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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

CIVIL PROCEDURE
(735 ILCS 5/) Code of Civil Procedure.

735 ILCS 5/13-217

    (735 ILCS 5/13-217) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-217)
    (Text of Section WITH the changes made by P.A. 89-7, which has been held unconstitutional)
    Sec. 13-217. Reversal or dismissal. In the actions specified in Article XIII of this Act or any other act or contract where the time for commencing an action is limited, if judgment is entered for the plaintiff but reversed on appeal, or if there is a verdict in favor of the plaintiff and, upon a motion in arrest of judgment, the judgment is entered against the plaintiff, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for lack of jurisdiction, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for improper venue, then, whether or not the time limitation for bringing such action expires during the pendency of such action, the plaintiff, his or her heirs, executors or administrators may commence a new action within one year or within the remaining period of limitation, whichever is greater, after such judgment is reversed or entered against the plaintiff, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for lack of jurisdiction, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for improper venue. No action which is voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiff or dismissed for want of prosecution by the court may be filed where the time for commencing the action has expired.
    This amendatory Act of 1995 applies to causes of action accruing on or after its effective date.
(Source: P.A. 89-7, eff. 3-9-95.)
 
    (Text of Section WITHOUT the changes made by P.A. 89-7, which has been held unconstitutional)
    Sec. 13-217. Reversal or dismissal. In the actions specified in Article XIII of this Act or any other act or contract where the time for commencing an action is limited, if judgment is entered for the plaintiff but reversed on appeal, or if there is a verdict in favor of the plaintiff and, upon a motion in arrest of judgment, the judgment is entered against the plaintiff, or the action is voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiff, or the action is dismissed for want of prosecution, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for lack of jurisdiction, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for improper venue, then, whether or not the time limitation for bringing such action expires during the pendency of such action, the plaintiff, his or her heirs, executors or administrators may commence a new action within one year or within the remaining period of limitation, whichever is greater, after such judgment is reversed or entered against the plaintiff, or after the action is voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiff, or the action is dismissed for want of prosecution, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for lack of jurisdiction, or the action is dismissed by a United States District Court for improper venue.
(Source: P.A. 87-1252.)

735 ILCS 5/13-218

    (735 ILCS 5/13-218) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-218)
    Sec. 13-218. Revival of judgment. A petition to revive a judgment, as provided by Section 2-1601 of this Code, may be filed no later than 20 years next after the date of entry of such judgment. The provisions of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly are declarative of existing law.
(Source: P.A. 96-305, eff. 8-11-09.)

735 ILCS 5/13-219

    (735 ILCS 5/13-219) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-219)
    Sec. 13-219. Railroads and carriers. (a) All actions by railroads, motor carriers, common carriers by water, common carriers by air, the Railway Express Agency or freight forwarders for the recovery of their charges, or any part thereof, for the transportation of property moving wholly within the State of Illinois shall be filed within 3 years from the time the cause of action accrues, and not after.
    (b) All actions against railroads, motor carriers, common carriers by water, common carriers by air, the Railway Express Agency or freight forwarders for the recovery of any part of transportation charges paid to such carrier for the transportation of property moving wholly within the State of Illinois shall be filed within 3 years from the time the cause of action accrues, and not after.
    (c) If on or before the expiration of the 3 year period of limitation in subsection (b) a railroad, motor carrier, common carrier by water, common carrier by air, the Railway Express Agency or a freight forwarder files an action under subsection (a) for recovery of charges in respect of the same transportation service, or, without filing an action, collects charges in respect of that service, the period of limitation shall be extended to include 90 days from the time such action is filed or such charges are collected.
    (d) The cause of action in respect of a shipment of property shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to accrue upon delivery or tender of delivery thereof by a railroad, motor carrier, common carrier by water, common carrier by air, the Railway Express Agency, or a freight forwarder, and not after.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/13-220

    (735 ILCS 5/13-220) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-220)
    Sec. 13-220. Fraud by decedents. Actions under Sections 10 to 14, both inclusive, of "An Act to revise the law in relation to frauds and perjuries", approved February 16, 1874, as amended, shall be commenced within 2 years after the death of the person who makes a fraudulent legacy as provided in that Act, or who dies intestate and leaves real estate to his or her heirs to descend according to the laws of this State, unless letters of office are applied for on his or her estate within 2 years after his or her death and the representative has complied with the provisions of Section 18-3 of the Probate Act of 1975, as amended, in regard to the giving of notice to creditors, in which case the action shall be commenced within and not after the time for presenting claims against estates of deceased persons as provided in the Probate Act of 1975, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 86-815.)

735 ILCS 5/13-221

    (735 ILCS 5/13-221) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-221)
    Sec. 13-221. Contract to make will. An action against the representative, heirs and legatees of a deceased person to enforce a contract to make a will, shall be commenced within 2 years after the death of the deceased person unless letters of office are applied for on his or her estate within 2 years after his or her death and the representative has complied with the provisions of Section 18-3 of the Probate Act of 1975, as amended, in regard to the giving of notice to creditors, in which case the action shall be commenced within and not after the time for presenting a claim against the estate of a deceased person as provided in the Probate Act of 1975, as amended.
(Source: P.A. 86-815.)

735 ILCS 5/13-222

    (735 ILCS 5/13-222) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-222)
    Sec. 13-222. Action against land surveyor.
    (a) Registered land surveyor. No action may be brought against a registered land surveyor to recover damages for negligence, errors or omissions in the making of any survey nor for contribution or indemnity related to such negligence, errors or omissions more than 4 years after the person claiming such damages actually knows or should have known of such negligence, errors or omissions. This Section applies to surveys completed after July 26, 1967. This subsection (a) applies only to causes of action accruing before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly.
    (b) Professional land surveyor. No action may be brought against a professional land surveyor to recover damages for negligence, errors, omissions, torts, breaches of contract, or otherwise in the making of any survey, nor contribution or indemnity, more than 4 years after the person claiming the damages actually knows or should have known of the negligence, errors, omissions, torts, breaches of contract, or other action.
    In no event may such an action be brought if 10 years have elapsed from the time of the act or omission. Any person who discovers the act or omission before expiration of the 10-year period, however, may in no event have less than 4 years to bring an action. Contract actions against a surety on a payment or performance bond must be commenced within the same time limitation applicable to the bond principal.
    If the person entitled to bring the action is under the age of 18 or under a legal disability, the period of limitation does not begin to run until the person reaches 18 years of age or the disability is removed.
    This subsection (b) applies to causes of action accruing on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 92-265, eff. 1-1-02.)

735 ILCS 5/13-223

    (735 ILCS 5/13-223) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-223)
    Sec. 13-223. Inter vivos trusts. An action to set aside or contest the validity of a revocable inter vivos trust agreement or declaration of trust to which a legacy is provided by the settlor's will which is admitted to probate, shall be commenced within and not after the time to contest the validity of a will as provided in the Probate Act of 1975 as amended.
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/13-224

    (735 ILCS 5/13-224) (from Ch. 110, par. 13-224)
    Sec. 13-224. Recovery in Tax Actions. In any action against the State to recover taxes imposed pursuant to Section 2 of the Messages Tax Act, Section 2 of the Gas Revenue Tax Act, Section 2 of the Public Utilities Revenue Act or Section 2-202 of The Public Utilities Act, that were illegally or unconstitutionally collected, or in any action against a municipality to recover taxes imposed pursuant to Section 8-11-2 of the Illinois Municipal Code that were illegally or unconstitutionally collected or in any action against a taxpayer to recover charges imposed pursuant to Sections 9-201 or 9-202 of The Public Utilities Act that were illegally or unconstitutionally collected, the prevailing party shall not be entitled to recover an amount exceeding such taxes or charges paid, plus interest, where applicable, during a period beginning 3 years prior to the date of filing an administrative claim as authorized by statute or ordinance or court complaint, whichever occurs earlier. This provision shall be applicable to all actions filed on or after September 21, 1985.
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)

735 ILCS 5/13-225

    (735 ILCS 5/13-225)
    Sec. 13-225. Predator accountability.
    (a) In this Section, "sex trade" and "victim of the sex trade" have the meanings ascribed to them in Section 10 of the Predator Accountability Act.
    (b) Subject to both subsections (e) and (f) and notwithstanding any other provision of law, an action under the Predator Accountability Act must be commenced within 10 years of the date the limitation period begins to run under subsection (d) or within 10 years of the date the plaintiff discovers or through the use of reasonable diligence should discover both (i) that the sex trade act occurred, and (ii) that the defendant caused, was responsible for, or profited from the sex trade act. The fact that the plaintiff discovers or through the use of reasonable diligence should discover that the sex trade act occurred is not, by itself, sufficient to start the discovery period under this subsection (b).
    (c) If the injury is caused by 2 or more acts that are part of a continuing series of sex trade acts by the same defendant, then the discovery period under subsection (b) shall be computed from the date the person abused discovers or through the use of reasonable diligence should discover (i) that the last sex trade act in the continuing series occurred, and (ii) that the defendant caused, was responsible for, or profited from the series of sex trade acts. The fact that the plaintiff discovers or through the use of reasonable diligence should discover that the last sex trade act in the continuing series occurred is not, by itself, sufficient to start the discovery period under subsection (b).
    (d) The limitation periods in subsection (b) do not begin to run before the plaintiff attains the age of 18 years; and, if at the time the plaintiff attains the age of 18 years he or she is under other legal disability, the limitation periods under subsection (b) do not begin to run until the removal of the disability.
    (e) The limitation periods in subsection (b) do not run during a time period when the plaintiff is subject to threats, intimidation, manipulation, or fraud perpetrated by the defendant or by any person acting in the interest of the defendant.
    (f) The limitation periods in subsection (b) do not commence running until the expiration of all limitations periods applicable to the criminal prosecution of the plaintiff for any acts which form the basis of a cause of action under the Predator Accountability Act.
(Source: P.A. 94-998, eff. 7-3-06.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XIV

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XIV heading)
ARTICLE XIV
MANDAMUS

735 ILCS 5/14-101

    (735 ILCS 5/14-101) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-101)
    Sec. 14-101. Action commenced by plaintiff. In all proceedings commenced under Article XIV of this Act the name of the person seeking the relief afforded by this Article shall be set out as plaintiff without the use of the phrase "People ex rel." or "People on the relation of".
(Source: P.A. 83-707.)

735 ILCS 5/14-102

    (735 ILCS 5/14-102) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-102)
    Sec. 14-102. Summons to issue. Upon the filing of a complaint for mandamus the clerk of the court shall issue a summons, in like form, as near as may be as summons in other civil cases. The summons shall be made returnable within a time designated by the plaintiff not less than 5 nor more than 30 days after the service of the summons.
(Source: P.A. 83-357.)

