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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(55 ILCS 5/) Counties Code.

55 ILCS 5/3-8018

    (55 ILCS 5/3-8018) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-8018)
    Sec. 3-8018. Multi-county operation. The county boards of 2 or more counties may, by enactment of uniform reciprocal ordinances consistent with this Division create a multi-county Merit Commission which shall be subject to this Division.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/Div. 3-9

    (55 ILCS 5/Div. 3-9 heading)
Division 3-9. State's Attorney

55 ILCS 5/3-9001

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9001) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9001)
    Sec. 3-9001. Oath; bond. Before entering upon the respective duties of their office, the state's attorneys shall each be commissioned by the governor, and shall take the following oath or affirmation:
    I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be), that I will support the constitution of the United States and the constitution of the state of Illinois, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of state's attorney according to the best of my ability.
    Each State's attorney shall also execute a bond, to the People of the State of Illinois, (or, if the county is self-insured, the county through its self-insurance program may provide bonding) with good and sufficient securities in the penal sum of $5,000, to be approved by the circuit court for his respective county, which approval shall be indorsed upon the bond. The bond, with the approval thereof indorsed, shall be entered of record in the circuit court, and then forwarded by the county clerk to the secretary of state, to be filed in his office. Each of the bonds shall be conditioned upon the faithful discharge of the duties of the office, and the paying over all moneys as provided by law, which bond shall run to and be for the benefit of the state, county, corporation or person injured by a breach of any of the conditions thereof.
(Source: P.A. 88-387.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9002

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9002) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9002)
    Sec. 3-9002. Commencement of duties. The State's attorney shall enter upon the duties of his office on the first day in the month of December following his election on which the State's attorney's office is required, by statute or by action of the county board, to be open.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9003

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9003) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9003)
    Sec. 3-9003. Additional bond. Whenever the circuit court shall deem the bond filed by any State's attorney insufficient, the circuit court may require additional bond, in any penalty not exceeding that specified in Section 3-9001.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9004

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9004) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9004)
    Sec. 3-9004. Failure to give bond or take oath. If any person elected to the office of State's attorney shall fail to give bond, or take the oath required of him, within twenty days after he is declared elected, the office shall be deemed vacant, and if, being required to give additional bond, as provided in Section 3-9003 hereof, he fails to do so within twenty days after notice of such requirements, his office may, in the discretion of the governor, be declared vacant and filled as provided by law.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9005

