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765 ILCS 120/1

    (765 ILCS 120/1) (from Ch. 30, par. 401)
    Sec. 1. (a) A conservation right is a right, whether stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant or condition, or, without limitation, in any other form in any deed, will, plat, or without limitation any other instrument executed by or on behalf of the owner of land or in any condemnation order of taking, appropriate to preserving: (i) the significant physical character and visual characteristics of structures having architectural, historical, or cultural significance, together with any associated real property, whether or not improved; or (ii) land or water areas predominantly in their natural, scenic, open or wooded condition, or as suitable habitat for fish, plants, or wildlife; or (iii) the integrity of archaeological sites and the artifacts or information which they may contain pending properly supervised excavation and investigation. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the instrument conveying or reserving a conservation right may, with respect to either the grantor or grantee, require, prohibit, condition, limit or control any or all of the following:
        (1) access or public visitation;
        (2) affirmative acts of alteration, restoration,
rehabilitation, repair, maintenance, investigation, documentation, payment of taxes, or compliance with public law and regulations;
        (3) conditions of operation, use, restoration,
alteration, repair or maintenance;
        (4) acts detrimental to the preservation of a place;
        (5) the construction, placement, maintenance in a
particular condition, alteration, or removal of roads, signs, billboards or other advertising, utilities or other structures on or above the ground;
        (6) the dumping or placing of soil or other substance
or material as landfill, or dumping or placing of trash, waste or other materials;
        (7) the excavation, dredging or removal of loam,
peat, gravel, soil, rock or other material substance in such manner as to affect the surface or to otherwise alter the topography of the area;
        (8) the removal or destruction of trees, shrubs or
other vegetation;
        (9) surface use inconsistent with preservation of
water or land areas, or the improvement or appurtenance thereto;
        (10) activities affecting drainage, flood control,
water conservation, erosion control or soil conservation, or fish and wildlife habitat preservation; or
        (11) any other acts or uses having relation to the
preservation of structures, sites and water or land areas or the improvements or appurtenances thereto.
    (b) A conservation right shall be taken to include a preservation restriction as that term is defined in Section 11-48.2-1A of the "Illinois Municipal Code", as now or hereafter amended, and shall not be unenforceable on account of lack of privity of estate or contract or lack of benefit to particular land or on account of the benefit being assigned or assignable. Conservation rights shall be construed and enforced in accordance with their terms, and shall be transferable and transferred, recorded and indexed, in the same manner as fee simple interests in real property, subject only to the limitations provided herein.
    Conservation rights may be released by the holder of such rights to the holder of the fee even though the holder of the fee may not be an agency of the State, a unit of local government or a not-for-profit corporation or trust.
    The holder of a grant pursuant to this Act shall not be required to record any instrument subsequent to the recording of the grant in order to maintain or continue the validity of the grant.
    The holder of such rights shall also be permitted to transfer or assign such rights but only to another agency of the State, a unit of local government or to a not-for-profit corporation or trust.
    (c) A conservation right may be amended or modified from time to time only by a written instrument executed by the grantor and grantee and recorded with the office of the recorder of deeds of the county in which the land is located. Either party may, in the absolute discretion of the party, withhold consent to any amendment or modification requested by the other party. An amendment or modification shall not materially and adversely affect the conservation purposes of the conservation right or facilitate the extinguishment of the conservation right. The consent of any party other than the grantor and grantee is not required for amendment or modification, even if the other party is entitled to enforce an easement under this Act or any other law. The conservation right may contain other requirements for amendment or modification, and such other requirements shall control.
(Source: P.A. 101-142, eff. 7-26-19.)