735 ILCS 5/14-103

    (735 ILCS 5/14-103) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-103)
    Sec. 14-103. Defendant to plead. Every defendant who is served with summons shall answer or otherwise plead on or before the return day of the summons, unless the time for doing so is extended by the court. If the defendant defaults, judgment by default may be entered by the court. No matters not germane to the distinctive purpose of the proceeding shall be introduced by joinder, counterclaim or otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 90-655, eff. 7-30-98.)

735 ILCS 5/14-104

    (735 ILCS 5/14-104) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-104)
    Sec. 14-104. Reply by plaintiff. The plaintiff may reply or otherwise plead to the answer, within 5 days after the last day allowed for the filing of the answer, unless the time for doing so is extended and further pleadings may be had as in other civil cases.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/14-105

    (735 ILCS 5/14-105) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-105)
    Sec. 14-105. Judgment - Costs. If judgment is entered in favor of the plaintiff, the plaintiff shall recover damages and costs. If judgment is entered in favor of the defendant, the defendant shall recover costs.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/14-106

    (735 ILCS 5/14-106) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-106)
    Sec. 14-106. False return. If damages are recovered against the defendant, the defendant shall not be liable to be sued in any other action or proceeding for making a false return.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/14-107

    (735 ILCS 5/14-107) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-107)
    Sec. 14-107. Successor in office. The death, resignation or removal from office, by lapse of time or otherwise, of any defendant, shall not have the effect to abate the proceeding, and upon a proper showing, the officer's successor may be made a party thereto, and any relief may be directed against the successor officer.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/14-108

    (735 ILCS 5/14-108) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-108)
    Sec. 14-108. Other remedy - Amendments. The proceedings for mandamus shall not be dismissed nor the relief denied because the plaintiff may have another judicial remedy, even where such other remedy will afford proper and sufficient relief; and amendments may be allowed as in other civil cases.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/14-109

    (735 ILCS 5/14-109) (from Ch. 110, par. 14-109)
    Sec. 14-109. Seeking wrong remedy not fatal. Where relief is sought under Article XIV of this Act and the court determines, on motion directed to the pleadings, or on motion for summary judgment or upon trial, that the plaintiff has pleaded or established facts which entitle the plaintiff to relief but that the plaintiff has sought the wrong remedy, the court shall permit the pleadings to be amended, on just and reasonable terms, and the court shall grant the relief to which the plaintiff is entitled on the amended pleadings or upon the evidence. In considering whether a proposed amendment is just and reasonable, the court shall consider the right of the defendant to assert additional defenses, to demand a trial by jury, to plead a counterclaim or third party complaint, and to order the plaintiff to take additional steps which were not required under the pleadings as previously filed.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XV

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XV heading)
ARTICLE XV
MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE

735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 11

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 11 heading)
Part 11. General Provisions

735 ILCS 5/15-1101

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1101) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1101)
    Sec. 15-1101. Title. This Article shall be known, and may be cited, as the Illinois Mortgage Foreclosure Law.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1102

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1102) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1102)
    Sec. 15-1102. Enforcement. The Court has full power to enforce any order entered pursuant to this Article by contempt process or by such other order as may be appropriate.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1103

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1103) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1103)
    Sec. 15-1103. Jurisdiction. The authority of the court continues during the entire pendency of the foreclosure and until disposition of all matters arising out of the foreclosure.
(Source: P.A. 85-907.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1104

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1104) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1104)
    Sec. 15-1104. Wrongful Inducement of Abandonment. Any person who willfully misrepresents to the Court any fact resulting in a finding of abandonment of mortgaged real estate in connection with subsection (b) of Section 15-1603 or subsection (d) of Section 15-1706 of this Article or who threatens to injure the person or property of occupants of mortgaged real estate, or who knowingly gives such occupants false and misleading information, or who harasses or intimidates such occupants, with the intent of inducing such occupants to abandon the mortgaged premises, in order to obtain a finding of abandonment under subsection (b) of Section 15-1603 or subsection (d) of Section 15-1706 of this Article, shall be guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1105

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1105) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1105)
    Sec. 15-1105. Interpretation. (a) "May." The word "may" as used in this Article means permissive and not mandatory.
    (b) "Shall." The word "shall" as used in this Article means mandatory and not permissive.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1106

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1106) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1106)
    Sec. 15-1106. Applicability of Article. (a) Exclusive Procedure. From and after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1986, the following shall be foreclosed in a foreclosure pursuant to this Article:
    (1) any mortgage created prior to, on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1986;
    (2) any real estate installment contract for residential real estate entered into on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1986 and under which (i) the purchase price is to be paid in installments over a period in excess of five years and (ii) the amount unpaid under the terms of the contract at the time of the filing of the foreclosure complaint, including principal and due and unpaid interest, at the rate prior to default, is less than 80% of the original purchase price of the real estate as stated in the contract;
    (3) any collateral assignment of beneficial interest made on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1986 (i) which is made with respect to a land trust which was created contemporaneously with the collateral assignment of beneficial interest, (ii) which is made pursuant to a requirement of the holder of the obligation to secure the payment of money or performance of other obligations and (iii) as to which the security agreement or other writing creating the collateral assignment permits the real estate which is the subject of the land trust to be sold to satisfy the obligations.
    (b) Uniform Commercial Code. A secured party, as defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, may at its election enforce its security interest in a foreclosure under this Article if its security interest was created on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1986 and is created by (i) a collateral assignment of beneficial interest in a land trust or (ii) an assignment for security of a buyer's interest in a real estate installment contract. Such election shall be made by filing a complaint stating that it is brought under this Article, in which event the provisions of this Article shall be exclusive in such foreclosure.
    (c) Real Estate Installment Contracts. A contract seller may at its election enforce in a foreclosure under this Article any real estate installment contract entered into on or after the effective date of this Amendatory Act of 1986 and not required to be foreclosed under this Article. Such election shall be made by filing a complaint stating that it is brought under this Article, in which event the provisions of this Article shall be exclusive in such foreclosure. A contract seller must enforce its contract under this Article if the real estate installment contract is one described in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of Section 15-1106.
    (d) Effect of Election. An election made pursuant to subsection (b) or (c) of Section 15-1106 shall be binding only in the foreclosure and shall be void if the foreclosure is terminated prior to entry of judgment.
    (e) Supplementary General Principles of Law. General principles of law and equity, such as those relating to capacity to contract, principal and agent, marshalling of assets, priority, subrogation, estoppel, fraud, misrepresentations, duress, collusion, mistake, bankruptcy or other validating or invalidating cause, supplement this Article unless displaced by a particular provision of it. Section 9-110 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall not be applicable to any real estate installment contract which is foreclosed under this Article.
    (f) Pending Actions. A complaint to foreclose a mortgage filed before July 1, 1987, and all proceedings and third party actions in connection therewith, shall be adjudicated pursuant to the Illinois statutes and applicable law in effect immediately prior to July 1, 1987. Such statutes shall remain in effect with respect to such complaint, proceedings and third party actions notwithstanding the amendment or repeal of such statutes on or after July 1, 1987.
(Source: P.A. 85-907.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1107

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1107) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1107)
    Sec. 15-1107. Mode of Procedure.
    (a) Other Statutes. Except as otherwise provided in this Article, the mode of procedure, including the manner of service of pleadings and other papers and service by publication, shall be in accordance with the provisions of Article II of the Illinois Code of Civil Procedure and any other statutes of this State which are from time to time applicable, and with Illinois Supreme Court Rules applicable to actions generally or otherwise applicable. If a mortgage lien is being foreclosed under this Article and one or more non-mortgage liens or encumbrances is being foreclosed or enforced in the same proceedings, then, regardless of the respective priorities of the various liens or encumbrances, the procedures and all other provisions of this Article shall govern such proceedings, and any inconsistent statutory provisions shall not be applicable. Without limiting the foregoing, any provision of Article XII or any other Article of the Code of Civil Procedure shall apply unless inconsistent with this Article and, in case of such inconsistency, shall not be applicable to actions under this Article.
    (b) Mechanics' Liens. Mechanics' liens shall be enforced as provided in the Mechanics Lien Act; provided, however, that any mechanics' lien claimant may assert such lien in a foreclosure under this Article, may intervene in such foreclosure in accordance with this Article and may be made a party in such foreclosure.
    (c) Instruments Deemed a Mortgage. For the purpose of proceeding under this Article, any instrument described in paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a) of Section 15-1106, or in subsection (b) or (c) of Section 15-1106 which is foreclosed under this Article shall be deemed a mortgage. For such purpose, the real estate installment contract purchaser, the assignor of the beneficial interest in the land trust and the debtor, as appropriate, shall be deemed the mortgagor, and the real estate installment contract seller, the assignee of the beneficial interest in the land trust and the secured party, as appropriate, shall be deemed the mortgagee.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1108

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1108)
    Sec. 15-1108. Declaration of policy relating to abandoned residential property. The following findings directly relate to the changes made by this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly. The General Assembly finds that residential mortgage foreclosures and the abandoned properties that sometimes follow create enormous challenges for Illinois residents, local governments, and the courts, reducing neighboring property values, reducing the tax base, increasing crime, placing neighbors at greater risk of foreclosure, imposing additional costs on local governments, and increasing the burden on the courts of this State; conversely, maintaining and securing abandoned properties stabilizes property values and the tax base, decreases crime, reduces the risk of foreclosure for nearby properties, thus reducing costs for local governments and making a substantial contribution to the operation and maintenance of the courts of this State by reducing the volume of matters which burden the court system in this State. The General Assembly further finds that the average foreclosure case for residential property takes close to 2 years in Illinois; when a property is abandoned, the lengthy foreclosure process harms lien-holders, neighbors, and local governments, and imposes significant and unnecessary burdens on the courts of this State; and an expedited foreclosure process for abandoned residential property can also help the courts of this State by decreasing the volume of foreclosure cases and allowing these cases to proceed more efficiently through the court system. The General Assembly further finds that housing counseling has proven to be an effective way to help many homeowners find alternatives to foreclosure; and that housing counseling therefore also reduces the volume of matters which burden the court system in this State and allows the courts to more efficiently handle the burden of foreclosure cases.
(Source: P.A. 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 12

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 12 heading)
Part 12. Definitions

