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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
(725 ILCS 5/) Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.

725 ILCS 5/110A-70

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-70)
    Sec. 110A-70. Surrender of principal. The sureties of a person bound to keep the peace may, at any time, surrender their principal to the sheriff of the county in which the principal was bound, under the same rules and regulations governing the surrender of the principal in other criminal cases.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-75

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-75)
    Sec. 110A-75. New recognizance. The person so surrendered may recognize anew, with sufficient sureties, before a court, for the residue of the time, and shall thereupon be discharged.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/110A-80

    (725 ILCS 5/110A-80)
    Sec. 110A-80. Amended complaint. No proceeding to prevent a breach of the peace shall be dismissed on account of any informality or insufficiency in the complaint, or any process or proceeding, but the complaint may be amended, by order of the court, to conform to the facts in the case.
(Source: P.A. 89-234, eff. 1-1-96.)

725 ILCS 5/Tit. IV

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Tit. IV heading)
TITLE IV. PROCEEDINGS TO COMMENCE PROSECUTION

725 ILCS 5/Art. 111

 
    (725 ILCS 5/Art. 111 heading)
ARTICLE 111. CHARGING AN OFFENSE

725 ILCS 5/111-1

    (725 ILCS 5/111-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-1)
    Sec. 111-1. Methods of prosecution. When authorized by law a prosecution may be commenced by:
    (a) A complaint;
    (b) An information;
    (c) An indictment.
    (d) Upon commencement of a prosecution for a violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, the victims of these offenses shall have all the rights under this Section as they do in Section 4 of the Bill of Rights for Victims and Witnesses of Violent Crime Act.
    For the purposes of this Section "victim" shall mean an individual who has suffered personal injury as a result of the commission of a violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, or Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide. In regard to a violation of Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 relating to the offense of reckless homicide, "victim" shall also include, but not be limited to, spouse, guardian, parent, or other family member.
    (e) Upon arrest after commencement of a prosecution for a sex offense against a person known to be an employee, the State's Attorney shall immediately provide the superintendent of schools or school administrator that employs the employee with a copy of the complaint, information, or indictment.
    For the purposes of this subsection: "employee" has the meaning provided in subsection (a) of Section 24-5 of the School Code; and "sex offense" has the meaning provided in Section 2 of the Sex Offender Registration Act.
    This subsection shall not be construed to diminish the rights, privileges, or remedies of an employee under a collective bargaining agreement or employment contract.
(Source: P.A. 101-521, eff. 8-23-19.)

725 ILCS 5/111-2

    (725 ILCS 5/111-2) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-2)
    Sec. 111-2. Commencement of prosecutions.
    (a) All prosecutions of felonies shall be by information or by indictment. No prosecution may be pursued by information unless a preliminary hearing has been held or waived in accordance with Section 109-3 and at that hearing probable cause to believe the defendant committed an offense was found, and the provisions of Section 109-3.1 of this Code have been complied with.
    (b) All other prosecutions may be by indictment, information or complaint.
    (c) Upon the filing of an information or indictment in open court charging the defendant with the commission of a sex offense defined in any Section of Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, and a minor as defined in Section 1-3 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 is alleged to be the victim of the commission of the acts of the defendant in the commission of such offense, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor as provided in Section 2-17, 3-19, 4-16 or 5-610 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987.
    (d) Upon the filing of an information or indictment in open court, the court shall immediately issue a warrant for the arrest of each person charged with an offense directed to a peace officer or some other person specifically named commanding him to arrest such person.
    (e) When the offense is bailable, the judge shall endorse on the warrant the amount of bail required by the order of the court, and if the court orders the process returnable forthwith, the warrant shall require that the accused be arrested and brought immediately into court.
    (f) Where the prosecution of a felony is by information or complaint after preliminary hearing, or after a waiver of preliminary hearing in accordance with paragraph (a) of this Section, such prosecution may be for all offenses, arising from the same transaction or conduct of a defendant even though the complaint or complaints filed at the preliminary hearing charged only one or some of the offenses arising from that transaction or conduct.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

725 ILCS 5/111-3

    (725 ILCS 5/111-3) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-3)
    Sec. 111-3. Form of charge.
    (a) A charge shall be in writing and allege the commission of an offense by:
        (1) Stating the name of the offense;
        (2) Citing the statutory provision alleged to have
    
been violated;
        (3) Setting forth the nature and elements of the
    
offense charged;
        (4) Stating the date and county of the offense as
    
definitely as can be done; and
        (5) Stating the name of the accused, if known, and if
    
