TITLE 77: PUBLIC HEALTH
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
SUBCHAPTER f: EMERGENCY SERVICES AND HIGHWAY SAFETY
PART 515 EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES, TRAUMA CENTER, COMPREHENSIVE STROKE CENTER, PRIMARY STROKE CENTER AND ACUTE STROKE READY HOSPITAL CODE
SECTION 515.APPENDIX D ADMINISTRATIVE, LEGAL AND EMS PROTOCOLS AND GUIDELINES



 

Section 515.APPENDIX D   Administrative, Legal and EMS Protocols and Guidelines  

 

Administrative, Legal and EMS Protocols and Guidelines shall include, but not be limited to the following:

 

1)         Administrative and Legal:

 

•   Patient disposition/selection of receiving facility

•   Patient choice and refusal regarding treatment, transport or destination

•   Patient abandonment

•   Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)/Practitioner Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment (POLST)/Advance Directives/Health Care Power of Attorney (POA) status

•   When and how to notify a coroner or medical examiner

•   Appropriate interaction with law enforcement on the scene

•   The duty to perform all services without unlawful discrimination

•   Patient confidentiality and release of information/Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

•   Appropriate interaction with an independent physician/nurse on the scene

•   Offering immediate and adequate information regarding services available to victims of abuse, for any person suspected to be a victim of domestic abuse

•   Mandated reporting policy

•   Relinquished newborn

•   Consent for treatment of minors

•   A policy that addresses the EMS System Participant safety, disinfection of EMS vehicles and equipment, and assessment, treatment, transport and follow-up of patients with suspected or diagnosed infectious diseases

•   Significant or high risk occupational exposure of EMS System Participants to an infectious disease, including notification to the designated infection control officer of the EMS provider agency following exposure

•   A policy concerning the use of latex-free supplies

•   Medical records documentation and reporting policy

•   Incident reporting/equipment malfunction/sentinel event reporting

•   Crisis response and medical surge policy/multiple patient incidents

•   Professional ethical standards and behavioral expectations

•   Any procedures regarding disciplinary or suspension decisions and the review of those decisions that the System has elected to follow in addition to those required by the Act

•   Resource Hospital overrides (situations in which Associate Hospital orders are overruled by the Resource Hospital)

•   Protocols for ILS and ALS personnel to assess the condition of a patient being initially treated in the field by BLS personnel, for the purpose of determining whether a higher level of care is warranted and transfer of care of the patient to the ILS or ALS personnel is appropriate;  the protocols shall include a requirement that neither the assessment nor the transfer of care can be initiated if it appears to jeopardize the patient's condition, and shall require that the activities of the System personnel be under the immediate direction of the EMS MD or designee

•   Any System policies regarding abuse of controlled substances or conviction of a felony crime by EMS Personnel, whether on or off duty

 

2)         EMS Standing Medical Orders/Standard Operating Guidelines/Procedures

 

•   Cardiovascular:

○     Adult and Pediatric Syncope and Pre-syncope

○     Chest Pain/Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)/ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)

○     Tachycardia with a Pulse

○     Bradycardia with a Pulse

○     Health Failure/Pulmonary Edema/Cardiogenic Shock

 

•   Resuscitation:

○     Cardiac Arrest (VF/VT/Asystole/PEA)

○     Adult Post-ROSC (Return of Spontaneous Circulation) Care

○     Determination of Death/Withholding or Termination of Resuscitative Efforts

 

•   Respiratory:

○     Airway/Ventilatory Management

○     Acute Respiratory Conditions

○     Chronic Respiratory Conditions

 

•   Medical:

○     Agitated or Violent Patient/Behavioral Emergency; Use of Restraints

○     Anaphylaxis and Allergic Reaction

○     Altered Mental Status

○     Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia

○     Pain Management

○     Seizures

○     Shock

○     Suspected Stroke/Transient Ischemic Attack

○     Nausea/Vomiting

○     Functional Needs/Special Needs Populations

 

•   Pediatric Prehospital Protocols (BLS, ILS and ALS):

○     Initial Medical Care/Assessment

○     Neonatal Resuscitation

○     Pediatric AED

○     Pediatric Allergic Reaction/Anaphylaxis

○     Pediatric Altered Mental Status

○     Pediatric Apparent Life Threatening Event (ALTE)

○     Pediatric Bradycardia

○     Pediatric Burns

○     Pediatric Drowning

○     Pediatric Environmental Hyperthermia

○     Pediatric Hypothermia

○     Pediatric Nerve Agent/Organophosphate Antidote Guidelines

○     Pediatric Pulseless Arrest

○     BLS Pediatric Pulseless Arrest

○     ALS/ILS Asystole/PEA Pathway

○     ALS/ILS VF/VT Pathway

○     Pediatric Respiratory Distress

○     Pediatric Respiratory Distress with a Tracheostomy Tube

○     Pediatric Respiratory Distress with a Ventilator

○     Pediatric Respiratory Failure

○     Pediatric Seizures

○     Pediatric Shock

○     Pediatric Tachycardia

○     BLS Pediatric Tachycardia

○     ALS/ILS Narrow QRS Pathway

○     ALS/ILS Wide QRS Pathway

○     Pediatric Toxic Exposures/Ingestions

○     Pediatric Trauma (with Head Trauma Addendum)

○     Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect

 

•   GI/GU/Gyne:

○     Childbirth/Complicated and Uncomplicated Delivery

○     Newborn Care

○     OB Complications/All Trimesters

○     Obstetrical/Gynecological Conditions

 

•   Trauma:

○     General Trauma Assessment/Management

○     Blast Injuries

○     Head/Facial/Neck Injury

○     Thoracic

○     Abdominal/Pelvic

○     Musculoskeletal Trauma/External Hemorrhage Management

○     Acute Spine Trauma and Selective Spine Precautions

○     Conducted Electrical Weapon (e.g., TASER)

○     Blunt, Penetrating and Perforating Injuries

 

•   Environmental:

○     Hyperthermia/Heat Exposure

○     Hypothermia/Cold Exposure

○     Submersion Incidents

○     SCUBA Injury/Accidents

○     Altitude Illness

 

•   Burns:

○     Electrical

○     Lightening/Lightening Strike Injury

○     Radiation Exposure

○     Thermal

○     Chemical

○     Inhalation

 

•   Toxins:

○     Bites and Envenomation

○     Poisoning/Overdose Universal Care

○     Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors (Carbamates, Nerve Agents,

Organophosphates) Exposure

○     Stimulant Poisoning/Overdose

○     Central Nervous System Depressant Poisoning/Overdose

○     Cyanide Exposure

○     Hallucinogenic

○     Beta Blocker Poisoning

○     Calcium Channel Blocker Poisoning/Overdose

○     Carbon Monoxide/Smoke Inhalation

○     Biological Agents

 

(Source:  Amended at 42 Ill. Reg. 17632, effective September 20, 2018)