Illinois General Assembly - Full Text of HR0663
Illinois General Assembly

Previous General Assemblies

Full Text of HR0663  94th General Assembly



HR0663 LRB094 14802 DRJ 49790 r


2     WHEREAS, According to the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use
3 and Health, 12.3 million Americans age 12 and older (5.2
4 percent of the population) had tried methamphetamine ("meth")
5 at least once in their lifetime, with the majority of past-year
6 users being between 18 and 34 years of age; and
7     WHEREAS, By altering the levels of neurotransmitters in the
8 brain, methamphetamine causes feelings of pleasure and
9 euphoria; methamphetamine is a neurotoxin and potent
10 stimulant, which can also cause cerebral edema and hemorrhage,
11 paranoia, and hallucinations; short-term effects include
12 insomnia, hyperactivity, decreased appetite, increased
13 respiration, and tremors; long-term effects can include
14 psychological addiction, stroke, violent behavior, anxiety,
15 confusion, paranoia, auditory hallucinations, mood
16 disturbances, and delusions; methamphetamine use can
17 eventually cause depletion of monoamines in the brain, which
18 can have an effect on learning; and
19     WHEREAS, With high doses there may be an increase in both
20 systolic and diastolic blood pressure due to cardiac
21 stimulation; in addition, methamphetamine may produce
22 arrhythmias; other systemic effects include shortness of
23 breath, hyperthermia, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; and
24     WHEREAS, Crystal meth is a highly and quickly addictive,
25 illegal street drug, ranking with crack cocaine in popularity;
26 it causes a reduction in saliva; "meth heads" tend to drink a
27 lot of soda, both to relieve the dryness in the mouth and to
28 add to the "high"; their oral hygiene is generally poor; food
29 and good nutrition become secondary to a new supply of meth;
30 meth is said to reduce blood supply to the gingiva, causing
31 periodontal problems; and



HR0663 - 2 - LRB094 14802 DRJ 49790 r

1     WHEREAS, Dental health care professionals should be aware
2 that methamphetamine use is on the rise in the U.S.; the allure
3 of this drug is that it is cheap, it is easy to make, and the
4 "high" lasts much longer than crack cocaine (12 hours versus
5 one hour for cocaine); as well as being a potent central
6 nervous system stimulant that can cause permanent brain damage,
7 methamphetamine's oral health effects are substantial, as
8 users often crave high-calorie, carbonated, sugary beverages,
9 or they may grind or clench their teeth; and
10     WHEREAS, The oral health effects of methamphetamine use can
11 be devastating; reports have described rampant caries that
12 resembles early childhood caries and is being referred to as
13 "meth mouth"; a distinctive caries pattern can often be seen on
14 the buccal smooth surface of the teeth and the interproximal
15 surfaces of the anterior teeth; therefore, be it
18 we urge the Department of Public Health to develop guidelines,
19 for distribution to health care professionals, that identify
20 symptoms of "meth mouth" in patients that include the
21 following:
22         (1) unaccounted-for and accelerated tooth decay in
23     teenagers and young adults;
24         (2) distinctive patterns of decay on the buccal smooth
25     surface of the teeth and the interproximal surfaces of the
26     anterior teeth; and
27         (3) malnourished appearance in heavy users, because
28     methamphetamine acts as an appetite suppressant; and be it
29     further
30     RESOLVED, That a copy of this resolution be delivered to
31 the Director of Public Health.