Public Act 098-0022
 
SB1715 EnrolledLRB098 08145 MGM 38238 b

    AN ACT concerning regulation.
 
    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
 
ARTICLE 1.

 
    Section 1-1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the
Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act.
 
    Section 1-5. Definitions. For the purposes of this Act,
unless the context otherwise requires:
    "Agency" means the Illinois Environmental Protection
Agency.
    "Aquatic life" means all fish, reptiles, amphibians,
crayfish, and mussels.
    "Aquifer" means saturated (with groundwater) soils and
geologic materials that are sufficiently permeable to readily
yield economically useful quantities (at least 70 gallons per
minute) of fresh water to wells, springs, or streams under
ordinary hydraulic gradients. "Aquifer" is limited to aquifers
identified as major sand and gravel aquifers in the Illinois
State Water Survey's Illinois Community Water Supply Wells map,
Map Series 2006-01.
    "Base fluid" means the continuous phase fluid type,
including, but not limited to, water used in a high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operation.
    "BTEX" means benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene.
    "Chemical" means any element, chemical compound, or
mixture of elements or compounds that has its own specific name
or identity, such as a Chemical Abstracts Service number,
regardless of whether the chemical is subject to the
requirements of paragraph (2) of subsection (g) of 29 Code of
Federal Regulations 1910.1200.
    "Chemical Abstracts Service" means the division of the
American Chemical Society that is the globally recognized
authority for information on chemical substances.
    "Chemical Abstracts Service number" or "CAS number" means
the unique identification number assigned to a chemical by the
Chemical Abstracts Service.
    "Completion combustion device" means any ignition device,
installed horizontally or vertically, used in exploration and
production operations to combust otherwise vented emissions.
    "Delineation well" means a well drilled in order to
determine the boundary of a field or producing reservoir.
    "Department" means the Illinois Department of Natural
Resources.
    "Diesel" means a substance having any one of the following
Chemical Abstracts Service Registry numbers: 68334-30-5;
68476-34-6; 68476-30-2; 68476-31-3; 8008-20-6; or 68410-00-4.
"Diesel" includes any additional substances regulated by the
United States Environmental Protection Agency as diesel fuel
used in hydraulic fracturing activities under the federal Safe
Drinking Water Act.
    "Director" means the Director of Natural Resources.
    "Enhanced oil recovery operation" means any secondary or
tertiary recovery method used in an effort to recover
hydrocarbons from a pool by injection of fluids, gases or other
substances to maintain, restore, or augment natural reservoir
energy, or by introducing gases, chemicals, other substances,
or heat, or by in-situ combustion, or by any combination
thereof.
    "Flare" means a thermal oxidation system using an open,
enclosed, or semi-enclosed flame. "Flare" does not include
completion combustion devices as defined in this Section.
    "Flowback period" means the process of allowing fluids to
flow from a well following a treatment, either in preparation
for a subsequent phase of treatment or in preparation for
cleanup and returning the well to production. "Flowback period"
begins when the material the hydraulic fracturing fluid returns
to the surface following hydraulic fracturing or
re-fracturing. "Flowback period" ends with either well shut in
or when the well is producing continuously to the flow line or
to a storage vessel for collection, whichever occurs first.
    "Fresh water" means surface and subsurface water in its
natural state that is suitable for drinking water for human
consumption, domestic livestock, irrigation, industrial,
municipal and recreational purposes, that is capable of
supporting aquatic life, and contains less than 10,000 ppm
total dissolved solids.
    "Gas" means all natural gas, including casinghead gas, and
all other natural hydrocarbons not defined as oil.
    "Groundwater" means any water below the land surface that
is within the saturated zone or geologic materials where the
fluid pressure in the pore space is equal to or greater than
atmospheric pressure.
    "Health professional" means a physician, physician
assistant, nurse practitioner, a registered professional
nurse, emergency medical technician, or other individual
appropriately licensed or registered to provide health care
services.
    "High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations"
means all stages of a stimulation treatment of a horizontal
well as defined by this Act by the pressurized application of
more than 80,000 gallons per stage or more than 300,000 gallons
total of hydraulic fracturing fluid and proppant to initiate or
propagate fractures in a geologic formation to enhance
extraction or production of oil or gas.
    "High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit" means
the permit issued by the Department under this Act allowing
high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations to
occur at a well site.
    "High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing treatment"
shall have the same definition as "High volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations".
    "Horizontal well" means a well with a wellbore drilled
laterally at an angle of at least 80 degrees to the vertical
and with a horizontal projection exceeding 100 feet measured
from the initial point of penetration into the productive
formation through the terminus of the lateral in the same
common source of hydrocarbon supply.
    "Hydraulic fracturing additive" means any chemical
substance or combination of chemicals, including, but not
limited to, any chemical or proppant that is added to a base
fluid for the purposes of preparing a hydraulic fracturing
fluid for a high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operation.
    "Hydraulic fracturing flowback" means all hydraulic
fracturing fluid and other fluids that return to the surface
after a stage of high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations has been completed and prior to the well being
placed in production.
    "Hydraulic fracturing fluid" means the mixture of the base
fluid and all the hydraulic fracturing additives, used to
perform high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing.
    "Hydraulic fracturing string" means any pipe or casing
string used for the transport of hydraulic fracturing fluids
during the conduct of the high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations.
    "Intake" means a pipe or other means to withdraw raw water
from a water source.
    "Landowner" means the legal title holder or owner of real
property and includes an owner of an undivided interest, a life
tenant, a remainderman, a public or private corporation, a
trustee under an active trust, and the holder of the beneficial
interest under a land trust. "Landowner" does not include a
mortgagee, a trustee under a trust deed in the nature of a
mortgage, a lien holder, or a lessee.
    "Low pressure well" means a well with reservoir pressure
and vertical well depth such that 0.445 times the reservoir
pressure (in psia) minus 0.038 times the vertical well depth
(in feet) minus 67.578 psia is less than the flow line pressure
at the sales meter.
    "Nature preserve" shall have the same meaning as provided
in Section 3.11 of the Illinois Natural Areas Preservation Act.
    "Oil" means natural crude oil or petroleum and other
hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, which are produced at the
well in liquid form by ordinary production methods or by the
use of an oil and gas separator and which are not the result of
condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir.
    "Operator" means the individual or entity controlling the
right to drill or produce a horizontal well in accordance with
the requirements of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act.
    "Owner" shall have the same meaning as provided in Section
1 of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act.
    "Perennial stream" means a stream that has continuous flow
in its stream bed during all of the calendar year.
    "Permit" means a high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing permit.
    "Permittee" means a person holding a high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing permit under this Act.
    "Person" means any individual, partnership,
co-partnership, firm, company, limited liability company,
corporation, association, joint stock company, trust, estate,
political subdivision, state agency, or any other legal entity
or their legal representative, agent, or assigns.
    "Pollution or diminution" means:
        (1) in groundwater, any of the following:
            (A) detection of benzene or any other carcinogen in
        any Class I, Class II, or Class III groundwater;
            (B) detection of any constituent in item (i) of
        subparagraph (A) of paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of
        35 Ill. Adm. Code 620.310 equal to or above the listed
        preventive response criteria in any Class I, Class II,
        or Class III groundwater;
            (C) detection of any constituent in 35 Ill. Adm.
        Code 620.410 (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) equal to or
        above the listed standard in any Class I, Class II, or
        Class III groundwater;
            (D) detection of any constituent in Class III
        groundwater equal to or above a standard established
        under 35 Ill. Adm. Code 620.260; or
            (E) detection of any constituent in Class I, Class
        II, or Class III groundwater equal to or above a
        cleanup objective listed in 35 Ill. Adm. Code 742.
        (2) in surface water, exceeding any applicable numeric
    or narrative standard in 35 Ill. Adm. Code Part 302 or Part
    304.
    "Produced water" means water, regardless of chloride and
total dissolved solids content, that is produced in conjunction
with oil or natural gas production or natural gas storage
operations, but does not include hydraulic fracturing
flowback.
    "Proppant" means sand or any natural or man-made material
that is used during high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations to prop open the artificially created or enhanced
fractures.
    "Public water supply" means all mains, pipes, and
structures through which water is obtained and distributed to
the public, including wells and well structures, intakes and
cribs, pumping stations, treatment plants, reservoirs, and
storage tanks and appurtenances, collectively or severally,
actually used or intended for use for the purpose of furnishing
water for drinking or general domestic use, and which serves at
least 15 service connections or which regularly serves at least
25 persons at least 60 days per year.
    "Register of Land and Water Reserves" means the list of
areas registered in accordance with Section 16 of the Illinois
Natural Areas Preservation Act and Part 4010 of Title 17 of the
Illinois Administrative Code.
    "Release" means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring,
emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping,
leaching, dumping, or disposing into the environment.
    "Serious violation" means any violation set forth in 62
Ill. Adm. Code 240.140(c).
    "Service connection" means the opening, including all
fittings and appurtenances, at the water main through which
water is supplied to the user.
    "Surface water" means all water that is open to the
atmosphere and subject to surface runoff.
    "Total water volume" means the total quantity of water from
all sources used in the high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations, including surface water, groundwater,
produced water, or recycled water.
    "True vertical depth" or "TVD" means the vertical distance
from a depth in a planned or existing wellbore or well to a
point at the surface.
    "Water pollution" means any alteration of the physical,
thermal, chemical, biological, or radioactive properties of
any waters of the State, or the discharge of any contaminant
into any water of the State, as will or is likely to create a
nuisance or render the waters harmful, detrimental, or
injurious to public health, safety, or welfare, or to domestic,
commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, or other
legitimate uses, or to livestock, wild animals, birds, or fish
or other aquatic life.
    "Water source" means (1) any existing water well or
developed spring used for human or domestic animal consumption,
or (2) any river, perennial stream, aquifer, natural or
artificial lake, pond, wetland listed on the Register of Land
and Water Reserves, or reservoir.
    "Well" means any drill hole required to be permitted under
the Illinois Oil and Gas Act.
    "Well site" means surface areas, including the well,
occupied by all equipment or facilities necessary for or
incidental to high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations, drilling, production, or plugging a well.
    "Wildcat well" means a well outside known fields or the
first well drilled in an oil or gas field where no other oil
and gas production exists.
    "Wildlife" means any bird or mammal that are by nature wild
by way of distinction from those that are naturally tame and
are ordinarily living unconfined in a state of nature without
the care of man.
 
    Section 1-10. Intergovernmental cooperation. The
Department shall have the primary authority to administer the
provisions of this Act. The Illinois State Geological Survey,
the Illinois State Water Survey, the Office of the State Fire
Marshal, and the Agency shall be advised of high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit applications received
by the Department and lend assistance as required by the
provisions of this Act.
 
    Section 1-15. Powers and duties.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided, the Department shall
enforce this Act and all rules and orders adopted in accordance
with this Act.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided, the Department shall have
jurisdiction and authority over all persons and property
necessary to enforce the provisions of this Act effectively. In
aid of this jurisdiction, the Director, or anyone designated in
writing by the Director, shall have the authority to administer
oaths and to issue subpoenas for the production of records or
other documents and for the attendance of witnesses at any
proceedings of the Department.
    (c) The Department may authorize any employee of the
Department, qualified by training and experience, to perform
the powers and duties set forth in this Act.
    (d) For the purpose of determining compliance with the
provisions of this Act and any orders or rules entered or
adopted under this Act, the Department shall have the right at
all times to go upon and inspect properties where high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations are being or have
been conducted.
    (e) The Department shall make any inquiries as it may deem
proper to determine whether a violation of this Act or any
orders or rules entered or adopted under this Act exists or is
imminent. In the exercise of these powers, the Department shall
have the authority to collect data; require testing and
sampling; to make investigation and inspections; to examine
properties, including records and logs; to examine, check, and
test hydrocarbon wells; to hold hearings; to adopt
administrative rules; and to take any action as may be
reasonably necessary to enforce this Act.
    (f) Except as otherwise provided, the Department may
specify the manner in which all information required to be
submitted under this Act is submitted.
 
    Section 1-20. Applicability. Except as provided in Section
1-98 of this Act, this Act applies to all wells where high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations are planned,
have occurred, or are occurring in this State. The provisions
of this Act shall be in addition to the provisions of the
Illinois Oil and Gas Act. However, if there is a conflict, the
provisions of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act are superseded by
this Act.
 
    Section 1-25. Setbacks and prohibitions.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, no well
site where high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations are proposed, planned, or occurring may be located
as follows. Unless specified otherwise, all distances shall be
measured from the closest edge of the well site:
        (1) within 500 feet measured horizontally from any
    residence or place of worship unless the owner of the
    residence or the governing body of the place of worship
    otherwise expressly agrees in writing to a closer well
    location;
        (2) within 500 feet measured horizontally from the edge
    of the property line from any school, hospital, or licensed
    nursing home facility;
        (3) within 500 feet measured horizontally from the
    surface location of any existing water well or developed
    spring used for human or domestic animal consumption,
    unless the owner or owners of the well or developed spring
    otherwise expressly agrees or agree in writing to a closer
    well location;
        (4) within 300 feet measured horizontally from the
    center of a perennial stream or from the ordinary high
    water mark of any river, natural or artificial lake, pond,
    or reservoir;
        (5) within 750 feet of a nature preserve or a site on
    the Register of Land and Water Reserves;
        (6) within 1,500 feet of a surface water or groundwater
    intake of a public water supply; the distance from the
    public water supply as identified by the Department shall
    be measured as follows:
            (A) For a surface water intake on a lake or
        reservoir, the distance shall be measured from the
        intake point on the lake or reservoir.
            (B) For a surface water intake on a flowing stream,
        the distance shall be measured from a semicircular
        radius extending upstream of the surface water intake.
            (C) For a groundwater source, the distance shall be
        measured from the surface location of the wellhead or
        the ordinary high water mark of the spring.
    The distance restrictions under this subsection (a) shall
be determined as conditions exist at the time of the submission
of the permit application under this Act.
    (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section,
the owner of a water source identified in paragraph (4) of
subsection (a) of this Section that is wholly contained within
the owner's property may expressly agree in writing to a closer
well location.
    (c) It is unlawful to inject or discharge hydraulic
fracturing fluid, produced water, BTEX, diesel, or petroleum
distillates into fresh water.
    (d) It is unlawful to perform any high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations by knowingly or recklessly
injecting diesel.
 
    Section 1-30. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
permit required.
    (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person
may not drill, deepen, or convert a horizontal well where high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations are planned
or occurring or convert a vertical well into a horizontal well
where high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations
are planned in this State, unless the person has been issued a
permit by the Department under this Act and has obtained all
applicable authorizations required by the Illinois Oil and Gas
Act.
    (b) If multiple wells are to be stimulated using high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations from a
single well site, then a separate permit shall be obtained for
each well at the site.
 