735 ILCS 5/15-1200.5

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1200.5)
    Sec. 15-1200.5. Abandoned residential property. "Abandoned residential property" means residential real estate that:
    (a) either:
        (1) is not occupied by any mortgagor or lawful
    
occupant as a principal residence; or
        (2) contains an incomplete structure if the real
    
estate is zoned for residential development, where the structure is empty or otherwise uninhabited and is in need of maintenance, repair, or securing; and
    (b) with respect to which either:
        (1) two or more of the following conditions are shown
    
to exist:
            (A) construction was initiated on the property
        
and was discontinued prior to completion, leaving a building unsuitable for occupancy, and no construction has taken place for at least 6 months;
            (B) multiple windows on the property are boarded
        
up or closed off or are smashed through, broken off, or unhinged, or multiple window panes are broken and unrepaired;
            (C) doors on the property are smashed through,
        
broken off, unhinged, or continuously unlocked;
            (D) the property has been stripped of copper or
        
other materials, or interior fixtures to the property have been removed;
            (E) gas, electrical, or water services to the
        
entire property have been terminated;
            (F) there exist one or more written statements of
        
the mortgagor or the mortgagor's personal representative or assigns, including documents of conveyance, which indicate a clear intent to abandon the property;
            (G) law enforcement officials have received at
        
least one report of trespassing or vandalism or other illegal acts being committed at the property in the last 6 months;
            (H) the property has been declared unfit for
        
occupancy and ordered to remain vacant and unoccupied under an order issued by a municipal or county authority or a court of competent jurisdiction;
            (I) the local police, fire, or code enforcement
        
authority has requested the owner or other interested or authorized party to secure or winterize the property due to the local authority declaring the property to be an imminent danger to the health, safety, and welfare of the public;
            (J) the property is open and unprotected and in
        
reasonable danger of significant damage due to exposure to the elements, vandalism, or freezing; or
            (K) there exists other evidence indicating a
        
clear intent to abandon the property; or
        (2) the real estate is zoned for residential
    
development and is a vacant lot that is in need of maintenance, repair, or securing.
(Source: P.A. 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1200.7

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1200.7)
    Sec. 15-1200.7. Abandoned residential property; exceptions. A property shall not be considered abandoned residential property if: (i) there is an unoccupied building which is undergoing construction, renovation, or rehabilitation that is proceeding diligently to completion, and the building is in substantial compliance with all applicable ordinances, codes, regulations, and laws; (ii) there is a building occupied on a seasonal basis, but otherwise secure; (iii) there is a secure building on which there are bona fide rental or sale signs; (iv) there is a building that is secure, but is the subject of a probate action, action to quiet title, or other ownership dispute; or (v) there is a building that is otherwise secure and in substantial compliance with all applicable ordinances, codes, regulations, and laws.
(Source: P.A. 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1201

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1201) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1201)
    Sec. 15-1201. Agricultural Real Estate. "Agricultural real estate" means real estate which is used primarily (i) for the growing and harvesting of crops, (ii) for the feeding, breeding and management of livestock, (iii) for dairying, or (iv) for any other agricultural or horticultural use or combination thereof, including without limitation, aquaculture, silviculture, and any other activities customarily engaged in by persons engaged in the business of farming.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1202

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1202) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1202)
    Sec. 15-1202. Collateral Assignment of Beneficial Interest. "Collateral assignment of beneficial interest" means any pledge or assignment of the beneficial interest in a land trust to any person to secure a debt or other obligation.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1202.5

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1202.5)
    Sec. 15-1202.5. Dwelling unit. For the purposes of Sections 9-207.5, 15-1224, 15-1225, 15-1506, 15-1508, 15-1508.5, 15-1701, 15-1703, and 15-1704 only, "dwelling unit" means a room or suite of rooms providing complete, independent living facilities for at least one person, including permanent provisions for sanitation, cooking, eating, sleeping, and other activities routinely associated with daily life.
(Source: P.A. 97-575, eff. 8-26-11; 98-514, eff. 11-19-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1203

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1203) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1203)
    Sec. 15-1203. Foreclosure. "Foreclosure" means an action commenced under this Article and "to foreclose" means to terminate legal and equitable interests in real estate pursuant to a foreclosure.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1204

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1204) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1204)
    Sec. 15-1204. Guarantor. "Guarantor" means any person who has undertaken to pay any indebtedness or perform any obligation of a mortgagor under a mortgage or of any other person who owes payment or the performance of other obligations secured by the mortgage, which undertaking is made by a guaranty or surety agreement of any kind.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1205

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1205) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1205)
    Sec. 15-1205. Land Trust. "Land trust" means any trust arrangement under which the legal and equitable title to real estate is held by a trustee, the interest of the beneficiary of the trust is personal property and the beneficiary or any person designated in writing by the beneficiary has (i) the exclusive power to direct or control the trustee in dealing with the title to the trust property, (ii) the exclusive control of the management, operation, renting and selling of the trust property and (iii) the exclusive right to the earnings, avails and proceeds of the trust property.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1206

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1206) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1206)
    Sec. 15-1206. Mechanics' Lien. "Mechanics' lien" or "mechanics' lien claim" means a lien or claim arising under the Mechanics Lien Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1207

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1207) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1207)
    Sec. 15-1207. Mortgage. "Mortgage" means any consensual lien created by a written instrument which grants or retains an interest in real estate to secure a debt or other obligation. The term "mortgage" includes, without limitation:
    (a) mortgages securing "reverse mortgage" loans as authorized by subsection (a) of Section 5 of the Illinois Banking Act;
    (b) mortgages securing "revolving credit" loans as authorized by subsection (c) of Section 5 of the Illinois Banking Act, Section 1-6b of the Illinois Savings and Loan Act and Section 46 of the Illinois Credit Union Act;
    (c) every deed conveying real estate, although an absolute conveyance in its terms, which shall have been intended only as a security in the nature of a mortgage;
    (d) equitable mortgages; and
    (e) instruments which would have been deemed instruments in the nature of a mortgage prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1987.
(Source: P.A. 85-907.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1208

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1208) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1208)
    Sec. 15-1208. Mortgagee. "Mortgagee" means (i) the holder of an indebtedness or obligee of a non-monetary obligation secured by a mortgage or any person designated or authorized to act on behalf of such holder and (ii) any person claiming through a mortgagee as successor.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1209

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1209) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1209)
    Sec. 15-1209. Mortgagor. "Mortgagor" means (i) the person whose interest in the real estate is the subject of the mortgage and (ii) any person claiming through a mortgagor as successor. Where a mortgage is executed by a trustee of a land trust, the mortgagor is the trustee and not the beneficiary or beneficiaries.
(Source: P.A. 85-907.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1210

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1210) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1210)
    Sec. 15-1210. Nonrecord Claimant. "Nonrecord claimant" means any person (i) who has or claims to have an interest in mortgaged real estate, (ii) whose name or interest, at the time a notice of foreclosure is recorded in accordance with Section 15-1503, is not disclosed of record either (1) by means of a recorded notice or (2) by means of a proceeding which under the law as in effect at the time the foreclosure is commenced would afford constructive notice of the existence of such interest and (iii) whose interest falls in any of the following categories: (1) right of homestead, (2) judgment creditor, (3) beneficial interest under any trust other than the beneficial interest of a beneficiary of a trust in actual possession of all or part of the real estate or (4) mechanics' lien claim. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for the purpose of this Article no proceeding shall be deemed to constitute constructive notice of the interest of any nonrecord claimant in the mortgaged real estate unless in the proceeding there is a legal description of the real estate sufficient to identify it with reasonable certainty. The classification of any person as a nonrecord claimant under the foregoing definition shall not be affected by any actual notice or knowledge of or attributable to the mortgagee.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1211

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1211) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1211)
    Sec. 15-1211. Notice of Foreclosure. "Notice of foreclosure" means the notice of a foreclosure which is made and recorded in accordance with Section 15-1503 of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1212

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1212) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1212)
    Sec. 15-1212. Owner of Redemption. "Owner of redemption" means a mortgagor, or other owner or co-owner of the mortgaged real estate.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1213

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1213) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1213)
    Sec. 15-1213. Real Estate. "Real estate" means land or any estate or interest in, over or under land (including minerals, air rights, structures, fixtures and other things which by custom, usage or law pass with a conveyance of land though not described or mentioned in the contract of sale or instrument of conveyance). "Mortgaged real estate" means the real estate which is the subject of a mortgage.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1214

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1214) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1214)
    Sec. 15-1214. Real Estate Installment Contract. "Real estate installment contract" means any agreement or contract for a deed under which the purchase price is to be paid in installments with title to the real estate to be conveyed to the buyer upon payment of the purchase price or a specified portion thereof. For the purpose of this definition, an earnest money deposit shall not be considered an installment.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1215

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1215) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1215)
    Sec. 15-1215. Receiver. "Receiver" means a receiver appointed pursuant to Section 15-1704 of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1216

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1216) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1216)
    Sec. 15-1216. Recorder. "Recorder" means (i) the Recorder of the county in which the mortgaged real estate is located or (ii) if the mortgaged real estate is registered under the Torrens Act, the Registrar of Titles of the county in which the mortgaged real estate is located. "Recorder" includes any authorized assistant or employee of the Recorder.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1217

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1217) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1217)
    Sec. 15-1217. Recording of Instruments. "Recording of instruments" or "to record" means to present to the Recorder a document, in recordable form, which is to be recorded in accordance with Section 3-5024 of the Counties Code, together with the required recording fee. The Registrar of Titles shall accept the filing of notices or affidavits required or permitted by this Article without the necessity of the production of evidence of title.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1218

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1218) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1218)
    Sec. 15-1218. Recorded Notice. "Recorded notice" with respect to any real estate means (i) any instrument filed in accordance with Sections 2-1901 or 12-101 of the Code of Civil Procedure or (ii) any recorded instrument which discloses (a) the names and addresses of the persons making the claim or asserting the interest described in the notice; (b) that such persons have or claim some interest in or lien on the subject real estate; (c) the nature of the claim; (d) the names of the persons against whom the claim is made; (e) a legal description of the real estate sufficient to identify it with reasonable certainty; (f) the name and address of the person executing the notice; and (g) the name and address of the person preparing the notice.
(Source: P.A. 85-907.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1219

