Section, each insurer may charge an additional premium on every property insurance policy issued by it insuring property in this state, the effective date of which policy is within the 3 year period commencing 90 days after the date of assessment by the Fund. The amount of the additional premium shall be calculated on the basis of a uniform percentage of the premium on such policies equal to 1/3 of the ratio of the amount of an insurer's assessment to the amount of its direct earned premiums for the calendar year immediately preceding the year in which the assessment is made, such that over the period of 3 years the aggregate of all such additional premium charges by an insurer shall be equal to the amount of the assessment of such insurer. The minimum additional premium charged on a policy may be $1.00 and any other additional premium charged may be rounded to the nearest dollar.
(Source: P.A. 76-714.)

215 ILCS 5/529.5

    (215 ILCS 5/529.5) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.76-5)
    Sec. 529.5. The Industry Placement Facility shall compile an annual operating report, and publish such report in at least 2 newspapers having widespread circulation in the State, which report shall include:
    (1) a description of the origin and purpose of the Illinois Fair Plan and its relationship to the property and casualty insurance industry in Illinois;
    (2) a financial statement specifying the amount of profit or loss incurred by the Facility for its financial year; and
    (3) a disclosure as to the amount of subsidization per type of policy written by the Facility, which is provided by the property and casualty insurance companies operating in Illinois, if any.
    This annual report shall be a matter of public record to be made available to any person requesting a copy from the Facility at a fee not to exceed $10 per copy. A copy shall be available for inspection at the Department of Insurance.
(Source: P.A. 93-32, eff. 7-1-03.)

215 ILCS 5/530

    (215 ILCS 5/530) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.77)
    Sec. 530. Powers of the Director.) In addition to any powers conferred upon him by this or any other law, the Director is charged with the authority to supervise the Inspection Bureau, the Facility and the Association. In addition the Director or any person designated by him has the power:
    (1) to examine the operation of the Facility and Association through free access to all the books, records, files, papers and documents relating to their operation and may summon, qualify and examine as witnesses all persons having knowledge of such operations including officers, agents or employees thereof;
    (2) to do all things necessary to enable the State of Illinois and any insurer participating in any Program approved by the Director to fully participate in any federal program of reinsurance which may be enacted for purposes similar to the purposes of this Article;
    (3) to require such reports from insurers concerning risks insured under any Program approved pursuant to this Article as he may deem necessary;
    (4) to approve a homeowners policy form(s) for the Industry Placement Program.
    (5) To require the Insurance Placement Program to develop marketing programs which will deter urban redlining and other unfairly discriminatory geographic underwriting programs by making readily available basic property insurance.
    (6) to permit modification of the Standard Fire Policy issued by the facility for non owner-occupied residences exceeding four units, after the director has conducted a public hearing which establishes that such modifications:
    1) will provide for equitable settlements of loss;
    2) will discourage arson for profit; and
    3) will encourage neighborhood revitalization, while maintaining the interests of the insured and the facility. The Director shall confer with the facility to establish criteria by which it can be determined whether such modification of the Standard Fire Policy is accomplishing its objectives. The Director shall conduct, within two years of any modification of the Standard Fire Policy, a public hearing to determine whether such modification has accomplished the three preceding objectives. In the event that such public hearing does not establish that such objectives are being accomplished, then the Director shall rescind the modification of the Standard Fire Policy, or further modify such policy to accomplish the objectives.
(Source: P.A. 82-499.)

215 ILCS 5/530a

    (215 ILCS 5/530a) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.77a)
    Sec. 530a. The Director of Insurance shall form a task force to review the policy forms and endorsements issued by the Industry Placement Facility on residential property of 5 or more dwelling units. The task force shall consider the coverage, perils and settlement provisions and make their recommendations to the Director by January 15, 1981, on proposed policy forms and endorsements which will provide for equitable settlement of loss, discourage arson for profit and encourage neighborhood revitalization. Any recommendation of the task force shall consider the impact on the continuous goal of depopulation of the Facility.
    The Task force shall be comprised of members of the insurance industry, general public and 4 members of the General Assembly, 2 to be appointed by the President of the Senate and 2 by the Speaker of the House with equal representation from the majority and minority parties.
    The Director shall hold public hearings on the task force recommendations and promulgate a rule to adopt such policy forms and endorsements as minimum standards for the Industry Placement Facility.
(Source: P.A. 81-1432.)

215 ILCS 5/Art. XXXIII.5

 
    (215 ILCS 5/Art. XXXIII.5 heading)
ARTICLE XXXIII 1/2. LIFE AND HEALTH
INSURANCE GUARANTY ASSOCIATION

215 ILCS 5/531.01

    (215 ILCS 5/531.01) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-1)
    Sec. 531.01. Title.) This Article is known and may be cited as the Illinois Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association Law.
(Source: P.A. 81-899.)

215 ILCS 5/531.01a

    (215 ILCS 5/531.01a) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-1a)
    Sec. 531.01a. Existing Liability. Any liabilities of the Association for any member company which was an insolvent insurer as defined by this Article prior to January 1, 1986 shall be determined under the law which was in effect at the time the member company became an insolvent insurer as if there had been no amendment to that law. Any liabilities of the Association for a member company which became an insolvent insurer on or after January 1, 1986, shall be determined under the law in effect at the time when the member became an insolvent insurer, notwithstanding any prior law.
    On or after January 1, 1986, any assessments made against other member companies to meet Association liabilities shall be made based on the law which was in effect when the member company was an impaired or insolvent insurer as defined by this Article. If different assessment methods are used in any one year, those assessments shall be aggregated for purposes of calculating the aggregate assessment under Sections 531.09 and 531.13.
(Source: P.A. 84-1035.)

215 ILCS 5/531.02

    (215 ILCS 5/531.02) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-2)
    Sec. 531.02. Purpose. The purpose of this Article is to protect, subject to certain limitations, the persons specified in paragraph (1) of Section 531.03 against failure in the performance of contractual obligations, under life or health insurance policies, annuity contracts and health or medical care service contracts specified in paragraph (2) of Section 531.03, due to the impairment or insolvency of the insurer issuing such policies or contracts. To provide this protection, (1) an association of insurers is created to enable the guaranty of payment of benefits and of continuation of coverages, (2) members of the Association are subject to assessment to provide funds to carry out the purpose of this Article, and (3) the Association is authorized to assist the Director, in the prescribed manner, in the detection and prevention of insurer impairments or insolvencies.
(Source: P.A. 86-753.)

215 ILCS 5/531.03

    (215 ILCS 5/531.03) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-3)
    Sec. 531.03. Coverage and limitations.
    (1) This Article shall provide coverage for the policies and contracts specified in paragraph (2) of this Section:
        (a) to persons who, regardless of where they reside
    
(except for non-resident certificate holders under group policies or contracts), are the beneficiaries, assignees or payees of the persons covered under subparagraph (1)(b), and
        (b) to persons who are owners of or certificate
    
holders under the policies or contracts (other than unallocated annuity contracts and structured settlement annuities) and in each case who:
            (i) are residents; or
            (ii) are not residents, but only under all of the
        
following conditions:
                (A) the insurer that issued the policies or
            
contracts is domiciled in this State;
                (B) the states in which the persons reside
            
have associations similar to the Association created by this Article;
                (C) the persons are not eligible for coverage
            
by an association in any other state due to the fact that the insurer was not licensed in that state at the time specified in that state's guaranty association law.
        (c) For unallocated annuity contracts specified in
    
subsection (2), paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection (1) shall not apply and this Article shall (except as provided in paragraphs (e) and (f) of this subsection) provide coverage to:
            (i) persons who are the owners of the unallocated
        
annuity contracts if the contracts are issued to or in connection with a specific benefit plan whose plan sponsor has its principal place of business in this State; and
            (ii) persons who are owners of unallocated
        
annuity contracts issued to or in connection with government lotteries if the owners are residents.
        (d) For structured settlement annuities specified in
    
subsection (2), paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection (1) shall not apply and this Article shall (except as provided in paragraphs (e) and (f) of this subsection) provide coverage to a person who is a payee under a structured settlement annuity (or beneficiary of a payee if the payee is deceased), if the payee:
            (i) is a resident, regardless of where the
        
contract owner resides; or
            (ii) is not a resident, but only under both of
        
the following conditions:
                (A) with regard to residency:
                    (I) the contract owner of the structured
                
settlement annuity is a resident; or
                    (II) the contract owner of the structured
                
settlement annuity is not a resident but the insurer that issued the structured settlement annuity is domiciled in this State and the state in which the contract owner resides has an association similar to the Association created by this Article; and
                (B) neither the payee or beneficiary nor
            
the contract owner is eligible for coverage by the association of the state in which the payee or contract owner resides.
        (e) This Article shall not provide coverage to:
            (i) a person who is a payee or beneficiary of a
        
contract owner resident of this State if the payee or beneficiary is afforded any coverage by the association of another state; or
            (ii) a person covered under paragraph (c) of this
        
subsection (1), if any coverage is provided by the association of another state to that person.
        (f) This Article is intended to provide coverage to
    
a person who is a resident of this State and, in special circumstances, to a nonresident. In order to avoid duplicate coverage, if a person who would otherwise receive coverage under this Article is provided coverage under the laws of any other state, then the person shall not be provided coverage under this Article. In determining the application of the provisions of this paragraph in situations where a person could be covered by the association of more than one state, whether as an owner, payee, beneficiary, or assignee, this Article shall be construed in conjunction with other state laws to result in coverage by only one association.
    (2)(a) This Article shall provide coverage to the persons specified in paragraph (l) of this Section for direct, (i) nongroup life, health, annuity and supplemental policies, or contracts, (ii) for certificates under direct group policies or contracts, (iii) for unallocated annuity contracts and (iv) for contracts to furnish health care services and subscription certificates for medical or health care services issued by persons licensed to transact insurance business in this State under the Illinois Insurance Code. Annuity contracts and certificates under group annuity contracts include but are not limited to guaranteed investment contracts, deposit administration contracts, unallocated funding agreements, allocated funding agreements, structured settlement agreements, lottery contracts and any immediate or deferred annuity contracts.
    (b) This Article shall not provide coverage for:
        (i) that portion of a policy or contract not
    
