Illinois Compiled Statutes
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520 ILCS 5/2.33
(520 ILCS 5/2.33)
(a) It is unlawful to carry or possess any gun in any
State refuge unless otherwise permitted by administrative rule.
(b) It is unlawful to use or possess any snare or snare-like device,
deadfall, net, or pit trap to take any species, except that snares not
powered by springs or other mechanical devices may be used to trap
fur-bearing mammals, in water sets only, if at least one-half of the snare
noose is located underwater at all times.
(c) It is unlawful for any person at any time to take a wild mammal
protected by this Act from its den by means of any mechanical device,
spade, or digging device or to use smoke or other gases to dislodge or
remove such mammal except as provided in Section 2.37.
(d) It is unlawful to use a ferret or any other small mammal which is
used in the same or similar manner for which ferrets are used for the
purpose of frightening or driving any mammals from their dens or hiding places.
(f) It is unlawful to use spears, gigs, hooks, or any like device to
take any species protected by this Act.
(g) It is unlawful to use poisons, chemicals, or explosives for the
purpose of taking any species protected by this Act.
(h) It is unlawful to hunt adjacent to or near any peat, grass,
brush, or other inflammable substance when it is burning.
(i) It is unlawful to take, pursue or intentionally harass or disturb
in any manner any wild birds or mammals by use or aid of any vehicle,
conveyance, or unmanned aircraft as defined by the Illinois Aeronautics Act, except as permitted by the Code of Federal Regulations for the
taking of waterfowl; except that nothing in this subsection shall prohibit the use of unmanned aircraft in the inspection of a public utility facility, tower, or structure or a mobile service facility, tower, or structure by a public utility, as defined in Section 3-105 of the Public Utilities Act, or a provider of mobile services as defined in Section 153 of Title 47 of the United States Code. It is also unlawful to use the lights of any vehicle
or conveyance, any light connected to any
vehicle or conveyance, or any other lighting device or mechanism from inside or on a vehicle or conveyance in any area where wildlife may be found except in
accordance with Section 2.37 of this Act; however, nothing in this
Section shall prohibit the normal use of headlamps for the purpose of driving
upon a roadway. For purposes of this Section, any other lighting device or mechanism shall include, but not be limited to, any device that uses infrared or other light not visible to the naked eye, electronic image intensification, active illumination, thermal imaging, or night vision. Striped skunk, opossum, red fox, gray
fox, raccoon, bobcat, and coyote may be taken during the open season by use of a small
light which is worn on the body or hand-held by a person on foot and not in any
(j) It is unlawful to use any shotgun larger than 10 gauge while
taking or attempting to take any of the species protected by this Act.
(k) It is unlawful to use or possess in the field any shotgun shell loaded
with a shot size larger than lead BB or steel T (.20 diameter) when taking or
attempting to take any species of wild game mammals (excluding white-tailed
deer), wild game birds, migratory waterfowl or migratory game birds protected
by this Act, except white-tailed deer as provided for in Section 2.26 and other
species as provided for by subsection (l) or administrative rule.
(l) It is unlawful to take any species of wild game, except
white-tailed deer and fur-bearing mammals, with a shotgun loaded with slugs unless otherwise
provided for by administrative rule.
(m) It is unlawful to use any shotgun capable of holding more than 3
shells in the magazine or chamber combined, except on game breeding and
hunting preserve areas licensed under Section 3.27 and except as permitted by
the Code of Federal Regulations for the taking of waterfowl. If the shotgun
is capable of holding more than 3 shells, it shall, while being used on an
area other than a game breeding and shooting preserve area licensed
pursuant to Section 3.27, be fitted with a one-piece plug that is
irremovable without dismantling the shotgun or otherwise altered to
render it incapable of holding more than 3 shells in the magazine and
(n) It is unlawful for any person, except persons who possess a permit to
hunt from a vehicle as provided in this Section and persons otherwise permitted
by law, to have or carry any gun in or on any vehicle, conveyance, or aircraft,
unless such gun is unloaded and enclosed in a case, except that at field trials
authorized by Section 2.34 of this Act, unloaded guns or guns loaded with blank
cartridges only may be carried on horseback while not contained in a case, or
to have or carry any bow or arrow device in or on any vehicle unless such bow
or arrow device is unstrung or enclosed in a case, or otherwise made
inoperable unless in accordance with the Firearm Concealed Carry Act.