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1219) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1219)
    Sec. 15-1219. Residential Real Estate. "Residential real estate" means any real estate, except a single tract of agricultural real estate consisting of more than 40 acres, which is improved with a single family residence or residential condominium units or a multiple dwelling structure containing single family dwelling units for six or fewer families living independently of each other, which residence, or at least one of which condominium or dwelling units, is occupied as a principal residence either (i) if a mortgagor is an individual, by that mortgagor, that mortgagor's spouse or that mortgagor's descendants, or (ii) if a mortgagor is a trustee of a trust or an executor or administrator of an estate, by a beneficiary of that trust or estate or by such beneficiary's spouse or descendants or (iii) if a mortgagor is a corporation, by persons owning collectively at least 50 percent of the shares of voting stock of such corporation or by a spouse or descendants of such persons. The use of a portion of residential real estate for non-residential purposes shall not affect the characterization of such real estate as residential real estate. For purposes of the definition of the term "abandoned residential property" in Section 15-1200.5 of this Article, "abandoned residential property" shall not include the requirement that the real estate be occupied, or if zoned for residential development, improved with a dwelling structure.
(Source: P.A. 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1220

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1220) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1220)
    Sec. 15-1220. Statutory Judgment Rate. "Statutory judgment rate" means the rate of interest on judgments specified in Section 2-1303 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1221

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1221) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1221)
    Sec. 15-1221. Unknown Owner. "Unknown owner" means the same as "unknown owner" as used in Section 2-413 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1222

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1222) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1222)
    Sec. 15-1222. Acts Referred to in this Article. Acts referred to by name in this Article shall mean those Acts, as amended from time to time, and, in particular:
    (a) "Torrens Act" means "An act concerning land titles", approved May 1, 1897.
    (b) (Blank).
    (c) "Mechanics Lien Act" means the Mechanics Lien Act, 770 ILCS 60/Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1223

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1223)
    Sec. 15-1223. Occupant. "Occupant" means a person in lawful physical possession of all or part of the mortgaged real estate.
(Source: P.A. 88-265.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1224

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1224)
    Sec. 15-1224. Bona fide lease.
    (a) For purposes of Sections 9-207.5, 15-1225, 15-1506, 15-1508, and 15-1701 of this Code only, the term "bona fide lease" means a lease of a dwelling unit in residential real estate in foreclosure for which:
        (1) the mortgagor or the child, spouse, or parent of
    
the mortgagor is not the tenant;
        (2) the lease was the result of an arms-length
    
transaction;
        (3) the lease requires the receipt of rent that is
    
not substantially less than fair market rent for the property or the rent is reduced or subsidized pursuant to a federal, State, or local subsidy; and
        (4) either (i) the lease was entered into or renewed
    
on or before the date of the filing of the lis pendens on the residential real estate in foreclosure pursuant to Section 2-1901 of this Code or (ii) the lease was entered into or renewed after the date of the filing of the lis pendens on the residential real estate in foreclosure and before the date of the judicial sale of the residential real estate in foreclosure, and the term of the lease is for one year or less.
    (b) A written lease for a term exceeding one year that is entered into or renewed after the date of the filing of the lis pendens on the residential real estate in foreclosure pursuant to Section 2-1901 of this Code and before the date of the judicial sale of the residential real estate in foreclosure that otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section shall be deemed to be a bona fide lease for a term of one year.
    (c) An oral lease entered into at any time before the date of the judicial sale of the residential real estate in foreclosure that otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section shall be deemed to be a bona fide lease for a month-to-month term, unless the lessee proves by a preponderance of evidence that the oral lease is for a longer term. In no event shall an oral lease be deemed to be a bona fide lease for a term of more than one year.
    (d) A written or oral lease entered into on or after the date of the judicial sale of the residential real estate in foreclosure and before the date of the court order confirming the judicial sale that otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section shall be deemed to be a bona fide lease for a month-to-month term.
    (e) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of this Section, a child, spouse, or parent of the mortgagor may prove by a preponderance of evidence that a written or oral lease that otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (a) of this Section is a bona fide lease.
(Source: P.A. 98-514, eff. 11-19-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1225

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1225)
    Sec. 15-1225. Residential real estate in foreclosure. For purposes of Sections 9-207.5, 15-1224, 15-1506, 15-1508, and 15-1701 of this Code only, the term "residential real estate in foreclosure" means any real estate, except a single tract of agricultural real estate consisting of more than 40 acres, which is improved with a single family residence or residential condominium units or a multiple dwelling structure containing single family dwelling units for one or more families living independently of one another, for which an action to foreclose the real estate: (1) has commenced and is pending; (2) was pending when the bona fide lease was entered into or renewed; or (3) was commenced after the bona fide lease was entered into or renewed.
(Source: P.A. 98-514, eff. 11-19-13.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 13

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 13 heading)
Part 13. Mortgage Lien Priorities

735 ILCS 5/15-1301

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1301) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1301)
    Sec. 15-1301. Lien Created. Except as provided in Section 15-1302, from the time a mortgage is recorded it shall be a lien upon the real estate that is the subject of the mortgage for all monies advanced or applied or other obligations secured in accordance with the terms of the mortgage or as authorized by law, including the amounts specified in a judgment of foreclosure in accordance with subsection (d) of Section 15-1603.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1302

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1302) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1302)
    Sec. 15-1302. Certain Future Advances.
    (a) Advances Made After Eighteen Months. Except as provided in subsection (b) of Section 15-1302, as to any monies advanced or applied more than 18 months after a mortgage is recorded, the mortgage shall be a lien as to subsequent purchasers and judgment creditors only from the time such monies are advanced or applied. However, nothing in this Section shall affect any lien arising or existing by virtue of the Mechanics Lien Act.
    (b) Exceptions.
        (1) All monies advanced or applied pursuant to
    
commitment, whenever advanced or applied, shall be a lien from the time the mortgage is recorded. An advance shall be deemed made pursuant to commitment only if the mortgagee has bound itself to make such advance in the mortgage or in an instrument executed contemporaneously with, and referred to in, the mortgage, whether or not a subsequent event of default or other event not within the mortgagee's control has relieved or may relieve the mortgagee from its obligation.
        (2) All monies advanced or applied, whenever advanced
    
or applied, in accordance with the terms of a reverse mortgage shall be a lien from the time the mortgage is recorded.
        (3) All monies advanced or applied in accordance with
    
the terms of a revolving credit arrangement secured by a mortgage as authorized by law shall be a lien from the time the mortgage is recorded.
        (4) All interest which in accordance with the terms
    
of a mortgage is accrued or added to the principal amount secured by the mortgage, whenever added, shall be a lien from the time the mortgage is recorded.
        (5) All monies advanced by the mortgagee in
    
accordance with the terms of a mortgage to (i) preserve or restore the mortgaged real estate, (ii) preserve the lien of the mortgage or the priority thereof or (iii) enforce the mortgage, shall be a lien from the time the mortgage is recorded.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 14

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 14 heading)
Part 14. Methods of Terminating
Mortgagor's Interest in Real Estate

735 ILCS 5/15-1401

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1401) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1401)
    Sec. 15-1401. Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure. The mortgagor and mortgagee may agree on a termination of the mortgagor's interest in the mortgaged real estate after a default by a mortgagor. Any mortgagee or mortgagee's nominee may accept a deed from the mortgagor in lieu of foreclosure subject to any other claims or liens affecting the real estate. Acceptance of a deed in lieu of foreclosure shall relieve from personal liability all persons who may owe payment or the performance of other obligations secured by the mortgage, including guarantors of such indebtedness or obligations, except to the extent a person agrees not to be relieved in an instrument executed contemporaneously. A deed in lieu of foreclosure, whether to the mortgagee or mortgagee's nominee, shall not effect a merger of the mortgagee's interest as mortgagee and the mortgagee's interest derived from the deed in lieu of foreclosure. The mere tender of an executed deed by the mortgagor or the recording of a deed by the mortgagor to the mortgagee shall not constitute acceptance by the mortgagee of a deed in lieu of foreclosure.
(Source: P.A. 86-974.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1401.1

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1401.1)
    Sec. 15-1401.1. Short sale in foreclosure.
    (a) For purposes of this Section, "short sale" means the sale of real estate that is subject to a mortgage for an amount that is less than the amount owed to the mortgagee on the outstanding mortgage note.
    (b) In a foreclosure of residential real estate, if (i) the mortgagor presents to the mortgagee a bona fide written offer from a third party to purchase the property that is the subject of the foreclosure proceeding, (ii) the written offer to purchase is for an amount which constitutes a short sale of the property, and (iii) the mortgagor makes a written request to the mortgagee to approve the sale on the terms of the offer to purchase, the mortgagee must respond to the mortgagor within 90 days after receipt of the written offer and written request.
    (c) The mortgagee shall determine whether to accept the mortgagor's short sale offer. Failure to accept the offer shall not impair or abrogate in any way the rights of the mortgagee or affect the status of the foreclosure proceedings. The 90-day period shall not operate as a stay of the proceedings.
(Source: P.A. 97-666, eff. 1-13-12.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1402

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1402) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1402)
    Sec. 15-1402. Consent Foreclosure.
    (a) No Objection. In a foreclosure, the court shall enter a judgment satisfying the mortgage indebtedness by vesting absolute title to the mortgaged real estate in the mortgagee free and clear of all claims, liens (except liens of the United States of America which cannot be foreclosed without judicial sale) and interest of the mortgagor, including all rights of reinstatement and redemption, and of all rights of all other persons made parties in the foreclosure whose interests are subordinate to that of the mortgagee and all nonrecord claimants given notice in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 if at any time before sale:
        (1) the mortgagee offers, in connection with such a
    
judgment, to waive any and all rights to a personal judgment for deficiency against the mortgagor and against all other persons liable for the indebtedness or other obligations secured by the mortgage;
        (2) such offer is made either in the foreclosure
    
complaint or by motion upon notice to all parties not in default;
        (3) all mortgagors who then have an interest in the
    
mortgaged real estate, by answer to the complaint, response to the motion or stipulation filed with the court expressly consent to the entry of such judgment;
        (4) no other party, by answer or by response to the
    
motion or stipulation, within the time allowed for such answer or response, objects to the entry of such judgment; and
        (5) upon notice to all parties who have not
    
previously been found in default for failure to appear, answer or otherwise plead.
    (b) Objection. If any party other than a mortgagor who then has an interest in the mortgaged real estate objects to the entry of such judgment by consent, the court, after hearing, shall enter an order providing either:
        (1) that for good cause shown, the judgment by
    
consent shall not be allowed; or
        (2) that, good cause not having been shown by the
    
objecting party and the objecting party not having agreed to pay the amount required to redeem in accordance with subsection (d) of Section 15-1603, title to the mortgaged real estate be vested in the mortgagee as requested by the mortgagee and consented to by the mortgagor; or
        (3) determining the amount required to redeem in
    
accordance with subsection (d) of Section 15-1603, finding that the objecting party (or, if more than one party so objects, the objecting party who has the least priority) has agreed to pay such amount and additional interest under the mortgage accrued to the date of payment within 30 days after entry of the order, and declaring that upon payment of such amount within 30 days title to the mortgaged real estate shall be vested in such objecting party. Title so vested shall be free and clear of all claims, liens (except liens of the United States of America which cannot be foreclosed without judicial sale) and interest of the mortgagor and of all rights of other persons made parties in the foreclosure whose interests are subordinate to the interest of the mortgagee and all nonrecord claimants given notice in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502. If any objecting party subject to such an order has not paid the amount required to redeem in accordance with that order within the 30-day period, the court (i) shall order that such title to the mortgaged real estate shall vest in the objecting party next higher in priority (and successively with respect to each other objecting party in increasing order of such party's priority), if any, upon that party's agreeing to pay within 30 days after the entry of such further order, such amount as specified in the original order plus additional interest under the terms of the mortgage accrued to the date of payment, provided that such party pays such amount within the 30-day period, and (ii) may order that the non-paying objecting party pay costs, interest accrued between the start of the preceding 30-day period and the later of the date another objecting party makes the payment, if applicable, or the date such period expired, and the reasonable attorneys' fees incurred by all other parties on account of that party's objection.
    (c) Judgment. Any judgment entered pursuant to Section 15-1402 shall recite the mortgagee's waiver of rights to a personal judgment for deficiency and shall bar the mortgagee from obtaining such a deficiency judgment against the mortgagor or any other person liable for the indebtedness or other obligations secured by the mortgage.
(Source: P.A. 86-974.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1403