guaranteed by the insurer, or under which the risk is borne by the policy or contract owner;
        (ii) any such policy or contract or part thereof
    
assumed by the impaired or insolvent insurer under a contract of reinsurance, other than reinsurance for which assumption certificates have been issued;
        (iii) any portion of a policy or contract to the
    
extent that the rate of interest on which it is based or the interest rate, crediting rate, or similar factor is determined by use of an index or other external reference stated in the policy or contract employed in calculating returns or changes in value:
            (A) averaged over the period of 4 years prior to
        
the date on which the member insurer becomes an impaired or insolvent insurer under this Article, whichever is earlier, exceeds the rate of interest determined by subtracting 2 percentage points from Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average averaged for that same 4-year period or for such lesser period if the policy or contract was issued less than 4 years before the member insurer becomes an impaired or insolvent insurer under this Article, whichever is earlier; and
            (B) on and after the date on which the member
        
insurer becomes an impaired or insolvent insurer under this Article, whichever is earlier, exceeds the rate of interest determined by subtracting 3 percentage points from Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average as most recently available;
        (iv) any unallocated annuity contract issued to or in
    
connection with a benefit plan protected under the federal Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, regardless of whether the federal Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation has yet become liable to make any payments with respect to the benefit plan;
        (v) any portion of any unallocated annuity contract
    
which is not issued to or in connection with a specific employee, union or association of natural persons benefit plan or a government lottery;
        (vi) an obligation that does not arise under the
    
express written terms of the policy or contract issued by the insurer to the contract owner or policy owner, including without limitation:
            (A) a claim based on marketing materials;
            (B) a claim based on side letters, riders, or
        
other documents that were issued by the insurer without meeting applicable policy form filing or approval requirements;
            (C) a misrepresentation of or regarding policy
        
benefits;
            (D) an extra-contractual claim; or
            (E) a claim for penalties or consequential or
        
incidental damages;
        (vii) any stop-loss insurance, as defined in clause
    
(b) of Class 1 or clause (a) of Class 2 of Section 4, and further defined in subsection (d) of Section 352;
        (viii) any policy or contract providing any hospital,
    
medical, prescription drug, or other health care benefits pursuant to Part C or Part D of Subchapter XVIII, Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the United States Code (commonly known as Medicare Part C & D) or any regulations issued pursuant thereto;
        (ix) any portion of a policy or contract to the
    
extent that the assessments required by Section 531.09 of this Code with respect to the policy or contract are preempted or otherwise not permitted by federal or State law;
        (x) any portion of a policy or contract issued to a
    
plan or program of an employer, association, or other person to provide life, health, or annuity benefits to its employees, members, or others to the extent that the plan or program is self-funded or uninsured, including, but not limited to, benefits payable by an employer, association, or other person under:
            (A) a multiple employer welfare arrangement as
        
defined in 29 U.S.C. Section 1144;
            (B) a minimum premium group insurance plan;
            (C) a stop-loss group insurance plan; or
            (D) an administrative services only contract;
        (xi) any portion of a policy or contract to the
    
extent that it provides for:
            (A) dividends or experience rating credits;
            (B) voting rights; or
            (C) payment of any fees or allowances to any
        
person, including the policy or contract owner, in connection with the service to or administration of the policy or contract;
        (xii) any policy or contract issued in this State by
    
a member insurer at a time when it was not licensed or did not have a certificate of authority to issue the policy or contract in this State;
        (xiii) any contractual agreement that establishes the
    
member insurer's obligations to provide a book value accounting guaranty for defined contribution benefit plan participants by reference to a portfolio of assets that is owned by the benefit plan or its trustee, which in each case is not an affiliate of the member insurer;
        (xiv) any portion of a policy or contract to the
    
extent that it provides for interest or other changes in value to be determined by the use of an index or other external reference stated in the policy or contract, but which have not been credited to the policy or contract, or as to which the policy or contract owner's rights are subject to forfeiture, as of the date the member insurer becomes an impaired or insolvent insurer under this Code, whichever is earlier. If a policy's or contract's interest or changes in value are credited less frequently than annually, then for purposes of determining the values that have been credited and are not subject to forfeiture under this Section, the interest or change in value determined by using the procedures defined in the policy or contract will be credited as if the contractual date of crediting interest or changing values was the date of impairment or insolvency, whichever is earlier, and will not be subject to forfeiture; or
        (xv) that portion or part of a variable life
    
insurance or variable annuity contract not guaranteed by an insurer.
    (3) The benefits for which the Association may become liable shall in no event exceed the lesser of:
        (a) the contractual obligations for which the insurer
    
is liable or would have been liable if it were not an impaired or insolvent insurer, or
        (b)(i) with respect to any one life, regardless of
    
the number of policies or contracts:
            (A) $300,000 in life insurance death benefits,
        
but not more than $100,000 in net cash surrender and net cash withdrawal values for life insurance;
            (B) in health insurance benefits:
                (I) $100,000 for coverages not defined as
            
disability insurance or basic hospital, medical, and surgical insurance or major medical insurance or long-term care insurance, including any net cash surrender and net cash withdrawal values;
                (II) $300,000 for disability insurance and
            
$300,000 for long-term care insurance as defined in Section 351A-1 of this Code; and
                (III) $500,000 for basic hospital medical
            
and surgical insurance or major medical insurance;
            (C) $250,000 in the present value of annuity
        
benefits, including net cash surrender and net cash withdrawal values;
        (ii) with respect to each individual participating in
    
a governmental retirement benefit plan established under Sections 401, 403(b), or 457 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code covered by an unallocated annuity contract or the beneficiaries of each such individual if deceased, in the aggregate, $250,000 in present value annuity benefits, including net cash surrender and net cash withdrawal values;
        (iii) with respect to each payee of a structured
    
settlement annuity or beneficiary or beneficiaries of the payee if deceased, $250,000 in present value annuity benefits, in the aggregate, including net cash surrender and net cash withdrawal values, if any; or
        (iv) with respect to either (1) one contract owner
    
provided coverage under subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (c) of subsection (1) of this Section or (2) one plan sponsor whose plans own directly or in trust one or more unallocated annuity contracts not included in subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (b) of this subsection, $5,000,000 in benefits, irrespective of the number of contracts with respect to the contract owner or plan sponsor. However, in the case where one or more unallocated annuity contracts are covered contracts under this Article and are owned by a trust or other entity for the benefit of 2 or more plan sponsors, coverage shall be afforded by the Association if the largest interest in the trust or entity owning the contract or contracts is held by a plan sponsor whose principal place of business is in this State. In no event shall the Association be obligated to cover more than $5,000,000 in benefits with respect to all these unallocated contracts.
    In no event shall the Association be obligated to cover more than (1) an aggregate of $300,000 in benefits with respect to any one life under subparagraphs (i), (ii), and (iii) of this paragraph (b) except with respect to benefits for basic hospital, medical, and surgical insurance and major medical insurance under item (B) of subparagraph (i) of this paragraph (b), in which case the aggregate liability of the Association shall not exceed $500,000 with respect to any one individual or (2) with respect to one owner of multiple nongroup policies of life insurance, whether the policy owner is an individual, firm, corporation, or other person and whether the persons insured are officers, managers, employees, or other persons, $5,000,000 in benefits, regardless of the number of policies and contracts held by the owner.
    The limitations set forth in this subsection are limitations on the benefits for which the Association is obligated before taking into account either its subrogation and assignment rights or the extent to which those benefits could be provided out of the assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer attributable to covered policies. The costs of the Association's obligations under this Article may be met by the use of assets attributable to covered policies or reimbursed to the Association pursuant to its subrogation and assignment rights.
    (4) In performing its obligations to provide coverage under Section 531.08 of this Code, the Association shall not be required to guarantee, assume, reinsure, or perform or cause to be guaranteed, assumed, reinsured, or performed the contractual obligations of the insolvent or impaired insurer under a covered policy or contract that do not materially affect the economic values or economic benefits of the covered policy or contract.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.04

    (215 ILCS 5/531.04) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-4)
    Sec. 531.04. Construction. This Article shall be construed to effect the purpose under Section 531.02.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.05

    (215 ILCS 5/531.05) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-5)
    Sec. 531.05. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    "Account" means either of the 3 accounts created under Section 531.06.
    "Association" means the Illinois Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association created under Section 531.06.
    "Authorized assessment" or the term "authorized" when used in the context of assessments means a resolution by the Board of Directors has been passed whereby an assessment shall be called immediately or in the future from member insurers for a specified amount. An assessment is authorized when the resolution is passed.
    "Benefit plan" means a specific employee, union, or association of natural persons benefit plan.
    "Called assessment" or the term "called" when used in the context of assessments means that a notice has been issued by the Association to member insurers requiring that an authorized assessment be paid within the time frame set forth within the notice. An authorized assessment becomes a called assessment when notice is mailed by the Association to member insurers.
    "Director" means the Director of Insurance of this State.
    "Contractual obligation" means any obligation under a policy or contract or certificate under a group policy or contract, or portion thereof for which coverage is provided under Section 531.03.
    "Covered person" means any person who is entitled to the protection of the Association as described in Section 531.02.
    "Covered policy" means any policy or contract within the scope of this Article under Section 531.03.
    "Extra-contractual claims" shall include claims relating to bad faith in the payment of claims, punitive or exemplary damages, or attorneys' fees and costs.
    "Impaired insurer" means (A) a member insurer which, after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, is not an insolvent insurer, and is placed under an order of rehabilitation or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction or (B) a member insurer deemed by the Director after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly to be potentially unable to fulfill its contractual obligations and not an insolvent insurer.
    "Insolvent insurer" means a member insurer that, after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, is placed under a final order of liquidation by a court of competent jurisdiction with a finding of insolvency.
    "Member insurer" means an insurer licensed or holding a certificate of authority to transact in this State any kind of insurance for which coverage is provided under Section 531.03 of this Code and includes an insurer whose license or certificate of authority in this State may have been suspended, revoked, not renewed, or voluntarily withdrawn or whose certificate of authority may have been suspended pursuant to Section 119 of this Code, but does not include:
        (1) a hospital or medical service organization,
    
whether profit or nonprofit;
        (2) a health maintenance organization;
        (3) any burial society organized under Article
    
