Illinois Compiled Statutes
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55 ILCS 5/3-9005
(55 ILCS 5/3-9005)
(from Ch. 34, par. 3-9005)
Powers and duties of State's Attorney.
(a) The duty of each State's Attorney shall be:
(1) To commence and prosecute all actions, suits,
indictments and prosecutions, civil and criminal, in the circuit court for the county, in which the people of the State or county may be concerned.
(2) To prosecute all forfeited bonds and
recognizances, and all actions and proceedings for the recovery of debts, revenues, moneys, fines, penalties and forfeitures accruing to the State or the county, or to any school district or road district in the county; also, to prosecute all suits in the county against railroad or transportation companies, which may be prosecuted in the name of the People of the State of Illinois.
(3) To commence and prosecute all actions and
proceedings brought by any county officer in the county officer's official capacity.
(4) To defend all actions and proceedings brought
against the county, or against any county or State officer, in the county or State officer's official capacity, within the county.
(5) To attend the examination of all persons brought
before any judge on habeas corpus, when the prosecution is in the county.
(6) To attend before judges and prosecute charges of
felony or misdemeanor, for which the offender is required to be recognized to appear before the circuit court, when in the State's Attorney's power so to do.
(7) To give the State's Attorney's opinion, without
fee or reward, to any county officer in the county, upon any question or law relating to any criminal or other matter, in which the people or the county may be concerned.
(8) To assist the Attorney General whenever it may be
necessary, and in cases of appeal from the county to the Supreme Court, to which it is the duty of the Attorney General to attend, the State's Attorney shall furnish the Attorney General at least 10 days before such is due to be filed, a manuscript of a proposed statement, brief and argument to be printed and filed on behalf of the people, prepared in accordance with the rules of the Supreme Court. However, if such brief, argument or other document is due to be filed by law or order of court within this 10-day period, then the State's Attorney shall furnish such as soon as may be reasonable.
(9) To pay all moneys received by the State's
Attorney in trust, without delay, to the officer who by law is entitled to the custody thereof.
(10) To notify, by first class mail, complaining
witnesses of the ultimate disposition of the cases arising from an indictment or an information.
(11) To perform such other and further duties as may,
from time to time, be enjoined on the State's Attorney by law.
(12) To appear in all proceedings by collectors of
taxes against delinquent taxpayers for judgments to sell real estate, and see that all the necessary preliminary steps have been legally taken to make the judgment legal and binding.
(13) To notify, by first-class mail, the State
Superintendent of Education, the applicable regional superintendent of schools, and the superintendent of the employing school district or the chief school administrator of the employing nonpublic school, if any, upon the conviction of any individual known to possess a certificate or license issued pursuant to Article 21 or 21B, respectively, of the School Code of any offense set forth in Section 21B-80 of the School Code or any other felony conviction, providing the name of the certificate holder, the fact of the conviction, and the name and location of the court where the conviction occurred. The certificate holder must also be contemporaneously sent a copy of the notice.
(b) The State's Attorney of each county shall have authority to
appoint one or more special investigators to serve subpoenas and summonses, make return
of process, and conduct investigations which assist the State's Attorney in
the performance of the State's Attorney duties. In counties of the first and second class, the fees for service of subpoenas and summonses are allowed by this Section and shall be consistent with those set forth in Section 4-5001 of this Act, except when increased by county ordinance as provided for in Section 4-5001. In counties of the third class, the fees for service of subpoenas and summonses are allowed by this Section and shall be consistent with those set forth in Section 4-12001 of this Act. A special investigator shall not carry
firearms except with permission of the State's Attorney and only while
carrying appropriate identification indicating the special investigator's employment and in the
performance of the special investigator's assigned duties.
Subject to the qualifications set forth in this subsection, special
investigators shall be peace officers and shall have all the powers possessed
by investigators under the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor's Act.
No special investigator employed by the State's Attorney shall have peace
officer status or exercise police powers unless the special investigator successfully
completes the basic police training course mandated and approved by the
Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board or such
board waives the training requirement by reason of the special
investigator's prior law enforcement experience or training or both. Any
State's Attorney appointing a special investigator shall consult with all
affected local police agencies, to the extent consistent with the public
interest, if the special investigator is assigned to areas within that
Before a person is appointed as a special investigator, the person's
fingerprints shall be taken and transmitted to the Department of State
Police. The Department shall examine its records and submit to the State's
Attorney of the county in which the investigator seeks appointment any
conviction information concerning the person on file with the Department.
No person shall be appointed as a special investigator if the person has been
convicted of a felony or other offense involving moral turpitude. A
special investigator shall be paid a salary and be reimbursed for actual
expenses incurred in performing the special investigator's assigned duties. The county board
shall approve the salary and actual expenses and appropriate the salary
and expenses in the manner prescribed by law or ordinance.
(c) The State's
Attorney may request and receive from employers, labor unions, telephone
companies, and utility companies
location information concerning putative fathers and noncustodial parents for
the purpose of establishing a child's paternity or establishing, enforcing, or
modifying a child support obligation. In this subsection, "location
means information about (i) the physical whereabouts of a putative father or
noncustodial parent, (ii) the putative father or noncustodial parent's
(iii) the salary, wages, and other
compensation paid and the health insurance coverage provided to the putative
father or noncustodial parent by the employer of the putative father or
or by a labor union of which the putative father or noncustodial parent is a
(e) The State's Attorney shall have the authority to enter into a written
agreement with the Department of Revenue for pursuit of civil
liability under subsection (E) of Section 17-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 against persons who
have issued to the Department checks or other orders in violation of the
provisions of paragraph (1) of subsection (B) of Section 17-1 of the Criminal
Code of 2012, with the Department to retain the amount owing upon the
dishonored check or order along with the dishonored check fee imposed under the
Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, with the balance of damages, fees, and costs
collected under subsection (E) of Section 17-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or under Section 17-1a of that Code to be retained by
the State's Attorney. The agreement shall not affect the allocation of fines
and costs imposed in any criminal prosecution.
(f) In a county with less than 2,000,000 inhabitants, and only upon receipt of a written request by the superintendent of the county Veterans Assistance Commission for the county in which the State's Attorney is located, the State's Attorney shall have the discretionary authority to render an opinion, without fee or reward, upon any question of law relating to a matter in which the county Veterans Assistance Commission may be concerned. The State's Attorney shall have the discretion to grant or decline such a request.
(Source: P.A. 101-275, eff. 8-9-19; 102-56, eff. 7-9-21.)