    Section 1-35. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
permit application.
    (a) Every applicant for a permit under this Act shall first
register with the Department at least 30 days before applying
for a permit. The Department shall make available a
registration form within 90 days after the effective date of
this Act. The registration form shall require the following
information:
        (1) the name and address of the registrant and any
    parent, subsidiary, or affiliate thereof;
        (2) disclosure of all findings of a serious violation
    or an equivalent violation under federal or state laws or
    regulations in the development or operation of an oil or
    gas exploration or production site via hydraulic
    fracturing by the applicant or any parent, subsidiary, or
    affiliate thereof within the previous 5 years; and
        (3) proof of insurance to cover injuries, damages, or
    loss related to pollution or diminution in the amount of at
    least $5,000,000, from an insurance carrier authorized,
    licensed, or permitted to do this insurance business in
    this State that holds at least an A- rating by A.M. Best &
    Co. or any comparable rating service.
    A registrant must notify the Department of any change in
the information identified in paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of
this subsection (a) at least annually or upon request of the
Department.
    (b) Every applicant for a permit under this Act must submit
the following information to the Department on an application
form provided by the Department:
        (1) the name and address of the applicant and any
    parent, subsidiary, or affiliate thereof;
        (2) the proposed well name and address and legal
    description of the well site and its unit area;
        (3) a statement whether the proposed location of the
    well site is in compliance with the requirements of Section
    1-25 of this Act and a plat, which shows the proposed
    surface location of the well site, providing the distance
    in feet, from the surface location of the well site to the
    features described in subsection (a) of Section 1-25 of
    this Act;
        (4) a detailed description of the proposed well to be
    used for the high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
    operations including, but not limited to, the following
    information:
            (A) the approximate total depth to which the well
        is to be drilled or deepened;
            (B) the proposed angle and direction of the well;
            (C) the actual depth or the approximate depth at
        which the well to be drilled deviates from vertical;
            (D) the angle and direction of any nonvertical
        portion of the wellbore until the well reaches its
        total target depth or its actual final depth; and
            (E) the estimated length and direction of the
        proposed horizontal lateral or wellbore;
        (5) the estimated depth and elevation, according to the
    most recent publication of the Illinois State Geological
    Survey of Groundwater for the location of the well, of the
    lowest potential fresh water along the entire length of the
    proposed wellbore;
        (6) a detailed description of the proposed high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations, including, but
    not limited to, the following:
            (A) the formation affected by the high volume
        horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations, including,
        but not limited to, geologic name and geologic
        description of the formation that will be stimulated by
        the operation;
            (B) the anticipated surface treating pressure
        range;
            (C) the maximum anticipated injection treating
        pressure;
            (D) the estimated or calculated fracture pressure
        of the producing and confining zones; and
            (E) the planned depth of all proposed perforations
        or depth to the top of the open hole section;
        (7) plat showing all known previous well bores within
    750 feet of any part of the horizontal well bore that
    penetrated within 400 vertical feet of the formation that
    will be stimulated as part of the high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations;
        (8) unless the applicant documents why the information
    is not available at the time the application is submitted,
    a chemical disclosure report identifying each chemical and
    proppant anticipated to be used in hydraulic fracturing
    fluid for each stage of the hydraulic fracturing operations
    including the following:
            (A) the total volume of water anticipated to be
        used in the hydraulic fracturing treatment of the well
        or the type and total volume of the base fluid
        anticipated to be used in the hydraulic fracturing
        treatment, if something other than water;
            (B) each hydraulic fracturing additive anticipated
        to be used in the hydraulic fracturing fluid, including
        the trade name, vendor, a brief descriptor of the
        intended use or function of each hydraulic fracturing
        additive, and the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), if
        applicable;
            (C) each chemical anticipated to be intentionally
        added to the base fluid, including for each chemical,
        the Chemical Abstracts Service number, if applicable;
        and
            (D) the anticipated concentration in the base
        fluid, in percent by mass, of each chemical to be
        intentionally added to the base fluid;
        (9) a certification of compliance with the Water Use
    Act of 1983 and applicable regional water supply plans;
        (10) a fresh water withdrawal and management plan that
    shall include the following information:
            (A) the source of the water, such as surface or
        groundwater, anticipated to be used for water
        withdrawals, and the anticipated withdrawal location;
            (B) the anticipated volume and rate of each water
        withdrawal from each withdrawal location;
            (C) the anticipated months when water withdrawals
        shall be made from each withdrawal location;
            (D) the methods to be used to minimize water
        withdrawals as much as feasible; and
            (E) the methods to be used for surface water
        withdrawals to minimize adverse impact to aquatic
        life.
            Where a surface water source is wholly contained
        within a single property, and the owner of the property
        expressly agrees in writing to its use for water
        withdrawals, the applicant is not required to include
        this surface water source in the fresh water withdrawal
        and management plan.
        (11) a plan for the handling, storage, transportation,
    and disposal or reuse of hydraulic fracturing fluids and
    hydraulic fracturing flowback. The plan shall identify the
    specific Class II injection well or wells that will be used
    to dispose of the hydraulic fracturing flowback. The plan
    shall describe the capacity of the tanks to be used for the
    capture and storage of flowback and of the lined reserve
    pit to be used, if necessary, to temporarily store any
    flowback in excess of the capacity of the tanks.
    Identification of the Class II injection well or wells
    shall be by name, identification number, and specific
    location and shall include the date of the most recent
    mechanical integrity test for each Class II injection well;
        (12) a well site safety plan to address proper safety
    measures to be employed during high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations for the protection of
    persons on the site as well as the general public. Within
    15 calendar days after submitting the permit application to
    the Department, the applicant must provide a copy of the
    plan to the county or counties in which hydraulic
    fracturing operations will occur. Within 5 calendar days of
    its receipt, the Department shall provide a copy of the
    well site safety plan to the Office of the State Fire
    Marshal;
        (13) a containment plan describing the containment
    practices and equipment to be used and the area of the well
    site where containment systems will be employed, and within
    5 calendar days of its receipt, the Department shall
    provide a copy of the containment plan to the Office of the
    State Fire Marshal;
        (14) a casing and cementing plan that describes the
    casing and cementing practices to be employed, including
    the size of each string of pipe, the starting point, and
    depth to which each string is to be set and the extent to
    which each string is to be cemented;
        (15) a traffic management plan that identifies the
    anticipated roads, streets, and highways that will be used
    for access to and egress from the well site. The traffic
    management plan will include a point of contact to discuss
    issues related to traffic management. Within 15 calendar
    days after submitting the permit application to the
    Department, the applicant must provide a copy of the
    traffic management plan to the county or counties in which
    the well site is located, and within 5 calendar days of its
    receipt, the Department shall provide a copy of the traffic
    management plan to the Office of the State Fire Marshal;
        (16) the names and addresses of all owners of any real
    property within 1,500 feet of the proposed well site, as
    disclosed by the records in the office of the recorder of
    the county or counties;
        (17) drafts of the specific public notice and general
    public notice as required by Section 1-40 of this Act;
        (18) statement that the well site at which the high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operation will be
    conducted will be restored in compliance with Section
    240.1181 of Title 62 of the Illinois Administrative Code
    and Section 1-95 of this Act;
        (19) proof of insurance to cover injuries, damages, or
    loss related to pollution in the amount of at least
    $5,000,000; and
        (20) any other relevant information which the
    Department may, by rule, require.
    (c) Where an application is made to conduct high volume
horizontal fracturing operations at a well site located within
the limits of any city, village, or incorporated town, the
application shall state the name of the city, village, or
incorporated town and be accompanied with a certified copy of
the official consent for the hydraulic fracturing operations to
occur from the municipal authorities where the well site is
proposed to be located. No permit shall be issued unless
consent is secured and filed with the permit application. In
the event that an amended location is selected, the original
permit shall not be valid unless a new certified consent is
filed for the amended location.
    (d) The hydraulic fracturing permit application shall be
accompanied by a bond as required by subsection (a) of Section
1-65 of this Act.
    (e) Each application for a permit under this Act shall
include payment of a non-refundable fee of $13,500. Of this
fee, $11,000 shall be deposited into the Mines and Minerals
Regulatory Fund for the Department to use to administer and
enforce this Act and otherwise support the operations and
programs of the Office of Mines and Minerals. The remaining
$2,500 shall be deposited into the Illinois Clean Water Fund
for the Agency to use to carry out its functions under this
Act. The Department shall not initiate its review of the permit
application until the applicable fee under this subsection (e)
has been submitted to and received by the Department.
    (f) Each application submitted under this Act shall be
signed, under the penalty of perjury, by the applicant or the
applicant's designee who has been vested with the authority to
act on behalf of the applicant and has direct knowledge of the
information contained in the application and its attachments.
Any person signing an application shall also sign an affidavit
with the following certification:
        "I certify, under penalty of perjury as provided by law
    and under penalty of refusal, suspension, or revocation of
    a high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit, that
    this application and all attachments are true, accurate,
    and complete to the best of my knowledge.".
    (g) The permit application shall be submitted to the
Department in both electronic and hard copy format. The
electronic format shall be searchable.
    (h) The application for a high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing permit may be submitted as a combined permit
application with the operator's application to drill on a form
as the Department shall prescribe. The combined application
must include the information required in this Section. If the
operator elects to submit a combined permit application,
information required by this Section that is duplicative of
information required for an application to drill is only
required to be provided once as part of the combined
application. The submission of a combined permit application
under this subsection shall not be interpreted to relieve the
applicant or the Department from complying with the
requirements of this Act or the Illinois Oil and Gas Act.
    (i) Upon receipt of a permit application, the Department
shall have no more than 60 calendar days from the date it
receives the permit application to approve, with any conditions
the Department may find necessary, or reject the application
for the high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit. The
applicant may waive, in writing, the 60-day deadline upon its
own initiative or in response to a request by the Department.
    (j) If at any time during the review period the Department
determines that the permit application is not complete under
this Act, does not meet the requirements of this Section, or
requires additional information, the Department shall notify
the applicant in writing of the application's deficiencies and
allow the applicant to correct the deficiencies and provide the
Department any information requested to complete the
application. If the applicant fails to provide adequate
supplemental information within the review period, the
Department may reject the application.
 
    Section 1-40. Public notice.
    (a) Within 5 calendar days after the Department's receipt
of the high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
application, the Department shall post notice of its receipt
and a copy of the permit application on its website. The notice
shall include the dates of the public comment period and
directions for interested parties to submit comments.
    (b) Within 5 calendar days after the Department's receipt
of the permit application and notice to the applicant that the
high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit application
was received, the Department shall provide the Agency, the
Office of the State Fire Marshal, Illinois State Water Survey,
and Illinois State Geological Survey with notice of the
application.
    (c) The applicant shall provide the following public
notice:
        (1) Applicants shall mail specific public notice by
    U.S. Postal Service certified mail, return receipt
    requested, within 3 calendar days after submittal of the
    high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit
    application to the Department, to all persons identified as
    owners of real property within 1,500 feet of the proposed
    well site, as disclosed by the records in the office of the
    recorder of the county or counties, and to each
    municipality and county in which the well site is proposed
    to be located.
        (2) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (2)
    of subsection (c), applicants shall provide general public
    notice by publication, once each week for 2 consecutive
    weeks, beginning no later than 3 calendar days after
    submittal of the high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing permit application to the Department, in a
    newspaper of general circulation published in each county
    where the well proposed for high volume hydraulic
    fracturing operations is proposed to be located.
        If a well is proposed for high volume hydraulic
    fracturing operations in a county where there is no daily
    newspaper of general circulation, applicant shall provide
    general public notice, by publication, once each week for 2
    consecutive weeks, in a weekly newspaper of general
    circulation in that county beginning as soon as the
    publication schedule of the weekly newspaper permits, but
    in no case later than 10 days after submittal of the high
    volume hydraulic fracturing permit application to the
    Department.
        (3) The specific and general public notices required
    under this subsection shall contain the following
    information:
            (A) the name and address of the applicant;
            (B) the date the application for a high volume
        horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit was filed;
            (C) the dates for the public comment period and a
        statement that anyone may file written comments about
        any portion of the applicant's submitted high volume
        horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit application
        with the Department during the public comment period;
            (D) the proposed well name, reference number
        assigned by the Department, and the address and legal
        description of the well site and its unit area;
            (E) a statement that the information filed by the
        applicant in their application for a high volume
        horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit is available
        from the Department through its website;
            (F) the Department's website and the address and
        telephone number for the Department's Oil and Gas
        Division;
            (G) a statement that any person having an interest
        that is or may be adversely affected, any government
        agency that is or may be affected, or the county board
        of a county to be affected under a proposed permit, may
        file written objections to a permit application and may
        request a public hearing.
    (d) After providing the public notice as required under
paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of this Section, the applicant
shall supplement its permit application by providing the
Department with a certification and documentation that the
applicant fulfilled the public notice requirements of this
Section. The Department shall not issue a permit until the
applicant has provided the supplemental material required
under this subsection.
    (e) If multiple applications are submitted at the same time
for wells located on the same well site, the applicant may use
one public notice for all applications provided the notice is
clear that it pertains to multiple applications and conforms to
the requirements of this Section. Notice shall not constitute
standing for purposes of requesting a public hearing or for
standing to appeal the decision of the Department in accordance
with the Administrative Review Law.
 
    Section 1-45. Public comment periods.
    (a) The public comment period shall begin 7 calendar days
after the Department's receipt of the permit application and
last for 30 calendar days.
    (b) Where a public hearing is conducted under Section 1-50
of this Act, the Department may provide for an additional
public comment period of 15 days as necessary to allow for
comments in response to evidence and testimony presented at the
hearing. The additional public comment period shall begin on
the day after the public hearing.
    (c) During any public comment period, any person may file
written comments to the Department concerning any portion of
the permit application and any issue relating to the
applicant's compliance with the requirements of the Act and any
other applicable laws.
    (d) The Department may request that the applicant respond
to any substantive public comments obtained during the public
comment period.
 
    Section 1-50. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
permit; hearing.
    (a) When a permit application is submitted to conduct high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations for the
first time at a particular well site, any person having an
interest that is or may be adversely affected, any government
agency that is or may be affected, or the county board of a
county to be affected under a proposed permit, may file written
objections to the permit application and may request a public
hearing during the public comment period established under
subsection (a) of Section 1-45 of this Act. The request for
hearing shall contain a short and plain statement identifying
the person and stating facts demonstrating that the person has
an interest that is or may be adversely affected. The
Department shall hold a public hearing upon a request under
this subsection, unless the request is determined by the
Department to (i) lack an adequate factual statement that the
person is or may be adversely affected or (ii) be frivolous.
    (b) Prior to the commencement of a public hearing under
this Section, any person who could have requested the hearing
under subsection (a) of this Section may petition the
Department to participate in the hearing in the same manner as
the party requesting the hearing. The petition shall contain a
short and plain statement identifying the petitioner and
stating facts demonstrating that the petitioner is a person
having an interest that is or may be adversely affected. The
petitioner shall serve the petition upon the Department. Unless
the Department determines that the petition is frivolous, or
that the petitioner has failed to allege facts in support of an
interest that is or may be adversely affected, the petitioner
shall be allowed to participate in the hearing in the same
manner as the party requesting the hearing.
    (c) The public hearing to be conducted under this Section
shall comply with the contested case requirements of the
Illinois Administrative Procedure Act. The Department shall
establish rules and procedures to determine whether any request
for a public hearing may be granted in accordance with
subsection (a) of this Section, and for the notice and conduct
of the public hearing. These procedural rules shall include
provisions for reasonable notice to (i) the public and (ii) all
parties to the proceeding, which include the applicant, the
persons requesting the hearing, and the persons granted the
right to participate in the hearing pursuant to subsection (b)
of this Section, for the qualifications, powers, and
obligations of the hearing officer, and for reasonable
opportunity for all the parties to provide evidence and
argument, to respond by oral or written testimony to statements
and objections made at the public hearing, and for reasonable
cross-examination of witnesses. County boards and the public
may present their written objections or recommendations at the
public hearing. A complete record of the hearings and all
testimony shall be made by the Department and recorded
stenographically or electronically. The complete record shall
be maintained and shall be accessible to the public on the
Department's website until final release of the applicant's
performance bond.
    (d) At least 10 calendar days before the date of the public
hearing, the Department shall publish notice of the public
hearing in a newspaper of general circulation published in the
county where the proposed well site will be located.
 