not known, designate the accused by any name or description by which he can be identified with reasonable certainty.
    (a-5) If the victim is alleged to have been subjected to an offense involving an illegal sexual act including, but not limited to, a sexual offense defined in Article 11 or Section 10-9 of the Criminal Code of 2012, the charge shall state the identity of the victim by name, initials, or description.
    (b) An indictment shall be signed by the foreman of the Grand Jury and an information shall be signed by the State's Attorney and sworn to by him or another. A complaint shall be sworn to and signed by the complainant; provided, that when a peace officer observes the commission of a misdemeanor and is the complaining witness, the signing of the complaint by the peace officer is sufficient to charge the defendant with the commission of the offense, and the complaint need not be sworn to if the officer signing the complaint certifies that the statements set forth in the complaint are true and correct and are subject to the penalties provided by law for false certification under Section 1-109 of the Code of Civil Procedure and perjury under Section 32-2 of the Criminal Code of 2012; and further provided, however, that when a citation is issued on a Uniform Traffic Ticket or Uniform Conservation Ticket (in a form prescribed by the Conference of Chief Circuit Judges and filed with the Supreme Court), the copy of such Uniform Ticket which is filed with the circuit court constitutes a complaint to which the defendant may plead, unless he specifically requests that a verified complaint be filed.
    (c) When the State seeks an enhanced sentence because of a prior conviction, the charge shall also state the intention to seek an enhanced sentence and shall state such prior conviction so as to give notice to the defendant. However, the fact of such prior conviction and the State's intention to seek an enhanced sentence are not elements of the offense and may not be disclosed to the jury during trial unless otherwise permitted by issues properly raised during such trial. For the purposes of this Section, "enhanced sentence" means a sentence which is increased by a prior conviction from one classification of offense to another higher level classification of offense set forth in Section 5-4.5-10 of the Unified Code of Corrections (730 ILCS 5/5-4.5-10); it does not include an increase in the sentence applied within the same level of classification of offense.
    (c-5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in all cases in which the imposition of the death penalty is not a possibility, if an alleged fact (other than the fact of a prior conviction) is not an element of an offense but is sought to be used to increase the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for the offense, the alleged fact must be included in the charging instrument or otherwise provided to the defendant through a written notification before trial, submitted to a trier of fact as an aggravating factor, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt. Failure to prove the fact beyond a reasonable doubt is not a bar to a conviction for commission of the offense, but is a bar to increasing, based on that fact, the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for that offense. Nothing in this subsection (c-5) requires the imposition of a sentence that increases the range of penalties for the offense beyond the statutory maximum that could otherwise be imposed for the offense if the imposition of that sentence is not required by law.
    (d) At any time prior to trial, the State on motion shall be permitted to amend the charge, whether brought by indictment, information or complaint, to make the charge comply with subsection (c) or (c-5) of this Section. Nothing in Section 103-5 of this Code precludes such an amendment or a written notification made in accordance with subsection (c-5) of this Section.
    (e) The provisions of subsection (a) of Section 5-4.5-95 of the Unified Code of Corrections (730 ILCS 5/5-4.5-95) shall not be affected by this Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-416, eff. 1-1-14.)

725 ILCS 5/111-4

    (725 ILCS 5/111-4)
    Sec. 111-4. Joinder of offenses and defendants.
    (a) Two or more offenses may be charged in the same indictment, information or complaint in a separate count for each offense if the offenses charged, whether felonies or misdemeanors or both, are based on the same act or on 2 or more acts which are part of the same comprehensive transaction.
    (b) Two or more defendants may be charged in the same indictment, information or complaint if they are alleged to have participated in the same act or in the same comprehensive transaction out of which the offense or offenses arose. Such defendants may be charged in one or more counts together or separately and all of the defendants need not be charged in each count.
    (c) Two or more acts or transactions in violation of any provision or provisions of Sections 8A-2, 8A-3, 8A-4, 8A-4A and 8A-5 of the Illinois Public Aid Code, Section 14 of the Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act, Sections 16-1, 16-1.3, 16-2, 16-3, 16-5, 16-7, 16-8, 16-10, 16-25, 16-30, 16A-3, 16B-2, 16G-15, 16G-20, 16H-15, 16H-20, 16H-25, 16H-30, 16H-45, 16H-50, 16H-55, 17-1, 17-3, 17-6, 17-30, 17-56, 17-60, or 29B-1, or item (ii) of subsection (a) or (b) of Section 17-9, or subdivision (a)(2) of Section 17-10.5, or subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (g), (h), or (i) of Section 17-10.6, or subsection (a) of Section 17-32 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 and Section 118 of Division I of the Criminal Jurisprudence Act, may be charged as a single offense in a single count of the same indictment, information or complaint, if such acts or transactions by one or more defendants are in furtherance of a single intention and design or if the property, labor or services obtained are of the same person or are of several persons having a common interest in such property, labor or services. In such a charge, the period between the dates of the first and the final such acts or transactions may be alleged as the date of the offense and, if any such act or transaction by any defendant was committed in the county where the prosecution was commenced, such county may be alleged as the county of the offense.
(Source: P.A. 99-629, eff. 1-1-17.)

725 ILCS 5/111-5

    (725 ILCS 5/111-5) (from Ch. 38, par. 111-5)
    Sec. 111-5. Formal defects in a charge. An indictment, information or complaint which charges the commission of an offense in accordance with Section 111-3 of this Code shall not be dismissed and may be amended on motion by the State's Attorney or defendant at any time because of formal defects, including:
        (a) Any miswriting, misspelling or grammatical error;
        (b) Any misjoinder of the parties defendant;
        (c) Any misjoinder of the offense charged;
        (d) The presence of any unnecessary allegation;
        (e) The failure to negative any exception, any excuse
    
or proviso contained in the statute defining the offense; or
        (f) The use of alternative or disjunctive allegations
    
as to the acts, means, intents or results charged.
(Source: Laws 1963, p. 2836.)