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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CIVIL PROCEDURE
(735 ILCS 5/) Code of Civil Procedure.

735 ILCS 5/12-713

    (735 ILCS 5/12-713) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-713)
    Sec. 12-713. No judgment until debt due. If the debt from the garnishee to the judgment debtor is not due, judgment shall not be entered against the garnishee until the debt is due, either by the terms of the agreement giving rise thereto or by acceleration as therein provided.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/12-714

    (735 ILCS 5/12-714) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-714)
    Sec. 12-714. Property surrendered in enforcement of a judgment and disposition thereof. (a) A garnishee having property other than money belonging to the judgment debtor, which the garnishee is obligated to deliver to the judgment debtor, shall deliver to the officer holding a certified copy of the judgment for the enforcement thereof against the judgment debtor so much thereof as is necessary to satisfy the amount due upon the judgment and costs.
    (b) If mortgaged or pledged property is in the possession of a garnishee, or property is held for the payment of a debt to the garnishee, the judgment creditor may, under order of court, pay or tender the amount due to the garnishee; and the garnishee shall thereupon deliver the property to the officer holding the certified copy of the judgment for the enforcement thereof against the judgment debtor.
    (c) Nothing contained in Part 7 of Article XII of this Act shall be construed to prevent the garnishee from selling property in his or her possession for the payment of claims for which it is mortgaged, pledged or otherwise held at any time before the amount due to the garnishee is paid or tendered, if the sale would be authorized as between the garnishee and the judgment debtor.
    (d) If property is held for purposes other than to secure the payment of money, and if the promise, condition or other act to be performed can be performed by the judgment creditor without damage to other parties, the court may permit performance by the judgment creditor. Upon performance, or a tender of performance, by the judgment creditor the garnishee shall deliver the property to the officer holding the certified copy of the judgment for the enforcement thereof against the judgment debtor.
    (e) Property received by an officer as described in this Section shall be sold in the same manner as if levied upon for the satisfaction of a judgment for the payment of money and from the proceeds of sale the officer shall repay the judgment creditor the amount paid the garnishee for the redemption, with interest, or shall indemnify the judgment creditor for acts done or performed pursuant to order of court in the redemption.
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/12-715

    (735 ILCS 5/12-715) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-715)
    Sec. 12-715. Refusal or neglect of garnishee to deliver property. If a garnishee refuses or neglects to deliver property in his or her possession when ordered by the court or upon request by the officer holding a certified copy of the judgment for enforcement thereof against the judgment debtor, the garnishee may be attached and punished for contempt; or the court may enter judgment against the garnishee for the value of the property or the amount due upon the judgment and costs, whichever is the lesser, and have same enforced against the garnishee.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/12-716

    (735 ILCS 5/12-716) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-716)
    Sec. 12-716. Costs and fees.
    (a) The costs of obtaining a garnishment order shall be charged to the judgment debtor, unless the court determines, in its discretion, that costs incurred by the judgment creditor were improperly incurred, in which case those costs shall be paid by the judgment creditor.
    (b) No fee shall be paid by a garnishee for filing his, her or its appearance, answer or satisfaction of judgment against him, her or it.
    (c) No fee shall be paid to a garnishee at the time of service of the garnishment summons or at any time thereafter, unless he or she is subpoenaed to appear as a witness, in which case he or she is entitled to witness fees as in other civil cases.
(Source: P.A. 87-1252.)

735 ILCS 5/12-717

    (735 ILCS 5/12-717) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-717)
    Sec. 12-717. Death of garnishee and procedure thereafter. Upon the death of a garnishee, the procedure shall be the same as in the case of the death of a defendant in other civil cases.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/12-718

    (735 ILCS 5/12-718) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-718)
    Sec. 12-718. Powers of court. If the garnishee has in his or her possession, custody or control any property belonging to the defendant or which he or she is obligated to deliver to the defendant, with or without condition, the court may enter all proper orders for the delivery thereof to the proper officer, the sale or disposition of the same, and the discharging of any lien thereon, and may authorize the garnishee to collect any indebtedness or to sell any other property and account for the proceeds. The court, when necessary to further the purposes and provisions of Part 7 of Article XII of this Act, may compel the judgment debtor to do or to refrain from doing any specific act or deed; or the court may appoint a receiver to collect any indebtedness or to take possession, sell or otherwise dispose of any other property, and enter all orders in regard thereto which are necessary and equitable between the parties.
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/12-719