    Section 1-53. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
permit; determination; judicial review.
    (a) The Department shall issue a high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing permit, with any conditions the
Department may find necessary, only if the record of decision
demonstrates that:
        (1) the well location restrictions of Section 1-25 of
    this Act have been satisfied;
        (2) the application meets the requirements of Section
    1-35 of this Act;
        (3) the plans required to be submitted with the
    application under Section 1-35 of this Act are adequate and
    effective;
        (4) the proposed hydraulic fracturing operations will
    be conducted in a manner that will protect the public
    health and safety and prevent pollution or diminution of
    any water source;
        (5) the work plan required under Section 1-80 of this
    Act has been submitted to the Department;
        (6) the applicant or any parent, subsidiary, or
    affiliate thereof has not failed to abate a violation of
    this Act or the Illinois Oil and Gas Act;
        (7) the Class II injection wells to be used for
    disposal of hydraulic fracturing flowback comply with all
    applicable requirements for mechanical integrity testing,
    including that the well has been tested within the previous
    5 years; and
        (8) there is no good cause to deny the permit under
    subsection (a) of Section 1-60 of this Act.
    (b) For the purpose of determining whether to issue a
permit, the Department shall consider and the Department's
record of decision shall include:
        (1) the application for the high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing permit, including all documentation
    required by Section 1-35 of this Act;
        (2) all written comments received during the public
    comment periods and, if applicable, the complete record
    from the public hearing held under Section 1-50 of this
    Act;
        (3) all information provided by the applicant in
    response to any public comments; and
        (4) any information known to the Department as the
    public entity responsible for regulating high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations, including, but
    not limited to, inspections of the proposed well site as
    necessary to ensure adequate review of the application.
    (c) The Department shall, by U.S. Mail and electronic
transmission, provide the applicant with a copy of the high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit as issued or its
final administrative decision denying the permit to the
applicant and shall, by U.S. Mail or electronic transmission,
provide a copy of the permit as issued or the final
administrative decision to any person or unit of local
government who received specific public notice under Section
1-40 of this Act or submitted comments or participated in any
public hearing under Section 1-50 of this Act.
    (d) The Department's decision to approve or deny a high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit shall be
considered a final administrative decision subject to judicial
review under the Administrative Review Law and the rules
adopted under that Law.
    (e) Following completion of the Department's review and
approval process, the Department's website shall indicate
whether an individual high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing permit was approved or denied and provide a copy of
the approval or denial.
 
    Section 1-55. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
permit; conditions; restriction; modifications.
    (a) Each permit issued by the Department under this Act
shall require the permittee to comply with all provisions of
this Act and all other applicable local, State, and federal
laws, rules, and regulations in effect at the time the permit
is issued. All plans submitted with the application under
Section 1-35 shall be conditions of the permit.
    (b) A permit issued under this Act shall continue in effect
until plugging and restoration in compliance with this Act and
the Illinois Oil and Gas Act are completed to the Department's
satisfaction. No permit may be transferred to another person
without approval of the Department.
    (c) No permit issued under this Act may be modified without
approval of the Department. If the Department determines that
the proposed modifications constitute a significant deviation
from the terms of the original application and permit approval,
or presents a serious risk to public health, life, property,
aquatic life, or wildlife, the Department shall provide the
opportunities for notice, comment, and hearing required under
Sections 1-45 and 1-50 of this Act. The Department shall
provide notice of the proposed modification and opportunity for
comment and hearing to the persons who received specific public
notice under Section 1-40 of this Act and shall publish the
notice and the proposed modification on its website. The
Department shall adopt rules regarding procedures for a permit
modification.
 
    Section 1-60. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
permit; denial, suspension, or revocation.
    (a) The Department may suspend, revoke, or refuse to issue
a high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit under this
Act for one or more of the following causes:
        (1) providing incorrect, misleading, incomplete, or
    materially untrue information in a permit application or
    any document required to be filed with the Department;
        (2) violating any condition of the permit;
        (3) violating any provision of or any regulation
    adopted under this Act or the Illinois Oil and Gas Act;
        (4) using fraudulent, coercive, or dishonest
    practices, or demonstrating incompetence,
    untrustworthiness, or financial irresponsibility in the
    conduct of business in this State or elsewhere;
        (5) having a high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing permit, or its equivalent, revoked in any other
    state, province, district, or territory for incurring a
    material or major violation or using fraudulent or
    dishonest practices; or
        (6) an emergency condition exists under which conduct
    of the high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
    operations would pose a significant hazard to public
    health, aquatic life, wildlife, or the environment.
    (b) In every case in which a permit is suspended or
revoked, the Department shall serve notice of its action,
including a statement of the reasons for the action, either
personally or by certified mail, receipt return requested, to
the permittee.
    (c) The order of suspension or revocation of a permit shall
take effect upon issuance of the order. The permittee may
request, in writing, within 30 days after the date of receiving
the notice, a hearing. Except as provided under subsection (d)
of this Section, in the event a hearing is requested, the order
shall remain in effect until a final order is entered pursuant
to the hearing.
    (d) The order of suspension or revocation of a permit may
be stayed if requested by the permittee and evidence is
submitted demonstrating that there is no significant threat to
the public health, aquatic life, wildlife, or the environment
if the operation is allowed to continue.
    (e) The hearing shall be held at a time and place
designated by the Department. The Director of the Department or
any administrative law judge designated by him or her have the
power to administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses
and compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the
production of books, papers, correspondence, and other records
or information that he or she considers relevant or material.
    (f) The costs of the administrative hearing shall be set by
rule and shall be borne by the permittee.
    (g) The Department's decision to suspend or revoke a high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit is subject to
judicial review under the Administrative Review Law.
 
    Section 1-65. Hydraulic fracturing permit; bonds.
    (a) An applicant for a high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing permit under this Act shall provide a bond, executed
by a surety authorized to transact business in this State. The
bond shall be in the amount of $50,000 per permit or a blanket
bond of $500,000 for all permits. If the applicant is required
to submit a bond to the Department under the Illinois Oil and
Gas Act, the applicant's submission of a bond under this
Section shall satisfy the bonding requirements provided for in
the Illinois Oil and Gas Act. In lieu of a bond, the applicant
may provide other collateral securities such as cash,
certificates of deposit, or irrevocable letters of credit under
the terms and conditions as the Department may provide by rule.
    (b) The bond or other collateral securities shall remain in
force until the well is plugged and abandoned. Upon abandoning
a well to the satisfaction of the Department and in accordance
with the Illinois Oil and Gas Act, the bond or other collateral
securities shall be promptly released by the Department. Upon
the release by the Department of the bond or other collateral
securities, any cash or collateral securities deposited shall
be returned by the Department to the applicant who deposited
it.
    (c) If, after notice and hearing, the Department determines
that any of the requirements of this Act or rules adopted under
this Act or the orders of the Department have not been complied
with within the time limit set by any notice of violation
issued under this Act, the permittee's bond or other collateral
securities shall be forfeited. Forfeiture under this
subsection shall not limit any duty of the permittee to
mitigate or remediate harms or foreclose enforcement by the
Department or the Agency. In no way will payment under this
bond exceed the aggregate penalty as specified.
    (d) When any bond or other collateral security is forfeited
under the provisions of this Act or rules adopted under this
Act, the Department shall collect the forfeiture without delay.
The surety shall have 30 days to submit payment for the bond
after receipt of notice by the permittee of the forfeiture.
    (e) All forfeitures shall be deposited in the Mines and
Minerals Regulatory Fund to be used, as necessary, to mitigate
or remediate violations of this Act or rules adopted under this
Act.
 
    Section 1-70. Well preparation, construction, and
drilling.
    (a) This Section shall apply to all horizontal wells that
are to be completed using high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations under a high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing permit. The requirements of this Section shall be in
addition to any other laws or rules regarding wells and well
sites.
    (b) Site preparation standards shall be as follows:
        (1) The access road to the well site must be located in
    accordance with access rights identified in the Illinois
    Oil and Gas Act and located as far as practical from
    occupied structures, places of assembly, and property
    lines of unleased property.
        (2) Unless otherwise approved or directed by the
    Department, all topsoil stripped to facilitate the
    construction of the well pad and access roads must be
    stockpiled, stabilized, and remain on site for use in
    either partial or final reclamation. In the event it is
    anticipated that the final reclamation shall take place in
    excess of one year from drilling the well the topsoil may
    be disposed of in any lawful manner provided the operator
    reclaims the site with topsoil of similar characteristics
    of the topsoil removed.
        (3) Piping, conveyances, valves, and tanks in contact
    with hydraulic fracturing fluid, hydraulic fracturing
    flowback, or produced water must be constructed of
    materials compatible with the composition of the hydraulic
    fracturing fluid, hydraulic fracturing flowback, and
    produced water.
        (4) The improvement, construction, or repair of a
    publicly owned highway or roadway, if undertaken by the
    owner, operator, permittee, or any other private entity,
    shall be performed using bidding procedures outlined in the
    Illinois Department of Transportation rules governing
    local roads and streets or applicable bidding requirements
    outlined in the Illinois Procurement Code as though the
    project were publicly funded.
    (c) Site maintenance standards shall be as follows:
        (1) Secondary containment is required for all fueling
    tanks.
        (2) Fueling tanks shall be subject to Section 1-25 of
    this Act.
        (3) Fueling tank filling operations shall be
    supervised at the fueling truck and at the tank if the tank
    is not visible to the fueling operator from the truck.
        (4) Troughs, drip pads, or drip pans are required
    beneath the fill port of a fueling tank during filling
    operations if the fill port is not within the secondary
    containment required by paragraph (1) of this subsection.
    (d) All wells shall be constructed, and casing and
cementing activities shall be conducted, in a manner that shall
provide for control of the well at all times, prevent the
migration of oil, gas, and other fluids into the fresh water
and coal seams, and prevent pollution or diminution of fresh
water. In addition to any of the Department's casing and
cementing requirements, the following shall apply:
        (1) All casings must conform to the current industry
    standards published by the American Petroleum Institute.
        (2) Casing thread compound and its use must conform to
    the current industry standards published by the American
    Petroleum Institute.
        (3) Surface casing shall be centralized at the shoe,
    above and below a stage collar or diverting tool, if run,
    and through usable-quality water zones. In non-deviated
    holes, pipe centralization as follows is required: a
    centralizer shall be placed every fourth joint from the
    cement shoe to the ground surface or to the bottom of the
    cellar. All centralizers shall meet specifications in, or
    equivalent to, API spec 10D, Specification for Bow-Spring
    Casing Centralizers; API Spec 10 TR4, Technical Report on
    Considerations Regarding Selection of Centralizers for
    Primary Cementing Operations; and API RP 10D-2,
    Recommended Practice for Centralizer Placement and Stop
    Collar Testing. The Department may require additional
    centralization as necessary to ensure the integrity of the
    well design is adequate. All centralizers must conform to
    the current industry standards published by the American
    Petroleum Institute.
        (4) Cement must conform to current industry standards
    published by the American Petroleum Institute and the
    cement slurry must be prepared to minimize its free water
    content in accordance with the current industry standards
    published by the American Petroleum Institute; the cement
    must also:
            (A) secure the casing in the wellbore;
            (B) isolate and protect fresh groundwater;
            (C) isolate abnormally pressured zones, lost
        circulation zones, and any potential flow zones
        including hydrocarbon and fluid-bearing zones;
            (D) properly control formation pressure and any
        pressure from drilling, completion and production;
            (E) protect the casing from corrosion and
        degradation; and
            (F) prevent gas flow in the annulus.
        (5) Prior to cementing any casing string, the borehole
    must be circulated and conditioned to ensure an adequate
    cement bond.
        (6) A pre-flush or spacer must be pumped ahead of the
    cement.
        (7) The cement must be pumped at a rate and in a flow
    regime that inhibits channeling of the cement in the
    annulus.
        (8) Cement compressive strength tests must be
    performed on all surface, intermediate, and production
    casing strings; after the cement is placed behind the
    casing, the operator shall wait on cement to set until the
    cement achieves a calculated compressive strength of at
    least 500 pounds per square inch, and a minimum of 8 hours
    before the casing is disturbed in any way, including
    installation of a blowout preventer. The cement shall have
    a 72-hour compressive strength of at least 1,200 psi, and
    the free water separation shall be no more than 6
    milliliters per 250 milliliters of cement, tested in
    accordance with current American petroleum Institute
    standards.
        (9) A copy of the cement job log for any cemented
    casing string in the well shall be maintained in the well
    file and available to the Department upon request.
        (10) Surface casing shall be used and set to a depth of
    at least 200 feet, or 100 feet below the base of the
    deepest fresh water, whichever is deeper, but no more than
    200 feet below the base of the deepest fresh water and
    prior to encountering any hydrocarbon-bearing zones. The
    surface casing must be run and cemented as soon as
    practicable after the hole has been adequately circulated
    and conditioned.
        (11) The Department must be notified at least 24 hours
    prior to surface casing cementing operations. Surface
    casing must be fully cemented to the surface with excess
    cements. Cementing must be by the pump and plug method with
    a minimum of 25% excess cement with appropriate lost
    circulation material, unless another amount of excess
    cement is approved by the Department. If cement returns are
    not observed at the surface, the operator must perform
    remedial actions as appropriate.
        (12) Intermediate casing must be installed when
    necessary to isolate fresh water not isolated by surface
    casing and to seal off potential flow zones, anomalous
    pressure zones, lost circulation zones and other drilling
    hazards.
        Intermediate casing must be set to protect fresh water
    if surface casing was set above the base of the deepest
    fresh water, if additional fresh water was found below the
    surface casing shoe, or both. Intermediate casing used to
    isolate fresh water must not be used as the production
    string in the well in which it is installed, and may not be
    perforated for purposes of conducting a hydraulic fracture
    treatment through it.
        When intermediate casing is installed to protect fresh
    water, the operator shall set a full string of new
    intermediate casing at least 100 feet below the base of the
    deepest fresh water and bring cement to the surface. In
    instances where intermediate casing was set solely to
    protect fresh water encountered below the surface casing
    shoe, and cementing to the surface is technically
    infeasible, would result in lost circulation, or both,
    cement must be brought to a minimum of 600 feet above the
    shallowest fresh water zone encountered below the surface
    casing shoe or to the surface if the fresh water zone is
    less than 600 feet from the surface. The location and
    depths of any hydrocarbon-bearing zones or fresh water
    zones that are open to the wellbore above the casing shoe
    must be confirmed by coring, electric logs, or testing and
    must be reported to the Department.
        In the case that intermediate casing was set for a
    reason other than to protect strata that contains fresh
    water, the intermediate casing string shall be cemented
    from the shoe to a point at least 600 true vertical feet
    above the shoe. If there is a hydrocarbon bearing zone
    capable of producing exposed above the intermediate casing
    shoe, the casing shall be cemented from the shoe to a point
    at least 600 true vertical feet above the shallowest
    hydrocarbon bearing zone or to a point at least 200 feet
    above the shoe of the next shallower casing string that was
    set and cemented in the well (or to the surface if less
    than 200 feet).
        (13) The Department must be notified prior to
    intermediate casing cementing operations. Cementing must
    be by the pump and plug method with a minimum of 25% excess
    cement. A radial cement bond evaluation log, or other
    evaluation approved by the Department, must be run to
    verify the cement bond on the intermediate casing. Remedial
    cementing is required if the cement bond is not adequate
    for drilling ahead.
        (14) Production casing must be run and fully cemented
    to 500 feet above the top perforated zone, if possible. The
    Department must be notified at least 24 hours prior to
    production casing cementing operations. Cementing must be
    by the pump and plug method with a minimum of 25% excess
    cement.
        (15) At any time, the Department, as it deems
    necessary, may require installation of an additional
    cemented casing string or strings in the well.
        (16) After the setting and cementing of a casing
    string, except the conductor casing, and prior to further
    drilling, the casing string shall be tested with fresh
    water, mud, or brine to no less than 0.22 psi per foot of
    casing string length or 1,500 psi, whichever is greater but
    not to exceed 70% of the minimum internal yield, for at
    least 30 minutes with less than a 5% pressure loss, except
    that any casing string that will have pressure exerted on
    it during stimulation of the well shall be tested to at
    least the maximum anticipated treatment pressure. If the
    pressure declines more than 5% or if there are other
    indications of a leak, corrective action shall be taken
    before conducting further drilling and high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations. The operator
    shall contact the Department's District Office for any
    county in which the well is located at least 24 hours prior
    to conducting a pressure test to enable an inspector to be
    present when the test is done. A record of the pressure
    test must be maintained by the operator and must be
    submitted to the Department on a form prescribed by the
    Department prior to conducting high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations. The actual pressure must
    not exceed the test pressure at any time during high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations.
        (17) Any hydraulic fracturing string used in the high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations must be
    either strung into a production liner or run with a packer
    set at least 100 feet below the deepest cement top and must
    be tested to not less than the maximum anticipated treating
    pressure minus the annulus pressure applied between the
    fracturing string and the production or immediate casing.
    The pressure test shall be considered successful if the
    pressure applied has been held for 30 minutes with no more
    than 5% pressure loss. A function-tested relief valve and
    diversion line must be installed and used to divert flow
    from the hydraulic fracturing string-casing annulus to a
    covered watertight steel tank in case of hydraulic
    fracturing string failure. The relief valve must be set to
    limit the annular pressure to no more than 95% of the
    working pressure rating of the casings forming the annulus.
    The annulus between the hydraulic fracturing string and
    casing must be pressurized to at least 250 psi and
    monitored.
        (18) After a successful pressure test under paragraph
    (16) of this subsection, a formation pressure integrity
    test must be conducted below the surface casing and below
    all intermediate casing. The operator shall notify the
    Department's District Office for any county in which the
    well is located at least 24 hours prior to conducting a
    formation pressure integrity test to enable an inspector to
    be present when the test is done. A record of the pressure
    test must be maintained by the operator and must be
    submitted to the Department on a form prescribed by the
    Department prior to conducting high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations. The actual hydraulic
    fracturing treatment pressure must not exceed the test
    pressure at any time during high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations.
    (e) Blowout prevention standards shall be set as follows:
            (1) The operator shall use blowout prevention
        equipment after setting casing with a competent casing
        seat. Blowout prevention equipment shall be in good
        working condition at all times.
            (2) The operator shall use pipe fittings, valves,
        and unions placed on or connected to the blow-out
        prevention systems that have a working pressure
        capability that exceeds the anticipated pressures.
            (3) During all drilling and completion operations
        when a blowout preventer is installed, tested, or in
        use, the operator or operator's designated
        representative shall be present at the well site and
        that person or personnel shall have a current well
        control certification from an accredited training
        program that is acceptable to the Department. The
        certification shall be available at the well site and
        provided to the Department upon request.
            (4) Appropriate pressure control procedures and
        equipment in proper working order must be properly
        installed and employed while conducting drilling and
        completion operations including tripping, logging,
        running casing into the well, and drilling out
        solid-core stage plugs.
            (5) Pressure testing of the blowout preventer and
        related equipment for any drilling or completion
        operation must be performed. Testing must be conducted
        in accordance with current industry standards
        published by the American Petroleum Institute. Testing
        of the blowout preventer shall include testing after
        the blowout preventer is installed on the well but
        prior to drilling below the last cemented casing seat.
        Pressure control equipment, including the blowout
        preventer, that fails any pressure test shall not be
        used until it is repaired and passes the pressure test.
            (6) A remote blowout preventer actuator, that is
        powered by a source other than rig hydraulics, shall be
        located at least 50 feet from the wellhead and have an
        appropriate rated working pressure.
 
