Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of HB5780
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Full Text of HB5780  102nd General Assembly



State of Illinois
2021 and 2022


Introduced 11/16/2022, by Rep. Dave Severin, Michael T. Marron, Charles Meier, Patrick Windhorst, Paul Jacobs, et al.


New Act
20 ILCS 3855/1-129 new
30 ILCS 105/5.970 new

    Creates the Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task Force Act. Creates the Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task Force. Provides that the Task Force shall monitor the reliability of the Illinois power grid. Contains provisions concerning: the membership of the Task Force; duties of the Task Force; administrative support; and an annual report. Amends the Illinois Power Agency Act. Provides that the Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund is created as a special fund in the State treasury and shall be administered by the Illinois Power Agency. Provides that $10,000,000 shall be transferred from the Illinois Power Agency Renewable Energy Resources Fund to the Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund. Provides that the Agency shall award grants from the fund to carbon producing power plants for the construction of new carbon capture storage systems. Amends the State Finance Act to create the Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund. Effective immediately.

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HB5780LRB102 28469 AMQ 40344 b

1    AN ACT concerning State government.
2    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
3represented in the General Assembly:
4    Section 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the
5Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task Force Act.
6    Section 5. Findings. The General Assembly hereby finds,
7determines, and declares the following:
8        (1) The reliability of the Illinois electricity grid
9    is critically important to the consumers, businesses, and
10    all residents of Illinois and should not be compromised.
11        (2) Illinois has taken definitive steps toward
12    redefining the generation mix in Illinois.
13        (3) The Midcontinent Independent System Operator, Inc.
14    ("MISO") is an independent, not-for-profit, member-based
15    organization responsible for operating the power grid
16    across 15 states and the Canadian province of Manitoba,
17    serving 42 million people.
18        (4) The PJM Interconnection LLC ("PJM"), is an
19    independent not-for-profit, member-based Regional
20    Transmission Organization ("RTO") that manages the
21    operations, supply, and movement of power across 13 states
22    and the District of Columbia, serving 65 million people.
23        (5) Illinois is served by both PJM and MISO, which



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1    collectively ensure that sufficient electric power
2    generation supply and transmission are available to meet
3    electric demand every minute of every day for over
4    107,000,000 people across 28 states and 2 countries.
5    Wholesale electric power generation is regulated by the
6    Federal Energy Regulatory Commission due to the interstate
7    and international nature of the transmission grid operated
8    by PJM and MISO. As such, Illinois policy changes at the
9    State level can affect the reliability, availability, and
10    cost of power for seniors, families, businesses,
11    municipalities, universities, and hospitals across the
12    region.
13        (6) When natural disasters occur, such as ice storms,
14    blizzards, tornadoes, and hurricanes, states participating
15    in PJM and MISO have provided support to each other
16    through power generation restoration missions. The
17    inability to deliver power generation in critical times
18    can have a huge economic impact and can also result in
19    death across the PJM and MISO Regional Transmission
20    Organizations.
21        (7) PJM and MISO have multiple markets in which power
22    suppliers participate. The Capacity Market, Day-Ahead
23    Energy Market, and Frequency Market are markets that power
24    generators participate in to ensure over 107,000,000
25    people across 28 states and 2 countries receive the right
26    amount of electricity every minute of every day.



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1            (A) Capacity markets are used in wholesale
2        electricity markets to pay resources for being
3        available to meet peak electricity demand. Capacity is
4        not actual electricity, but rather the ability to
5        produce electricity when called upon. Capacity is
6        procured, sometimes multiple years in advance of when
7        it is needed, based on projections of future energy
8        needs using historical demand requirements.
9            (B) The Day-Ahead Energy Market lets market
10        participants commit to buy or sell wholesale
11        electricity one day before the power is needed, to
12        help avoid price volatility. The Real-Time Energy
13        Market balances the differences between day-ahead
14        commitments and the actual real-time demand for and
15        production of electricity.
16            (C) The power grid operates, and shall be
17        maintained, at a constant frequency of 60 hertz.
18        Significant deviation from this level can result in
19        catastrophic damage to the power grid as well as
20        household appliances. Frequency is maintained when
21        electric generators automatically add or remove power
22        from the grid. For example, a large power plant
23        suddenly tripping offline reduces the total amount of
24        available kinetic energy, leading the rotating
25        generators on the system to start rotating less
26        rapidly and thereby decreasing the alternating current