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9005) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9005)
    Sec. 3-9005. Powers and duties of State's Attorney.
    (a) The duty of each State's Attorney shall be:
        (1) To commence and prosecute all actions, suits,
indictments and prosecutions, civil and criminal, in the circuit court for his county, in which the people of the State or county may be concerned.
        (2) To prosecute all forfeited bonds and
recognizances, and all actions and proceedings for the recovery of debts, revenues, moneys, fines, penalties and forfeitures accruing to the State or his county, or to any school district or road district in his county; also, to prosecute all suits in his county against railroad or transportation companies, which may be prosecuted in the name of the People of the State of Illinois.
        (3) To commence and prosecute all actions and
proceedings brought by any county officer in his official capacity.
        (4) To defend all actions and proceedings brought
against his county, or against any county or State officer, in his official capacity, within his county.
        (5) To attend the examination of all persons brought
before any judge on habeas corpus, when the prosecution is in his county.
        (6) To attend before judges and prosecute charges of
felony or misdemeanor, for which the offender is required to be recognized to appear before the circuit court, when in his power so to do.
        (7) To give his opinion, without fee or reward, to
any county officer in his county, upon any question or law relating to any criminal or other matter, in which the people or the county may be concerned.
        (8) To assist the Attorney General whenever it may be
necessary, and in cases of appeal from his county to the Supreme Court, to which it is the duty of the Attorney General to attend, he shall furnish the Attorney General at least 10 days before such is due to be filed, a manuscript of a proposed statement, brief and argument to be printed and filed on behalf of the people, prepared in accordance with the rules of the Supreme Court. However, if such brief, argument or other document is due to be filed by law or order of court within this 10-day period, then the State's Attorney shall furnish such as soon as may be reasonable.
        (9) To pay all moneys received by him in trust,
without delay, to the officer who by law is entitled to the custody thereof.
        (10) To notify, by first class mail, complaining
witnesses of the ultimate disposition of the cases arising from an indictment or an information.
        (11) To perform such other and further duties as may,
from time to time, be enjoined on him by law.
        (12) To appear in all proceedings by collectors of
taxes against delinquent taxpayers for judgments to sell real estate, and see that all the necessary preliminary steps have been legally taken to make the judgment legal and binding.
        (13) To notify, by first-class mail, the State
Superintendent of Education, the applicable regional superintendent of schools, and the superintendent of the employing school district or the chief school administrator of the employing nonpublic school, if any, upon the conviction of any individual known to possess a certificate or license issued pursuant to Article 21 or 21B, respectively, of the School Code of any offense set forth in Section 21B-80 of the School Code or any other felony conviction, providing the name of the certificate holder, the fact of the conviction, and the name and location of the court where the conviction occurred. The certificate holder must also be contemporaneously sent a copy of the notice.
    (b) The State's Attorney of each county shall have authority to appoint one or more special investigators to serve subpoenas and summonses, make return of process, and conduct investigations which assist the State's Attorney in the performance of his duties. In counties of the first and second class, the fees for service of subpoenas and summonses are allowed by this Section and shall be consistent with those set forth in Section 4-5001 of this Act, except when increased by county ordinance as provided for in Section 4-5001. In counties of the third class, the fees for service of subpoenas and summonses are allowed by this Section and shall be consistent with those set forth in Section 4-12001 of this Act. A special investigator shall not carry firearms except with permission of the State's Attorney and only while carrying appropriate identification indicating his employment and in the performance of his assigned duties.
    Subject to the qualifications set forth in this subsection, special investigators shall be peace officers and shall have all the powers possessed by investigators under the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor's Act.
    No special investigator employed by the State's Attorney shall have peace officer status or exercise police powers unless he or she successfully completes the basic police training course mandated and approved by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board or such board waives the training requirement by reason of the special investigator's prior law enforcement experience or training or both. Any State's Attorney appointing a special investigator shall consult with all affected local police agencies, to the extent consistent with the public interest, if the special investigator is assigned to areas within that agency's jurisdiction.
    Before a person is appointed as a special investigator, his fingerprints shall be taken and transmitted to the Department of State Police. The Department shall examine its records and submit to the State's Attorney of the county in which the investigator seeks appointment any conviction information concerning the person on file with the Department. No person shall be appointed as a special investigator if he has been convicted of a felony or other offense involving moral turpitude. A special investigator shall be paid a salary and be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in performing his assigned duties. The county board shall approve the salary and actual expenses and appropriate the salary and expenses in the manner prescribed by law or ordinance.
    (c) The State's Attorney may request and receive from employers, labor unions, telephone companies, and utility companies location information concerning putative fathers and noncustodial parents for the purpose of establishing a child's paternity or establishing, enforcing, or modifying a child support obligation. In this subsection, "location information" means information about (i) the physical whereabouts of a putative father or noncustodial parent, (ii) the putative father or noncustodial parent's employer, or (iii) the salary, wages, and other compensation paid and the health insurance coverage provided to the putative father or noncustodial parent by the employer of the putative father or noncustodial parent or by a labor union of which the putative father or noncustodial parent is a member.
    (d) (Blank).
    (e) The State's Attorney shall have the authority to enter into a written agreement with the Department of Revenue for pursuit of civil liability under subsection (E) of Section 17-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 against persons who have issued to the Department checks or other orders in violation of the provisions of paragraph (1) of subsection (B) of Section 17-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012, with the Department to retain the amount owing upon the dishonored check or order along with the dishonored check fee imposed under the Uniform Penalty and Interest Act, with the balance of damages, fees, and costs collected under subsection (E) of Section 17-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or under Section 17-1a of that Code to be retained by the State's Attorney. The agreement shall not affect the allocation of fines and costs imposed in any criminal prosecution.
(Source: P.A. 101-275, eff. 8-9-19.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9006