    Section 1-75. High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations.
    (a) General.
        (1) During all phases of high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations, the permittee shall
    comply with all terms of the permit.
        (2) All phases of high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing operations shall be conducted in a manner that
    shall not pose a significant risk to public health, life,
    property, aquatic life, or wildlife.
        (3) The permittee shall notify the Department by phone,
    electronic communication, or letter, at least 48 hours
    prior to the commencement of high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations.
    (b) Integrity tests and monitoring.
        (1) Before the commencement of high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations, all mechanical integrity
    tests required under subsection (d) of Section 1-70 and
    this subsection must be successfully completed.
        (2) Prior to commencing high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations and pumping of hydraulic
    fracturing fluid, the injection lines and manifold,
    associated valves, fracture head or tree and any other
    wellhead component or connection not previously tested
    must be tested with fresh water, mud, or brine to at least
    the maximum anticipated treatment pressure for at least 30
    minutes with less than a 5% pressure loss. A record of the
    pressure test must be maintained by the operator and made
    available to the Department upon request. The actual high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing treatment pressure
    must not exceed the test pressure at any time during high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations.
        (3) The pressure exerted on treating equipment
    including valves, lines, manifolds, hydraulic fracturing
    head or tree, casing and hydraulic fracturing string, if
    used, must not exceed 95% of the working pressure rating of
    the weakest component. The high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing treatment pressure must not exceed
    the test pressure of any given component at any time during
    high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations.
        (4) During high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
    operations, all annulus pressures, the injection pressure,
    and the rate of injection shall be continuously monitored
    and recorded. The records of the monitoring shall be
    maintained by the operator and shall be provided to the
    Department upon request at any time during the period up to
    and including 5 years after the well is permanently plugged
    or abandoned.
        (5) High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
    operations must be immediately suspended if any anomalous
    pressure or flow condition or any other anticipated
    pressure or flow condition is occurring in a way that
    indicates the mechanical integrity of the well has been
    compromised and continued operations pose a risk to the
    environment. Remedial action shall be undertaken
    immediately prior to recommencing high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations. The permittee shall
    notify the Department within 1 hour of suspending
    operations for any matters relating to the mechanical
    integrity of the well or risk to the environment.
    (c) Fluid and waste management.
        (1) For the purposes of storage at the well site and
    except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection,
    hydraulic fracturing additives, hydraulic fracturing
    fluid, hydraulic fracturing flowback, and produced water
    shall be stored in above-ground tanks during all phases of
    drilling, high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing, and
    production operations until removed for proper disposal.
    For the purposes of centralized storage off site for
    potential reuse prior to disposal, hydraulic fracturing
    additives, hydraulic fracturing fluid, hydraulic
    fracturing flowback, and produced water shall be stored in
    above-ground tanks.
        (2) In accordance with the plan required by paragraph
    (11) of subsection (b) of Section 1-35 of this Act and as
    approved by the Department, the use of a reserve pit is
    allowed for the temporary storage of hydraulic fracturing
    flowback. The reserve pit shall be used only in the event
    of a lack of capacity for tank storage due to higher than
    expected volume or rate of hydraulic fracturing flowback,
    or other unanticipated flowback occurrence. Any reserve
    pit must comply with the following construction standards
    and liner specifications:
            (A) the synthetic liner material shall have a
        minimum thickness of 24 mils with high puncture and
        tear strength and be impervious and resistant to
        deterioration;
            (B) the pit lining system shall be designed to have
        a capacity at least equivalent to 110% of the maximum
        volume of hydraulic fracturing flowback anticipated to
        be recovered;
            (C) the lined pit shall be constructed, installed,
        and maintained in accordance with the manufacturers'
        specifications and good engineering practices to
        prevent overflow during any use;
            (D) the liner shall have sufficient elongation to
        cover the bottom and interior sides of the pit with the
        edges secured with at least a 12 inch deep anchor
        trench around the pit perimeter to prevent any slippage
        or destruction of the liner materials; and
            (E) the foundation for the liner shall be free of
        rock and constructed with soil having a minimum
        thickness of 12 inches after compaction covering the
        entire bottom and interior sides of the pit.
        (3) Fresh water may be stored in tanks or pits at the
    election of the operator.
        (4) Tanks required under this subsection must be
    above-ground tanks that are closed, watertight, and will
    resist corrosion. The permittee shall routinely inspect
    the tanks for corrosion.
        (5) Hydraulic fracturing fluids and hydraulic
    fracturing flowback must be removed from the well site
    within 60 days after completion of high volume horizontal
    fracturing operations, except that any excess hydraulic
    fracturing flowback captured for temporary storage in a
    reserve pit as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection
    must be removed from the well site within 7 days.
        (6) Tanks, piping, and conveyances, including valves,
    must be constructed of suitable materials, be of sufficient
    pressure rating, be able to resist corrosion, and be
    maintained in a leak-free condition. Fluid transfer
    operations from tanks to tanker trucks must be supervised
    at the truck and at the tank if the tank is not visible to
    the truck operator from the truck. During transfer
    operations, all interconnecting piping must be supervised
    if not visible to transfer personnel at the truck and tank.
        (7) Hydraulic fracturing flowback must be tested for
    volatile organic chemicals, semi-volatile organic
    chemicals, inorganic chemicals, heavy metals, and
    naturally occurring radioactive material prior to removal
    from the site. Testing shall occur once per well site and
    the analytical results shall be filed with the Department
    and the Agency, and provided to the liquid oilfield waste
    transportation and disposal operators. Prior to plugging
    and site restoration, the ground adjacent to the storage
    tanks and any hydraulic fracturing flowback reserve pit
    must be measured for radioactivity.
        (8) Hydraulic fracturing flowback may only be disposed
    of by injection into a Class II injection well that is
    below interface between fresh water and naturally
    occurring Class IV groundwater. Produced water may be
    disposed of by injection in a permitted enhanced oil
    recovery operation. Hydraulic fracturing flowback and
    produced water may be treated and recycled for use in
    hydraulic fracturing fluid for high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations.
        (9) Discharge of hydraulic fracturing fluids,
    hydraulic fracturing flowback, and produced water into any
    surface water or water drainage way is prohibited.
        (10) Transport of all hydraulic fracturing fluids,
    hydraulic fracturing flowback, and produced water by
    vehicle for disposal must be undertaken by a liquid
    oilfield waste hauler permitted by the Department under
    Section 8c of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act. The liquid
    oilfield waste hauler transporting hydraulic fracturing
    fluids, hydraulic fracturing flowback, or produced water
    under this Act shall comply with all laws, rules, and
    regulations concerning liquid oilfield waste.
        (11) Drill cuttings, drilling fluids, and drilling
    wastes not containing oil-based mud or polymer-based mud
    may be stored in tanks or pits. Pits used to store
    cuttings, fluids, and drilling wastes from wells not using
    fresh water mud shall be subject to the construction
    standards identified in (2) of this Section. Drill cuttings
    not contaminated with oil-based mud or polymer-based mud
    may be disposed of onsite subject to the approval of the
    Department. Drill cuttings contaminated with oil-based mud
    or polymer-based mud shall not be disposed of on site.
    Annular disposal of drill cuttings or fluid is prohibited.
        (12) Any release of hydraulic fracturing fluid,
    hydraulic fracturing additive, or hydraulic fracturing
    flowback, used or generated during or after high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations shall be
    immediately cleaned up and remediated pursuant to
    Department requirements. Any release of hydraulic
    fracturing fluid or hydraulic fracturing flowback in
    excess of 1 barrel, shall be reported to the Department.
    Any release of a hydraulic fracturing additive shall be
    reported to the Department in accordance with the
    appropriate reportable quantity thresholds established
    under the federal Emergency Planning and Community
    Right-to-Know Act as published in the Code of Federal
    Regulations (CFR), 40 CFR Parts 355, 370, and 372, the
    federal Comprehensive Environmental Response,
    Compensation, and Liability Act as published in 40 CFR Part
    302, and subsection (r) of Section 112 of the Federal Clean
    Air Act as published in 40 CFR Part 68. Any release of
    produced water in excess of 5 barrels shall be cleaned up,
    remediated, and reported pursuant to Department
    requirements.
        (13) Secondary containment for tanks required under
    this subsection and additive staging areas is required.
    Secondary containment measures may include, as deemed
    appropriate by the Department, one or a combination of the
    following: dikes, liners, pads, impoundments, curbs,
    sumps, or other structures or equipment capable of
    containing the substance. Any secondary containment must
    be sufficient to contain 110% of the total capacity of the
    single largest container or tank within a common
    containment area. No more than one hour before initiating
    any stage of the high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing operations, all secondary containment must be
    visually inspected to ensure all structures and equipment
    are in place and in proper working order. The results of
    this inspection must be recorded and documented by the
    operator, and available to the Department upon request.
        (14) A report on the transportation and disposal of the
    hydraulic fracturing fluids and hydraulic fracturing
    flowback shall be prepared and included in the well file.
    The report must include the amount of fluids transported,
    identification of the company that transported the fluids,
    the destination of the fluids, and the method of disposal.
        (15) Operators operating wells permitted under this
    Act must submit an annual report to the Department
    detailing the management of any produced water associated
    with the permitted well. The report shall be due to the
    Department no later than April 30th of each year and shall
    provide information on the operator's management of any
    produced water for the prior calendar year. The report
    shall contain information relative to the amount of
    produced water the well permitted under this Act produced,
    the method by which the produced water was disposed, and
    the destination where the produced water was disposed in
    addition to any other information the Department
    determines is necessary by rule.
    (d) Hydraulic fracturing fluid shall be confined to the
targeted formation designated in the permit. If the hydraulic
fracturing fluid or hydraulic fracturing flowback are
migrating into the freshwater zone or to the surface from the
well in question or from other wells, the permittee shall
immediately notify the Department and shut in the well until
remedial action that prevents the fluid migration is completed.
The permittee shall obtain the approval of the Department prior
to resuming operations.
    (e) Emissions controls.
        (1) This subsection applies to all horizontal wells
    that are completed with high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing.
        (2) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (8) of
    this subsection (e), permittees shall be responsible for
    managing gas and hydrocarbon fluids produced during the
    flowback period by routing recovered hydrocarbon fluids to
    one or more storage vessels or re-injecting into the well
    or another well, and routing recovered natural gas into a
    flow line or collection system, re-injecting the gas into
    the well or another well, using the gas as an on-site fuel
    source, or using the gas for another useful purpose that a
    purchased fuel or raw material would serve, with no direct
    release to the atmosphere.
        (3) If it is technically infeasible or economically
    unreasonable to minimize emissions associated with the
    venting of hydrocarbon fluids and natural gas during the
    flowback period using the methods specified in paragraph
    (2) of this subsection (e), the permittee shall capture and
    direct the emissions to a completion combustion device,
    except in conditions that may result in a fire hazard or
    explosion, or where high heat emissions from a completion
    combustion device may negatively impact waterways.
    Completion combustion devices must be equipped with a
    reliable continuous ignition source over the duration of
    the flowback period.
        (4) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (8) of
    this subsection (e), permittees shall be responsible for
    minimizing the emissions associated with venting of
    hydrocarbon fluids and natural gas during the production
    phase by:
            (A) routing the recovered fluids into storage
        vessels and (i) routing the recovered gas into a gas
        gathering line, collection system, or to a generator
        for onsite energy generation, providing that gas to the
        surface owner of the well site for use for heat or
        energy generation, or (ii) using another method other
        than venting or flaring; and
            (B) employing sand traps, surge vessels,
        separators, and tanks as soon as practicable during
        cleanout operations to safely maximize resource
        recovery and minimize releases to the environment.
        (5) If the permittee establishes that it is technically
    infeasible or economically unreasonable to minimize
    emissions associated with the venting of hydrocarbon
    fluids and natural gas during production using the methods
    specified in paragraph (4) of this subsection (e), the
    Department shall require the permittee to capture and
    direct any natural gas produced during the production phase
    to a flare. Any flare used pursuant to this paragraph shall
    be equipped with a reliable continuous ignition source over
    the duration of production. In order to establish technical
    infeasibility or economic unreasonableness under this
    paragraph (5), the permittee must demonstrate, for each
    well site on an annual basis, that taking the actions
    listed in paragraph (4) of this subsection (e) are not cost
    effective based on a site-specific analysis. Permittees
    that use a flare during the production phase for operations
    other than emergency conditions shall file an updated
    site-specific analysis annually with the Department. The
    analysis shall be due one year from the date of the
    previous submission and shall detail whether any changes
    have occurred that alter the technical infeasibility or
    economic unreasonableness of the permittee to reduce their
    emissions in accordance with paragraph (4) of this
    subsection (e).
        (6) Uncontrolled emissions exceeding 6 tons per year
    from storage tanks shall be recovered and routed to a flare
    that is designed in accordance with 40 CFR 60.18 and is
    certified by the manufacturer of the device. The permittee
    shall maintain and operate the flare in accordance with
    manufacturer specifications. Any flare used under this
    paragraph must be equipped with a reliable continuous
    ignition source over the duration of production.
        (7) The Department may approve an exemption that waives
    the flaring requirements of paragraphs (5) and (6) of this
    subsection (e) only if the permittee demonstrates that the
    use of the flare will pose a significant risk of injury or
    property damage and that alternative methods of collection
    will not threaten harm to the environment. In determining
    whether to approve a waiver, the Department shall consider
    the quantity of casinghead gas produced, the topographical
    and climatological features at the well site, and the
    proximity of agricultural structures, crops, inhabited
    structures, public buildings, and public roads and
    railways.
        (8) For each wildcat well, delineation well, or low
    pressure well, permittees shall be responsible for
    minimizing the emissions associated with venting of
    hydrocarbon fluids and natural gas during the flowback
    period and production phase by capturing and directing the
    emissions to a completion combustion device during the
    flowback period and to a flare during the production phase,
    except in conditions that may result in a fire hazard or
    explosion, or where high heat emissions from a completion
    combustion device or flare may negatively impact
    waterways. Completion combustion devices and flares shall
    be equipped with a reliable continuous ignition source over
    the duration of the flowback period and the production
    phase, as applicable.
        (9) On or after July 1, 2015, all flares used under
    paragraphs (5) and (8) of this subsection (e) shall (i)
    operate with a combustion efficiency of at least 98% and in
    accordance with 40 CFR 60.18; and (ii) be certified by the
    manufacturer of the device. The permittee shall maintain
    and operate the flare in accordance with manufacturer
    specifications.
        (10) Permittees shall employ practices for control of
    fugitive dust related to their operations. These practices
    shall include, but are not limited to, the use of speed
    restrictions, regular road maintenance, and restriction of
    construction activity during high-wind days. Additional
    management practices such as road surfacing, wind breaks
    and barriers, or automation of wells to reduce truck
    traffic may also be required by the Department if
    technologically feasible and economically reasonable to
    minimize fugitive dust emissions.
        (11) Permittees shall record and report to the
    Department on an annual basis the amount of gas flared or
    vented from each high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing well. Three years after the effective date of
    the first high-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing well
    permit issued by the Department, and every 3 years
    thereafter, the Department shall prepare a report that
    analyzes the amount of gas that has been flared or vented
    and make recommendations to the General Assembly on whether
    steps should be taken to reduce the amount of gas that is
    being flared or vented in this State.
    (f) High volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations
completion report. Within 60 calendar days after the conclusion
of high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations, the
operator shall file a high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations completion report with the Department. A
copy of each completion report submitted to the Department
shall be provided by the Department to the Illinois State
Geological Survey. The completion reports required by this
Section shall be considered public information and shall be
made available on the Department's website. The high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations completion report
shall contain the following information:
        (1) the permittee name as listed in the permit
    application;
        (2) the dates of the high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing operations;
        (3) the county where the well is located;
        (4) the well name and Department reference number;
        (5) the total water volume used in the high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations of the well,
    and the type and total volume of the base fluid used if
    something other than water;
        (6) each source from which the water used in the high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations was
    drawn, and the specific location of each source, including,
    but not limited to, the name of the county and latitude and
    longitude coordinates;
        (7) the quantity of hydraulic fracturing flowback
    recovered from the well;
        (8) a description of how hydraulic fracturing flowback
    recovered from the well was disposed and, if applicable,
    reused;
        (9) a chemical disclosure report identifying each
    chemical and proppant used in hydraulic fracturing fluid
    for each stage of the hydraulic fracturing operations
    including the following:
            (A) the total volume of water used in the hydraulic
        fracturing treatment of the well or the type and total
        volume of the base fluid used in the hydraulic
        fracturing treatment, if something other than water;
            (B) each hydraulic fracturing additive used in the
        hydraulic fracturing fluid, including the trade name,
        vendor, a brief descriptor of the intended use or
        function of each hydraulic fracturing additive, and
        the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), if applicable;
            (C) each chemical intentionally added to the base
        fluid, including for each chemical, the Chemical
        Abstracts Service number, if applicable; and
            (D) the actual concentration in the base fluid, in
        percent by mass, of each chemical intentionally added
        to the base fluid;
        (10) all pressures recorded during the high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations; and
        (11) any other reasonable or pertinent information
    related to the conduct of the high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations the Department may request
    or require by administrative rule.
 