    (735 ILCS 5/12-719) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-719)
    Sec. 12-719. Transfer of interest by heir or legatee. No assignment, transfer or other disposition by an heir or distributee of his or her interest in the possession of an administrator or executor shall defeat the garnishment, unless (1) prior to the service of garnishment summons upon the administrator or executor, the transfer or other disposition is reduced to writing and (2) the writing is filed in the office of the clerk of the court appointing the executor or administrator.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XII Pt. 8

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XII Pt. 8 heading)
Part 8. Wage Deductions

735 ILCS 5/12-801

    (735 ILCS 5/12-801) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-801)
    Sec. 12-801. Definitions. As used in Part 8 of Article XII of this Act:
    "Deduction order" means an order entered pursuant to Section 12-811 of this Act.
    "Employer" means the person named as employer in the affidavit filed under Section 12-805.
    "Federal agency employer" means an agency of the federal government as defined in 5 USC 5520a(a)(1), as amended from time to time.
    "Judgment creditor" means the recipient of any judgment, except a judgment by confession which has not been confirmed as provided in Part 8 of Article XII of this Act.
    "Judgment debtor" means a person against whom a judgment has been obtained.
    "Wages" means any hourly pay, salaries, commissions, bonuses, or other compensation owed by an employer to a judgment debtor.
(Source: P.A. 89-28, eff. 6-23-95.)

735 ILCS 5/12-802

    (735 ILCS 5/12-802) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-802)
    Sec. 12-802. Force and effect of order. A deduction order entered under Part 8 of Article XII of this Act shall have the force and effect and be enforceable as a judgment.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/12-803

    (735 ILCS 5/12-803) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-803)
    Sec. 12-803. Wages subject to collection. The wages, salary, commissions and bonuses subject to collection under a deduction order, for any work week shall be the lesser of (1) 15% of such gross amount paid for that week or (2) the amount by which disposable earnings for a week exceed 45 times the Federal Minimum Hourly Wage prescribed by Section 206(a)(1) of Title 29 of the United States Code, as amended, or, under a wage deduction summons served on or after January 1, 2006, the minimum hourly wage prescribed by Section 4 of the Minimum Wage Law, whichever is greater, in effect at the time the amounts are payable. This provision (and no other) applies irrespective of the place where the compensation was earned or payable and the State where the employee resides. No amounts required by law to be withheld may be taken from the amount collected by the creditor. The term "disposable earnings" means that part of the earnings of any individual remaining after the deduction from those earnings of any amounts required by law to be withheld.
(Source: P.A. 94-306, eff. 1-1-06; 95-661, eff. 1-1-08.)

735 ILCS 5/12-804

    (735 ILCS 5/12-804) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-804)
    Sec. 12-804. Exemptions from deduction orders. Benefits and refunds payable by pension or retirement funds or systems and any assets of employees held by such funds or systems, and any monies an employee is required to contribute to such funds or systems are exempt and are not subject to a deduction order under Part 8 of Article XII of this Act. A plan governed by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 shall be considered a retirement fund for purposes of this Part 8.
(Source: P.A. 87-1252.)

735 ILCS 5/12-805

    (735 ILCS 5/12-805) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-805)
    Sec. 12-805. Summons; Issuance.
    (a) Upon the filing by a judgment creditor, its attorney or other designee of (1) an affidavit that the affiant believes any person is indebted to the judgment debtor for wages due or to become due, as provided in Part 8 of Article XII of this Act, and includes the last address of the judgment debtor known to the affiant as well as the name of the judgment debtor, and a certification by the judgment creditor or his attorney that, before filing the affidavit, the wage deduction notice has been mailed to the judgment debtor by first class mail at the judgment debtor's last known address, and (2) written interrogatories to be answered by the employer with respect to the indebtedness, the clerk of the court in which the judgment was entered shall issue summons against the person named in the affidavit as employer commanding the employer to appear in the court and answer the interrogatories in writing under oath. The interrogatories shall elicit all the information necessary to determine the proper amount of non-exempt wages. The interrogatories shall require that the employer certify that a copy of the completed interrogatories as specified in subsection (c) of Section 12-808 has been mailed or hand delivered to the judgment debtor and shall be in a form consistent with local court rules. The summons shall further command federal agency employers, upon effective service of summons pursuant to 5 USC 5520a, to commence to pay over deducted wages in accordance with Section 12-808. The summons shall be in a form consistent with local court rules. The summons shall be accompanied by a copy of the underlying judgment or a certification by the clerk of the court that entered the judgment, or by the attorney for the judgment creditor, setting forth the date and amount of the judgment, allowable costs expended, interest accumulated, credits paid by or on behalf of the judgment debtor and the balance due the judgment creditor, and one copy of a wage deduction notice in substantially the following form:
"WAGE DEDUCTION NOTICE
    (Name and address of Court)
    Name of Case:  (Name of Judgment Creditor),
        Judgment Creditor v.
        (Name of Judgment Debtor),
        Judgment Debtor.
    Address of Judgment Debtor:  (Insert last known address)
    Name and Address of Attorney for Judgment
    Creditor or of Judgment Creditor (if no
    attorney is listed):  (Insert name and address)
    Amount of Judgment:  $..........
    Employer:  (Name of Employer)
    Return Date:  (Insert return date specified in summons)
NOTICE: The court shall be asked to issue a wage deduction summons against the employer named above for wages due or about to become due to you. The wage deduction summons may be issued on the basis of a judgment against you in favor of the judgment creditor in the amount stated above.
    The amount of wages that may be deducted is limited by federal and Illinois law.
        (1) Under Illinois law, the amount of wages that may
    