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1        frequency across the grid system. Since a generator
2        turbine's rotational velocity is directly coupled to
3        the grid frequency, the generator's control systems
4        can sense this frequency decline as an indicator of
5        insufficient energy provision. The control system
6        within each power plant, which usually has been in the
7        form of a governor, can then automatically increase
8        the plant's power output. This process is autonomous
9        because the governor does not have to wait for a
10        central dispatcher to send a signal, thus bypassing
11        communications system delays.
12        (8) The shifting generation mix in PJM and MISO will
13    require optimum performance and an increased focus on the
14    need to retain reliability as certain existing generators
15    shut down operations and new, intermittent generators are
16    added. Additionally, increased power generation
17    consumption due to increased electric vehicles and
18    charging stations, along with increased electrification of
19    building heating needs, will undoubtedly place greater
20    demand on the power system.
21        (9) Illinois has a responsibility to ensure the
22    performance of Illinois and Regional Power Grids are safe,
23    reliable, and maintain the necessary capacity to meet the
24    power demands of Illinois residents. Additionally,
25    Illinois has an obligation to do its part to ensure the
26    regional power grid is safe and reliable for its



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1    partnering states. As part of the regional power grid,
2    Illinois should be concerned that shuttered facilities in
3    Illinois will be replaced by higher cost, higher emissions
4    resources from other states.
5    Section 10. Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task
7    (a) The Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task
8Force is created. The Task Force shall monitor the reliability
9of the Illinois power grid. The Task Force should consider the
10present and future needs of Illinois consumers while
11simultaneously addressing any issues related to the
12performance and reliability of power generation and
13transmission and being mindful of the ultimate cost to
15    (b) The duties and responsibilities of the Task Force
16include the following:
17        (1) Identifying and assessing policies, rules, and
18    laws that have the potential to significantly affect the
19    reliability of the Illinois and regional power grids.
20        (2) Developing a set of standards and conditions that
21    will ensure optimal performance of the Illinois and
22    regional power grids based on new and emerging
23    technologies.
24        (3) Identifying opportunities to improve the Illinois
25    power supply mix through existing and new laws to ensure



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1    continued power reliability at affordable rates for
2    Illinois consumers.
3        (4) Compiling research and best practices from other
4    states and countries on how to deploy technology to
5    benefit the performance and reliability of the power grid.
6        (5) Developing tools to assess the impact of proposed
7    policies and evaluate their costs and benefits on
8    families, employers, the public, Illinois, and other
9    states as part of the Illinois and regional power grids.
10        (6) Identifying data, reports, and relevant
11    information on the performance of the power grid to ensure
12    reliability and that pricing of power generation is in the
13    best interest of families, businesses, and communities in
14    Illinois.
15        (7) Providing its findings and recommendations for
16    policy changes and any revisions to policies, rules, and
17    laws that will facilitate the stability and reliability of
18    the Illinois and regional power grids on an annual basis
19    to the General Assembly.
20        (8) Developing and proposing legislative concepts to
21    ensure the future stability and reliability of the power
22    grid.
23    Section 15. Membership; meetings.
24    (a) The members of the Illinois Regional Generation
25Reliability Task Force shall be composed of the following:



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1        (1) three Senators appointed by the President of the
2    Senate, one of whom shall be designated by the President
3    as the co-chair of the Task Force;
4        (2) three Representatives appointed by the Speaker of
5    the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be
6    designated by the Speaker as the co-chair of the Task
7    Force;
8        (3) three Senators appointed by the Minority Leader of
9    the Senate;
10        (4) three Representatives appointed by the Minority
11    Leader of the House of Representatives;
12        (5) one member appointed by the Governor whose sole
13    role is dedicated to energy policy for the State;
14        (6) one member of a State or local labor organization
15    appointed by the President of the Senate;
16        (7) one member of a State or local labor organization
17    appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;
18        (8) one representative from PJM RTO designated by PJM;
19        (9) one representative from the PJM Independent Market
20    Monitor organization designated by the PJM Independent
21    Market Monitor organization;
22        (10) one representative from MISO RTO designated by
23    MISO;
24        (11) one representative from the MISO Independent
25    Market Monitor organization designated by the MISO
26    Independent Market Monitor organization;



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1        (12) six representatives from 6 different power
2    generation companies that operate in the PJM or MISO
3    regional transmission organization, 2 appointed by the
4    President of the Senate, 2 appointed by the Speaker of the
5    House of Representatives, one appointed by the Minority
6    Leader in the Senate, and one appointed by the Minority
7    Leader in the House of Representatives;
8        (13) one representative from a statewide organization
9    representing retail merchants appointed by the President
10    of the Senate;
11        (14) one representative from a statewide organization
12    representing manufacturers appointed by the Speaker of the
13    House of Representatives;
14        (15) one representative from a statewide organization
15    representing retired people appointed by the Speaker of
16    the House of Representatives;
17        (16) one representative from a minority-owned
18    geothermal group appointed by the President of the Senate;
19        (17) one representative from a statewide organization
20    representing business appointed by the Speaker of the
21    House of Representatives;
22        (18) two representatives from environmental law
23    groups, one appointed by the President of the Senate and
24    one appointed by the Speaker of the House of
25    Representatives;
26        (19) the Director of the Illinois Power Agency, or the



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1    Director's designee;
2        (20) the Director of the Environmental Protection
3    Agency, or the Director's designee; and
4        (21) the Chair of the Illinois Commerce Commission, or
5    the Chair's designee.
6    (b) Appointments for the Task Force shall be made by
7November 1, 2022. The Task Force shall hold 7 meetings
8annually, either remotely or in person, and the first meeting
9shall be held within 30 days after appointments are made.
10    (c) Members of the Task Force shall serve without
12    (d) The Illinois Commerce Commission shall provide
13administrative support to the Task Force in conjunction with
14the Independent Market Monitors for the MISO and PJM Regional
15Transmission Organizations.
16    Section 20. Annual report.
17    (a) The Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task
18Force shall issue an annual report based upon its findings in
19the course of performing its duties and responsibilities. The
20report shall be written by the administrative staff of the
21Task Force and with staff assistance from the Independent
22Market Monitors from the MISO and PJM Regional Transmission
24    (b) The Illinois Regional Generation Reliability Task
25Force shall submit its first report on April 1, 2023, and each



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1April 1 thereafter to the General Assembly upon the completion
2of its meeting schedule and shall continue to issue annual
3reports each year.
4    Section 900. The Illinois Power Agency Act is amended by
5adding Section 1-129 as follows:
6    (20 ILCS 3855/1-129 new)
7    Sec. 1-129. Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund.
8    (a) The Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund is created as a
9special fund in the State treasury.
10    (b) The Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund shall be
11administered by the Agency to award grants for the
12construction of new carbon capture storage systems.
13    (c) As soon as practicable after the effective date of
14this amendatory Act of the 102nd General Assembly, $10,000,000
15shall be transferred from the Illinois Power Agency Renewable
16Energy Resources Fund to the Carbon Capture Infrastructure
18    (d) The Agency shall award grants from the Carbon Capture
19Infrastructure Fund to carbon producing power plants in
20Illinois for the construction of new carbon capture storage
22    (e) The Agency shall adopt rules to implement this



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1    Section 905. The State Finance Act is amended by adding
2Section 5.970 as follows:
3    (30 ILCS 105/5.970 new)
4    Sec. 5.970. The Carbon Capture Infrastructure Fund.
5    Section 999. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon
6becoming law.