XIX of this Code, any fraternal benefit society organized under Article XVII of this Code, any mutual benefit association organized under Article XVIII of this Code, and any foreign fraternal benefit society licensed under Article VI of this Code or a fraternal benefit society;
        (4) a mandatory State pooling plan;
        (5) a mutual assessment company or other person that
    
operates on an assessment basis;
        (6) an insurance exchange;
        (7) an organization that is permitted to issue
    
charitable gift annuities pursuant to Section 121-2.10 of this Code;
        (8) any health services plan corporation
    
established pursuant to the Voluntary Health Services Plans Act;
        (9) any dental service plan corporation
    
established pursuant to the Dental Service Plan Act; or
        (10) an entity similar to any of the above.
    "Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average" means the Monthly Average Corporates as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc., or any successor thereto.
    "Owner" of a policy or contract and "policy owner" and "contract owner" mean the person who is identified as the legal owner under the terms of the policy or contract or who is otherwise vested with legal title to the policy or contract through a valid assignment completed in accordance with the terms of the policy or contract and properly recorded as the owner on the books of the insurer. The terms owner, contract owner, and policy owner do not include persons with a mere beneficial interest in a policy or contract.
    "Person" means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, governmental body or entity, or voluntary organization.
    "Plan sponsor" means:
        (1) the employer in the case of a benefit plan
    
established or maintained by a single employer;
        (2) the employee organization in the case of a
    
benefit plan established or maintained by an employee organization; or
        (3) in a case of a benefit plan established or
    
maintained by 2 or more employers or jointly by one or more employers and one or more employee organizations, the association, committee, joint board of trustees, or other similar group of representatives of the parties who establish or maintain the benefit plan.
    "Premiums" mean amounts or considerations, by whatever name called, received on covered policies or contracts less returned premiums, considerations, and deposits and less dividends and experience credits.
    "Premiums" does not include:
        (A) amounts or considerations received for policies
    
or contracts or for the portions of policies or contracts for which coverage is not provided under Section 531.03 of this Code except that assessable premium shall not be reduced on account of the provisions of subparagraph (iii) of paragraph (b) of subsection (a) of Section 531.03 of this Code relating to interest limitations and the provisions of paragraph (b) of subsection (3) of Section 531.03 relating to limitations with respect to one individual, one participant, and one contract owner;
        (B) premiums in excess of $5,000,000 on an
    
unallocated annuity contract not issued under a governmental retirement benefit plan (or its trustee) established under Section 401, 403(b) or 457 of the United States Internal Revenue Code; or
        (C) with respect to multiple nongroup policies of
    
life insurance owned by one owner, whether the policy owner is an individual, firm, corporation, or other person, and whether the persons insured are officers, managers, employees, or other persons, premiums in excess of $5,000,000 with respect to these policies or contracts, regardless of the number of policies or contracts held by the owner.
    "Principal place of business" of a plan sponsor or a person other than a natural person means the single state in which the natural persons who establish policy for the direction, control, and coordination of the operations of the entity as a whole primarily exercise that function, determined by the Association in its reasonable judgment by considering the following factors:
        (A) the state in which the primary executive and
    
administrative headquarters of the entity is located;
        (B) the state in which the principal office of the
    
chief executive officer of the entity is located;
        (C) the state in which the board of directors (or
    
similar governing person or persons) of the entity conducts the majority of its meetings;
        (D) the state in which the executive or management
    
committee of the board of directors (or similar governing person or persons) of the entity conducts the majority of its meetings;
        (E) the state from which the management of the
    
overall operations of the entity is directed; and
        (F) in the case of a benefit plan sponsored by
    
affiliated companies comprising a consolidated corporation, the state in which the holding company or controlling affiliate has its principal place of business as determined using the above factors. However, in the case of a plan sponsor, if more than 50% of the participants in the benefit plan are employed in a single state, that state shall be deemed to be the principal place of business of the plan sponsor.
    The principal place of business of a plan sponsor of a benefit plan described in this Section shall be deemed to be the principal place of business of the association, committee, joint board of trustees, or other similar group of representatives of the parties who establish or maintain the benefit plan that, in lieu of a specific or clear designation of a principal place of business, shall be deemed to be the principal place of business of the employer or employee organization that has the largest investment in the benefit plan in question.
    "Receivership court" means the court in the insolvent or impaired insurer's state having jurisdiction over the conservation, rehabilitation, or liquidation of the insurer.
    "Resident" means a person to whom a contractual obligation is owed and who resides in this State on the date of entry of a court order that determines a member insurer to be an impaired insurer or a court order that determines a member insurer to be an insolvent insurer. A person may be a resident of only one state, which in the case of a person other than a natural person shall be its principal place of business. Citizens of the United States that are either (i) residents of foreign countries or (ii) residents of United States possessions, territories, or protectorates that do not have an association similar to the Association created by this Article, shall be deemed residents of the state of domicile of the insurer that issued the policies or contracts.
    "Structured settlement annuity" means an annuity purchased in order to fund periodic payments for a plaintiff or other claimant in payment for or with respect to personal injury suffered by the plaintiff or other claimant.
    "State" means a state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and a United States possession, territory, or protectorate.
    "Supplemental contract" means a written agreement entered into for the distribution of proceeds under a life, health, or annuity policy or a life, health, or annuity contract.
    "Unallocated annuity contract" means any annuity contract or group annuity certificate which is not issued to and owned by an individual, except to the extent of any annuity benefits guaranteed to an individual by an insurer under such contract or certificate.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.06

    (215 ILCS 5/531.06) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-6)
    Sec. 531.06. Creation of the Association. There is created a non-profit legal entity to be known as the Illinois Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association. All member insurers are and must remain members of the Association as a condition of their authority to transact insurance in this State. The Association must perform its functions under the plan of operation established and approved under Section 531.10 and must exercise its powers through a board of directors established under Section 531.07. For purposes of administration and assessment, the Association must maintain 2 accounts:
        (1) The life insurance and annuity account, which
    
includes the following subaccounts:
            (a) Life Insurance Account;
            (b) Annuity account, which shall include annuity
        
contracts owned by a governmental retirement plan (or its trustee) established under Section 401, 403(b), or 457 of the United States Internal Revenue Code, but shall otherwise exclude unallocated annuities; and
            (c) Unallocated annuity account, which shall
        
exclude contracts owned by a governmental retirement benefit plan (or its trustee) established under Section 401, 403(b), or 457 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.
        (2) The health insurance account.
    The Association shall be supervised by the Director and is subject to the applicable provisions of the Illinois Insurance Code. Meetings or records of the Association may be opened to the public upon majority vote of the board of directors of the Association.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.07

    (215 ILCS 5/531.07) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-7)
    Sec. 531.07. Board of Directors.) The board of directors of the Association consists of not less than 7 nor more than 11 members serving terms as established in the plan of operation. The insurers of the board are to be selected by member insurers subject to the approval of the Director. In addition, 2 persons who must be public representatives may be appointed by the Director to the board of directors. A public representative may not be an officer, director, or employee of an insurance company or any person engaged in the business of insurance. Vacancies on the board must be filled for the remaining period of the term in the manner described in the plan of operation.
    In approving selections or in appointing members to the board, the Director must consider, whether all member insurers are fairly represented.
    Members of the board may be reimbursed from the assets of the Association for expenses incurred by them as members of the board of directors but members of the board may not otherwise be compensated by the Association for their services.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.08

    (215 ILCS 5/531.08) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-8)
    Sec. 531.08. Powers and duties of the Association.
    (a) In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in other Sections of this Article:
        (1) If a member insurer is an impaired insurer, then
    
the Association may, in its discretion and subject to any conditions imposed by the Association that do not impair the contractual obligations of the impaired insurer and that are approved by the Director:
            (A) guarantee, assume, or reinsure or cause to be
        
guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured, any or all of the policies or contracts of the impaired insurer; or
            (B) provide such money, pledges, loans, notes,
        
guarantees, or other means as are proper to effectuate paragraph (A) and assure payment of the contractual obligations of the impaired insurer pending action under paragraph (A).
        (2) If a member insurer is an insolvent insurer,
    
then the Association shall, in its discretion, either:
            (A) guaranty, assume, or reinsure or cause to be
        
guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured the policies or contracts of the insolvent insurer or assure payment of the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer and provide money, pledges, loans, notes, guarantees, or other means reasonably necessary to discharge the Association's duties; or
            (B) provide benefits and coverages in accordance
        
with the following provisions:
                (i) with respect to life and health insurance
            
policies and annuities, ensure payment of benefits for premiums identical to the premiums and benefits (except for terms of conversion and renewability) that would have been payable under the policies or contracts of the insolvent insurer for claims incurred:
                    (a) with respect to group policies and
                
contracts, not later than the earlier of the next renewal date under those policies or contracts or 45 days, but in no event less than 30 days, after the date on which the Association becomes obligated with respect to the policies and contracts;
                    (b) with respect to nongroup policies,
                
contracts, and annuities not later than the earlier of the next renewal date (if any) under the policies or contracts or one year, but in no event less than 30 days, from the date on which the Association becomes obligated with respect to the policies or contracts;
                (ii) make diligent efforts to provide all
            
known insureds or annuitants (for nongroup policies and contracts), or group policy owners with respect to group policies and contracts, 30 days notice of the termination (pursuant to subparagraph (i) of this paragraph (B)) of the benefits provided;
                (iii) with respect to nongroup life and
            