(p) It is unlawful to take game birds, migratory game birds or
migratory waterfowl with a rifle, pistol, revolver, or air rifle.
(q) It is unlawful to fire a rifle, pistol, revolver, or air rifle on,
over, or into any waters of this State, including frozen waters.
(r) It is unlawful to discharge any gun or bow and arrow device
along, upon, across, or from any public right-of-way or highway in this State.
(s) It is unlawful to use a silencer or other device to muffle or
mute the sound of the explosion or report resulting from the firing of
(t) It is unlawful for any person to take or attempt to take any species of wildlife or parts thereof, or allow a dog to
hunt, within or upon the land of another, or upon waters flowing over or
standing on the land of another, or to knowingly shoot a gun or bow and arrow device at any wildlife physically on or flying over the property of another without first obtaining permission from
the owner or the owner's designee. For the purposes of this Section, the owner's designee means anyone who the owner designates in a written authorization and the authorization must contain (i) the legal or common description of property for which such authority is given, (ii) the extent that the owner's designee is authorized to make decisions regarding who is allowed to take or attempt to take any species of wildlife or parts thereof, and (iii) the owner's notarized signature. Before enforcing this
Section, the law enforcement officer must have received notice from the
owner or the owner's designee of a violation of this Section. Statements made to the
law enforcement officer regarding this notice shall not be rendered
inadmissible by the hearsay rule when offered for the purpose of showing the
(u) It is unlawful for any person to discharge any firearm for the purpose
of taking any of the species protected by this Act, or hunt with gun or
dog, or allow a dog to hunt, within 300 yards of an inhabited dwelling without
first obtaining permission from the owner or tenant, except that while
trapping, hunting with bow and arrow, hunting with dog and shotgun using shot
shells only, or hunting with shotgun using shot shells only, or providing outfitting services under a waterfowl outfitter permit, or
on licensed game breeding and hunting preserve areas, as defined in Section
federally owned and managed lands and on Department owned, managed, leased, or
controlled lands, a 100 yard restriction shall apply.
(v) It is unlawful for any person to remove fur-bearing mammals from, or
to move or disturb in any manner, the traps owned by another person without
written authorization of the owner to do so.
(w) It is unlawful for any owner of a dog to allow
his or her dog to pursue, harass, or kill deer, except that nothing in this Section shall prohibit the tracking of wounded deer with a dog in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.26 of this Code.
(x) It is unlawful for any person to wantonly or carelessly injure
or destroy, in any manner whatsoever, any real or personal property on
the land of another while engaged in hunting or trapping thereon.
(y) It is unlawful to hunt wild game protected by this Act between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise, except that
hunting hours between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour
before sunrise may be established by administrative rule for fur-bearing
(z) It is unlawful to take any game bird (excluding wild turkeys and
crippled pheasants not capable of normal flight and otherwise irretrievable)
protected by this Act when not flying. Nothing in this Section shall prohibit
a person from carrying an uncased, unloaded shotgun in a boat, while in pursuit
of a crippled migratory waterfowl that is incapable of normal flight, for the
purpose of attempting to reduce the migratory waterfowl to possession, provided
that the attempt is made immediately upon downing the migratory waterfowl and
is done within 400 yards of the blind from which the migratory waterfowl was
downed. This exception shall apply only to migratory game birds that are not
capable of normal flight. Migratory waterfowl that are crippled may be taken
only with a shotgun as regulated by subsection (j) of this Section using
shotgun shells as regulated in subsection (k) of this Section.
(aa) It is unlawful to use or possess any device that may be used for
tree climbing or cutting while hunting fur-bearing mammals, excluding coyotes. However, coyotes may not be hunted utilizing these devices during open season for deer except by properly licensed deer hunters.