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1403) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1403)
    Sec. 15-1403. Common Law Strict Foreclosure. Nothing in this Article shall affect the right of a mortgagee to foreclose its mortgage by a common law strict foreclosure as in existence in Illinois on the effective date of this Article.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1404

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1404) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1404)
    Sec. 15-1404. Judicial Foreclosure. Except as provided in subsection (d) of Section 15-1501, the interest in the mortgaged real estate of (i) all persons made a party in such foreclosure and (ii) all nonrecord claimants given notice in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502, shall be terminated by the judicial sale of the real estate, pursuant to a judgment of foreclosure, provided the sale is confirmed in accordance with this Article.
(Source: P.A. 85-907.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1405

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1405) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1405)
    Sec. 15-1405. Power of Sale. No real estate within this State may be sold by virtue of any power of sale contained in a mortgage or any other agreement, and all such mortgages may only be foreclosed in accordance with this Article.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 15

 
    (735 ILCS 5/Art. XV Pt. 15 heading)
Part 15. Judicial Foreclosure Procedure

735 ILCS 5/15-1501

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1501) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1501)
    Sec. 15-1501. Parties.
    (a) Necessary Parties. For the purposes of Section 2-405 of the Code of Civil Procedure, only (i) the mortgagor and (ii) other persons (but not guarantors) who owe payment of indebtedness or the performance of other obligations secured by the mortgage and against whom personal liability is asserted shall be necessary parties defendant in a foreclosure. The court may proceed to adjudicate their respective interests, but any disposition of the mortgaged real estate shall be subject to (i) the interests of all other persons not made a party or (ii) interests in the mortgaged real estate not otherwise barred or terminated in the foreclosure.
    (b) Permissible Parties. Any party may join as a party any other person, although such person is not a necessary party, including, without limitation, the following:
        (1) All persons having a possessory interest in the
    
mortgaged real estate;
        (2) A mortgagor's spouse who has waived the right of
    
homestead;
        (3) A trustee holding an interest in the mortgaged
    
real estate or a beneficiary of such trust;
        (4) The owner or holder of a note secured by a trust
    
deed;
        (5) Guarantors, provided that in a foreclosure any
    
such guarantor also may be joined as a party in a separate count in an action on such guarantor's guaranty;
        (6) The State of Illinois or any political
    
subdivision thereof, where a foreclosure involves real estate upon which the State or such subdivision has an interest or claim for lien, in which case "An Act in relation to immunity for the State of Illinois", approved December 10, 1971, as amended, shall not be effective;
        (7) The United States of America or any agency or
    
department thereof where a foreclosure involves real estate upon which the United States of America or such agency or department has an interest or a claim for lien;
        (8) Any assignee of leases or rents relating to the
    
mortgaged real estate;
        (9) Any person who may have a lien under the
    
Mechanic's Lien Act; and
        (10) Any other mortgagee or claimant.
    (c) Unknown Owners. Any unknown owner may be made a party in accordance with Section 2-413 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (d) Right to Become Party. Any person who has or claims an interest in real estate which is the subject of a foreclosure or an interest in any debt secured by the mortgage shall have an unconditional right to appear and become a party in such foreclosure in accordance with subsection (e) of Section 15-1501, provided, that neither such appearance by a lessee whose interest in the real estate is subordinate to the interest being foreclosed, nor the act of making such lessee a party, shall result in the termination of the lessee's lease unless the termination of the lease or lessee's interest in the mortgaged real estate is specifically ordered by the court in the judgment of foreclosure.
    (e) Time of Intervention.
        (1) Of Right. A person not a party, other than a
    
nonrecord claimant given notice in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502, who has or claims an interest in the mortgaged real estate may appear and become a party at any time prior to the entry of judgment of foreclosure. A nonrecord claimant given such notice may appear and become a party at any time prior to the earlier of (i) the entry of a judgment of foreclosure or (ii) 30 days after such notice is given.
        (2) In Court's Discretion. After the right to
    
intervene expires and prior to the sale in accordance with the judgment, the court may permit a person who has or claims an interest in the mortgaged real estate to appear and become a party on such terms as the court may deem just.
        (3) Later Right. After the sale of the mortgaged
    
real estate in accordance with a judgment of foreclosure and prior to the entry of an order confirming the sale, a person who has or claims an interest in the mortgaged real estate, may appear and become a party, on such terms as the court may deem just, for the sole purpose of claiming an interest in the proceeds of sale. Any such party shall be deemed a party from the commencement of the foreclosure, and the interest of such party in the real estate shall be subject to all orders and judgments entered in the foreclosure.
        (4) Termination of Interest. Except as provided in
    
Section 15-1501(d), the interest of any person who is allowed to appear and become a party shall be terminated, and the interest of such party in the real estate shall attach to the proceeds of sale.
    (f) Separate Actions. Any mortgagee or claimant, other than the mortgagee who commences a foreclosure, whose interest in the mortgaged real estate is recorded prior to the filing of a notice of foreclosure in accordance with this Article but who is not made a party to such foreclosure, shall not be barred from filing a separate foreclosure (i) as an intervening defendant or counterclaimant in accordance with subsections (d) and (e) of Section 15-1501 if a judgment of foreclosure has not been entered in the original foreclosure or (ii) in a new foreclosure subsequent to the entry of a judgment of foreclosure in the original foreclosure.
    (g) Service on the State of Illinois. When making the State of Illinois a party to a foreclosure, summons may be served by sending, by registered or certified mail, a copy of the summons and the complaint to the Attorney General. The complaint shall set forth with particularity the nature of the interest or lien of the State of Illinois. If such interest or lien appears in a recorded instrument, the complaint must state the document number of the instrument and the office wherein it was recorded.
    (h) Special Representatives. The court is not required to appoint a special representative for a deceased mortgagor for the purpose of defending the action, if there is a living person that holds a 100% interest in the property that is the subject of the action, by virtue of being the deceased mortgagor's surviving joint tenant or surviving tenant by the entirety. In no event may a deficiency judgment be sought or entered in the foreclosure case pursuant to subsection (e) of Section 15-1508 against a deceased mortgagor.
(Source: P.A. 98-514, eff. 11-19-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1501.5

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1501.5)
    Sec. 15-1501.5. Return from combat stay. In addition to any rights and obligations provided under the federal Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, whenever it is determined in a foreclosure proceeding that the mortgagor defendant is a person who was deployed to a combat or combat support posting while on active military duty and serving overseas within the previous 12 months, the court must stay the proceedings for a period of 90 days upon application to the court by the mortgagor defendant. "Active military duty" means, for purposes of this Section, service on active duty as a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, the Illinois National Guard, or any reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States.
(Source: P.A. 96-901, eff. 1-1-11; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1501.6

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1501.6)
    Sec. 15-1501.6. Relief in mortgage foreclosure proceedings for military personnel in military service.
    (a) In this Section:
    "Military service" means any full-time training or duty, no matter how described under federal or State law, for which a service member is ordered to report by the President, Governor of a state, commonwealth, or territory of the United States, or other appropriate military authority.
    "Service member" means a resident of Illinois who is a member of any component of the U.S. Armed Forces or the National Guard of any state, the District of Columbia, a commonwealth, or a territory of the United States.
    (b) In an action for foreclosure, a mortgagor who is a service member that has entered military service for a period greater than 29 consecutive days or any member of the mortgagor's family who resides with the mortgagor at the mortgaged premises, if the mortgagor entered into the mortgage agreement before the mortgagor received orders for military service on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly, may file a motion for relief and the court shall, if the mortgagor's ability to pay the agreed mortgage payments or to defend the foreclosure proceedings is materially affected by the mortgagor's military service, do one or more of the following:
        (1) stay the proceedings for a period of 90 days
    
after the mortgagor returns from military service, unless, in the opinion of the court, justice and equity require a longer or shorter period of time; or
        (2) adjust the obligation under the mortgage
    
agreement by reducing the monthly payments for a period lasting up to 90 days after the mortgagor returns from military service and extending the term of the mortgage, provided that the adjustment preserves the interest of all parties to it.
    (c) In order to be eligible for the benefits granted to a service member under this Section, a service member or a member of the service member's family who resides with the service member at the mortgaged premises must provide the court and the mortgagee with a copy of the orders calling the service member to military service in excess of 29 consecutive days and of any orders further extending the service member's period of service.
    (d) If a stay is granted under this Section, the court may grant the mortgagee such relief as equity may require.
    (e) The forms of relief available under this Section shall continue to be available up to 90 days after the completion of the service member's military service.
    (f) In addition to any sanction available to the court for violation of a stay or order, a violation of this Section constitutes a civil rights violation under the Illinois Human Rights Act. All proceeds from the collection of any civil penalty imposed pursuant to the Illinois Human Rights Act under this subsection shall be deposited into the Illinois Military Family Relief Fund.
(Source: P.A. 97-913, eff. 1-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1502

