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(625 ILCS 5/11-208.7)
Administrative fees and procedures for impounding vehicles for specified violations.
(a) Any county or municipality may, consistent with this Section, provide by ordinance procedures for the release of properly impounded vehicles and for the imposition of a reasonable administrative fee related to its administrative and processing costs associated with the investigation, arrest, and detention of an offender, or the removal, impoundment, storage, and release of the vehicle. The administrative fee imposed by the county or municipality may be in addition to any fees
charged for the towing and storage of an impounded vehicle. The administrative fee shall be waived by the county or municipality upon verifiable proof that the vehicle was stolen at the time the vehicle was impounded.
(b) An ordinance establishing procedures for the release of properly impounded vehicles under this Section may impose fees only for the following violations:
(1) operation or use of a motor vehicle in the
commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense for which a motor vehicle may be seized and forfeited pursuant to Section 36-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012; or
(2) driving under the influence of alcohol, another
drug or drugs, an intoxicating compound or compounds, or any combination thereof, in violation of Section 11-501 of this Code; or
(3) operation or use of a motor vehicle in the
commission of, or in the attempt to commit, a felony or in violation of the Cannabis Control Act; or
(4) operation or use of a motor vehicle in the
commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense in violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act; or
(5) operation or use of a motor vehicle in the
commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense in violation of Section 24-1, 24-1.5, or 24-3.1 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012; or
(6) driving while a driver's license, permit, or
privilege to operate a motor vehicle is suspended or revoked pursuant to Section 6-303 of this Code; except that vehicles shall not be subjected to seizure or impoundment if the suspension is for an unpaid citation (parking or moving) or due to failure to comply with emission testing; or
(7) operation or use of a motor vehicle while
soliciting, possessing, or attempting to solicit or possess cannabis or a controlled substance, as defined by the Cannabis Control Act or the Illinois Controlled Substances Act; or
(8) operation or use of a motor vehicle with an
expired driver's license, in violation of Section 6-101 of this Code, if the period of expiration is greater than one year; or
(9) operation or use of a motor vehicle without ever
having been issued a driver's license or permit, in violation of Section 6-101 of this Code, or operating a motor vehicle without ever having been issued a driver's license or permit due to a person's age; or
(10) operation or use of a motor vehicle by a person
against whom a warrant has been issued by a circuit clerk in Illinois for failing to answer charges that the driver violated Section 6-101, 6-303, or 11-501 of this Code; or
(11) operation or use of a motor vehicle in the
commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense in violation of Article 16 or 16A of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012; or
(12) operation or use of a motor vehicle in the
commission of, or in the attempt to commit, any other misdemeanor or felony offense in violation of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, when so provided by local ordinance; or
(13) operation or use of a motor vehicle in violation
of Section 11-503 of this Code:
(A) while the vehicle is part of a funeral
(B) in a manner that interferes with a funeral
(c) The following shall apply to any fees imposed for administrative and processing costs pursuant to subsection (b):
(1) All administrative fees and towing and storage
charges shall be imposed on the registered owner of the motor vehicle or the agents of that owner.
(2) The fees shall be in addition to (i) any other
penalties that may be assessed by a court of law for the underlying violations; and (ii) any towing or storage fees, or both, charged by the towing company.
(3) The fees shall be uniform for all similarly
(4) The fees shall be collected by and paid to the
county or municipality imposing the fees.
(5) The towing or storage fees, or both, shall be
collected by and paid to the person, firm, or entity that tows and stores the impounded vehicle.
(d) Any ordinance establishing procedures for the release of properly impounded vehicles under this Section shall provide for an opportunity for a hearing, as provided in subdivision (b)(4) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code, and for the release of the vehicle to the owner of record, lessee, or a lienholder of record upon payment of all administrative fees and towing and storage fees.
(e) Any ordinance establishing procedures for the impoundment
and release of vehicles under this Section shall include the following provisions concerning notice of impoundment:
(1) Whenever a police officer has cause to believe
that a motor vehicle is subject to impoundment, the officer shall provide for the towing of the vehicle to a facility authorized by the county or municipality.
(2) At the time the vehicle is towed, the county or
municipality shall notify or make a reasonable attempt to notify the owner, lessee, or person identifying himself or herself as the owner or lessee of the vehicle, or any person who is found to be in control of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offense, of the fact of the seizure, and of the vehicle owner's or lessee's right to an administrative hearing.
(3) The county or municipality shall also provide
notice that the motor vehicle will remain impounded pending the completion of an administrative hearing, unless the owner or lessee of the vehicle or a lienholder posts with the county or municipality a bond equal to the administrative fee as provided by ordinance and pays for all towing and storage charges.
(f) Any ordinance establishing procedures for the impoundment and
release of vehicles under this Section shall include a provision providing that the
registered owner or lessee of the vehicle and any lienholder of record shall be provided with a
notice of hearing. The notice shall:
(1) be served upon the owner, lessee, and any
lienholder of record either by personal service or by first class mail to the interested party's address as registered with the Secretary of State;
(2) be served upon interested parties within 10 days
after a vehicle is impounded by the municipality; and
(3) contain the date, time, and location of the
administrative hearing. An initial hearing shall be scheduled and convened no later than 45 days after the date of the mailing of the notice of hearing.
(g) In addition to the requirements contained in
subdivision (b)(4) of Section 11-208.3 of this Code relating to administrative hearings, any ordinance providing for the impoundment
and release of vehicles under this Section shall include the following requirements concerning administrative hearings:
(1) administrative hearings shall be conducted by a
hearing officer who is an attorney licensed to practice law in this State for a minimum of 3 years;
(2) at the conclusion of the administrative hearing,
the hearing officer shall issue a written decision either sustaining or overruling the vehicle impoundment;
(3) if the basis for the vehicle impoundment is
sustained by the administrative hearing officer, any administrative fee posted to secure the release of the vehicle shall be forfeited to the county or municipality;
(4) all final decisions of the administrative hearing
officer shall be subject to review under the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, unless the county or municipality allows in the enabling ordinance for direct appeal to the circuit court having jurisdiction over the county or municipality;
(5) unless the administrative hearing officer
overturns the basis for the vehicle impoundment, no vehicle shall be released to the owner, lessee, or lienholder of record until all administrative fees and towing and storage charges are paid; and
(6) if the administrative hearing officer finds that
a county or municipality that impounds a vehicle exceeded its authority under this Code, the county or municipality shall be liable to the registered owner or lessee of the vehicle for the cost of storage fees and reasonable attorney's fees.
(h) Vehicles not retrieved from the towing facility or storage facility
within 35 days after the administrative hearing officer issues a written decision shall be deemed abandoned and disposed of in accordance with the provisions of Article II of Chapter
4 of this Code.
(i) Unless stayed by a court of competent jurisdiction, any fine, penalty, or administrative fee imposed under this
Section which remains unpaid in whole or in part after the expiration of the deadline for seeking judicial
review under the Administrative Review Law may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment entered by a court of
(j) The fee limits in subsection (b), the exceptions in paragraph (6) of subsection (b), and all of paragraph (6) of subsection (g) of this Section shall not apply to a home rule unit that tows a vehicle on a public way if a circumstance requires the towing of the vehicle or if the vehicle is towed due to a violation of a statute or local ordinance, and the home rule unit:
(1) owns and operates a towing facility within its
boundaries for the storage of towed vehicles; and
(2) owns and operates tow trucks or enters into a
contract with a third party vendor to operate tow trucks.
(Source: P.A. 98-518, eff. 8-22-13; 98-734, eff. 1-1-15; 98-756, eff. 7-16-14; 99-848, eff. 8-19-16.)