"Co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders court program" means a program that includes an individual with co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder diagnoses and professionals with training and experience in treating individuals with diagnoses of substance use disorder and mental illness.
"Mental health court", "mental health court program", "court", or "program" means a specially designated court, court calendar, or docket facilitating intensive therapeutic treatment to monitor and assist participants with mental illness in making positive lifestyle changes and reducing the rate of recidivism. Mental health court programs are nonadversarial in nature and bring together mental health professionals and local social programs in accordance with the Bureau of Justice Assistance and Council of State Governments Justice Center's Essential Elements of a Mental Health Court and the Problem-Solving Court Standards. Common features of a mental health court program include, but are not limited to, a designated judge and staff; specialized intake and screening procedures; coordinated treatment procedures administered by a trained, multidisciplinary professional team; close evaluation of participants, including continued assessments and modification of the court requirements and use of sanctions, incentives, and therapeutic adjustments to address behavior; frequent judicial interaction with participants; less formal court process and procedures; voluntary participation; and a low treatment staff-to-client ratio.
"Mental health court professional" means a member of the mental health court team, including
but not limited to a judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, probation officer, coordinator, or treatment provider.
"Peer recovery coach" means a mentor assigned to a defendant during participation in a mental health treatment court program who has been trained by the court, a service provider used by the court for substance use disorder or mental health treatment, a local service provider with an established peer recovery coach or mentor program not otherwise used by the court for treatment, or a Certified Recovery Support Specialist certified by the Illinois Certification Board. "Peer recovery coach" includes individuals with lived experiences of the issues the problem-solving court seeks to address, including, but not limited to, substance use disorder, mental illness, and co-occurring disorders or involvement with the criminal justice system. "Peer recovery coach" includes individuals required to guide and mentor the participant to successfully complete assigned requirements and to facilitate participants' independence for continued success once the supports of the court are no longer available to them.
"Post-adjudicatory mental health court program" means a program that allows an individual who has admitted
or has been found guilty, with the defendant's consent, and the approval of the court, to enter a
court program as part of the defendant's sentence or disposition.
"Pre-adjudicatory mental health court program" means a program that allows
with the defendant's consent and the approval of the court, to enter the mental health court program before plea, conviction, or disposition and requires successful
completion of the mental health court program as part of the agreement.
"Problem-Solving Court Standards" means the statewide standards adopted by the Supreme Court that set forth the minimum requirements for the planning, establishment, certification, operation, and evaluation of all problem-solving courts in this State.
"Validated clinical assessment" means a validated assessment tool administered by a qualified clinician to determine the treatment needs of participants. "Validated clinical assessment" includes assessment tools required by public or private insurance.
(Source: P.A. 102-1041, eff. 6-2-22.)