Section 800.1200  Design of Buildings


a)         Every foundation, floor, wall, ceiling, roof and stairway shall be sound and capable of supporting the load for which it was intended or designed.  The structure shall support all occupants permitted by Section 800.1200(d).


b)         Every roof and exterior wall shall be constructed and maintained to keep rain, sleet and snow from the interior of buildings used by patrons for living or sleeping purposes.


c)         Permanent buildings shall be separated by at least 10 feet from other permanent buildings and at least 25 feet from any public road.


d)         Each room for sleeping purposes shall contain at least 70 square feet of floor space.  When occupied by two or more persons, each sleeping room shall contain at least 40 square feet of floor space per occupant if single deck bunks are used and at least 30 square feet of floor space per occupant if double deck bunks are used. There shall be at least 30 inches of clear space above all beds and beds shall not be located within 30 inches of each other.


e)         Each room used for combined sleeping, cooking and eating purposes shall contain at least 100 square feet of floor space per occupant.


f)         No building containing two or more sleeping rooms shall have arrangements such that access to a sleeping room or access to toilet facilities requires the occupants to pass through another sleeping room.


g)         At least one half of the floor area in a sleeping room used for determining maximum occupancy shall have a ceiling height at least seven feet, and no floor area with a ceiling height of less than five feet shall be used in determining maximum occupancy.


h)         Every room used for sleeping shall have at least one openable window or skylight or mechanical device for ventilation.  The openable area of the window shall be screened and shall equal at least four percent of the floor area.


i)          Every sleeping room shall have a window area equivalent to eight percent of the floor area or artificial lighting equivalent to 2 lumens per square foot of floor area or 25 watts of incandescent light per 100 square feet of floor area.


j)          All buildings of more than one story where sleeping or living quarters are located on a floor above ground level shall have at least two means of exit from upper floors and shall have at least one easily accessible fire extinguisher (i.e., located not more than five (5) feet off the ground with no objects placed in front of the extinguisher that blocks access to it) in working order on each floor.


k)         All buildings including those used for sleeping, living, food preparation or eating shall be kept clean and free of insects and vermin.


l)          Each floor level of all permanent buildings used for sleeping shall be provided with a minimum of one smoke detector constructed, installed and operated in accordance with the National Fire Protection Association's NFPA 101, :Life Safety Code, 2021 Edition. The requirements of the Smoke Detector Act shall be met.  


m)        All plumbing shall comply with the requirements of the Illinois Plumbing Code in effect at the time of installation. The requirements of the Illinois Plumbing License Law shall be met.


(Source:  Amended at 47 Ill. Reg. 4326, effective March 17, 2023)