    Section 1-77. Chemical disclosure; trade secret
protection.
    (a) If the chemical disclosure information required by
paragraph (8) of subsection (b) of Section 1-35 of this Act is
not submitted at the time of permit application, then the
permittee, applicant, or person who will perform high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations at the well shall
submit this information to the Department in electronic format
no less than 21 calendar days prior to performing the high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations. The
permittee shall not cause or allow any stimulation of the well
if it is not in compliance with this Section. Nothing in this
Section shall prohibit the person performing high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations from adjusting or
altering the contents of the fluid during the treatment process
to respond to unexpected conditions, as long as the permittee
or the person performing the high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations notifies the Department by electronic
mail within 24 hours of the departure from the initial
treatment design and includes a brief explanation of the reason
for the departure.
    (b) No permittee shall use the services of another person
to perform high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations unless the person is in compliance with this
Section.
    (c) Any person performing high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations within this State shall:
        (1) be authorized to do business in this State; and
        (2) maintain and disclose to the Department separate
    and up-to-date master lists of:
            (A) the base fluid to be used during any high
        volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations
        within this State;
            (B) all hydraulic fracturing additives to be used
        during any high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
        operations within this State; and
            (C) all chemicals and associated Chemical Abstract
        Service numbers to be used in any high volume
        horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations within this
        State.
    (d) Persons performing high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations are prohibited from using any base fluid,
hydraulic fracturing additive, or chemical not listed on their
master lists disclosed under paragraph (2) of subsection (c) of
this Section.
    (e) The Department shall assemble and post up-to-date
copies of the master lists it receives under paragraph (2) of
subsection (c) of this Section on its website in accordance
with Section 1-110 of this Act.
    (f) Where an applicant, permittee, or the person performing
high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations
furnishes chemical disclosure information to the Department
under this Section, Section 1-35, or Section 1-75 of this Act
under a claim of trade secret, the applicant, permittee, or
person performing high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations shall submit redacted and un-redacted copies of the
documents containing the information to the Department and the
Department shall use the redacted copies when posting materials
on its website.
    (g) Upon submission or within 5 calendar days of submission
of chemical disclosure information to the Department under this
Section, Section 1-35, or Section 1-75 of this Act under a
claim of trade secret, the person that claimed trade secret
protection shall provide a justification of the claim
containing the following: a detailed description of the
procedures used by the person to safeguard the information from
becoming available to persons other than those selected by the
person to have access to the information for limited purposes;
a detailed statement identifying the persons or class of
persons to whom the information has been disclosed; a
certification that the person has no knowledge that the
information has ever been published or disseminated or has
otherwise become a matter of general public knowledge; a
detailed discussion of why the person believes the information
to be of competitive value; and any other information that
shall support the claim.
    (h) Chemical disclosure information furnished under this
Section, Section 1-35, or Section 1-75 of this Act under a
claim of trade secret shall be protected from disclosure as a
trade secret if the Department determines that the statement of
justification demonstrates that:
        (1) the information has not been published,
    disseminated, or otherwise become a matter of general
    public knowledge; and
        (2) the information has competitive value.
    There is a rebuttable presumption that the information has
not been published, disseminated, or otherwise become a matter
of general public knowledge if the person has taken reasonable
measures to prevent the information from becoming available to
persons other than those selected by the person to have access
to the information for limited purposes and the statement of
justification contains a certification that the person has no
knowledge that the information has ever been published,
disseminated, or otherwise become a matter of general public
knowledge.
    (i) Denial of a trade secret request under this Section
shall be appealable under the Administrative Review Law.
    (j) A person whose request to inspect or copy a public
record is denied, in whole or in part, because of a grant of
trade secret protection may file a request for review with the
Public Access Counselor under Section 9.5 of the Freedom of
Information Act or for injunctive or declaratory relief under
Section 11 of the Freedom of Information Act for the purpose of
reviewing whether the Department properly determined that the
trade secret protection should be granted.
    (k) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (l) and (m)
of this Section, the Department must maintain the
confidentiality of chemical disclosure information furnished
under this Section, Section 1-35, or Section 1-75 of this Act
under a claim of trade secret, until the Department receives
official notification of a final order by a reviewing body with
proper jurisdiction that is not subject to further appeal
rejecting a grant of trade secret protection for that
information.
    (l) The Department shall adopt rules for the provision of
information furnished under a claim of trade secret to a health
professional who states a need for the information and
articulates why the information is needed. The health
professional may share that information with other persons as
may be professionally necessary, including, but not limited to,
the affected patient, other health professionals involved in
the treatment of the affected patient, the affected patient's
family members if the affected patient is unconscious, unable
to make medical decisions, or is a minor, the Centers for
Disease Control, and other government public health agencies.
Except as otherwise provided in this Section, any recipient of
the information shall not use the information for purposes
other than the health needs asserted in the request and shall
otherwise maintain the information as confidential.
Information so disclosed to a health professional shall in no
way be construed as publicly available. The holder of the trade
secret may request a confidentiality agreement consistent with
the requirements of this Section from all health professionals
to whom the information is disclosed as soon as circumstances
permit. The rules adopted by the Department shall also
establish procedures for providing the information in both
emergency and non-emergency situations.
    (m) In the event of a release of hydraulic fracturing
fluid, a hydraulic fracturing additive, or hydraulic
fracturing flowback, and when necessary to protect public
health or the environment, the Department may disclose
information furnished under a claim of trade secret to the
relevant county public health director or emergency manager,
the relevant fire department chief, the Director of the
Illinois Department of Public Health, the Director of the
Illinois Department of Agriculture, and the Director of the
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency upon request by that
individual. The Director of the Illinois Department of Public
Health, and the Director of the Illinois Environmental
Protection Agency, and the Director of the Illinois Department
of Agriculture may disclose this information to staff members
under the same terms and conditions as apply to the Director of
Natural Resources. Except as otherwise provided in this
Section, any recipient of the information shall not use the
information for purposes other than to protect public health or
the environment and shall otherwise maintain the information as
confidential. Information disclosed to staff shall in no way be
construed as publicly available. The holder of the trade secret
information may request a confidentiality agreement consistent
with the requirements of this Section from all persons to whom
the information is disclosed as soon as circumstances permit.
 
    Section 1-80. Water quality monitoring.
    (a) Each applicant for a high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing permit shall provide the Department with a work plan
to ensure accurate and complete sampling and testing as
required under this Section. The work plan shall ensure
compliance with the requirements of this Section and include,
at a minimum, the following:
        (1) information identifying all water sources within
    the range of testing under this Section;
        (2) a sampling plan and protocol, including
    notification to the Department at least 7 calendar days
    prior to sample collection;
        (3) the name and contact information of an independent
    third party under the supervision of a professional
    engineer or professional geologist that shall be
    designated to conduct sampling to establish a baseline as
    provided for under subsection (b) of this Section;
        (4) the name and contact information of an independent
    third party under the supervision of a professional
    engineer or professional geologist that shall be
    designated to conduct sampling to establish compliance
    with monitoring as provided within subsection (c) of this
    Section;
        (5) the name and contact information of an independent
    testing laboratory, certified to perform the required
    laboratory method, to conduct the analysis required under
    subsections (b) and (c) of this Section;
        (6) proof of access and the right to test within the
    area for testing prescribed within subsection (b) of this
    Section during the duration of high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations covered under the permit
    application, and copies of any non-disclosure agreements
    made under subsection (d) of this Section; and
        (7) identification of practicable contingency
    measures, including provision for alternative drinking
    water supplies, which could be implemented in the event of
    pollution or diminution of a water source as provided for
    in Section 1-83.
    (b) Prior to conducting high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations on a well, a permittee shall retain an
independent third party, as required within paragraph (3) of
subsection (a) of this Section, and shall conduct baseline
water quality sampling of all water sources within 1,500 feet
of the well site prior to any fracturing activities. Where (i)
there are no groundwater wells within 1,500 feet of a well
site, or access to groundwater wells within 1,500 feet of the
well site has been denied under subsection (d) of this Section,
and (ii) the proposed well site is located within 1,500 feet
horizontally from any portion of an aquifer, the permittee
shall conduct sampling of the aquifer at the closest
groundwater well with access to the aquifer to which the
permittee has not been denied access under subsection (d) of
this Section. Installation of a groundwater monitoring well is
not required to satisfy the sampling requirements of this
Section. The samples collected by the independent third party,
under the supervision of a professional engineer or
professional geologist, shall be analyzed by an independent
testing laboratory in accordance with paragraph (4) of
subsection (a) of this Section. Testing shall be done by
collection of a minimum of 3 samples for each water source
required to be tested under this Section. The permittee shall,
within 7 calendar days after receipt of results of tests
conducted under this subsection, submit the results to the
Department or to the owner of the water source under a
non-disclosure agreement under subsection (d) of this Section.
The Department shall post the results on its website within 7
calendar days after receipt. The results shall, at a minimum,
include a detailed description of the sampling and testing
conducted under this subsection, the chain of custody of the
samples, and quality control of the testing.
    (c) After baseline tests are conducted under subsection (b)
of this Section and following issuance of a permit by the
Department, the permittee shall have all water sources which
are subjected to sampling under subsection (b) of this Section
sampled and tested in the same manner 6 months, 18 months, and
30 months after the high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations have been completed. Sampling of a water source
under this subsection is not required if the water source was
sampled under this subsection or subsection (b) within the
previous month. The permittee shall notify the Department at
least 7 calendar days prior to taking the sample. The permittee
shall, within 7 calendar days after receipt of results of tests
conducted under this subsection (c), submit the results to the
Department or to the owner of the water source pursuant to a
non-disclosure agreement under subsection (d) of this Section.
The results shall include, at a minimum, a detailed description
of the sampling and testing conducted under this subsection,
the chain of custody of the samples, and quality control of the
testing.
    (d) Sampling of private water wells or ponds wholly
contained within private property shall not be required where
the owner of the private property declines, expressly and in
writing, to provide access or permission for sampling. If the
owner of the private property declines to provide proof of his
or her refusal to allow access in writing, the operator shall
provide the Department evidence as to the good faith efforts
that were made to secure the required documentation. Permits
issued under this Act cannot be denied if the owner of the
private property declines to provide proof of his or her
refusal to allow access in writing and the permittee provides
evidence that good faith efforts were made to gain access for
the purposes of conducting tests. The owners of private
property may condition access or permission for sampling of a
private water well or pond wholly within the property or a
portion of any perennial stream or river that flows through the
property under a non-disclosure agreement, which must include
the following terms and conditions:
        (1) the permittee shall provide the results of the
    water quality testing to the property owners;
        (2) the permittee shall retain the results of the water
    quality testing until at least one year after completion of
    all monitoring under this Section for review by the
    Department upon request;
        (3) the permittee shall not file with the Department
    the results of the water quality testing, except under
    paragraph (4) of subsection (d) of this Section; and
        (4) the permittee shall notify the Department within 7
    calendar days of its receipt of the water quality data
    where any testing under subsection (c) of this Section
    indicates that concentrations exceed the standards or
    criteria referenced in the definition of pollution or
    diminution under Section 1-5 of this Act.
    (e) Each set of samples collected under subsections (b) and
(c) of this Section shall include analyses for:
        (1) pH;
        (2) total dissolved solids, dissolved methane,
    dissolved propane, dissolved ethane, alkalinity, and
    specific conductance;
        (3) chloride, sulfate, arsenic, barium, calcium,
    chromium, iron, magnesium, selenium, cadmium, lead,
    manganese, mercury, and silver;
        (4) BTEX; and
        (5) gross alpha and beta particles to determine the
    presence of any naturally occurring radioactive materials.
    Sampling shall, at a minimum, be consistent with the work
plan and allow for a determination of whether any hydraulic
fracturing additive or other contaminant has caused pollution
or diminution for purposes of Sections 1-83 and 1-85 of this
Act.
 