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1502) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1502)
    Sec. 15-1502. Nonrecord Claimants. (a) Right to Become Record Claimant. At any time prior to the recording of a notice of foreclosure in accordance with Section 15-1503, a nonrecord claimant or unknown owner may become a record claimant with respect to the foreclosure by recording a notice of such claimant's interest in the mortgaged real estate in accordance with Section 15-1218.
    (b) Rights of Nonrecord Claimants After Notice. The interest in the mortgaged real estate of a nonrecord claimant who is given notice of the foreclosure as provided in paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 shall be barred and terminated by any judgment of foreclosure to the same extent as if such claimant had been a party.
    (c) Terminating Rights of Nonrecord Claimants. (1) Contents of Affidavit. A party in a foreclosure seeking to bar and terminate the interest in the mortgaged real estate of nonrecord claimants shall file in the office of the clerk of the court in which such action is pending an affidavit stating (i) the names and respective present or last known places of residence of such nonrecord claimants, or (ii) that the existence, names or the present or last known places of residence, or both, of such nonrecord claimants are unknown as of that time to the party and to the party's attorney. Such affidavit, with respect to names and places of residence, may be made upon information and belief of the affiant. The affidavit need not state that inquiry has been made to ascertain the names or present or last known places of residence of such nonrecord claimants, and no such inquiry need be made.
    (2) Notice. At least 30 days prior to the entry of a judgment of foreclosure, any person identified in the affidavit described in paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 shall be given a notice of the foreclosure complying with the requirements of Section 15-1503 by the party filing the affidavit. Such notice shall be given in the manner and upon the terms and conditions set forth in Sections 2-206 and 2-207 of the Code of Civil Procedure, except that (i) such notice with respect to nonrecord claimants whose names are not set forth in such affidavit, instead of being addressed to such nonrecord claimants by name, may simply be addressed to "Nonrecord Claimants" and (ii) when the mortgaged real estate is located within a municipality in a county with a population under 2,000,000, publication shall be in a newspaper generally circulated in such municipality. Such notice shall have the same effect with respect to all nonrecord claimants designated therein as though a notice containing their names had been published in accordance with Sections 2-206 and 2-207 of the Code of Civil Procedure and may be combined with any notice published against parties defendant in the same action pursuant to those Sections.
    (3) Errors. Any inaccuracy in the affidavit described in paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 or the failure to file such affidavit or the failure to give notice in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 shall not invalidate any sale made pursuant to this Article.
    (4) Rights of Barred Nonrecord Claimant. Nothing in paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 shall affect the rights, if any, of any nonrecord claimant whose interest in the mortgaged real estate was barred and terminated to bring an action against any party to the foreclosure on whose behalf the affidavit was filed, on account of the filing of an inaccurate affidavit by such party in accordance with paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502 or the failure to give notice in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of Section 15-1502.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1502.5

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1502.5)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on July 1, 2016)
    Sec. 15-1502.5. Homeowner protection.
    (a) As used in this Section:
    "Approved counseling agency" means a housing counseling agency approved by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
    "Approved Housing Counseling" means in-person counseling provided by a counselor employed by an approved counseling agency to all borrowers, or documented telephone counseling where a hardship would be imposed on one or more borrowers. A hardship shall exist in instances in which the borrower is confined to his or her home due to medical conditions, as verified in writing by a physician or the borrower resides 50 miles or more from the nearest approved counseling agency. In instances of telephone counseling, the borrower must supply all necessary documents to the counselor at least 72 hours prior to the scheduled telephone counseling session.
    "Delinquent" means past due with respect to a payment on a mortgage secured by residential real estate.
    "Department" means the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation or other person authorized to act in the Secretary's stead.
    "Sustainable loan workout plan" means a plan that the mortgagor and approved counseling agency believe shall enable the mortgagor to stay current on his or her mortgage payments for the foreseeable future when taking into account the mortgagor income and existing and foreseeable debts. A sustainable loan workout plan may include, but is not limited to, (1) a temporary suspension of payments, (2) a lengthened loan term, (3) a lowered or frozen interest rate, (4) a principal write down, (5) a repayment plan to pay the existing loan in full, (6) deferred payments, or (7) refinancing into a new affordable loan.
    (b) Except in the circumstance in which a mortgagor has filed a petition for relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code, no mortgagee shall file a complaint to foreclose a mortgage secured by residential real estate until the requirements of this Section have been satisfied.
    (c) Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, with respect to a particular mortgage secured by residential real estate, the procedures and forbearances described in this Section apply only once per subject mortgage.
    Except for mortgages secured by residential real estate in which any mortgagor has filed for relief under the United States Bankruptcy Code, if a mortgage secured by residential real estate becomes delinquent by more than 30 days the mortgagee shall send via U.S. mail a notice advising the mortgagor that he or she may wish to seek approved housing counseling. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section, nothing shall preclude the mortgagor and mortgagee from communicating with each other during the initial 30 days of delinquency or reaching agreement on a sustainable loan workout plan, or both.
    No foreclosure action under Part 15 of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure shall be instituted on a mortgage secured by residential real estate before mailing the notice described in this subsection (c).
    The notice required in this subsection (c) shall state the date on which the notice was mailed, shall be headed in bold 14-point type "GRACE PERIOD NOTICE", and shall state the following in 14-point type: "YOUR LOAN IS MORE THAN 30 DAYS PAST DUE. YOU MAY BE EXPERIENCING FINANCIAL DIFFICULTY. IT MAY BE IN YOUR BEST INTEREST TO SEEK APPROVED HOUSING COUNSELING. YOU HAVE A GRACE PERIOD OF 30 DAYS FROM THE DATE OF THIS NOTICE TO OBTAIN APPROVED HOUSING COUNSELING. DURING THE GRACE PERIOD, THE LAW PROHIBITS US FROM TAKING ANY LEGAL ACTION AGAINST YOU. YOU MAY BE ENTITLED TO AN ADDITIONAL 30 DAY GRACE PERIOD IF YOU OBTAIN HOUSING COUNSELING FROM AN APPROVED HOUSING COUNSELING AGENCY. A LIST OF APPROVED COUNSELING AGENCIES MAY BE OBTAINED FROM THE ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF FINANCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION."
    The notice shall also list the Department's current consumer hotline, the Department's website, and the telephone number, fax number, and mailing address of the mortgagee. No language, other than language substantially similar to the language prescribed in this subsection (c), shall be included in the notice. Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, the grace period notice required by this subsection (c) may be combined with a counseling notification required under federal law.
    The sending of the notice required under this subsection (c) means depositing or causing to be deposited into the United States mail an envelope with first-class postage prepaid that contains the document to be delivered. The envelope shall be addressed to the mortgagor at the common address of the residential real estate securing the mortgage.
    (d) Until 30 days after mailing the notice provided for under subsection (c) of this Section, no legal action shall be instituted under Part 15 of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (e) If, within the 30-day period provided under subsection (d) of this Section, an approved counseling agency provides written notice to the mortgagee that the mortgagor is seeking approved counseling services, then no legal action under Part 15 of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure shall be instituted for 30 days after the date of that notice. The date that such notice is sent shall be stated in the notice, and shall be sent to the address or fax number contained in the Grace Period Notice required under subsection (c) of this Section. During the 30-day period provided under this subsection (e), the mortgagor or counselor or both may prepare and proffer to the mortgagee a proposed sustainable loan workout plan. The mortgagee will then determine whether to accept the proposed sustainable loan workout plan. If the mortgagee and the mortgagor agree to a sustainable loan workout plan, then no legal action under Part 15 of Article XV of the Code of Civil Procedure shall be instituted for as long as the sustainable loan workout plan is complied with by the mortgagor.
    The agreed sustainable loan workout plan and any modifications thereto must be in writing and signed by the mortgagee and the mortgagor.
    Upon written notice to the mortgagee, the mortgagor may change approved counseling agencies, but such a change does not entitle the mortgagor to any additional period of forbearance.
    (f) If the mortgagor fails to comply with the sustainable loan workout plan, then nothing in this Section shall be construed to impair the legal rights of the mortgagee to enforce the contract.
    (g) A counselor employed by a housing counseling agency or the housing counseling agency that in good faith provides counseling shall not be liable to a mortgagee or mortgagor for civil damages, except for willful or wanton misconduct on the part of the counselor in providing the counseling.
    (h) There shall be no waiver of any provision of this Section.
    (i) It is the General Assembly's intent that compliance with this Section shall not prejudice a mortgagee in ratings of its bad debt collection or calculation standards or policies.
    (j) This Section shall not apply, or shall cease to apply, to residential real estate that is not occupied as a principal residence by the mortgagor.
    (k) This Section is repealed July 1, 2016.
(Source: P.A. 98-25, eff. 6-20-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1503

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1503) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1503)
    Sec. 15-1503. Notice of Foreclosure.
    (a) A notice of foreclosure, whether the foreclosure is initiated by complaint or counterclaim, made in accordance with this Section and recorded in the county in which the mortgaged real estate is located shall be constructive notice of the pendency of the foreclosure to every person claiming an interest in or lien on the mortgaged real estate, whose interest or lien has not been recorded prior to the recording of such notice of foreclosure. Such notice of foreclosure must be executed by any party or any party's attorney and shall include (i) the names of all plaintiffs and the case number, (ii) the court in which the action was brought, (iii) the names of title holders of record, (iv) a legal description of the real estate sufficient to identify it with reasonable certainty, (v) a common address or description of the location of the real estate and (vi) identification of the mortgage sought to be foreclosed. An incorrect common address or description of the location, or an immaterial error in the identification of a plaintiff or title holder of record, shall not invalidate the lis pendens effect of the notice under this Section. A notice which complies with this Section shall be deemed to comply with Section 2-1901 of the Code of Civil Procedure and shall have the same effect as a notice filed pursuant to that Section; however, a notice which complies with Section 2-1901 shall not be constructive notice unless it also complies with the requirements of this Section.
    (b) With respect to residential real estate, a copy of the notice of foreclosure described in subsection (a) of Section 15-1503 shall be sent by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the municipality within the boundary of which the mortgaged real estate is located, or to the county within the boundary of which the mortgaged real estate is located if the mortgaged real estate is located in an unincorporated territory. A municipality or county must clearly publish on its website a single address to which such notice shall be sent. If a municipality or county does not maintain a website, then the municipality or county must publicly post in its main office a single address to which such notice shall be sent. In the event that a municipality or county has not complied with the publication requirement in this subsection (b), then the copy of the notice to the municipality or county shall be sent by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the chairperson of the county board or county clerk in the case of a county, to the mayor or city clerk in the case of a city, to the president of the board of trustees or village clerk in the case of a village, or to the president or town clerk in the case of a town. Additionally, if the real estate is located in a city with a population of more than 2,000,000, regardless of whether that city has complied with the publication requirement in this subsection (b), the party must, within 10 days after filing the complaint or counterclaim: (i) send by first class mail, postage prepaid, a copy of the notice of foreclosure to the alderman for the ward in which the real estate is located and (ii) file an affidavit with the court attesting to the fact that the notice was sent to the alderman for the ward in which the real estate is located. The failure to send a copy of the notice to the alderman or to file an affidavit as required results in the dismissal without prejudice of the complaint or counterclaim on a motion of a party or the court. If, after the complaint or counterclaim has been dismissed without prejudice, the party refiles the complaint or counterclaim, then the party must again comply with the requirements that the party send by first class mail, postage prepaid, the notice to the alderman for the ward in which the real estate is located and file an affidavit attesting to the fact that the notice was sent.
(Source: P.A. 96-856, eff. 3-1-10; 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1504