health insurance policies and annuities covered by the Association, make available to each known insured or annuitant, or owner if other than the insured or annuitant, and with respect to an individual formerly insured or formerly an annuitant under a group policy who is not eligible for replacement group coverage, make available substitute coverage on an individual basis in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (3), if the insureds or annuitants had a right under law or the terminated policy or annuity to convert coverage to individual coverage or to continue an individual policy or annuity in force until a specified age or for a specified time, during which the insurer had no right unilaterally to make changes in any provision of the policy or annuity or had a right only to make changes in premium by class.
    (b) In providing the substitute coverage required under subparagraph (iii) of paragraph (B) of item (2) of subsection (a) of this Section, the Association may offer either to reissue the terminated coverage or to issue an alternative policy.
    Alternative or reissued policies shall be offered without requiring evidence of insurability, and shall not provide for any waiting period or exclusion that would not have applied under the terminated policy.
    The Association may reinsure any alternative or reissued policy.
    Alternative policies adopted by the Association shall be subject to the approval of the Director. The Association may adopt alternative policies of various types for future insurance without regard to any particular impairment or insolvency.
    Alternative policies shall contain at least the minimum statutory provisions required in this State and provide benefits that shall not be unreasonable in relation to the premium charged. The Association shall set the premium in accordance with a table of rates which it shall adopt. The premium shall reflect the amount of insurance to be provided and the age and class of risk of each insured, but shall not reflect any changes in the health of the insured after the original policy was last underwritten.
    Any alternative policy issued by the Association shall provide coverage of a type similar to that of the policy issued by the impaired or insolvent insurer, as determined by the Association.
    (c) If the Association elects to reissue terminated coverage at a premium rate different from that charged under the terminated policy, the premium shall be set by the Association in accordance with the amount of insurance provided and the age and class of risk, subject to approval of the Director or by a court of competent jurisdiction.
    (d) The Association's obligations with respect to coverage under any policy of the impaired or insolvent insurer or under any reissued or alternative policy shall cease on the date such coverage or policy is replaced by another similar policy by the policyholder, the insured, or the Association.
    (e) When proceeding under this Section with respect to any policy or contract carrying guaranteed minimum interest rates, the Association shall assure the payment or crediting of a rate of interest consistent with subparagraph (2)(b)(iii)(B) of Section 531.03.
    (f) Nonpayment of premiums thirty-one days after the date required under the terms of any guaranteed, assumed, alternative or reissued policy or contract or substitute coverage shall terminate the Association's obligations under such policy or coverage under this Act with respect to such policy or coverage, except with respect to any claims incurred or any net cash surrender value which may be due in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
    (g) Premiums due for coverage after entry of an order of liquidation of an insolvent insurer shall belong to and be payable at the direction of the Association, and the Association shall be liable for unearned premiums due to policy or contract owners arising after the entry of such order.
    (h) In carrying out its duties under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Section, the Association may:
        (1) subject to approval by a court in this State,
    
impose permanent policy or contract liens in connection with a guarantee, assumption, or reinsurance agreement if the Association finds that the amounts which can be assessed under this Article are less than the amounts needed to assure full and prompt performance of the Association's duties under this Article or that the economic or financial conditions as they affect member insurers are sufficiently adverse to render the imposition of such permanent policy or contract liens to be in the public interest; or
        (2) subject to approval by a court in this State,
    
impose temporary moratoriums or liens on payments of cash values and policy loans or any other right to withdraw funds held in conjunction with policies or contracts in addition to any contractual provisions for deferral of cash or policy loan value. In addition, in the event of a temporary moratorium or moratorium charge imposed by the receivership court on payment of cash values or policy loans or on any other right to withdraw funds held in conjunction with policies or contracts, out of the assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer, the Association may defer the payment of cash values, policy loans, or other rights by the Association for the period of the moratorium or moratorium charge imposed by the receivership court, except for claims covered by the Association to be paid in accordance with a hardship procedure established by the liquidator or rehabilitator and approved by the receivership court.
    (i) There shall be no liability on the part of and no cause of action shall arise against the Association or against any transferee from the Association in connection with the transfer by reinsurance or otherwise of all or any part of an impaired or insolvent insurer's business by reason of any action taken or any failure to take any action by the impaired or insolvent insurer at any time.
    (j) If the Association fails to act within a reasonable period of time as provided in subsection (2) of this Section with respect to an insolvent insurer, the Director shall have the powers and duties of the Association under this Act with regard to such insolvent insurers.
    (k) The Association or its designated representatives may render assistance and advice to the Director, upon his request, concerning rehabilitation, payment of claims, continuations of coverage, or the performance of other contractual obligations of any impaired or insolvent insurer.
    (l) The Association shall have standing to appear or intervene before a court or agency in this State with jurisdiction over an impaired or insolvent insurer concerning which the Association is or may become obligated under this Article or with jurisdiction over any person or property against which the Association may have rights through subrogation or otherwise. Standing shall extend to all matters germane to the powers and duties of the Association, including, but not limited to, proposals for reinsuring, modifying, or guaranteeing the policies or contracts of the impaired or insolvent insurer and the determination of the policies or contracts and contractual obligations. The Association shall also have the right to appear or intervene before a court or agency in another state with jurisdiction over an impaired or insolvent insurer for which the Association is or may become obligated or with jurisdiction over any person or property against whom the Association may have rights through subrogation or otherwise.
    (m)(1) A person receiving benefits under this Article shall be deemed to have assigned the rights under and any causes of action against any person for losses arising under, resulting from, or otherwise relating to the covered policy or contract to the Association to the extent of the benefits received because of this Article, whether the benefits are payments of or on account of contractual obligations, continuation of coverage, or provision of substitute or alternative coverages. The Association may require an assignment to it of such rights and cause of action by any payee, policy, or contract owner, beneficiary, insured, or annuitant as a condition precedent to the receipt of any right or benefits conferred by this Article upon the person.
    (2) The subrogation rights of the Association under this subsection have the same priority against the assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer as that possessed by the person entitled to receive benefits under this Article.
    (3) In addition to paragraphs (1) and (2), the Association shall have all common law rights of subrogation and any other equitable or legal remedy that would have been available to the impaired or insolvent insurer or owner, beneficiary, or payee of a policy or contract with respect to the policy or contracts, including without limitation, in the case of a structured settlement annuity, any rights of the owner, beneficiary, or payee of the annuity to the extent of benefits received pursuant to this Article, against a person originally or by succession responsible for the losses arising from the personal injury relating to the annuity or payment therefor, excepting any such person responsible solely by reason of serving as an assignee in respect of a qualified assignment under Internal Revenue Code Section 130.
    (4) If the preceding provisions of this subsection (l) are invalid or ineffective with respect to any person or claim for any reason, then the amount payable by the Association with respect to the related covered obligations shall be reduced by the amount realized by any other person with respect to the person or claim that is attributable to the policies, or portion thereof, covered by the Association.
    (5) If the Association has provided benefits with respect to a covered obligation and a person recovers amounts as to which the Association has rights as described in the preceding paragraphs of this subsection (10), then the person shall pay to the Association the portion of the recovery attributable to the policies, or portion thereof, covered by the Association.
    (n) The Association may:
         (1) Enter into such contracts as are necessary or
    
proper to carry out the provisions and purposes of this Article.
         (2) Sue or be sued, including taking any legal
    
actions necessary or proper for recovery of any unpaid assessments under Section 531.09. The Association shall not be liable for punitive or exemplary damages.
         (3) Borrow money to effect the purposes of this
    
Article. Any notes or other evidence of indebtedness of the Association not in default are legal investments for domestic insurers and may be carried as admitted assets.
         (4) Employ or retain such persons as are necessary to
    
handle the financial transactions of the Association, and to perform such other functions as become necessary or proper under this Article.
         (5) Negotiate and contract with any liquidator,
    
rehabilitator, conservator, or ancillary receiver to carry out the powers and duties of the Association.
         (6) Take such legal action as may be necessary to
    
avoid payment of improper claims.
         (7) Exercise, for the purposes of this Article and to
    
the extent approved by the Director, the powers of a domestic life or health insurer, but in no case may the Association issue insurance policies or annuity contracts other than those issued to perform the contractual obligations of the impaired or insolvent insurer.
         (8) Exercise all the rights of the Director under
    
Section 193(4) of this Code with respect to covered policies after the association becomes obligated by statute.
        (9) Request information from a person seeking
    
coverage from the Association in order to aid the Association in determining its obligations under this Article with respect to the person, and the person shall promptly comply with the request.
        (10) Take other necessary or appropriate action to
    
discharge its duties and obligations under this Article or to exercise its powers under this Article.
    (o) With respect to covered policies for which the Association becomes obligated after an entry of an order of liquidation or rehabilitation, the Association may elect to succeed to the rights of the insolvent insurer arising after the date of the order of liquidation or rehabilitation under any contract of reinsurance to which the insolvent insurer was a party, to the extent that such contract provides coverage for losses occurring after the date of the order of liquidation or rehabilitation. As a condition to making this election, the Association must pay all unpaid premiums due under the contract for coverage relating to periods before and after the date of the order of liquidation or rehabilitation.
    (p) A deposit in this State, held pursuant to law or required by the Director for the benefit of creditors, including policy owners, not turned over to the domiciliary liquidator upon the entry of a final order of liquidation or order approving a rehabilitation plan of an insurer domiciled in this State or in a reciprocal state, pursuant to Article XIII 1/2 of this Code, shall be promptly paid to the Association. The Association shall be entitled to retain a portion of any amount so paid to it equal to the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate amount of policy owners' claims related to that insolvency for which the Association has provided statutory benefits by the aggregate amount of all policy owners' claims in this State related to that insolvency and shall remit to the domiciliary receiver the amount so paid to the Association less the amount retained pursuant to this subsection (13). Any amount so paid to the Association and retained by it shall be treated as a distribution of estate assets pursuant to applicable State receivership law dealing with early access disbursements.
    (q) The Board of Directors of the Association shall have discretion and may exercise reasonable business judgment to determine the means by which the Association is to provide the benefits of this Article in an economical and efficient manner.
    (r) Where the Association has arranged or offered to provide the benefits of this Article to a covered person under a plan or arrangement that fulfills the Association's obligations under this Article, the person shall not be entitled to benefits from the Association in addition to or other than those provided under the plan or arrangement.
    (s) Venue in a suit against the Association arising under the Article shall be in Cook County. The Association shall not be required to give any appeal bond in an appeal that relates to a cause of action arising under this Article.
    (t) The Association may join an organization of one or more other State associations of similar purposes to further the purposes and administer the powers and duties of the Association.
    (u) In carrying out its duties in connection with guaranteeing, assuming, or reinsuring policies or contracts under subsections (1) or (2), the Association may, subject to approval of the receivership court, issue substitute coverage for a policy or contract that provides an interest rate, crediting rate, or similar factor determined by use of an index or other external reference stated in the policy or contract employed in calculating returns or changes in value by issuing an alternative policy or contract in accordance with the following provisions:
        (1) in lieu of the index or other external reference
    
provided for in the original policy or contract, the alternative policy or contract provides for (i) a fixed interest rate, or (ii) payment of dividends with minimum guarantees, or (iii) a different method for calculating interest or changes in value;
        (2) there is no requirement for evidence of
    
insurability, waiting period, or other exclusion that would not have applied under the replaced policy or contract; and
        (3) the alternative policy or contract is
    
substantially similar to the replaced policy or contract in all other material terms.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