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9006) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9006)
    Sec. 3-9006. Internal operations of office; simultaneous county board tenure.
    (a) Internal operations of the office. The State's Attorney shall control the internal operations of his or her office and procure the necessary equipment, materials, and services to perform the duties of that office.
    (b) Simultaneous county board tenure. A duly appointed Assistant State's Attorney may serve as an Assistant State's Attorney and, simultaneously, serve as a county board member for a county located outside of the jurisdiction of the State's Attorney Office that he or she serves. An Assistant State's Attorney serving as a county board member is subject to any internal mechanisms established by the State's Attorney to avoid conflicts of interest in the performance of his or her duties as an Assistant State's Attorney.
(Source: P.A. 95-1014, eff. 12-15-08.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9007

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9007) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9007)
    Sec. 3-9007. Home rule unit liquor tax ordinance; prosecutions. Where any county, municipality or other unit of local government has adopted any ordinance or other regulation imposing a tax upon the privilege of engaging in business as a manufacturer, importing distributor, retailer or distributor of beer, alcohol or other spirits, pursuant to its home rule powers under Article VII, Section 6 of the Constitution of the State of Illinois, nothing shall prohibit a State's attorney from prosecuting any offense under the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 which may also constitute a violation of the applicable ordinance or regulation.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9008

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9008) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9008)
    Sec. 3-9008. Appointment of attorney to perform duties.
    (a) (Blank).
    (a-5) The court on its own motion, or an interested person in a cause or proceeding, civil or criminal, may file a petition alleging that the State's Attorney is sick, absent, or unable to fulfill his or her duties. The court shall consider the petition, any documents filed in response, and if necessary, grant a hearing to determine whether the State's Attorney is sick, absent, or otherwise unable to fulfill his or her duties. If the court finds that the State's Attorney is sick, absent, or otherwise unable to fulfill his or her duties, the court may appoint some competent attorney to prosecute or defend the cause or proceeding.
    (a-10) The court on its own motion, or an interested person in a cause or proceeding, civil or criminal, may file a petition alleging that the State's Attorney has an actual conflict of interest in the cause or proceeding. The court shall consider the petition, any documents filed in response, and if necessary, grant a hearing to determine whether the State's Attorney has an actual conflict of interest in the cause or proceeding. If the court finds that the petitioner has proven by sufficient facts and evidence that the State's Attorney has an actual conflict of interest in a specific case, the court may appoint some competent attorney to prosecute or defend the cause or proceeding.
    (a-15) Notwithstanding subsections (a-5) and (a-10) of this Section, the State's Attorney may file a petition to recuse himself or herself from a cause or proceeding for any other reason he or she deems appropriate and the court shall appoint a special prosecutor as provided in this Section.
    (a-20) Prior to appointing a private attorney under this Section, the court shall contact public agencies, including, but not limited to, the Office of Attorney General, Office of the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor, or local State's Attorney's Offices throughout the State, to determine a public prosecutor's availability to serve as a special prosecutor at no cost to the county and shall appoint a public agency if they are able and willing to accept the appointment. An attorney so appointed shall have the same power and authority in relation to the cause or proceeding as the State's Attorney would have if present and attending to the cause or proceedings.
    (b) In case of a vacancy of more than one year occurring in any county in the office of State's attorney, by death, resignation or otherwise, and it becomes necessary for the transaction of the public business, that some competent attorney act as State's attorney in and for such county during the period between the time of the occurrence of such vacancy and the election and qualification of a State's attorney, as provided by law, the vacancy shall be filled upon the written request of a majority of the circuit judges of the circuit in which is located the county where such vacancy exists, by appointment as provided in The Election Code of some competent attorney to perform and discharge all the duties of a State's attorney in the said county, such appointment and all authority thereunder to cease upon the election and qualification of a State's attorney, as provided by law. Any attorney appointed for any reason under this Section shall possess all the powers and discharge all the duties of a regularly elected State's attorney under the laws of the State to the extent necessary to fulfill the purpose of such appointment, and shall be paid by the county he serves not to exceed in any one period of 12 months, for the reasonable amount of time actually expended in carrying out the purpose of such appointment, the same compensation as provided by law for the State's attorney of the county, apportioned, in the case of lesser amounts of compensation, as to the time of service reasonably and actually expended. The county shall participate in all agreements on the rate of compensation of a special prosecutor.
    (c) An order granting authority to a special prosecutor must be construed strictly and narrowly by the court. The power and authority of a special prosecutor shall not be expanded without prior notice to the county. In the case of the proposed expansion of a special prosecutor's power and authority, a county may provide the court with information on the financial impact of an expansion on the county. Prior to the signing of an order requiring a county to pay for attorney's fees or litigation expenses, the county shall be provided with a detailed copy of the invoice describing the fees, and the invoice shall include all activities performed in relation to the case and the amount of time spent on each activity.
(Source: P.A. 99-352, eff. 1-1-16.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9009