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1504) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1504)
    Sec. 15-1504. Pleadings and service.
    (a) Form of Complaint. A foreclosure complaint may be in substantially the following form:
        (1) Plaintiff files this complaint to foreclose the
    
mortgage (or other conveyance in the nature of a mortgage) (hereinafter called "mortgage") hereinafter described and joins the following person as defendants: (here insert names of all defendants).
        (2) Attached as Exhibit "A" is a copy of the mortgage
    
and as Exhibit "B" is a copy of the note secured thereby.
        (3) Information concerning mortgage:
            (A) Nature of instrument: (here insert whether a
        
mortgage, trust deed or other instrument in the nature of a mortgage, etc.)
            (B) Date of mortgage:
            (C) Name of mortgagor:
            (D) Name of mortgagee:
            (E) Date and place of recording:
            (F) Identification of recording: (here insert
        
book and page number or document number)
            (G) Interest subject to the mortgage: (here
        
insert whether fee simple, estate for years, undivided interest, etc.)
            (H) Amount of original indebtedness, including
        
subsequent advances made under the mortgage:
            (I) Both the legal description of the mortgaged
        
real estate and the common address or other information sufficient to identify it with reasonable certainty:
            (J) Statement as to defaults, including, but not
        
necessarily limited to, date of default, current unpaid principal balance, per diem interest accruing, and any further information concerning the default:
            (K) Name of present owner of the real estate:
            (L) Names of other persons who are joined as
        
defendants and whose interest in or lien on the mortgaged real estate is sought to be terminated:
            (M) Names of defendants claimed to be personally
        
liable for deficiency, if any:
            (N) Capacity in which plaintiff brings this
        
foreclosure (here indicate whether plaintiff is the legal holder of the indebtedness, a pledgee, an agent, the trustee under a trust deed or otherwise, as appropriate):
            (O) Facts in support of redemption period shorter
        
than the longer of (i) 7 months from the date the mortgagor or, if more than one, all the mortgagors (I) have been served with summons or by publication or (II) have otherwise submitted to the jurisdiction of the court, or (ii) 3 months from the entry of the judgment of foreclosure, if sought (here indicate whether based upon the real estate not being residential or real estate value less than 90% of amount owed, etc.):
            (P) Statement that the right of redemption has
        
been waived by all owners of redemption, if applicable:
            (Q) Facts in support of request for attorneys'
        
fees and of costs and expenses, if applicable:
            (R) Facts in support of a request for appointment
        
of mortgagee in possession or for appointment of receiver, and identity of such receiver, if sought:
            (S) Offer to mortgagor in accordance with Section
        
15-1402 to accept title to the real estate in satisfaction of all indebtedness and obligations secured by the mortgage without judicial sale, if sought:
            (T) Name or names of defendants whose right to
        
possess the mortgaged real estate, after the confirmation of a foreclosure sale, is sought to be terminated and, if not elsewhere stated, the facts in support thereof:

 
REQUEST FOR RELIEF
    Plaintiff requests:
        (i) A judgment of foreclosure and sale.
        (ii) An order granting a shortened redemption period,
    
if sought.
        (iii) A personal judgment for a deficiency, if sought.
        (iv) An order granting possession, if sought.
        (v) An order placing the mortgagee in possession or
    
appointing a receiver, if sought.
        (vi) A judgment for attorneys' fees, costs and
    
expenses, if sought.
    (b) Required Information. A foreclosure complaint need contain only such statements and requests called for by the form set forth in subsection (a) of Section 15-1504 as may be appropriate for the relief sought. Such complaint may be filed as a counterclaim, may be joined with other counts or may include in the same count additional matters or a request for any additional relief permitted by Article II of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (c) Allegations. The statements contained in a complaint in the form set forth in subsection (a) of Section 15-1504 are deemed and construed to include allegations as follows:
        (1) that, on the date indicated, the obligor of the
    
indebtedness or other obligations secured by the mortgage was justly indebted in the amount of the indicated original indebtedness to the original mortgagee or payee of the mortgage note;
        (2) that the exhibits attached are true and correct
    
copies of the mortgage and note and are incorporated and made a part of the complaint by express reference;
        (3) that the mortgagor was at the date indicated an
    
owner of the interest in the real estate described in the complaint and that as of that date made, executed and delivered the mortgage as security for the note or other obligations;
        (4) that the mortgage was recorded in the county in
    
which the mortgaged real estate is located, on the date indicated, in the book and page or as the document number indicated;
        (5) that defaults occurred as indicated;
        (6) that at the time of the filing of the complaint
    
the persons named as present owners are the owners of the indicated interests in and to the real estate described;
        (7) that the mortgage constitutes a valid, prior and
    
paramount lien upon the indicated interest in the mortgaged real estate, which lien is prior and superior to the right, title, interest, claim or lien of all parties and nonrecord claimants whose interests in the mortgaged real estate are sought to be terminated;
        (8) that by reason of the defaults alleged, if the
    
indebtedness has not matured by its terms, the same has become due by the exercise, by the plaintiff or other persons having such power, of a right or power to declare immediately due and payable the whole of all indebtedness secured by the mortgage;
        (9) that any and all notices of default or election
    
to declare the indebtedness due and payable or other notices required to be given have been duly and properly given;
        (10) that any and all periods of grace or other
    
period of time allowed for the performance of the covenants or conditions claimed to be breached or for the curing of any breaches have expired;
        (11) that the amounts indicated in the statement in
    
the complaint are correctly stated and if such statement indicates any advances made or to be made by the plaintiff or owner of the mortgage indebtedness, that such advances were, in fact, made or will be required to be made, and under and by virtue of the mortgage the same constitute additional indebtedness secured by the mortgage; and
        (12) that, upon confirmation of the sale, the holder
    
of the certificate of sale or deed issued pursuant to that certificate or, if no certificate or deed was issued, the purchaser at the sale will be entitled to full possession of the mortgaged real estate against the parties named in clause (T) of paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of Section 15-1504 or elsewhere to the same effect; the omission of any party indicates that plaintiff will not seek a possessory order in the order confirming sale unless the request is subsequently made under subsection (h) of Section 15-1701 or by separate action under Article 9 of this Code.
    (d) Request for Fees and Costs. A statement in the complaint that plaintiff seeks the inclusion of attorneys' fees and of costs and expenses shall be deemed and construed to include allegations that:
        (1) plaintiff has been compelled to employ and retain
    
attorneys to prepare and file the complaint and to represent and advise the plaintiff in the foreclosure of the mortgage and the plaintiff will thereby become liable for the usual, reasonable and customary fees of the attorneys in that behalf;
        (2) the plaintiff has been compelled to advance or
    
will be compelled to advance, various sums of money in payment of costs, fees, expenses and disbursements incurred in connection with the foreclosure, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, filing fees, stenographer's fees, witness fees, costs of publication, costs of procuring and preparing documentary evidence and costs of procuring abstracts of title, Torrens certificates, foreclosure minutes and a title insurance policy;
        (3) under the terms of the mortgage, all such
    
advances, costs, attorneys' fees and other fees, expenses and disbursements are made a lien upon the mortgaged real estate and the plaintiff is entitled to recover all such advances, costs, attorneys' fees, expenses and disbursements, together with interest on all advances at the rate provided in the mortgage, or, if no rate is provided therein, at the statutory judgment rate, from the date on which such advances are made;
        (4) in order to protect the lien of the mortgage, it
    
may become necessary for plaintiff to pay taxes and assessments which have been or may be levied upon the mortgaged real estate;
        (5) in order to protect and preserve the mortgaged
    
real estate, it may also become necessary for the plaintiff to pay liability (protecting mortgagor and mortgagee), fire and other hazard insurance premiums on the mortgaged real estate, make such repairs to the mortgaged real estate as may reasonably be deemed necessary for the proper preservation thereof, advance for costs to inspect the mortgaged real estate or to appraise it, or both, and advance for premiums for pre-existing private or governmental mortgage insurance to the extent required after a foreclosure is commenced in order to keep such insurance in force; and
        (6) under the terms of the mortgage, any money so
    
paid or expended will become an additional indebtedness secured by the mortgage and will bear interest from the date such monies are advanced at the rate provided in the mortgage, or, if no rate is provided, at the statutory judgment rate.
    (e) Request for Foreclosure. The request for foreclosure is deemed and construed to mean that the plaintiff requests that:
        (1) an accounting may be taken under the direction of
    
the court of the amounts due and owing to the plaintiff;
        (2) the defendants be ordered to pay to the plaintiff
    
before expiration of any redemption period (or, if no redemption period, before a short date fixed by the court) whatever sums may appear to be due upon the taking of such account, together with attorneys' fees and costs of the proceedings (to the extent provided in the mortgage or by law);
        (3) in default of such payment in accordance with the
    
judgment, the mortgaged real estate be sold as directed by the court, to satisfy the amount due to the plaintiff as set forth in the judgment, together with the interest thereon at the statutory judgment rate from the date of the judgment;
        (4) in the event the plaintiff is a purchaser of the
    
mortgaged real estate at such sale, the plaintiff may offset against the purchase price of such real estate the amounts due under the judgment of foreclosure and order confirming the sale;
        (5) in the event of such sale and the failure of any
    
person entitled thereto to redeem prior to such sale pursuant to this Article, the defendants made parties to the foreclosure in accordance with this Article, and all nonrecord claimants given notice of the foreclosure in accordance with this Article, and all persons claiming by, through or under them, and each and any and all of them, may be forever barred and foreclosed of any right, title, interest, claim, lien, or right to redeem in and to the mortgaged real estate; and
        (6) if no redemption is made prior to such sale, a
    
deed may be issued to the purchaser thereat according to law and such purchaser be let into possession of the mortgaged real estate in accordance with Part 17 of this Article.
    (f) Request for Deficiency Judgment. A request for a personal judgment for a deficiency in a foreclosure complaint if the sale of the mortgaged real estate fails to produce a sufficient amount to pay the amount found due, the plaintiff may have a personal judgment against any party in the foreclosure indicated as being personally liable therefor and the enforcement thereof be had as provided by law.
    (g) Request for Possession or Receiver. A request for possession or appointment of a receiver has the meaning as stated in subsection (b) of Section 15-1706.
    (h) Answers by Parties. Any party may assert its interest by counterclaim and such counterclaim may at the option of that party stand in lieu of answer to the complaint for foreclosure and all counter complaints previously or thereafter filed in the foreclosure. Any such counterclaim shall be deemed to constitute a statement that the counter claimant does not have sufficient knowledge to form a belief as to the truth or falsity of the allegations of the complaint and all other counterclaims, except to the extent that the counterclaim admits or specifically denies such allegations.
(Source: P.A. 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1504.1