215 ILCS 5/531.09

    (215 ILCS 5/531.09) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-9)
    Sec. 531.09. Assessments.
    (1) For the purpose of providing the funds necessary to carry out the powers and duties of the Association, the board of directors shall assess the member insurers, separately for each account, at such times and for such amounts as the board finds necessary. Assessments shall be due not less than 30 days after written notice to the member insurers and shall accrue interest from the due date at such adjusted rate as is established under Section 6621 of Chapter 26 of the United States Code and such interest shall be compounded daily.
    (2) There shall be 2 classes of assessments, as follows:
        (a) Class A assessments shall be made for the purpose
    
of meeting administrative costs and other general expenses and examinations conducted under the authority of the Director under subsection (5) of Section 531.12.
        (b) Class B assessments shall be made to the extent
    
necessary to carry out the powers and duties of the Association under Section 531.08 with regard to an impaired or insolvent domestic insurer or insolvent foreign or alien insurers.
    (3)(a) The amount of any Class A assessment shall be determined at the discretion of the board of directors and such assessments shall be authorized and called on a non-pro rata basis. The amount of any Class B assessment shall be allocated for assessment purposes among the accounts and subaccounts pursuant to an allocation formula which may be based on the premiums or reserves of the impaired or insolvent insurer or any other standard deemed by the board in its sole discretion as being fair and reasonable under the circumstances.
    (b) Class B assessments against member insurers for each account and subaccount shall be in the proportion that the premiums received on business in this State by each assessed member insurer on policies or contracts covered by each account or subaccount for the three most recent calendar years for which information is available preceding the year in which the insurer became impaired or insolvent, as the case may be, bears to such premiums received on business in this State for such calendar years by all assessed member insurers.
    (c) Assessments for funds to meet the requirements of the Association with respect to an impaired or insolvent insurer shall not be made until necessary to implement the purposes of this Article. Classification of assessments under subsection (2) and computations of assessments under this subsection shall be made with a reasonable degree of accuracy, recognizing that exact determinations may not always be possible.
    (4) The Association may abate or defer, in whole or in part, the assessment of a member insurer if, in the opinion of the board, payment of the assessment would endanger the ability of the member insurer to fulfill its contractual obligations. In the event an assessment against a member insurer is abated or deferred in whole or in part the amount by which the assessment is abated or deferred may be assessed against the other member insurers in a manner consistent with the basis for assessments set forth in this Section. Once the conditions that caused a deferral have been removed or rectified, the member insurer shall pay all assessments that were deferred pursuant to a repayment plan approved by the Association.
    (5) (a) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph, the total of all assessments authorized by the Association with respect to a member insurer for each subaccount of the life insurance and annuity account and for the health account shall not in one calendar year exceed 2% of that member insurer's average annual premiums received in this State on the policies and contracts covered by the subaccount or account during the 3 calendar years preceding the year in which the insurer became an impaired or insolvent insurer.
    If 2 or more assessments are authorized in one calendar year with respect to insurers that become impaired or insolvent in different calendar years, the average annual premiums for purposes of the aggregate assessment percentage limitation referenced in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph shall be equal and limited to the higher of the 3-year average annual premiums for the applicable subaccount or account as calculated pursuant to this Section.
    If the maximum assessment, together with the other assets of the Association in an account, does not provide in one year in either account an amount sufficient to carry out the responsibilities of the Association, the necessary additional funds shall be assessed as soon thereafter as permitted by this Article.
    (b) The board may provide in the plan of operation a method of allocating funds among claims, whether relating to one or more impaired or insolvent insurers, when the maximum assessment will be insufficient to cover anticipated claims.
    (c) If the maximum assessment for a subaccount of the life and annuity account in one year does not provide an amount sufficient to carry out the responsibilities of the Association, then pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection (3), the board shall assess the other subaccounts of the life and annuity account for the necessary additional amount, subject to the maximum stated in paragraph (a) of this subsection.
    (6) The board may, by an equitable method as established in the plan of operation, refund to member insurers, in proportion to the contribution of each insurer to that account, the amount by which the assets of the account exceed the amount the board finds is necessary to carry out during the coming year the obligations of the Association with regard to that account, including assets accruing from net realized gains and income from investments. A reasonable amount may be retained in any account to provide funds for the continuing expenses of the Association and for future losses.
    (7) An assessment is deemed to occur on the date upon which the board votes such assessment. The board may defer calling the payment of the assessment or may call for payment in one or more installments.
    (8) It is proper for any member insurer, in determining its premium rates and policyowner dividends as to any kind of insurance within the scope of this Article, to consider the amount reasonably necessary to meet its assessment obligations under this Article.
    (9) The Association must issue to each insurer paying a Class B assessment under this Article a certificate of contribution, in a form acceptable to the Director, for the amount of the assessment so paid. All outstanding certificates are of equal dignity and priority without reference to amounts or dates of issue. A certificate of contribution may be shown by the insurer in its financial statement as an asset in such form and for such amount, if any, and period of time as the Director may approve, provided the insurer shall in any event at its option have the right to show a certificate of contribution as an admitted asset at percentages of the original face amount for calendar years as follows:
    100% for the calendar year after the year of issuance;
    80% for the second calendar year after the year of issuance;
    60% for the third calendar year after the year of issuance;
    40% for the fourth calendar year after the year of issuance;
    20% for the fifth calendar year after the year of issuance.
    (10) The Association may request information of member insurers in order to aid in the exercise of its power under this Section and member insurers shall promptly comply with a request.
(Source: P.A. 95-86, eff. 9-25-07 (changed from 1-1-08 by P.A. 95-632); 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.10

    (215 ILCS 5/531.10) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-10)
    Sec. 531.10. Plan of Operation.)
    (1)(a) The Association must submit to the Director a plan of operation and any amendments thereto necessary or suitable to assure the fair, reasonable, and equitable administration of the Association. The plan of operation and any amendments thereto become effective upon approval in writing by the Director.
    (b) If the Association fails to submit a suitable plan of operation within 180 days following the effective date of this Article or if at any time thereafter the Association fails to submit suitable amendments to the plan, the Director may, after notice and hearing, adopt and promulgate such reasonable rules as are necessary or advisable to effectuate the provisions of this Article. Such rules are in force until modified by the Director or superseded by a plan submitted by the Association and approved by the Director.
    (2) All member insurers must comply with the plan of operation.
    (3) The plan of operation must, in addition to requirements enumerated elsewhere in this Article:
        (a) Establish procedures for handling the assets of
    
the Association;
        (b) Establish the amount and method of reimbursing
    
members of the board of directors under Section 531.07;
        (c) Establish regular places and times for meetings
    
of the board of directors;
        (d) Establish procedures for records to be kept of
    
all financial transactions of the Association, its agents, and the board of directors;
        (e) Establish the procedures whereby selections for
    
the board of directors will be made and submitted to the Director;
        (f) Establish any additional procedures for
    
assessments under Section 531.09; and
        (g) Contain additional provisions necessary or proper
    
for the execution of the powers and duties of the Association.
    (4) The plan of operation shall establish a procedure for protest by any member insurer of assessments made by the Association pursuant to Section 531.09. Such procedures shall require that:
        (a) a member insurer that wishes to protest all or
    
part of an assessment shall pay when due the full amount of the assessment as set forth in the notice provided by the Association. The payment shall be available to meet Association obligations during the pendency of the protest or any subsequent appeal. Payment shall be accompanied by a statement in writing that the payment is made under protest and setting forth a brief statement of the grounds for the protest;
        (b) within 30 days following the payment of an
    
assessment under protest by any protesting member insurer, the Association must notify the member insurer in writing of its determination with respect to the protest unless the Association notifies the member that additional time is required to resolve the issues raised by the protest;
        (c) in the event the Association determines that the
    
protesting member insurer is entitled to a refund, such refund shall be made within 30 days following the date upon which the Association makes its determination;
        (d) the decision of the Association with respect to a
    
protest may be appealed to the Director pursuant to Section 531.11(3);
        (e) in the alternative to rendering a decision with
    
respect to any protest based on a question regarding the assessment base, the Association may refer such protests to the Director for final decision, with or without a recommendation from the Association; and
        (f) interest on any refund due a protesting member
    
insurer shall be paid at the rate actually earned by the Association.
    (5) The plan of operation may provide that any or all powers and duties of the Association, except those under paragraph (c) of subsection (10) of Section 531.08 and Section 531.09 are delegated to a corporation, association or other organization which performs or will perform functions similar to those of this Association, or its equivalent, in 2 or more states. Such a corporation, association or organization shall be reimbursed for any payments made on behalf of the Association and shall be paid for its performance of any function of the Association. A delegation under this subsection shall take effect only with the approval of both the Board of Directors and the Director, and may be made only to a corporation, association or organization which extends protection not substantially less favorable and effective than that provided by this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.11