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9009) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9009)
    Sec. 3-9009. Private fee and employment prohibited. The State's attorney shall not receive any fee or reward from or in behalf of any private person for any services within his official duties and shall not be retained or employed, except for the public, in a civil case depending upon the same state of facts on which a criminal prosecution shall depend.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9010

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9010) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9010)
    Sec. 3-9010. State's Attorney serving 2 or more counties. Whenever the county boards of 2 or more counties desire that one State's attorney be elected to serve such counties, as authorized in Section 19 of Article VI of the Constitution, each such county board shall adopt a resolution to the effect that the question of electing one State's attorney for such counties be submitted to the electors of the respective counties at the next general election in November of an even-numbered year other than a year in which State's attorneys are regularly elected. Notice of the adoption of such resolution shall be certified to the county clerk of each of the counties and to any board of election commissioners in any of such counties, who shall submit the question to the voters in accordance with the general election law.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9011

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9011) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9011)
    Sec. 3-9011. Form of proposition; election. The proposition shall be in substantially the following form:
    Shall one State's Attorney          YES
be elected to serve the counties  ----------------------------
of .... and ....?                       NO
    If a majority of the votes cast on the question in each county is in favor thereof, one State's attorney shall be elected for such counties at the next general election at which State's Attorneys are elected, and every four years thereafter.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)

55 ILCS 5/3-9012

    (55 ILCS 5/3-9012) (from Ch. 34, par. 3-9012)
    Sec. 3-9012. Compensation. A State's attorney who serves 2 or more counties shall receive such compensation from the State Treasury as is provided by law for the State's attorney of a single county. He shall be paid by the counties such compensation as may be agreed upon by the county boards within the salary range prescribed by law applicable to a single county with a population equal to the combined population of the counties he serves. Unless the county boards agree upon a lesser amount, he shall be paid the highest permissible salary within such range. The amount to be paid by the counties shall be apportioned among them on the basis of their population. Seventy-five percent (75%) of the amount provided by law to be paid from the State treasury for the services of the State's attorney in the case of a single county is payable to each of the counties served by the same State's attorney, except that the amounts paid to those counties under this Section in any year may not exceed, in the aggregate, the annual salary paid to that State's attorney from both county and State funds, in which case reduction of the State's contribution to each county shall be reduced proportionately according to population of each participating county.
(Source: P.A. 86-962.)