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1504.1)
    Sec. 15-1504.1. Filing fee for Foreclosure Prevention Program Fund, Foreclosure Prevention Program Graduated Fund, and Abandoned Residential Property Municipality Relief Fund.
    (a) Fee paid by all plaintiffs with respect to residential real estate. With respect to residential real estate, at the time of the filing of a foreclosure complaint, the plaintiff shall pay to the clerk of the court in which the foreclosure complaint is filed a fee of $50 for deposit into the Foreclosure Prevention Program Fund, a special fund created in the State treasury. The clerk shall remit the fee collected pursuant to this subsection (a) to the State Treasurer to be expended for the purposes set forth in Section 7.30 of the Illinois Housing Development Act. All fees paid by plaintiffs to the clerk of the court as provided in this subsection (a) shall be disbursed within 60 days after receipt by the clerk of the court as follows: (i) 98% to the State Treasurer for deposit into the Foreclosure Prevention Program Fund, and (ii) 2% to the clerk of the court to be retained by the clerk for deposit into the Circuit Court Clerk Operation and Administrative Fund to defray administrative expenses related to implementation of this subsection (a). Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Foreclosure Prevention Program Fund is not subject to sweeps, administrative charge-backs, or any other fiscal maneuver that would in any way transfer any amounts from the Foreclosure Prevention Program Fund into any other fund of the State.
    (a-5) Additional fee paid by plaintiffs with respect to residential real estate.
        (1) Until January 1, 2018, with respect to
    
residential real estate, at the time of the filing of a foreclosure complaint and in addition to the fee set forth in subsection (a) of this Section, the plaintiff shall pay to the clerk of the court in which the foreclosure complaint is filed a fee for the Foreclosure Prevention Program Graduated Fund and the Abandoned Residential Property Municipality Relief Fund as follows:
            (A) The fee shall be $500 if:
                (i) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on its own behalf as the holder of the indebtedness; or
                (ii) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first tier foreclosure filing category; or
                (iii) the plaintiff is not a depository
            
institution and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first tier foreclosure filing category.
            (B) The fee shall be $250 if:
                (i) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the second tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on its own behalf as the holder of the indebtedness; or
                (ii) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first or second tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the second tier foreclosure filing category; or
                (iii) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the second tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first tier foreclosure filing category; or
                (iv) the plaintiff is not a depository
            
institution and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the second tier foreclosure filing category.
            (C) The fee shall be $50 if:
                (i) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the third tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on its own behalf as the holder of the indebtedness; or
                (ii) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first, second, or third tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the third tier foreclosure filing category; or
                (iii) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the third tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the first tier foreclosure filing category; or
                (iv) the plaintiff, together with its
            
affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the third tier foreclosure filing category and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the second tier foreclosure filing category; or
                (v) the plaintiff is not a depository
            
institution and is filing the complaint on behalf of a mortgagee that, together with its affiliates, has filed a sufficient number of foreclosure complaints so as to be included in the third tier foreclosure filing category.
        (2) The clerk shall remit the fee collected pursuant
    
to paragraph (1) of this subsection (a-5) to the State Treasurer to be expended for the purposes set forth in Sections 7.30 and 7.31 of the Illinois Housing Development Act and for administrative expenses. All fees paid by plaintiffs to the clerk of the court as provided in paragraph (1) shall be disbursed within 60 days after receipt by the clerk of the court as follows:
            (A) 28% to the State Treasurer for
        
deposit into the Foreclosure Prevention Program Graduated Fund;
            (B) 70% to the State Treasurer for deposit
        
into the Abandoned Residential Property Municipality Relief Fund; and
            (C) 2% to the clerk of the court to be
        
retained by the clerk for deposit into the Circuit Court Clerk Operation and Administrative Fund to defray administrative expenses related to implementation of this subsection (a-5).
        (3) Until January 1, 2018, with respect to
    
residential real estate, at the time of the filing of a foreclosure complaint, the plaintiff or plaintiff's representative shall file a verified statement that states which additional fee is due under paragraph (1) of this subsection (a-5), unless the court has established another process for a plaintiff or plaintiff's representative to certify which additional fee is due under paragraph (1) of this subsection (a-5).
        (4) If a plaintiff fails to provide the clerk of the
    
court with a true and correct statement of the additional fee due under paragraph (1) of this subsection (a-5), and the mortgagor reimburses the plaintiff for any erroneous additional fee that was paid by the plaintiff to the clerk of the court, the mortgagor may seek a refund of any overpayment of the fee in an amount that shall not exceed the difference between the higher additional fee paid under paragraph (1) of this subsection (a-5) and the actual fee due thereunder. The mortgagor must petition the judge within the foreclosure action for the award of any fee overpayment pursuant to this paragraph (4) of this subsection (a-5), and the award shall be determined by the judge and paid by the clerk of the court out of the fund account into which the clerk of the court deposits fees to be remitted to the State Treasurer under paragraph (2) of this subsection (a-5), the timing of which refund payment shall be determined by the clerk of the court based upon the availability of funds in the subject fund account. This refund shall be the mortgagor's sole remedy and a mortgagor shall have no private right of action against the plaintiff or plaintiff's representatives if the additional fee paid by the plaintiff was erroneous.
        (5) This subsection (a-5) is inoperative on and after
    
January 1, 2018.
    (b) Not later than March 1 of each year, the clerk of the court shall submit to the Illinois Housing Development Authority a report of the funds collected and remitted pursuant to this Section during the preceding year.
    (c) As used in this Section:
    "Affiliate" means any company that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another company.
    "Approved counseling agency" and "approved housing counseling" have the meanings ascribed to those terms in Section 7.30 of the Illinois Housing Development Act.
    "Depository institution" means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union chartered, organized, or holding a certificate of authority to do business under the laws of this State, another state, or the United States.
    "First tier foreclosure filing category" is a classification that only applies to a plaintiff that has filed 175 or more foreclosure complaints on residential real estate located in Illinois during the calendar year immediately preceding the date of the filing of the subject foreclosure complaint.
    "Second tier foreclosure filing category" is a classification that only applies to a plaintiff that has filed at least 50, but no more than 174, foreclosure complaints on residential real estate located in Illinois during the calendar year immediately preceding the date of the filing of the subject foreclosure complaint.
    "Third tier foreclosure filing category" is a classification that only applies to a plaintiff that has filed no more than 49 foreclosure complaints on residential real estate located in Illinois during the calendar year immediately preceding the date of the filing of the subject foreclosure complaint.
    (d) In no instance shall the fee set forth in subsection (a-5) be assessed for any foreclosure complaint filed before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly.
    (e) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Abandoned Residential Property Municipality Relief Fund is not subject to sweeps, administrative charge-backs, or any other fiscal maneuver that would in any way transfer any amounts from the Abandoned Residential Property Municipality Relief Fund into any other fund of the State.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-1164, eff. 6-1-13; 98-20, eff. 6-11-13.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1504.5

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1504.5)
    Sec. 15-1504.5. Homeowner notice to be attached to summons. For all residential foreclosure actions filed, the plaintiff must attach a Homeowner Notice to the summons. The Homeowner Notice must be in at least 12 point type and in English and Spanish. The Spanish translation shall be prepared by the Attorney General and posted on the Attorney General's website. A notice that includes the Attorney General's Spanish translation in substantially similar form shall be deemed to comply with the Spanish notice requirement in this Section. The Notice must be in substantially the following form:
 
IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR HOMEOWNERS IN FORECLOSURE

        1. POSSESSION: The lawful occupants of a home have the right to
    
live in the home until a judge enters an order for possession.
        2. OWNERSHIP: You continue to own your home until the court rules
    
otherwise.
        3. REINSTATEMENT: As the homeowner you have the right to bring the
    
mortgage current within 90 days after you receive the summons.
        4. REDEMPTION: As the homeowner you have the right to sell your
    
home, refinance, or pay off the loan during the redemption period.
        5. SURPLUS: As the homeowner you have the right to petition the
    
court for any excess money that results from a foreclosure sale of your home.
        6. WORKOUT OPTIONS: The mortgage company does not want to foreclose on
    
your home if there is any way to avoid it. Call your mortgage company [insert name of the homeowner's current mortgage servicer in bold and 14 point type] or its attorneys to find out the alternatives to foreclosure.
        7. PAYOFF AMOUNT: You have the right to obtain a written statement of
    
the amount necessary to pay off your loan. Your mortgage company (identified above) must provide you this statement within 10 business days of receiving your request, provided that your request is in writing and includes your name, the address of the property, and the mortgage account or loan number. Your first payoff statement will be free.
        8. GET ADVICE: This information is not exhaustive and does not
    
replace the advice of a professional. You may have other options. Get professional advice from a lawyer or certified housing counselor about your rights and options to avoid foreclosure.
        9. LAWYER: If you do not have a lawyer, you may be able to
    
find assistance by contacting the Illinois State Bar Association or a legal aid organization that provides free legal assistance.
        10. PROCEED WITH CAUTION: You may be contacted by people offering to help you
    
avoid foreclosure. Before entering into any transaction with persons offering to help you, please contact a lawyer, government official, or housing counselor for advice.
(Source: P.A. 95-961, eff. 1-1-09.)

735 ILCS 5/15-1505

    (735 ILCS 5/15-1505) (from Ch. 110, par. 15-1505)
    Sec. 15-1505. Real Estate Subject to Senior Liens. During a foreclosure, and any time prior to sale, a mortgagee or any other lienor may pay (i) when due installments of principal, interest or other obligations in accordance with the terms of any senior mortgage, (ii) when due installments of real estate taxes or (iii) any other obligation authorized by the mortgage instrument. With court approval, a mortgagee or any other lienor may pay any other amounts in connection with other liens, encumbrances or interests reasonably necessary to preserve the status of title.
(Source: P.A. 84-1462.)