    Section 1-83. Order authority.
    (a) Any person who has reason to believe they have incurred
pollution or diminution of a water source as a result of a high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing treatment of a well may
notify the Department and request that an investigation be
conducted.
    (b) Within 30 calendar days after notification, the
Department shall initiate the investigation of the claim and
make a reasonable effort to reach a determination within 180
calendar days after notification. The Department may contact
the Agency to seek the Agency's assistance in water quality
sampling. The Agency may seek cost recovery under subsection
(e) of Section 1-87 of this Act and recover all costs for
samples taken for the investigation under this Section.
    (c) Any person conducting or who has conducted high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations shall supply any
information requested by the Department to assist the
Department. The Department shall give due consideration to any
information submitted during the course of the investigation.
    (d) If sampling results or other information obtained as
part of the investigation or the results of tests conducted
under subsection (c) of Section 1-80 of this Act indicate that
concentrations exceed the standards or criteria referenced by
pollution or diminution under Section 1-5 of this Act, the
Department shall issue an order to the permittee as necessary
to require permanent or temporary replacement of a water
source. In addition to any other penalty available under the
law and consistent with the Department's order, the permittee
shall restore or replace the affected supply with an
alternative source of water adequate in quantity and quality
for the purposes served by the water source. The quality of a
restored or replaced water source shall meet or exceed the
quality of the original water source based upon the results of
the baseline test results under subsection (b) of Section 1-80
for that water source, or other available information. The
Department may require the permittee to take immediate action,
including but not limited to, repair, replacement, alteration,
or prohibition of operation of equipment permitted by the
Department. The Department may issue conditions within any
order to protect the public health or welfare or the
environment.
    (e) Within 15 calendar days after a determination has been
made regarding the pollution or diminution, the Department
shall provide notice of its findings and the orders, if any, to
all persons that use the water source for domestic,
agricultural, industrial, or any other legitimate beneficial
uses.
    (f) Upon issuance of an Order or a finding of pollution or
diminution under subsection (d) of this Section, the Department
shall contact the Agency and forward all information from the
investigation to the Agency. The Agency shall investigate the
potential for violations as designated within Section 1-87 of
this Act.
    (g) Reports of potential cases of water pollution that may
be associated with high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations may be submitted electronically. The Department
shall establish a format for these reports to be submitted
through the website developed under Section 1-110 of this Act.
The Department shall electronically provide these reports to
the Agency.
    (h) The Department shall publish, on its website, lists of
confirmed cases of pollution or diminution that result from
high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations. This
information shall be searchable by county.
    (i) Nothing in this Section shall prevent the Department
from issuing a cessation order under Section 8a of the Illinois
Oil and Gas Act.
 
    Section 1-85. Presumption of pollution or diminution.
    (a) This Section establishes a rebuttable presumption for
the purposes of evidence and liability under State law
regarding claims of pollution or diminution of a water source
and for use regarding the investigation and order authority
under Section 1-83.
    (b) Unless rebutted by a defense established in subsection
(c) of this Section, it shall be presumed that any person
conducting or who has conducted high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations shall be liable for pollution
or diminution of a water supply if:
        (1) the water source is within 1,500 feet of the well
    site;
        (2) water quality data showed no pollution or
    diminution prior to the start of high volume horizontal
    hydraulic fracturing operations; and
        (3) the pollution or diminution occurred during high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations or no
    more than 30 months after the completion of the high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations.
    (c) To rebut the presumption established under this
Section, a person presumed responsible must affirmatively
prove by clear and convincing evidence any of the following:
        (1) the water source is not within 1,500 feet of the
    well site;
        (2) the pollution or diminution occurred prior to high
    volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations or more
    than 30 months after the completion of the high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations; or
        (3) the pollution or diminution occurred as the result
    of an identifiable cause other than the high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations.
 
    Section 1-87. Water quality investigation and enforcement.
    (a) No person shall cause or allow high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations permitted under this Act to
violate Section 12 of the Illinois Environmental Protection Act
or surface water or groundwater regulations adopted under the
Illinois Environmental Protection Act.
    (b) The Agency shall have the duty to investigate
complaints that activities under this Act have caused a
violation of Section 12 of the Illinois Environmental
Protection Act or surface or groundwater rules adopted under
the Illinois Environmental Protection Act. Any action taken by
the Agency in enforcing these violations shall be taken under
and consistent with the Illinois Environmental Protection Act,
including but not limited to, the Agency's authority to seek a
civil or criminal cause of action under that Act. The test
results under subsections (b) and (c) of Section 1-80 of this
Act may be considered by the Agency during an investigation
under this Section.
    (c) A person who has reason to believe they have incurred
contamination of a water source as a result of high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing may notify the Agency and
request an investigation be conducted. The Agency shall forward
this request to the Department for consideration of an
investigation under Section 1-83 of this Act. If the Agency is
provided with notice under subsection (f) of Section 1-83, the
Agency shall conduct an investigation to determine whether
pollution or diminution is continuing to occur at the location
subject to the order, as well as locations identified by the
Department or at any other water source within 1,500 feet of
the well site. Any person conducting or who has conducted high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations shall supply
any information requested to assist the Agency in its
investigation. The Agency shall give due consideration to any
information submitted during the course of the investigation.
    (d) Pollution or diminution is a violation of this Act and
may be pursued by the Department subject to the procedures and
remedies under Sections 1-100 and 1-105 of this Act.
    (e) If an Agency investigation under Section 1-83 or
subsection (c) of this Section confirms that the cause of the
pollution, diminution, or water pollution is attributable to
high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations, in
addition to any other relief available under law, the permittee
shall be required to reimburse the costs and reasonable
expenses incurred by the Agency for all activities related to
the investigation and cleanup. These costs shall include, but
not be limited to, inspections, investigations, analyses,
personnel, direct and indirect costs, studies, assessments,
reports, and review and evaluation of that data, as well as
costs under the Agency's review of whether the quality of a
restored or replaced water supply meets or exceeds the quality
of the water supply before it was affected by the permittee.
Costs shall be reimbursed to the Agency by the permittee within
30 calendar days after receipt of a written request for
reimbursement by the Agency. For all costs that remain unpaid
following 30 calendar days after receipt of a written request
for reimbursement, the Agency may institute a civil action for
cost recovery under subsection (e) of Section 1-101 of this
Act. Failure to reimburse the Agency within 30 calendar days
after receipt of the written request for reimbursement is a
violation of this Act. Reimbursement of costs collected under
this subsection shall be deposited by the Agency into the
Illinois Clean Water Fund.
 
    Section 1-95. Plugging; restoration.
    (a) The permittee shall perform and complete plugging of
the well and restoration of the well site in accordance with
the Illinois Oil and Gas Act and any and all rules adopted
thereunder. The permittee shall bear all costs related to
plugging of the well and reclamation of the well site. If the
permittee fails to plug the well in accordance with this
Section, the owner of the well shall be responsible for
complying with this Section.
    (b) Prior to conducting high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations at a well site, the permittee shall cause
to be plugged all previously unplugged well bores within 750
feet of any part of the horizontal well bore that penetrated
within 400 vertical feet of the formation that will be
stimulated as part of the high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations.
    (c) For well sites where high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations were permitted to occur, the operator
shall restore any lands used by the operator other than the
well site and production facility to a condition as closely
approximating the pre-drilling conditions that existed before
the land was disturbed for any stage of site preparation
activities, drilling, and high volume horizontal hydraulic
fracturing operations. Restoration shall be commenced within 6
months of completion of the well site and completed within 12
months. Restoration shall include, but is not limited to,
repair of tile lines, repair of fences and barriers, mitigation
of soil compaction and rutting, application of fertilizer or
lime to restore the fertility of disturbed soil, and repair of
soil conservation practices such as terraces and grassed
waterways.
    (d) Unless contractually agreed to the contrary by the
permittee and surface owner, the permittee shall restore the
well site and production facility in accordance with the
applicable restoration requirements in subsection (c) of this
Section and shall remove all equipment and materials involved
in site preparation, drilling, and high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations, including tank batteries,
rock and concrete pads, oil field debris, injection and flow
lines at or above the surface, electric power lines and poles
extending on or above the surface, tanks, fluids, pipes at or
above the surface, secondary containment measures, rock or
concrete bases, drilling equipment and supplies, and any and
all other equipment, facilities, or materials used during any
stage of site preparation work, drilling, or hydraulic
fracturing operations at the well site. Work on the removal of
equipment and materials at the well site shall begin within 6
months after plugging the final well on the well site and be
completed no later than 12 months after the last producing well
on the well site has been plugged. Roads installed as part of
the oil and gas operation may be left in place if provided in
the lease or pursuant to agreement with the surface owner, as
applicable.
 
    Section 1-96. Seismicity.
    (a) For purposes of this Section, "induced seismicity"
means an earthquake event that is felt, recorded by the
national seismic network, and attributable to a Class II
injection well used for disposal of flow-back and produced
fluid from hydraulic fracturing operations.
    (b) The Department shall adopt rules, in consultation with
the Illinois State Geological Survey, establishing a protocol
for controlling operational activity of Class II injection
wells in an instance of induced seismicity.
    (c) The rules adopted by the Department under this Section
shall employ a "traffic light" control system allowing for low
levels of seismicity while including additional monitoring and
mitigation requirements when seismic events are of sufficient
intensity to result in a concern for public health and safety.
    (d) The additional mitigation requirements referenced in
subsection (c) of this Section shall provide for either the
scaling back of injection operations with monitoring for
establishment of a potentially safe operation level or the
immediate cessation of injection operations.
 
    Section 1-97. Department mapping and reporting. On or
before February 1, 2014, the Department shall, with the
assistance of the Illinois State Geological Survey, submit a
report to the General Assembly and Governor identifying the
following in Illinois and include any recommendations for
additional legislative or administrative action on these
items:
    (a) the location of resources of shale gas and oil,
conventional gas and oil, and process materials, including sand
and other naturally occurring geologic materials used in high
volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations;
    (b) the potential impacts of high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations on:
        (1) sites owned, managed or leased by the Department;
        (2) nature preserves;
        (3) sites on the Register of Land and Water Reserves;
        (4) the availability of water for human consumption and
    general domestic use; and
        (5) the potential for influencing natural seismic
    activity.
    Two years after the effective date of the first high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit issued by the
Department, and every 3 years thereafter, the Department shall
prepare a report that examines the following:
        (1) the number of high volume horizontal hydraulic
    fracturing permits issued by the Department, on an annual
    basis;
        (2) a map showing the locations in this State where
    high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations
    have been permitted by the Department;
        (3) identification of the latest scientific research,
    best practices, and technological improvements related to
    high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations and
    methods to protect the environment and public health;
        (4) any confirmed environmental impacts in this State
    due to high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
    operations, including, but not limited to, any reportable
    release of hydraulic fracturing flowback, hydraulic
    fracturing fluid, and hydraulic fracturing additive;
        (5) confirmed public health impacts in this State due
    to high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations;
        (6) a comparison of the revenues generated under
    subsection (e) of Section 1-35 of this Act to the
    Department's costs associated with implementing and
    administering provisions of this Act;
        (7) a comparison of the revenues generated under
    subsection (e) of Section 1-87 of this Act to the Agency's
    costs associated with implementing and administering
    provisions of this Act;
        (7.5) a summary of revenues generated annually from
    income, ad valorem, sales, and any other State and local
    taxes applicable to activity permitted under this Act by
    the Department, including an estimate of the income tax
    generated from lease payments and royalty payments;
        (8) a description of any modifications to existing
    programs, practices, or rules related to high volume
    horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations made by the
    Department;
        (9) any problems or issues the Department identifies as
    it implements and administers the provisions of this Act;
        (10) any recommendations for legislative action by the
    General Assembly to address the findings in the report; and
        (11) any other information the Department deems
    relevant regarding its specific experiences implementing
    and administering the provisions of this Act and,
    generally, high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
    operations.
    The first report shall also examine any studies issued by
the United States Environmental Protection Agency regarding
high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations. The
report required by this Section shall be provided to the
General Assembly and Governor.
 
    Section 1-98. Hydraulic fracturing completion reporting.
    (a) For the purposes of this Section, "hydraulic fracturing
operations" means all stages of a stimulation treatment of a
horizontal well as defined by this Act by the pressurized
application of more than 80,000 gallons but less than 300,001
gallons of hydraulic fracturing fluid and proppant to initiate
or propagate fractures in a geologic formation to enhance
extraction or production of oil or gas.
    (b) Within 60 calendar days after the conclusion of
hydraulic fracturing operations, the operator shall file a
hydraulic fracturing operations completion report with the
Department. The hydraulic fracturing operations completion
report shall contain the following information:
        (1) the name and location of the well;
        (2) the total and per-stage gallons of hydraulic
    fracturing fluid used at the well;
        (3) depth of the wellbore (including both total
    vertical depth and total measured depth);
        (4) length of horizontal wellbore;
        (5) the maximum surface treating pressure used;
        (6) the formation targeted;
        (7) the number of hydraulic fracturing stages; and
        (8) total perforated interval and individual
    perforation intervals.
 
    Section 1-99. Task Force on Hydraulic Fracturing
Regulation.
    (a) There is hereby created the Task Force on Hydraulic
Fracturing Regulation.
    (b) The task force shall consist of the following members
as follows:
        (1) Four legislators, appointed one each by the
    President of the Senate, the Minority Leader of the Senate,
    the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the
    Minority Leader of the House of Representatives;
        (2) The Governor, or his or her representative;
        (3) The Director of the Illinois Environmental
    Protection Agency, or his or her representative;
        (4) The Director of the Illinois Department of Natural
    Resources, or his or her representative;
        (5) The Attorney General of the State of Illinois, or
    his or her representative;
        (6) The Director of the Illinois State Geological
    Survey, or his or her representative;
        (7) Four representatives from environmental
    organizations, at least one of whom shall be a national
    environmental organization, at least one of whom shall be a
    Midwest regional environmental organization, and at least
    one of whom shall be an Illinois-based environmental
    organization, appointed by the Director of the Illinois
    Department of Natural Resources; and
        (8) Four representatives from entities representing
    the interests of the oil and gas industry, at least one of
    whom shall represent companies whose activities are
    national in scope, at least one of whom shall represent
    companies whose activities are primarily limited to this
    State, at least one of whom shall represent an industry
    trade association, and at least one of whom shall represent
    a statewide labor federation representing more than one
    international union, appointed by the Director of the
    Illinois Department of Natural Resources.
    (c) The Director of the Illinois Department of Natural
Resources shall serve as chairperson of the task force, and the
Department shall be responsible for administering its
operations and ensuring that the requirements of this Section
are met.
    (d) The task force may consult with any persons or entities
it deems necessary to carry out its mandate.
    (e) Members of the task force shall be appointed no later
than 90 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of
the 98th General Assembly. The members of the task force shall
receive no compensation for serving as members of the task
force.
    (f) The task force shall (1) prepare a report evaluating
the scope of hydraulic fracturing activity in the State and (2)
provide recommendations to the General Assembly as to whether
further legislation is needed to regulate hydraulic fracturing
in this State. In performing these tasks, the task force shall
consider, at a minimum, the data collected by the Department
under Section 1-98 of this Act and the Illinois Oil and Gas
Act.
    (g) The task force shall submit its report and
recommendations specified in subsection (f) of this Section to
the General Assembly on or before September 15, 2016.
    (h) The task force, upon issuance of its report and
recommendations, is dissolved and this Section is repealed.
 