    (215 ILCS 5/531.11) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-11)
    Sec. 531.11. Duties and powers of the Director. In addition to the duties and powers enumerated elsewhere in this Article:
    (1) The Director must do all of the following:
        (a) Upon request of the board of directors, provide
    
the Association with a statement of the premiums in the appropriate accounts for each member insurer.
        (b) Notify the board of directors of the existence of
    
an impaired or insolvent insurer not later than 3 days after a determination of impairment or insolvency is made or when the Director receives notice of impairment or insolvency.
        (c) Give notice to an impaired insurer as required by
    
Sections 34 or 60. Notice to the impaired insurer shall constitute notice to its shareholders, if any.
        (d) In any liquidation or rehabilitation proceeding
    
involving a domestic insurer, be appointed as the liquidator or rehabilitator. If a foreign or alien member insurer is subject to a liquidation proceeding in its domiciliary jurisdiction or state of entry, the Director shall be appointed conservator.
    (2) The Director may suspend or revoke, after notice and hearing, the certificate of authority to transact insurance in this State of any member insurer which fails to pay an assessment when due or fails to comply with the plan of operation. As an alternative the Director may levy a forfeiture on any member insurer which fails to pay an assessment when due. Such forfeiture may not exceed 5% of the unpaid assessment per month, but no forfeiture may be less than $100 per month.
    (3) Any action of the board of directors or the Association may be appealed to the Director by any member insurer or any other person adversely affected by such action if such appeal is taken within 30 days of the action being appealed. Any final action or order of the Director is subject to judicial review in a court of competent jurisdiction.
    (4) The liquidator, rehabilitator, or conservator of any impaired insurer may notify all interested persons of the effect of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.12

    (215 ILCS 5/531.12) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-12)
    Sec. 531.12. Prevention of Insolvencies. To aid in the detection and prevention of insurer insolvencies or impairments:
    (1) It shall be the duty of the Director:
        (a) To notify the Commissioners of all other states,
    
territories of the United States, and the District of Columbia when he takes any of the following actions against a member insurer:
            (i) revocation of license;
            (ii) suspension of license;
            (iii) makes any formal order except for an order
        
issued pursuant to Article XII 1/2 of this Code that such company restrict its premium writing, obtain additional contributions to surplus, withdraw from the State, reinsure all or any part of its business, or increase capital, surplus or any other account for the security of policyholders or creditors.
        Such notice shall be transmitted to all commissioners
    
within 30 days following the action taken or the date on which the action occurs.
        (b) To report to the board of directors when he has
    
taken any of the actions set forth in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph or has received a report from any other commissioner indicating that any such action has been taken in another state. Such report to the board of directors shall contain all significant details of the action taken or the report received from another commissioner.
        (c) To report to the board of directors when the
    
Director has reasonable cause to believe from an examination, whether completed or in process, of any member insurer that the insurer may be an impaired or insolvent insurer.
        (d) To furnish to the board of directors the
    
National Association of Insurance Commissioners Insurance Regulatory Information System ratios and listings of companies not included in the ratios developed by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. The board may use the information contained therein in carrying out its duties and responsibilities under this Section. The report and the information contained therein shall be kept confidential by the board of directors until such time as made public by the Director or other lawful authority.
    (2) The Director may seek the advice and recommendations of the board of directors concerning any matter affecting his duties and responsibilities regarding the financial condition of member companies and companies seeking admission to transact insurance business in this State.
    (3) The board of directors may, upon majority vote, make reports and recommendations to the Director upon any matter germane to the liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation of any member insurer. Such reports and recommendations shall not be considered public documents.
    (4) The board of directors may, upon majority vote, make recommendations to the Director for the detection and prevention of insurer insolvencies.
    (5) The board of directors shall, at the conclusion of any insurer insolvency in which the Association was obligated to pay covered claims prepare a report to the Director containing such information as it may have in its possession bearing on the history and causes of such insolvency. The board shall cooperate with the boards of directors of guaranty associations in other states in preparing a report on the history and causes for insolvency of a particular insurer, and may adopt by reference any report prepared by such other associations.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.13

    (215 ILCS 5/531.13) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-13)
    Sec. 531.13. Tax offset. In the event the aggregate Class A, B and C assessments for all member insurers do not exceed $3,000,000 in any one calendar year, no member insurer shall receive a tax offset. However, for any one calendar year before 1998 in which the total of such assessments exceeds $3,000,000, the amount in excess of $3,000,000 shall be subject to a tax offset to the extent of 20% of the amount of such assessment for each of the 5 calendar years following the year in which such assessment was paid, and ending prior to January 1, 2003, and each member insurer may offset the proportionate amount of such excess paid by the insurer against its liabilities for the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act. The provisions of this Section shall expire and be given no effect for any tax period commencing on and after January 1, 2003.
(Source: P.A. 93-29, eff. 6-20-03.)

215 ILCS 5/531.14

    (215 ILCS 5/531.14) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-14)
    Sec. 531.14. Miscellaneous Provisions.
    (1) Nothing in this Article may be construed to reduce the liability for unpaid assessments of the insured of an impaired or insolvent insurer operating under a plan with assessment liability.
    (2) Records must be kept of all negotiations and meetings in which the Association or its representatives are involved to discuss the activities of the Association in carrying out its powers and duties under Section 531.08. Records of such negotiations or meetings may be made public only upon the termination of a liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation proceeding involving the impaired or insolvent insurer, upon the termination of the impairment or insolvency of the insurer, or upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Nothing in this paragraph (2) limits the duty of the Association to render a report of its activities under Section 531.15.
    (3) For the purpose of carrying out its obligations under this Article, the Association is deemed to be a creditor of the impaired or insolvent insurer to the extent of assets attributable to covered policies reduced by any amounts to which the Association is entitled as subrogee (under paragraph (8) of Section 531.08). All assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer attributable to covered policies must be used to continue all covered policies and pay all contractual obligations of the impaired insurer as required by this Article. "Assets attributable to covered policies", as used in this paragraph (3), is that proportion of the assets which the reserves that should have been established for such policies bear to the reserve that should have been established for all policies of insurance written by the impaired or insolvent insurer.
    (4) (a) Prior to the termination of any liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation proceeding, the court may take into consideration the contributions of the respective parties, including the Association, the shareholders and policyowners of the impaired or insolvent insurer, and any other party with a bona fide interest, in making an equitable distribution of the ownership rights of such impaired or insolvent insurer. In such a determination, consideration must be given to the welfare of the policyholders of the continuing or successor insurer.
    (b) No distribution to stockholders, if any, of an impaired or insolvent insurer may be made until and unless the total amount of valid claims of the Association for funds expended in carrying out its powers and duties under Section 531.08, with respect to such insurer have been fully recovered by the Association.
    (5) (a) If an order for liquidation or rehabilitation of an insurer domiciled in this State has been entered, the receiver appointed under such order has a right to recover on behalf of the insurer, from any affiliate that controlled it, the amount of distributions, other than stock dividends paid by the insurer on its capital stock, made at any time during the 5 years preceding the petition for liquidation or rehabilitation subject to the limitations of paragraphs (b) to (d).
    (b) No such dividend is recoverable if the insurer shows that when paid the distribution was lawful and reasonable, and that the insurer did not know and could not reasonably have known that the distribution might adversely affect the ability of the insurer to fulfill its contractual obligations.
    (c) Any person who as an affiliate that controlled the insurer at the time the distributions were paid is liable up to the amount of distributions he received. Any person who was an affiliate that controlled the insurer at the time the distributions were declared, is liable up to the amount of distributions he would have received if they had been paid immediately. If 2 persons are liable with respect to the same distributions, they are jointly and severally liable.
    (d) The maximum amount recoverable under subsection (5) of this Section is the amount needed in excess of all other available assets of the insolvent insurer to pay the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer.
    (e) If any person liable under paragraph (c) of subsection (5) of this Section is insolvent, all its affiliates that controlled it at the time the dividend was paid are jointly and severally liable for any resulting deficiency in the amount recovered from the insolvent affiliate.
    (6) As a creditor of the impaired or insolvent insurer as established in subsection (3) of this Section and consistent with subsection (2) of Section 205 of this Code, the Association and other similar associations shall be entitled to receive a disbursement of assets out of the marshaled assets, from time to time as the assets become available to reimburse it, as a credit against contractual obligations under this Article. If the liquidator has not, within 120 days after a final determination of insolvency of an insurer by the receivership court, made an application to the court for the approval of a proposal to disburse assets out of marshaled assets to guaranty associations having obligations because of the insolvency, then the Association shall be entitled to make application to the receivership court for approval of its own proposal to disburse these assets.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.15

    (215 ILCS 5/531.15) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-15)
    Sec. 531.15. Examination of the Association - Annual Report. The Association shall be subject to examination and regulation by the Director. The board of directors must submit to the Director, not later than the first day of the fifth month following the end of the Association's fiscal year, a financial report for such fiscal year in a form acceptable to the Director and a report of its activities during such fiscal year.
(Source: P.A. 86-753.)

215 ILCS 5/531.16

    (215 ILCS 5/531.16) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-16)
    Sec. 531.16. Tax Exemptions.) The Association is exempt from payment of all fees and all taxes levied by this State or any of its subdivisions, except taxes levied on real property.
(Source: P.A. 81-899.)

215 ILCS 5/531.17

    (215 ILCS 5/531.17) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-17)
    Sec. 531.17. Immunity.) There is no liability on the part of and no cause of action of any nature may arise against any member insurer or its agents or employees, the Association or its agents or employees, members of the board of directors, or the Director or his representatives, for any action taken by them in the performance of their powers and duties under this Article.
(Source: P.A. 81-899.)

