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305 ILCS 5/8A-2.5

    (305 ILCS 5/8A-2.5)
    Sec. 8A-2.5. Unauthorized use of medical assistance.
    (a) Any person who knowingly uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers a medical card in any manner not authorized by law or by rules and regulations of the Illinois Department, or who knowingly alters a medical card, or who knowingly uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers an altered medical card, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b) Any person who knowingly obtains unauthorized medical benefits or causes to be obtained unauthorized medical benefits with or without use of a medical card is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b-5) Any vendor that knowingly assists a person in committing a violation under subsection (a) or (b) of this Section is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (b-6) Any person (including a vendor, organization, agency, or other entity) that, in any matter related to the medical assistance program, knowingly or willfully falsifies, conceals, or omits by any trick, scheme, artifice, or device a material fact, or makes any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation, or makes or uses any false writing or document, knowing the same to contain any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry in connection with the provision of health care or related services, is guilty of a violation of this Article and shall be punished as provided in Section 8A-6.
    (c) The Department may seek to recover any and all State and federal monies for which it has improperly and erroneously paid benefits as a result of a fraudulent action and any civil penalties authorized in this Section. Pursuant to Section 11-14.5 of this Code, the Department may determine the monetary value of benefits improperly and erroneously received. The Department may recover the monies paid for such benefits and interest on that amount at the rate of 5% per annum for the period from which payment was made to the date upon which repayment is made to the State. Prior to the recovery of any amount paid for benefits allegedly obtained by fraudulent means, the recipient or payee of such benefits shall be afforded an opportunity for a hearing after reasonable notice. The notice shall be served personally or by certified or registered mail or as otherwise provided by law upon the parties or their agents appointed to receive service of process and shall include the following:
        (1) A statement of the time, place and nature of the
        (2) A statement of the legal authority and
jurisdiction under which the hearing is to be held.
        (3) A reference to the particular Sections of the
substantive and procedural statutes and rules involved.
        (4) Except where a more detailed statement is
otherwise provided for by law, a short and plain statement of the matters asserted, the consequences of a failure to respond, and the official file or other reference number.
        (5) A statement of the monetary value of the benefits
fraudulently received by the person accused.
        (6) A statement that, in addition to any other
penalties provided by law, a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $2,000 may be imposed for each fraudulent claim for benefits or payments.
        (7) A statement providing that the determination of
the monetary value may be contested by petitioning the Department for an administrative hearing within 30 days from the date of mailing the notice.
        (8) The names and mailing addresses of the
administrative law judge, all parties, and all other persons to whom the agency gives notice of the hearing unless otherwise confidential by law.
    An opportunity shall be afforded all parties to be represented by legal counsel and to respond and present evidence and argument.
    Unless precluded by law, disposition may be made of any contested case by stipulation, agreed settlement, consent order, or default.
    Any final order, decision, or other determination made, issued or executed by the Director under the provisions of this Article whereby any person is aggrieved shall be subject to review in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and the rules adopted pursuant thereto, which shall apply to and govern all proceedings for the judicial review of final administrative decisions of the Director.
    Upon entry of a final administrative decision for repayment of any benefits obtained by fraudulent means, or for any civil penalties assessed, a lien shall attach to all property and assets of such person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, vendor, or other legal entity until the judgment is satisfied.
    Within 18 months of the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly, the Department of Healthcare and Family Services will report to the General Assembly on the number of fraud cases identified and pursued, and the fines assessed and collected. The report will also include the Department's analysis as to the use of private sector resources to bring action, investigate, and collect monies owed.
    (d) In subsections (a), (b), (b-5) and (b-6), "knowledge" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 4-5 of the Criminal Code of 2012. For any administrative action brought under subsection (c) pursuant to a violation of this Section, the Department shall define "knowing" by rule.
(Source: P.A. 97-23, eff. 1-1-12; 98-354, eff. 8-16-13.)