Bill Status of HB0087  102nd General Assembly


Short Description:  PRETRIAL DETENTION-INNOCENCE

House Sponsors
Rep. Mary E. Flowers - Carol Ammons and Rita Mayfield

Last Action
DateChamber Action
  3/27/2021HouseRule 19(a) / Re-referred to Rules Committee

Statutes Amended In Order of Appearance
705 ILCS 505/8from Ch. 37, par. 439.8
705 ILCS 505/11from Ch. 37, par. 439.11
735 ILCS 5/2-702


Synopsis As Introduced
Amends the Code of Civil Procedure. Provides that any person criminally prosecuted and incarcerated for 30 days or longer prior to trial for one or more felonies by the State which he or she did not commit may file a petition for a certificate of innocence. Provides that the petitioner must prove that: the petitioner was incarcerated prior to trial in a prosecution that resulted in an acquittal or dismissal; the prosecution did not result in a conviction of a lesser included offense; the petitioner is innocent of the charges on which the petitioner's pretrial detention was based, or the charges did not constitute a felony or misdemeanor; and the petitioner did not by his or her own conduct voluntarily cause or bring about the charges that resulted in his or her pretrial incarceration. Amends the Court of Claims Act. Provides that a person who has been issued a certificate of innocence may file a claim against the State for time unjustly served in pretrial incarceration in a county jail. Provides that the Court of Claims shall award $50,000 per year during which the person was wrongfully imprisoned and shall prorate that amount for a fraction of a year that the person was wrongfully imprisoned (rather than "the amount of the award is at the discretion of the court; and provided, the court shall make no award in excess of the following amounts: for imprisonment of 5 years or less, not more than $85,350; for imprisonment of 14 years or less but over 5 years, not more than $170,000; for imprisonment of over 14 years, not more than $199,150"). Provides that the court shall include the number of years the person was imprisoned awaiting trial in its determination and an additional $25,000 for each year served on parole, probation, or registered as a sex offender after imprisonment. Makes corresponding changes. Effective immediately.

 Fiscal Note (Court of Claims)
 House Bill 87 could have a cost to the State of Illinois, however no dollar estimate can be given. Under the current statute, award amounts for innocent individuals that were incarcerated are in three tiers, with maximum payouts based on the length of incarceration. The tiers are eliminated by this amendment, allowing payment of $50,000.00 per year of incarceration. It is not possible to forecast the number of future innocence claims that may be received by the Court of Claims, nor the lengths of incarceration or circumstances surrounding any individual future claim. The Court received approximately 50 certificates in fiscal year 2020 and, to date, over 70 certificates in fiscal year 2021.

Actions 
DateChamber Action
  1/13/2021HouseFiled with the Clerk by Rep. Mary E. Flowers
  1/14/2021HouseFirst Reading
  1/14/2021HouseReferred to Rules Committee
  1/20/2021HouseAdded Co-Sponsor Rep. Rita Mayfield
  2/23/2021HouseAssigned to Judiciary - Criminal Committee
  3/10/2021HouseAdded Chief Co-Sponsor Rep. Carol Ammons
  3/12/2021HouseFiscal Note Filed
  3/19/2021HouseHouse Committee Amendment No. 1 Filed with Clerk by Rep. Mary E. Flowers
  3/19/2021HouseHouse Committee Amendment No. 1 Referred to Rules Committee
  3/23/2021HouseHouse Committee Amendment No. 1 Rules Refers to Judiciary - Criminal Committee
  3/27/2021HouseRule 19(a) / Re-referred to Rules Committee
  3/27/2021HouseHouse Committee Amendment No. 1 Rule 19(c) / Re-referred to Rules Committee