(bb) It is unlawful for any person, except licensed game breeders,
pursuant to Section 2.29 to import, carry into, or possess alive in this
State any species of wildlife taken outside of this State, without
obtaining permission to do so from the Director.
(cc) It is unlawful for any person to have in his or her
possession any freshly killed species protected by this Act during the season
closed for taking.
(dd) It is unlawful to take any species protected by this Act and retain
it alive except as provided by administrative rule.
(ee) It is unlawful to possess any rifle while in the field during gun
deer season except as provided in Sections 2.25 and 2.26 and administrative rules.
(ff) It is unlawful for any person to take any species protected by
this Act, except migratory waterfowl, during the gun deer hunting season in
those counties open to gun deer hunting, unless he or she wears, when in
the field, a cap and upper outer garment of a solid blaze orange color or solid blaze pink color, with
such articles of clothing displaying a minimum of 400 square inches of
blaze orange or solid blaze pink color material.
(gg) It is unlawful during the upland game season for any person to take
upland game with a firearm unless he or she wears, while in the field, a
cap of solid blaze orange color or solid blaze pink color. For purposes of this Act, upland game is
defined as Bobwhite Quail, Hungarian Partridge, Ring-necked Pheasant, Eastern
Cottontail, and Swamp Rabbit.
(hh) It shall be unlawful to kill or cripple any species protected by
this Act for which there is a bag limit without making a reasonable
effort to retrieve such species and include such in the bag limit. It shall be unlawful for any person having control over harvested game mammals, game birds, or migratory game birds for which there is a bag limit to wantonly waste or destroy the usable meat of the game, except this shall not apply to wildlife taken under Sections 2.37 or 3.22 of this Code. For purposes of this subsection, "usable meat" means the breast meat of a game bird or migratory game bird and the hind ham and front shoulders of a game mammal. It shall be unlawful for any person to place, leave, dump, or abandon a wildlife carcass or parts of it along or upon a public right-of-way or highway or on public or private property, including a waterway or stream, without the permission of the owner or tenant. It shall not be unlawful to discard game meat that is determined to be unfit for human consumption.
(ii) This Section shall apply only to those species protected by this
Act taken within the State. Any species or any parts thereof, legally taken
in and transported from other states or countries, may be possessed
within the State, except as provided in this Section and Sections 2.35, 2.36,
(kk) Nothing contained in this Section shall prohibit the Director
from issuing permits to paraplegics or to other persons with disabilities who meet the
requirements set forth in administrative rule to shoot or hunt from a vehicle
as provided by that rule, provided that such is otherwise in accord with this
(ll) Nothing contained in this Act shall prohibit the taking of aquatic
life protected by the Fish and Aquatic Life Code or birds and mammals
protected by this Act, except deer and fur-bearing mammals, from a boat not
camouflaged or disguised to alter its identity or to further provide a place
of concealment and not propelled by sail or mechanical power. However, only
shotguns not larger than 10 gauge nor smaller than .410 bore loaded with not
more than 3 shells of a shot size no larger than lead BB or steel T (.20
diameter) may be used to take species protected by this Act.
(mm) Nothing contained in this Act shall prohibit the use of a shotgun,
not larger than 10 gauge nor smaller than a 20 gauge, with a rifled barrel.
(nn) It shall be unlawful to possess any species of wildlife or wildlife parts taken unlawfully in Illinois, any other state, or any other country, whether or not the wildlife or wildlife parts are indigenous to Illinois. For the purposes of this subsection, the statute of limitations for unlawful possession of wildlife or wildlife parts shall not cease until 2 years after the possession has permanently ended.
(oo) It is unlawful while deer hunting:
(1) to possess or be in close proximity to a rifle
that is not centerfire; or
(2) to be in possession of or in close proximity to a
magazine that is capable of making a rifle not a single shot.
(Source: P.A. 102-237, eff. 1-1-22; 102-837, eff. 5-13-22; 102-932, eff. 1-1-23; 103-154, eff. 6-30-23.)