215 ILCS 5/531.18

    (215 ILCS 5/531.18) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-18)
    Sec. 531.18. Stay of Proceedings - Reopening Default Judgments.) All proceedings in which the insolvent insurer is a party in any court in this State shall be stayed 180 days from the date an order of liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation is final to permit proper legal action by the Association on any matters germane to its powers or duties. As to a judgment under any decision, order, verdict, or finding based on default the Association may apply to have such judgment set aside by the same court that made such judgment and must be permitted to defend against such suit on the merits.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/531.19

    (215 ILCS 5/531.19) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-19)
    Sec. 531.19. Prohibited advertisement of action of the Insurance Guaranty Association in sale of insurance.
    (a) No person, including an insurer, agent or affiliate of an insurer shall make, publish, disseminate, circulate, or place before the public, or cause directly or indirectly, to be made, published, disseminated, circulated or placed before the public, in any newspaper, magazine or other publication, or in the form of a notice, circular, pamphlet, letter or poster, or over any radio station or television station, or in any other way, any advertisement, announcement or statement, written or oral, which uses the existence of the Insurance Guaranty Association of this State for the purpose of sales, solicitation or inducement to purchase any form of insurance covered by this Article; provided, however, that this Section shall not apply to the Illinois Life and Health Guaranty Association or any other entity which does not sell or solicit insurance.
    (b) Within 180 days of August 16, 1993, the Association shall prepare a summary document describing the general purposes and current limitations of this Article and complying with subsection (c). This document shall be submitted to the Director for approval. Sixty days after receiving approval, no insurer may deliver a policy or contract described in subparagraph (a) of paragraph (2) of Section 531.03 and not excluded under subparagraph (b) of that Section to a policy or contract holder unless the document is delivered to the policy or contract holder prior to or at the time of delivery of the policy or contract. The document should also be available upon request by a policyholder. The distribution, delivery, or contents or interpretation of this document shall not mean that either the policy or the contract or the holder thereof would be covered in the event of the impairment or insolvency of a member insurer. The description document shall be revised by the Association as amendments to this Article may require. Failure to receive this document does not give the policyholder, contract holder, certificate holder, or insured any greater rights than those stated in this Article.
    (c) The document prepared under subsection (b) shall contain a clear and conspicuous disclaimer on its face. The Director shall promulgate a rule establishing the form and content of the disclaimer. The disclaimer shall:
        (1) State the name and address of the Life and Health
    
Insurance Guaranty Association and of the Department.
        (2) Prominently warn the policy or contract holder
    
that the Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association may not cover the policy or, if coverage is available, it will be subject to substantial limitations and exclusions and conditioned on continued residence in the State.
        (3) State that the insurer and its agents are
    
prohibited by law from using the existence of the Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association for the purpose of sales, solicitation, or inducement to purchase any form of insurance.
        (4) Emphasize that the policy or contract holder
    
should not rely on coverage under the Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association when selecting an insurer.
        (5) Provide other information as directed by the
    
Director.
    (d) (Blank).
(Source: P.A. 88-364; 88-627, eff. 9-9-94; 89-97, eff. 7-7-95.)

215 ILCS 5/Art. XXXIV

 
    (215 ILCS 5/Art. XXXIV heading)
ARTICLE XXXIV. ILLINOIS INSURANCE GUARANTY FUND

215 ILCS 5/532

    (215 ILCS 5/532) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.82)
    Sec. 532. Purpose. The purpose of this Article is to provide a mechanism for the payment of covered claims under certain insurance policies, to avoid excessive delay in payment, to avoid financial loss to claimants or policyholders because of the entry of an Order of Liquidation against an insolvent company, and to provide a Fund to assess the cost of such protection among member companies.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/533

    (215 ILCS 5/533) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.83)
    Sec. 533. Scope. This Article applies to all of the kinds of insurance written on a direct basis which are included in Class 2 and Class 3 of Section 4 of this Code as they appear and are defined in those clauses as of January 1, 1985, except that it shall not apply to:
    (a) accident and health insurance written under clause (a) of Class 2, or
    (b) mortgage guaranty or other financial guaranty written as suretyship obligations or insurance under clause (g), clause (h) or clause (i) of Class 2 or otherwise, or
    (c) fidelity or surety bonds, or any other bonding obligations other than employee fidelity bonds, or
    (d) marine insurance other than inland marine insurance, written under clause (d) of Class 3, or
    (e) insurance of warranties or service contracts, including insurance that provides for the repair, replacement, or service of goods or property or indemnification for repair, replacement, or service for the operational or structural failure of the goods or property due to a defect in materials, workmanship, or normal wear and tear or provides reimbursement for the liability incurred by the issuer of agreements or service contracts that provide these benefits, or
    (f) any claim servicing agreement or insurance policy which contains a retrospective rating or other premium adjustment agreement under which premiums are substantially equal to the losses and loss expenses covered under the policy or any policy providing retroactive insurance of known loss, or
    (g) any insurance which is provided, guaranteed or reinsured pursuant to the Federal Crop Insurance Program or the National Flood Insurance Program, including flood insurance written by National Flood Insurance Program Write Your Own Companies.
(Source: P.A. 89-97, eff. 7-7-95.)

215 ILCS 5/534

    (215 ILCS 5/534) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84)
    Sec. 534. Definitions. For the purposes of this Article, unless the context requires otherwise, the words and phrases defined in Sections 534.1 through 534.8 have the meanings set forth in those Sections.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/534.1

    (215 ILCS 5/534.1) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-1)
    Sec. 534.1. "Fund" means the Illinois Insurance Guaranty Fund created by this Article.
(Source: P.A. 77-305.)

215 ILCS 5/534.2

    (215 ILCS 5/534.2) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-2)
    Sec. 534.2. "Director" means the Director of Insurance of the State of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 77-305.)

215 ILCS 5/534.3

    (215 ILCS 5/534.3) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-3)
    Sec. 534.3. Covered claim; unearned premium defined.
    (a) "Covered claim" means an unpaid claim for a loss arising out of and within the coverage of an insurance policy to which this Article applies and which is in force at the time of the occurrence giving rise to the unpaid claim, including claims presented during any extended discovery period which was purchased from the company before the entry of a liquidation order or which is purchased or obtained from the liquidator after the entry of a liquidation order, made by a person insured under such policy or by a person suffering injury or damage for which a person insured under such policy is legally liable, and for unearned premium, if:
        (i) The company issuing the policy becomes an
    
insolvent company as defined in Section 534.4 after the effective date of this Article; and
        (ii) The claimant or insured is a resident of this
    
State at the time of the insured occurrence, or the property from which a first party claim for damage to property arises is permanently located in this State or, in the case of an unearned premium claim, the policyholder is a resident of this State at the time the policy was issued; provided, that for entities other than an individual, the residence of a claimant, insured, or policyholder is the state in which its principal place of business is located at the time of the insured event.
    (b) "Covered claim" does not include:
        (i) any amount in excess of the applicable limits of
    
liability provided by an insurance policy to which this Article applies; nor
        (ii) any claim for punitive or exemplary damages; nor
        (iii) any first party claim by an insured who is an
    
affiliate of the insolvent company; nor
        (iv) any first party or third party claim by or
    
against an insured whose net worth on December 31 of the year next preceding the date the insurer becomes an insolvent insurer exceeds $25,000,000; provided that an insured's net worth on such date shall be deemed to include the aggregate net worth of the insured and all of its affiliates as calculated on a consolidated basis. However, this exclusion shall not apply to third party claims against the insured where the insured has applied for or consented to the appointment of a receiver, trustee, or liquidator for all or a substantial part of its assets, filed a voluntary petition in bankruptcy, filed a petition or an answer seeking a reorganization or arrangement with creditors or to take advantage of any insolvency law, or if an order, judgment, or decree is entered by a court of competent jurisdiction, on the application of a creditor, adjudicating the insured bankrupt or insolvent or approving a petition seeking reorganization of the insured or of all or substantial part of its assets; nor
        (v) any claim for any amount due any reinsurer,
    
insurer, insurance pool, or underwriting association as subrogated recoveries, reinsurance recoverables, contribution, indemnification or otherwise. No such claim held by a reinsurer, insurer, insurance pool, or underwriting association may be asserted in any legal action against a person insured under a policy issued by an insolvent company other than to the extent such claim exceeds the Fund obligation limitations set forth in Section 537.2 of this Code.
    (c) "Unearned Premium" means the premium for the unexpired period of a policy which has been terminated prior to the expiration of the period for which premium has been paid and does not mean premium which is returnable to the insured for any other reason.
(Source: P.A. 89-97, eff. 7-7-95; 90-499, eff. 8-19-97.)

215 ILCS 5/534.4

    (215 ILCS 5/534.4) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-4)
    Sec. 534.4. "Insolvent company" means a company organized as a stock company, mutual company, reciprocal or Lloyds (a) which holds a certificate of authority to transact insurance in this State either at the time the policy was issued or when the insured event occurred, or any company which has assumed such policy obligation through merger, consolidation or reinsurance, whether or not such assuming company held a certificate of authority to transact insurance in this State at the time such policy was issued or when the insured event occurred; and (b) against which a final Order of Liquidation with a finding of insolvency to which there is no further right of appeal has been entered by a court of competent jurisdiction in the company's State of domicile after the effective date of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 90-499, eff. 8-19-97.)

215 ILCS 5/534.5

    (215 ILCS 5/534.5) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-5)
    Sec. 534.5. Member company. "Member Company" means any insurance company organized as a stock company, mutual company, reciprocal or Lloyds, which holds a certificate of authority to transact any kind of insurance in this State to which this Article applies, and which is either:
    (a) a domestic insurance company formed before or after the effective date of this Article; or
    (b) a foreign or alien insurance company.
    An insurance company shall cease to be a member company effective on the day following the termination or expiration of its license to transact the kinds of insurance to which this Article applies; provided, however, that the insurance company shall remain liable as a member company for any and all obligations, including obligations for assessments levied before the termination or expiration of the insurance company's license and assessments levied after the termination or expiration, based on any insolvency as to which the determination of insolvency by a court of competent jurisdiction occurs before the termination or expiration of the insurance company's license.
(Source: P.A. 89-97, eff. 7-7-95.)