    Section 1-100. Criminal offenses; penalties.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, it shall
be a Class A misdemeanor to knowingly violate this Act, its
rules, or any permit or term or condition thereof, or knowingly
to submit any false information under this Act or regulations
adopted thereunder, or under any permit or term or condition
thereof. A person convicted or sentenced under this subsection
(a) shall be subject to a fine of not to exceed $10,000 for
each day of violation.
    (b) It is unlawful for a person knowingly to violate:
        (1) subsection (c) of Section 1-25 of this Act;
        (2) subsection (d) of Section 1-25 of this Act;
        (3) subsection (a) of Section 1-30 of this Act;
        (4) paragraph (9) of subsection (c) of Section 1-75 of
    this Act; or
        (5) subsection (a) of Section 1-87 of this Act.
    A person convicted or sentenced for any knowing violation
of the requirements or prohibitions listed in this subsection
(b) commits a Class 4 felony, and in addition to any other
penalty prescribed by law is subject to a fine not to exceed
$25,000 for each day of violation. A person who commits a
second or subsequent knowing violation of the requirements or
prohibitions listed in this subsection (b) commits a Class 3
felony and, in addition to any other penalties provided by law,
is subject to a fine not to exceed $50,000 for each day of
violation.
    (c) Any person who knowingly makes a false, fictitious, or
fraudulent material statement, orally or in writing, to the
Department or Agency as required by this Act, its rules, or any
permit, term, or condition of a permit, commits a Class 4
felony, and each false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or
writing shall be considered a separate violation. In addition
to any other penalty prescribed by law, persons in violation of
this subsection (c) is subject to a fine of not to exceed
$25,000 for each day of violation. A person who commits a
second or subsequent knowing violation of this subsection (c)
commits a Class 3 felony and, in addition to any other
penalties provided by law, is subject to a fine not to exceed
$50,000 for each day of violation.
    (d) Any criminal action provided for under this Section
shall be brought by the State's Attorney of the county in which
the violation occurred or by the Attorney General and shall be
conducted in accordance with the applicable provision of the
Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963. For criminal conduct in
this Section, the period for commencing prosecution shall not
begin to run until the offense is discovered by or reported to
a State or local agency having authority to investigate
violations of this Act.
 
    Section 1-101. Violations; civil penalties and
injunctions.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, any
person who violates any provision of this Act or any rule or
order adopted under this Act or any permit issued under this
Act shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $50,000
for the violation and an additional civil penalty not to exceed
$10,000 for each day during which the violation continues.
    (b) Any person who violates any requirements or
prohibitions of provisions listed in this subsection (b) is
subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $100,000 for the
violation and an additional civil penalty not to exceed $20,000
for each day during which the violation continues. The
following are violations are subject to the penalties of this
subsection (b):
        (1) subsection (c) of Section 1-25 of this Act;
        (2) subsection (d) of Section 1-25 of this Act;
        (3) subsection (a) of Section 1-30 of this Act;
        (4) paragraph (9) of subsection (c) of Section 1-75 of
    this Act; or
        (5) subsection (a) of Section 1-87 of this Act.
    (c) Any person who knowingly makes, submits, causes to be
made, or causes to be submitted a false report of pollution,
diminution, or water pollution attributable to high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations that results in an
investigation by the Department or Agency under this Act shall
be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 for the
violation.
    (d) The penalty shall be recovered by a civil action before
the circuit court of the county in which the well site is
located or in the circuit court of Sangamon County. Venue shall
be considered proper in either court. These penalties may, upon
the order of a court of competent jurisdiction, be made payable
to the Environmental Protection Trust Fund, to be used in
accordance with the provisions of the Environmental Protection
Trust Fund Act.
    (e) The State's Attorney of the county in which the
violation occurred, or the Attorney General, may, at the
request of the Department or on his or her own motion,
institute a civil action for the recovery of costs, an
injunction, prohibitory or mandatory, to restrain violations
of this Act, any rule adopted under this Act, the permit or
term or condition of the permit, or to require other actions as
may be necessary to address violations of this Act, any rule
adopted under this Act, the permit or term or condition of the
permit.
    (f) The State's Attorney of the county in which the
violation occurred, or the Attorney General, shall bring
actions under this Section in the name of the People of the
State of Illinois. Without limiting any other authority that
may exist for the awarding of attorney's fees and costs, a
court of competent jurisdiction may award costs and reasonable
attorney's fees, including the reasonable costs of expert
witnesses and consultants, to the State's Attorney or the
Attorney General in a case where he or she has prevailed
against a person who has committed a knowing or repeated
violation of this Act, any rule adopted under this Act, or the
permit or term or condition of the permit.
    (g) All final orders imposing civil penalties under this
Section shall prescribe the time for payment of those
penalties. If any penalty is not paid within the time
prescribed, interest on penalty at the rate set forth in
subsection (a) of Section 1003 of the Illinois Income Tax Act,
shall be paid for the period from the date payment is due until
the date payment is received. However, if the time for payment
is stayed during the pendency of an appeal, interest shall not
accrue during stay.
 
    Section 1-102. Other relief.
    (a) Any person having an interest that is or may be
adversely affected may commence a civil action on his or her
own behalf to compel compliance with this Act against any
governmental instrumentality or agency which is alleged to be
in violation of the provisions of this Act or of any rule,
order, or permit issued under this Act, or against any other
person who is alleged to be in violation of this Act or of any
rule, order, or permit issued under this Act. No action may be
commenced under this subsection (a): (i) prior to 60 days after
the plaintiff has given notice in writing of the alleged
violation to the Department and to any alleged violator or (ii)
if the State has commenced and is diligently prosecuting a
civil action to require compliance with the provisions of this
Act, or any rule, order, or permit issued under this Act.
    (b) Any person having an interest that is or may be
adversely affected may commence a civil action against the
Department on his or her own behalf to compel compliance with
this Act where there is alleged a failure of the Department to
perform any act or duty under this Act that is not
discretionary with the Department. No action may be commenced
under this subsection (b) prior to 60 days after the plaintiff
has given notice in writing of the action to the Department,
except that action may be brought immediately after the
notification in the case where the violation or order
complained of constitutes an imminent threat to the health or
safety of the plaintiff or would immediately affect a legal
interest of the plaintiff.
    (c) The court, in issuing any final order in any action
brought under this Section, may award costs of litigation
(including attorney and expert witness fees) to any party, on
the basis of the importance of the proceeding and the
participation of the parties to the efficient and effective
enforcement of this Act. The court may, if a temporary
restraining order or preliminary injunction is sought, require
the filing of a bond or equivalent security in accordance with
Part 1 of Article XI of the Code of Civil Procedure.
    (d) Any person who is injured in his or her person or
property through the violation by any operator of any rule,
order, or permit issued under this Act may bring an action for
damages (including reasonable attorney and expert witness
fees). Nothing in this subsection (d) shall affect any of the
rights established by or limits imposed under the Workers'
Compensation Act.
    (e) Any action brought under this Section may be brought
only in the county in which the high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operation complained of is located.
    (f) In any action under this Section, the Department shall
have an unconditional right to intervene.
    (g) No existing civil or criminal remedy for any wrongful
action shall be excluded or impaired by this Act.
    (h) Nothing in this Section shall restrict any right that
any person (or class of persons) may have under any statute or
common law to seek enforcement of any of the provisions of this
Act and the rules adopted under this Act, or to seek any other
relief (and including relief against the United States or the
Department).
 
    Section 1-105. Violations, complaints, and notice;
website.
    The Department shall maintain a detailed database that is
readily accessible to the public on the Department's website.
The database shall show each violation found by the Department
regarding high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing
operations and the associated well owners, operators, and
subcontractors. When the Department determines that any person
has violated this Act, the Department shall provide notice by
U.S. Postal Service certified mail, return receipt requested,
of the Department's determination to all persons required to
receive specific public notice under Section 1-40 of this Act
within 7 calendar days after the determination. The Department
shall also post the notice on the Department's website. The
notice shall include a detailed, plain language description of
the violation and a detailed, plain language description of all
known risks to public health, life, property, aquatic life, and
wildlife resulting from the violation.
 
    Section 1-110. Public information; website.
    (a) All information submitted to the Department under this
Act is deemed public information, except information deemed to
constitute a trade secret under Section 1-77 of this Act and
private information and personal information as defined in the
Freedom of Information Act.
    (b) To provide the public and concerned citizens with a
centralized repository of information, the Department shall
create and maintain a comprehensive website dedicated to
providing information concerning high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations. The website shall contain,
assemble, and link the documents and information required by
this Act to be posted on the Department's or other agencies'
websites. The Department shall also create and maintain an
online searchable database that provides information related
to high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations on
wells that, at a minimum, include, for each well it permits,
the identity of its operators, its waste disposal, its chemical
disclosure information, and any complaints or violations under
this Act. The website created under this Section shall allow
users to search for completion reports by well name and
location, dates of fracturing and drilling operations,
operator, and by chemical additives.
 
    Section 1-120. Applicable federal, State, and local laws.
Compliance with this Act does not relieve responsibility for
compliance with the Illinois Oil and Gas Act, the Illinois
Environmental Protection Act, and other applicable federal,
State, and local laws.
 
    Section 1-123. Application of water well laws. Nothing in
this Act shall be construed to affect the application of the
Illinois Water Well Construction Code, the Illinois Water Well
Pump Installation Code, the Water Well and Pump Installation
Contractor's License Act, or any rules adopted thereunder to
all water wells, closed loop wells, or monitoring wells, as
those terms are defined in Section 3 of the Illinois Water Well
Construction Code, that are located, drilled, constructed, or
modified in connection with activities regulated by this Act.
 
    Section 1-125. Administrative review. All final
administrative decisions, including issuance or denial of a
permit, made by the Department under this Act are subject to
judicial review under the Administrative Review Law and its
rules.
 
    Section 1-130. Rules. The Department shall have the
authority to adopt rules as may be necessary to accomplish the
purposes of this Act. Any and all rules adopted under this Act
by the Department are not subject to the review, consultation,
or advisement of the Oil and Gas Board.
 
    Section 1-135. The Mines and Minerals Regulatory Fund. The
Mines and Minerals Regulatory Fund is created as a special fund
in the State treasury. All moneys required by this Act to be
deposited into the Fund shall be used by the Department to
administer and enforce this Act and otherwise support the
operations and programs of the Office of Mines and Minerals.
 
    Section 1-140. Severability. The provisions of this Act are
severable under Section 1.31 of the Statute on Statutes.
 
ARTICLE 2.

 
    Section 2-5. Short title. This Act may be cited as the
"Illinois Hydraulic Fracturing Tax Act".
 
    Section 2-10. Definitions. For the purposes of this Act,
unless the context otherwise requires:
    "Barrel" for oil measurement means a barrel of 42 U.S.
gallons of 231 cubic inches per gallon, computed at a
temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
    "Construction" means any constructing, altering,
reconstructing, repairing, rehabilitating, refinishing,
refurbishing, remodeling, remediating, renovating, custom
fabricating, maintaining, landscaping, improving, drilling,
testing, moving, wrecking, painting, decorating, demolishing,
and adding to or subtracting from any building, structure,
highway, roadway, street, bridge, alley, sewer, ditch, water
works, parking facility, railroad, excavation or other
structure, project, development, real property or improvement,
or to do any part thereof, whether or not the performance of
the construction involves the addition to, or fabrication into,
any structure, project, development, real property or
improvement herein described performed or done on behalf of an
operator in connection with and at the location of a well site
subject to the tax imposed by this Act.
    "Construction worker" means a person performing
construction.
    "Department" means the Illinois Department of Revenue.
    "Fracturing" or "hydraulic fracturing" means the
propagation of fractures in a rock layer, by a pressurized
fluid used to release petroleum or natural gas (including shale
gas, tight gas, and coal seam gas), for extraction.
    "Gas" means natural gas taken from below the surface of the
earth or water in this State, regardless of whether the gas is
taken from a gas well or from a well also productive of oil or
any other product.
    "General prevailing rate of hourly wages" has the meaning
ascribed to it in Section 2 of the Prevailing Wage Act, as
determined by the Director of the Department of Labor under
Section 9 of the Prevailing Wage Act for the county in which
the construction occurs.
    "Illinois construction worker" means a construction
worker, as defined in this Section, domiciled in Illinois for
24 months prior to the date of the issuance of a high volume
horizontal hydraulic fracturing permit for the well site on
which the construction is performed.
    "Lease number" means the number assigned by the purchaser
to identify each production unit.
    "Oil" means petroleum or other crude oil, condensate,
casinghead gasoline, or other mineral oil that is severed or
withdrawn from below the surface of the soil or water in this
State.
    "Operator" means the person primarily responsible for the
management and operation of oil or gas productions from a
production unit.
    "Person" means any natural individual, firm, partnership,
association, joint stock company, joint adventure, public or
private corporation, limited liability company, or a receiver,
executor, trustee, guardian, or other representative appointed
by order of any court.
    "Producer" means any person owning, controlling, managing,
or leasing any oil or gas property or oil or gas well, and any
person who severs in any manner any oil or gas in this State,
and shall include any person owning any direct and beneficial
interest in any oil or gas produced, whether severed by such
person or some other person on their behalf, either by lease,
contract, or otherwise, including working interest owners,
overriding royalty owners, or royalty owners.
    "Production unit" means a unit of property designated by
the Department of Natural Resources from which oil or gas is
severed.
    "Purchaser" means a person who is the first purchaser of a
product after severance from a production unit.
    "Remove" or "removal" means the physical transportation of
oil or gas off of the production unit where severed; and if the
oil or gas is used on the premises where severed, or if the
manufacture or conversion of oil or gas into refined products
occurs on the premises where severed, oil or gas shall be
deemed to have been removed on the date such use, manufacture,
or conversion begins.
    "Severed" or "severing" means: (1) the production of oil
through extraction or withdrawal of the same, whether such
extraction or withdrawal is by natural flow, mechanical flow,
forced flow, pumping, or any other means employed to get the
oil from below the surface of the soil or water and shall
include the withdrawal by any means whatsoever of oil upon
which the tax has not been paid, from any surface reservoir,
natural or artificial, or from a water surface; and (2) the
production of gas through the extraction or withdrawal of the
same by any means whatsoever, from below the surface of the
earth or water.
    "Severance" means the taking of oil or gas from below the
surface of the soil or water in any manner whatsoever.
    "Total workforce hours" means all hours worked by
construction workers on a well site, beginning on the date an
application for a permit to perform high volume horizontal
hydraulic fracturing operations at the well is filed under
Section 1-35 of the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act and
ending on the date of first production following initial
drilling or any reworking of the well.
    "Value" means the sale price of oil or gas at the time of
removal of the oil or gas from the production unit and if oil
or gas is exchanged for something other than cash, or if no
sale occurs at the time of removal, or if the Department
determines that the relationship between the buyer and the
seller is such that the consideration paid, if any, is not
indicative of the true value or market price, then the
Department shall determine the value of the oil or gas subject
to tax based on the cash price paid to one or more producers
for the oil or gas or based on the cash price paid to producers
for like quality oil or gas in the vicinity of the production
unit at the time of the removal of the oil or gas from the
production unit.
    "Well site" has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section
1-5 of the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act.
    "Working interest" means any interest in or any right to
the production of oil and gas, excluding royalty or overriding
royalty interests.
 
