(725 ILCS 5/112-4)
(from Ch. 38, par. 112-4)
Duties of Grand Jury and State's Attorney.) (a) The Grand
Jury shall hear all evidence presented by the State's Attorney.
(b) The Grand Jury has the right to subpoena and question any person
against whom the State's Attorney is seeking a Bill of Indictment, or any
other person, and to obtain and examine any documents or transcripts
relevant to the matter being prosecuted by the State's Attorney.
Prior to the commencement of its duties and, again, before the
consideration of each matter or charge before the Grand Jury, the
State's Attorney shall inform the Grand Jury of these rights.
In cases where the initial charge has been commenced by information or
complaint and a finding of no probable cause has resulted as to any offense
charged therein, the Grand Jury shall be informed of the finding entered
at the preliminary hearing and further advised that such finding shall not
bar the State from initiating new charges by indictment, information or
complaint if the State's Attorney has reasonable grounds to believe that
the evidence available at that time is sufficient to establish probable
cause. In such cases, the Grand Jury shall be further advised that it has
the right to subpoena and question any witness who testified at the preliminary
hearing, or who is believed to have knowledge of such offense, and of its
right to obtain and examine the testimony heard at the preliminary hearing,
either through the production of a transcript of the proceedings, or through
the verbatim testimony of the court reporter who attended the preliminary
hearing. The State's Attorney shall file an affidavit as part of the Grand
Jury record indicating whether the jurors were advised of such previous
findings of no probable cause and of their rights based upon such previous finding.
Any person subpoenaed who is already charged with an offense or
against whom the State's Attorney is seeking a Bill of Indictment shall
have the right to be accompanied by counsel who shall advise him of his
rights during the proceedings but may not participate in any other way.
Before any testimony is given by such a person, he shall be informed
that he has the right to refuse to answer any question that will tend to
incriminate him, that anything he says may be used against him in a
court of law, that he has the right to be accompanied and advised of his
rights by counsel, and that he will have counsel appointed for him if he
cannot afford one.
(c) The foreman shall preside over all hearings and swear all
witnesses. Except where otherwise provided by this Article, the foreman
may delegate duties to other grand jurors and determine rules of
(d) If 9 grand jurors concur that the evidence before them
constitutes probable cause that a person has committed an offense the
State's Attorney shall prepare a Bill of Indictment charging that person
with such offense. The foreman shall sign each Bill of Indictment which
shall be returned in open court.
(e) When the evidence presented to the Grand Jury does not warrant
the return of a Bill of Indictment, the State's Attorney may prepare a
written memorandum to such effect, entitled, "No Bill".
(Source: P.A. 85-690.)