215 ILCS 5/534.6

    (215 ILCS 5/534.6) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-6)
    Sec. 534.6. "Net direct written premiums" means direct gross premiums written in this State on insurance policies to which this Article applies, less return premiums thereon and dividends paid or credited to policyholders on such direct business. "Net direct written premiums" does not include premiums on contracts of reinsurance or other contracts between insurers or reinsurers.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/534.7

    (215 ILCS 5/534.7) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-7)
    Sec. 534.7. Affiliate. An "affiliate" of a specified person means a person who directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the specified person on December 31 of the year next preceding the date the insolvent company became an insolvent company.
(Source: P.A. 89-97, eff. 7-7-95.)

215 ILCS 5/534.8

    (215 ILCS 5/534.8) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.84-8)
    Sec. 534.8. "Control" means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, the holding of proxies, by contract other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, or otherwise, unless the power is solely the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. Control shall be presumed to exist if any person, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing, 10% or more of the voting securities or voting power of any other person. This presumption may be rebutted by a showing that control does not exist in fact.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/535

    (215 ILCS 5/535) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.85)
    Sec. 535. Creation of the Fund. There is created a nonprofit unincorporated legal entity to be known as the Illinois Insurance Guaranty Fund. All member companies as defined in Section 534.5 shall be and remain members of the Fund as a condition of their authority to transact business in this State. The Fund shall perform its functions under a plan of operation established and approved under Section 539 and shall exercise its powers through a board of directors established under Section 536. For purposes of administration and assessment, the Fund shall be divided into 2 separate accounts: (a) the automobile insurance account; and (b) the account for all other insurance to which this Article applies, including Workers' Compensation.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/536

    (215 ILCS 5/536) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.86)
    Sec. 536. Board of Directors.
    (a) The board of directors of the Fund shall consist of not less than 5 nor more than 10 persons, with one public member appointed by the Director, serving terms as established in the plan of operation. The public member shall be a resident of this State, and he or she shall either (1) be a licensed and certified public accountant under the laws of this State or (2) have earned, and maintain in good standing, the Chartered Property and Casualty Underwriter (CPCU) designation from the American Institute for Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters. The plan of operation shall provide that the board of directors be elected on the basis of one vote for each member company of the Fund. If more than one company of a group of wholly owned or controlled companies is a member company of the Fund only one vote will be allowed for the entire group. The members of the board of directors shall be elected by member companies subject to the approval of the Director. Vacancies on the board of directors shall be filled for the remaining period of the term by the board of directors, subject to the approval of the Director.
    (b) In approving elections to the board of directors, the Director shall consider among other things whether all member companies are fairly represented.
    (c) Members of the board of directors shall receive no compensation, but may be reimbursed from the assets of the Fund for expenses incurred by them as members of the board of directors.
(Source: P.A. 98-202, eff. 1-1-14.)

215 ILCS 5/537

    (215 ILCS 5/537) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87)
    Sec. 537. Duties and obligations of the Fund. The Fund shall have the duties and obligations enumerated in Sections 537.1 through 537.9.
(Source: P.A. 82-210.)

215 ILCS 5/537.1

    (215 ILCS 5/537.1) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-1)
    Sec. 537.1. The Fund may provide for an equal annual fee of all member companies on a non-pro rata basis to provide for contingent expenses of the Fund. This fee may not exceed $500 per member company for any one calendar year.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/537.2

    (215 ILCS 5/537.2) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-2)
    Sec. 537.2. Obligation of Fund. The Fund shall be obligated to the extent of the covered claims existing prior to the entry of an Order of Liquidation against an insolvent company and arising within 30 days after the entry of such Order, or before the policy expiration date if less than 30 days after the entry of such Order, or before the insured replaces the policy or on request effects cancellation, if he does so within 30 days after the entry of such Order. If the entry of an Order of Liquidation occurs on or after October 1, 1975 and before October 1, 1977, such obligations shall not: (i) exceed $100,000, or (ii) include any obligation to refund the first $100 of any unearned premium claim; and if the entry of an Order of Liquidation occurs on or after October 1, 1977 and before January 1, 1988, such obligations shall not: (i) exceed $150,000, except that this limitation shall not apply to any workers compensation claims, or (ii) include any obligation to refund the first $100 of any unearned premium claim; and if the entry of an Order of Liquidation occurs on or after January 1, 1988 and before January 1, 2011, such obligations shall not: (i) exceed $300,000, except that this limitation shall not apply to any workers compensation claims, or (ii) include any obligation to refund the first $100 of any unearned premium claim or to refund any unearned premium over $10,000 under any one policy. If the entry of an Order of Liquidation occurs on or after January 1, 2011, then such obligations shall not: (i) exceed $500,000, except that this limitation shall not apply to any workers compensation claims or (ii) include any obligation to refund the first $100 of any unearned premium claim or refund any unearned premium over $10,000 under any one policy. In no event shall the Fund be obligated to a policyholder or claimant in an amount in excess of the face amount of the policy from which the claim arises.
    In no event shall the Fund be liable for any interest on any judgment entered against the insured or the insolvent company, or for any other interest claim against the insured or the insolvent company, regardless of whether the insolvent company would have been obligated to pay such interest under the terms of its policy. The Fund shall be liable for interest at the statutory rate on money judgments entered against the Fund until the judgment is satisfied.
    Any obligation of the Fund to defend an insured shall cease upon the Fund's payment or tender of an amount equal to the lesser of the Fund's covered claim obligation limit or the applicable policy limit.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)

215 ILCS 5/537.3

    (215 ILCS 5/537.3) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-3)
    Sec. 537.3. Access to insolvent company records.
    The liquidator of an insolvent company shall permit access by the Fund or its authorized representatives, and by any similar organization in another state or its authorized representatives, to such of the insolvent company's records which are necessary for the Fund or such similar organization in carrying out its functions under this Article or similar laws in other states with regard to covered claims. In addition, the liquidator shall provide the Fund or its representative, or such similar organization, with copies of such records upon the request and at the expense of the Fund or such similar organization.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/537.4

    (215 ILCS 5/537.4) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-4)
    Sec. 537.4. Fund assumes obligations of insolvent companies. The Fund shall be deemed the insolvent company to the extent of the Fund's obligation for covered claims and to such extent shall have all rights, duties, and obligations of the insolvent company, subject to the limitations provided in this Article, as if the company had not become insolvent, with the exception that the liquidator shall retain the sole right to recover any reinsurance proceeds. The Fund's rights under this Section include, but are not limited to, the right to pursue and retain salvage and subrogation recoveries on paid covered claim obligations to the extent paid by the Fund.
(Source: P.A. 89-97, eff. 7-7-95.)

215 ILCS 5/537.6

    (215 ILCS 5/537.6) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-6)
    Sec. 537.6. Allocation of claims; assessments. The Fund shall allocate covered claims paid and expenses incurred between the accounts established by Section 535 separately, and assess member companies separately for each account amounts necessary to pay the obligations of the Fund under Section 537.2 subsequent to the entry of an Order of Liquidation against an insolvent company, the expenses of handling covered claims subsequent to such Order of Liquidation and other expenses authorized by this Article. The assessments of each member company shall be in the proportion that the net direct written premiums of the member company for the calendar year immediately preceding the year in which the assessment is levied on the kinds of insurance in the account bears to the net direct written premiums of all member companies for such preceding calendar year on the kinds of insurance in the account. Each member company shall be notified of the assessment not later than 30 days before it is due. Before January 1, 2002, no member company may be assessed in any year on any account an amount greater than 1% of that member company's net direct written premiums on the kinds of insurance in the account for the calendar year preceding the assessment. Beginning January 1, 2002, the amount a member company may be assessed in any year on any account shall be a maximum of 2% of that member company's net direct written premium on the kinds of insurance in the account for the calendar year preceding the assessment. This 2% maximum shall apply regardless of the date of any insolvency that gives rise to the need for the assessment. If the maximum assessment, together with the other assets of the Fund in any account, does not provide, in any one year, in any account, an amount sufficient to make all necessary payments from that account, the funds available shall be paid in the manner determined by the Fund and approved by the Director and the unpaid portion shall be paid as soon thereafter as funds become available. If requested by a member company, the Director may exempt or defer the assessment of any member company, if the assessment would cause the member company's financial impairment.
(Source: P.A. 92-77, eff. 7-12-01.)

215 ILCS 5/537.7

    (215 ILCS 5/537.7) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-7)
    Sec. 537.7. Investigation of claims; disposition.
    (a) The Fund shall investigate claims brought against the Fund and adjust, compromise, settle, and pay covered claims to the extent of the Fund's obligation and deny all other claims.
    (b) The Fund shall not be bound by a settlement, release, compromise, waiver, or final judgment executed or entered within 12 months prior to an order of liquidation and shall have the right to assert all defenses available to the Fund including, but not limited to, defenses applicable to determining and enforcing its statutory rights and obligations to any claim. The Fund shall be bound by a settlement, release, compromise, waiver, or final judgment executed or entered more than 12 months prior to an order of liquidation, however, if the claim is a covered claim and the settlement or judgment was not a result of fraud, collusion, default, or failure to defend. In addition, with respect to covered claims arising from a judgment under a decision, verdict, or finding based on the default of the insolvent insurer or its failure to defend, upon application by the Fund, either on its own behalf or on behalf of an insured, the court shall set aside the judgment, order, decision, verdict, or finding, and the Fund shall be permitted to defend against the claim on the merits.
    (c) The Fund shall have the right to appoint or approve and to direct legal counsel retained under liability insurance policies for the defense of covered claims.
(Source: P.A. 92-77, eff. 7-12-01.)

215 ILCS 5/537.9

    (215 ILCS 5/537.9) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.87-9)
    Sec. 537.9. The Fund shall handle claims through its employees or through one or more companies or other persons employed as servicing facilities.
(Source: P.A. 85-576.)

215 ILCS 5/538

    (215 ILCS 5/538) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.88)
    Sec. 538. Powers of the Fund.
    The Fund shall have the powers enumerated in Sections 538.1 through 538.8.
(Source: P.A. 77-305.)

215 ILCS 5/538.1

    (215 ILCS 5/538.1) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.88-1)
    Sec. 538.1. The Fund may appear in, defend and appeal any action on a claim brought against it on a covered claim.
(Source: P.A. 77-305.)