    Section 2-15. Tax imposed.
    (a) For oil and gas removed on or after July 1, 2013, there
is hereby imposed a tax upon the severance and production of
oil or gas from a well on a production unit in this State
permitted, or required to be permitted, under the Illinois
Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act, for sale, transport,
storage, profit, or commercial use. The tax shall be applied
equally to all portions of the value of each barrel of oil
severed and subject to such tax and to the value of the gas
severed and subject to such tax. For a period of 24 months from
the month in which oil or gas was first produced from the well,
the rate of tax shall be 3% of the value of the oil or gas
severed from the earth or water in this State. Thereafter, the
rate of the tax shall be as follows:
        (1) For oil:
            (A) where the average daily production from the
        well during the month is less than 25 barrels, 3% of
        the value of the oil severed from the earth or water;
            (B) where the average daily production from the
        well during the month is 25 or more barrels but less
        than 50 barrels, 4% of the value of the oil severed
        from the earth or water;
            (C) where the average daily production from the
        well during the month is 50 or more barrels but less
        than 100 barrels, 5% of the value of the oil severed
        from the earth or water; or
            (D) where the average daily production from the
        well during the month is 100 or more barrels, 6% of the
        value of the oil severed from the earth or water.
        (2) For gas, 6% of the value of the gas severed from
    the earth or water.
    If a well is required to be permitted under the Illinois
Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act, the tax imposed by this
Section applies, whether or not a permit was obtained.
    (b) Oil produced from a well whose average daily production
is 15 barrels or less for the 12-month period immediately
preceding the production is exempt from the tax imposed by this
Act.
    (c) For the purposes of the tax imposed by this Act the
amount of oil produced shall be measured or determined, in the
case of oil, by tank tables, without deduction for overage or
losses in handling. Allowance for any reasonable and bona fide
deduction for basic sediment and water, and for correction of
temperature to 60 degrees Fahrenheit will be allowed. For the
purposes of the tax imposed by this Act the amount of gas
produced shall be measured or determined, by meter readings
showing 100% of the full volume expressed in cubic feet at a
standard base and flowing temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit,
and at the absolute pressure at which the gas is sold and
purchased. Correction shall be made for pressure according to
Boyle's law, and used for specific gravity according to the
gravity at which the gas is sold and purchased.
    (d) The following severance and production of gas shall be
exempt from the tax imposed by this Act: gas injected into the
earth for the purpose of lifting oil, recycling, or
repressuring; gas used for fuel in connection with the
operation and development for, or production of, oil or gas in
the production unit where severed; and gas lawfully vented or
flared; gas inadvertently lost on the production unit by reason
of leaks, blowouts, or other accidental losses.
    (e) All oil and gas removed from the premises where severed
is subject to the tax imposed by this Act unless exempt under
the terms of this Act.
    (f) The liability for the tax accrues at the time the oil
or gas is removed from the production unit.
 
    Section 2-17. Local Workforce Tax Rate Reduction.
    (a) The rate of tax imposed on working interest owners of a
well under Section 2-15 of this Act shall be reduced by 0.25%
for the life of the well when a minimum of 50% of the total
workforce hours on the well site are performed by Illinois
construction workers being paid wages equal to or exceeding the
general prevailing rate of hourly wages.
    (b) When more than one well is drilled on a well site,
total workforce hours shall be determined on a well-by-well
basis.
    (c) Any operator that intends to claim the reduction
provided for in this Section on his or her behalf, or on the
behalf of the working interest owners, shall be responsible for
obtaining from all construction contractors working on a well
site, records to document the claim for the reduction in tax
rate. Operators shall, at a minimum, obtain from construction
contractors, in writing, the total number of construction
workers that performed work under the contract, the number of
Illinois construction workers that performed work under the
contract, whether oral or written, between the operator and the
construction contractor, the hours worked by each construction
worker and the wage paid to each construction worker for the
hours of work performed on the well site. The operator shall
obtain and retain any other records the Department determines
are necessary to verify a claim for a reduction in the tax. The
operator shall make the records available to the Department
upon request.
    For the purposes of this Section, each construction
contractor, upon written request from the operator, shall
retain the following records: each worker's name, address, and
telephone number, if available, years of residency in Illinois,
the type of work the worker performs, the hourly wages paid
each worker, and the number of hours worked by each worker for
the term of the contract. The construction contractor shall
retain any other records the Department determines are
necessary to verify a claim for a reduction in the tax. The
construction contractor shall make the records available to the
operator and Department upon request. The operator and
construction contractors shall retain the records for 3 years.
    No later than the 6 months after the date of the first
purchase of oil or gas from a well, the operator shall file
with the Department, in the form and manner required by the
Department, a report and documentation to support that the
working interest owners qualify for the reduction in the rate
of tax provided for in this Section. The report shall be signed
by the operator, or an officer, employee, or agent of the
contractor, and state under oath that he or she has examined
the report and documentation and the report and documentation
are true and accurate. The Department shall keep the records
submitted in accordance with this subsection for a period of
not less than 3 years from the date of filing.
    (d) The Department shall notify the first purchaser and the
operator when the working interest owners qualify for a
reduction in the tax under this Section and state the amount of
the reduction. The reduction shall be effective the date of
first production. The first purchaser or operator may take a
credit for any retroactive reduction in the tax rate on a
return filed under Sections 2-45 and 2-50 of this Act.
    (e) Reports shall be filed on forms furnished and
prescribed by the Department and shall contain any other
information as the Department may reasonably require.
 
    Section 2-20. Taxable value; method of determining. The
Department may determine the value of products severed from a
production unit when the operator and purchaser are affiliated
persons, when the sale and purchase of products is not an arm's
length transaction, or when products are severed and removed
from a production unit and a value is not established for those
products. The value determined by the Department shall be
commensurate with the actual price received for products of
like quality, character, and use which are severed in the same
field or area. If there are no sales of products of like
quality, character, and use severed in the same field or area,
then the Department shall establish a reasonable value based on
sales of products of like quality, character, and use which are
severed in other areas of the State, taking into consideration
any other relevant factors.
 
    Section 2-25. Withholding of tax. Any purchaser who makes
a monetary payment to a producer for his or her portion of the
value of products from a production unit shall withhold from
such payment the amount of tax due from the producer. Any
purchaser who pays any tax due from a producer shall be
entitled to reimbursement from the producer for the tax so paid
and may take credit for such amount from any monetary payment
to the producer for the value of products. To the extent that a
purchaser required to collect the tax imposed by this Act has
actually collected that tax, such tax is held in trust for the
benefit of the State of Illinois.
 
    Section 2-30. Payment and collection of tax.
    (a) For oil and gas removed on or after July 1, 2013, the
tax incurred under this Act shall be due and payable on or
before the last day of the month following the end of the month
in which the oil or gas is removed from the production unit.
The tax is upon the producers of such oil or gas in the
proportion to their respective beneficial interests at the time
of severance. The first purchaser of any oil or gas sold shall
collect the amount of the tax due from the producers by
deducting and withholding such amount from any payments made by
such purchaser to the producers and shall remit the tax in this
Act.
    In the event the tax shall be withheld by a purchaser from
payments due a producer and such purchaser fails to make
payment of the tax to the State as required herein, the first
purchaser shall be liable for the tax. However, in the event a
first purchaser fails to pay the tax withheld from a producer's
payment, the producer's interest remains subject to any lien
filed pursuant to subsection (c) of this Section. A producer
shall be entitled to bring an action against such purchaser to
recover the amount of tax so withheld together with penalties
and interest which may have accrued by failure to make such
payment. A producer shall be entitled to all attorney fees and
court costs incurred in such action. To the extent that a
producer liable for the tax imposed by this Act collects the
tax, and any penalties and interest, from a purchaser, such
tax, penalties, and interest are held in trust by the producer
for the benefit of the State of Illinois.
    (b) For all production units a first purchaser begins to
purchase oil or gas from on or after July 1, 2013, the first
purchaser is required to withhold and remit the tax imposed by
this Act to the Department from the oil and gas purchased from
the production unit unless the first purchaser obtains from the
operator an exemption certificate signed by the operator
stating that the production unit is not subject to the tax
imposed by this Act. The exemption certificate must include the
following information:
        (1) name and address of the operator;
        (2) name of the production unit;
        (3) number assigned to the production unit by the first
    purchaser, if available;
        (4) legal description of the production unit; and
        (5) a statement by the operator that the production
    unit is exempt from the tax imposed by the Illinois
    Hydraulic Fracturing Tax Act.
    If a first purchaser obtains an exemption certificate that
contains the required information and reasonably relies on the
exemption certificate and it is subsequently determined by the
Department that the production unit is subject to the tax
imposed by this Act, the Department will collect any tax that
is due from the operator and producers, and the first purchaser
is relieved of any liability.
    (c) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this Section, the tax
is a lien on the oil and gas from the time of severance from the
land or under the water until the tax and all penalties and
interest are fully paid, and the State shall have a lien on all
the oil or gas severed from the production unit in this State
in the hands of the operator, any producer or the first or any
subsequent purchaser thereof to secure the payment of the tax.
If a lien is filed by the Department, the purchaser shall
withhold from producers or operators the amount of tax, penalty
and interest identified in the lien.
 
    Section 2-35. Registration of purchasers. A person who
engages in business as a purchaser of oil or gas in this State
shall register with the Department. Application for a
certificate of registration shall be made to the Department
upon forms furnished by the Department and shall contain any
reasonable information the Department may require. Upon
receipt of the application for a certificate of registration in
proper form, the Department shall issue to the applicant a
certificate of registration.
 
    Section 2-40. Inspection of records by the Department;
subpoena power, contempt. The Department shall have the power
to require any operator, producer, transporter, or person
purchasing any oil or gas severed from the earth or water to
furnish any additional information deemed to be necessary for
the purpose of computing the amount of the tax, and for such
purpose to examine the meter and other charts, books, records,
and all files of such person, and for such purpose the
Department shall have the power to issue subpoenas and examine
witnesses under oath, and if any witness shall fail or refuse
to appear at the request of the director, or refuses access to
books, records, and files, the circuit court of the proper
county, or the judge thereof, on application of the Department,
shall compel obedience by proceedings for contempt, as in the
case of disobedience of the requirements of a subpoena issued
from such court or a refusal to testify therein.
 
    Section 2-45. Purchaser's return and tax remittance. Each
purchaser shall make a return to the Department showing the
quantity of oil or gas purchased during the month for which the
return is filed, the price paid therefore, total value, the
name and address of the operator or other person from whom the
same was purchased, a description of the production unit in the
manner prescribed by the Department from which such oil or gas
was severed and the amount of tax due from each production unit
for each calendar month. All taxes due, or to be remitted, by
the purchaser shall accompany this return. The return shall be
filed on or before the last day of the month after the calendar
month for which the return is required. The Department may
require any additional report or information it may deem
necessary for the proper administration of this Act.
    Such returns shall be filed electronically in the manner
prescribed by the Department. Purchasers shall make all
payments of that tax to the Department by electronic funds
transfer unless, as provided by rule, the Department grants an
exception upon petition of a purchaser. Purchasers' returns
must be accompanied by appropriate computer generated magnetic
media supporting schedule data in the format required by the
Department, unless, as provided by rule, the Department grants
an exception upon petition of a purchaser.
 
    Section 2-50. Operator returns; payment of tax.
    (a) If, on or after July 1, 2013, oil or gas is transported
off the production unit where severed by the operator, used on
the production unit where severed, or if the manufacture and
conversion of oil and gas into refined products occurs on the
production unit where severed, the operator is responsible for
remitting the tax imposed under subsections (a) of Section 15,
on or before the last day of the month following the end of the
calendar month in which the oil and gas is removed from the
production unit, and such payment shall be accompanied by a
return to the Department showing the gross quantity of oil or
gas removed during the month for which the return is filed, the
price paid therefore, and if no price is paid therefore, the
value of the oil and gas, a description of the production unit
from which such oil or gas was severed, and the amount of tax.
The Department may require any additional information it may
deem necessary for the proper administration of this Act.
    (b) Operators shall file all returns electronically in the
manner prescribed by the Department unless, as provided by
rule, the Department grants an exception upon petition of an
operator. Operators shall make all payments of that tax to the
Department by electronic funds transfer unless, as provided by
rule, the Department grants an exception upon petition of an
operator. Operators' returns must be accompanied by
appropriate computer generated magnetic media supporting
schedule data in the format required by the Department, unless,
as provided by rule, the Department grants an exception upon
petition of a purchaser.
    (c) Any operator who makes a monetary payment to a producer
for his or her portion of the value of products from a
production unit shall withhold from such payment the amount of
tax due from the producer. Any operator who pays any tax due
from a producer shall be entitled to reimbursement from the
producer for the tax so paid and may take credit for such
amount from any monetary payment to the producer for the value
of products. To the extent that an operator required to collect
the tax imposed by this Act has actually collected that tax,
such tax is held in trust for the benefit of the State of
Illinois.
    (d) In the event the operator fails to make payment of the
tax to the State as required herein, the operator shall be
liable for the tax. A producer shall be entitled to bring an
action against such operator to recover the amount of tax so
withheld together with penalties and interest which may have
accrued by failure to make such payment. A producer shall be
entitled to all attorney fees and court costs incurred in such
action. To the extent that a producer liable for the tax
imposed by this Act collects the tax, and any penalties and
interest, from an operator, such tax, penalties, and interest
are held in trust by the producer for the benefit of the State
of Illinois.
    (e) When the title to any oil or gas severed from the earth
or water is in dispute and the operator of such oil or gas is
withholding payments on account of litigation, or for any other
reason, such operator is hereby authorized, empowered and
required to deduct from the gross amount thus held the amount
of the tax imposed and to make remittance thereof to the
Department as provided in this Section.
    (f) An operator required to file a return and pay the tax
under this Section shall register with the Department.
Application for a certificate of registration shall be made to
the Department upon forms furnished by the Department and shall
contain any reasonable information the Department may require.
Upon receipt of the application for a certificate of
registration in proper form, the Department shall issue to the
applicant a certificate of registration.
    (g) If oil or gas is transported off the production unit
where severed by the operator and sold to a purchaser or
refiner, the State shall have a lien on all the oil or gas
severed from the production unit in this State in the hands of
the operator, the first or any subsequent purchaser thereof, or
refiner to secure the payment of the tax. If a lien is filed by
the Department, the purchaser or refiner shall withhold from
the operator the amount of tax, penalty and interest identified
in the lien.
 
    Section 2-55. Tax withholding and remittance when title to
minerals disputed. When the title to any oil or gas severed
from the earth or water is in dispute and the purchaser of such
oil or gas is withholding payments on account of litigation, or
for any other reason, such purchaser is hereby authorized,
empowered and required to deduct from the gross amount thus
held the amount of the tax imposed and to make remittance
thereof to the Department as provided in this Act.
 
    Section 2-60. Transporters. When requested by the
Department, all transporters of oil or gas out of, within or
across the State of Illinois shall be required to furnish the
Department such information relative to the transportation of
such oil or gas as the Department may require. The Department
shall have authority to inspect bills of lading, waybills,
meter, or other charts, documents, books and records as may
relate to the transportation of oil or gas in the hands of each
transporter. The Department shall further be empowered to
demand the production of such bills of lading, waybills,
charts, documents, books, and records relating to the
transportation of oil or gas at any point in the State of
Illinois.
 
    Section 2-65. Rulemaking. The Department is hereby
authorized to adopt any rules as may be necessary to administer
and enforce the provisions of this Act.
 
    Section 2-70. Incorporation by reference. All of the
provisions of Sections 4, 5, 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e, 5f, 5g, 5j, 6,
6a, 6b, 6c, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 11a, 12, and 13 of the "Retailers'
Occupation Tax Act" which are not inconsistent with this Act,
and all provisions of the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act
shall apply, as far as practicable, to the subject matter of
this Act to the same extent as if such provisions were included
herein.
 
    Section 2-75. Distribution of proceeds. All moneys
received by the Department under this Act shall be paid into
the General Revenue Fund in the State treasury.
 
ARTICLE 3.

 
    Section 3-150. The State Finance Act is amended by adding
Section 5.826 as follows:
 
    (30 ILCS 105/5.826 new)
    Sec. 5.826. The Mines and Minerals Regulatory Fund.
 
ARTICLE 9.

 
    Section 99-999. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon
becoming law.