be deducted is limited to the lesser of (i) 15% of gross weekly wages or (ii) the amount by which disposable earnings for a week exceed the total of 45 times the federal minimum hourly wage or, under a wage deduction summons served on or after January 1, 2006, the minimum hourly wage prescribed by Section 4 of the Minimum Wage Law, whichever is greater.
        (2) Under federal law, the amount of wages that may
    
be deducted is limited to the lesser of (i) 25% of disposable earnings for a week or (ii) the amount by which disposable earnings for a week exceed 30 times the federal minimum hourly wage.
        (3) Pension and retirement benefits and refunds may
    
be claimed as exempt from wage deduction under Illinois law.
    You have the right to request a hearing before the court to dispute the wage deduction because the wages are exempt. To obtain a hearing in counties with a population of 1,000,000 or more, you must notify the Clerk of the Court in person and in writing at (insert address of Clerk) before the Return Date specified above or appear in court on the date and time on that Return Date. To obtain a hearing in counties with a population of less than 1,000,000, you must notify the Clerk of the Court in writing at (insert address of clerk) on or before the Return Date specified above. The Clerk of the Court will provide a hearing date and the necessary forms that must be prepared by you or your attorney and sent to the judgment creditor and the employer, or their attorney, regarding the time and location of the hearing. This notice may be sent by regular first class mail."
    (b) In a county with a population of less than 1,000,000, unless otherwise provided by circuit court rule, at the request of the judgment creditor or his or her attorney and instead of personal service, service of a summons for a wage deduction may be made as follows:
        (1) For each employer to be served, the judgment
    
creditor or his or her attorney shall pay to the clerk of the court a fee of $2, plus the cost of mailing, and furnish to the clerk an original and one copy of a summons, an original and one copy of the interrogatories and an affidavit setting forth the employer's mailing address, an original and one copy of the wage deduction notice required by subsection (a) of this Section, and a copy of the judgment or certification described in subsection (a) of this Section. The original judgment shall be retained by the clerk.
        (2) The clerk shall mail to the employer, at the
    
address appearing in the affidavit, the copy of the judgment or certification described in subsection (a) of this Section, the summons, the interrogatories, and the wage deduction notice required by subsection (a) of this Section, by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, showing to whom delivered and the date and address of delivery. This Mailing shall be mailed on a "restricted delivery" basis when service is directed to a natural person. The envelope and return receipt shall bear the return address of the clerk, and the return receipt shall be stamped with the docket number of the case. The receipt for certified or registered mail shall state the name and address of the addressee, the date of the mailing, shall identify the documents mailed, and shall be attached to the original summons.
        (3) The return receipt must be attached to the
    
original summons and, if it shows delivery at least 3 days before the return date, shall constitute proof of service of any documents identified on the return receipt as having been mailed.
        (4) The clerk shall note the fact of service in a
    
permanent record.
    (c) Instead of personal service, a summons for a wage deduction may be served and returned in the manner provided by Supreme Court rule for service, otherwise than by publication, of a notice for additional relief upon a party in default.
(Source: P.A. 94-306, eff. 1-1-06.)

735 ILCS 5/12-806

    (735 ILCS 5/12-806) (from Ch. 110, par. 12-806)
    Sec. 12-806. Service and return of summons. Summons shall be returnable not less than 21 nor more than 40 days after the date of issuance. Summons with 4 copies of the interrogatories and one copy of the judgment or certification and one copy of the wage deduction notice specified in Section 12-805 of this Act shall be served on the employer and returned as in other civil cases.
    If the employer is served with summons less than 3 days prior to the return date, the court shall continue the case to a new return date not less than 21 days after the service of the summons.
(Source: P.A. 90-677, eff. 1-1-99.)