Illinois Compiled Statutes
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HUMAN RIGHTS775 ILCS 5/Art. 8
(775 ILCS 5/) Illinois Human Rights Act.
(775 ILCS 5/Art. 8 heading)
ILLINOIS HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
775 ILCS 5/8-101
(775 ILCS 5/8-101)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-101)
Illinois Human Rights Commission.
(A) Creation; appointments. The Human Rights Commission is created to consist
of 7 members appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the
Senate. No more than 4 members shall be of the same political party. The
Governor shall designate one member as chairperson. All appointments shall
be in writing and filed with the Secretary of State as a public record.
(B) Terms. Of the members first appointed, 4 shall be appointed for a
term to expire on the third Monday of January, 2021, and 3 (including the
Chairperson) shall be appointed for a term to expire on the third Monday
of January, 2023.
Notwithstanding any provision of this Section to the contrary, the term
of office of each member of the Illinois Human Rights Commission is
abolished on January 19, 2019. Incumbent members holding a position on the Commission that was created by Public Act 84-115 and whose terms, if not for this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly, would have expired January 18, 2021 shall continue to exercise all of the powers and be
subject to all of the duties of members of the Commission until June 30, 2019 or until
their respective successors are appointed and qualified, whichever is earlier.
Thereafter, each member shall serve for a term of 4 years
and until his or her successor is appointed and qualified; except that any
member chosen to fill a vacancy occurring otherwise than by expiration of
a term shall be appointed only for the unexpired term of the member whom
he or she shall succeed and until his or her successor is appointed and
(1) In the case of vacancies on the Commission
during a recess of the Senate, the Governor shall make a temporary appointment until the next meeting of the Senate when he or she shall appoint a person to fill the vacancy. Any person so nominated and confirmed by the Senate shall hold office for the remainder of the term and until his or her successor is appointed and qualified.
(2) If the Senate is not in session at the time this
Act takes effect, the Governor shall make temporary appointments to the Commission as in the case of vacancies.
(3) Vacancies in the Commission shall not impair the
right of the remaining members to exercise all the powers of the Commission. Except when authorized by this Act to proceed through a 3 member panel, a majority of the members of the Commission then in office shall constitute a quorum.
(D) Compensation. On and after January 19, 2019, the Chairperson of the Commission shall be compensated
at the rate of $125,000 per year, or as set by the Compensation Review
Board, whichever is greater, during his or her service as Chairperson,
and each other member shall be compensated at the rate of $119,000 per
year, or as set by the Compensation Review Board, whichever is greater.
In addition, all members of the Commission shall be reimbursed for expenses
actually and necessarily incurred by them
in the performance of their duties.
(E) Notwithstanding the general supervisory authority of the Chairperson, each commissioner, unless appointed to the special temporary panel created under subsection (H), has the authority to hire and supervise a staff attorney. The staff attorney shall report directly to the individual commissioner.
(F) A formal training program for newly appointed commissioners shall be implemented. The training program shall include the following:
(1) substantive and procedural aspects of the office
(2) current issues in employment and housing
discrimination and public accommodation law and practice;
(3) orientation to each operational unit of the Human
(4) observation of experienced hearing officers and
commissioners conducting hearings of cases, combined with the opportunity to discuss evidence presented and rulings made;
(5) the use of hypothetical cases requiring the newly
appointed commissioner to issue judgments as a means of evaluating knowledge and writing ability;
(6) writing skills; and
(7) professional and ethical standards.
A formal and ongoing professional development program including, but not limited to, the above-noted areas shall be implemented to keep commissioners informed of recent developments and issues and to assist them in maintaining and enhancing their professional competence. Each commissioner shall complete 20 hours of training in the above-noted areas during every 2 years the commissioner remains in office.
(G) Commissioners must meet one of the following qualifications:
(1) licensed to practice law in the State of Illinois;
(2) at least 3 years of experience as a hearing
officer at the Human Rights Commission; or
(3) at least 4 years of professional experience
working for or dealing with individuals or corporations affected by this Act or similar laws in other jurisdictions, including, but not limited to, experience with a civil rights advocacy group, a fair housing group, a trade association, a union, a law firm, a legal aid organization, an employer's human resources department, an employment discrimination consulting firm, or a municipal human relations agency.
The Governor's appointment message, filed with the Secretary of State and transmitted to the Senate, shall state specifically how the experience of a nominee for commissioner meets the requirement set forth in this subsection. The Chairperson must have public or private sector management and budget experience, as determined by the Governor.
Each commissioner shall devote full time to his or her duties and any commissioner who is an attorney shall not engage in the practice of law, nor shall any commissioner hold any other office or position of profit under the United States or this State or any municipal corporation or political subdivision of this State, nor engage in any other business, employment, or vocation.
(H) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Governor shall appoint, by and with the consent of the Senate, a special temporary panel of commissioners comprised of 3 members. The members shall hold office until the Commission, in consultation with the Governor, determines that the caseload of requests for review has been reduced sufficiently to allow cases to proceed in a timely manner, or for a term of 18 months from the date of appointment by the Governor, whichever is earlier. Each of the 3 members shall have only such rights and powers of a commissioner necessary to dispose of the cases assigned to the special panel. Each of the 3 members appointed to the special panel shall receive the same salary as other commissioners for the duration of the panel. The panel shall have the authority to hire and supervise a staff attorney who shall report to the panel of commissioners.
(Source: P.A. 100-1066, eff. 8-24-18; 101-530, eff. 1-1-20
775 ILCS 5/8-102
(775 ILCS 5/8-102)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-102)
Powers and duties.
In addition to the other powers
and duties prescribed in this Act, the Commission shall have the following
powers and duties:
(A) Meetings. To meet and function at any place
(B) Offices. To establish and maintain offices in
(C) Employees. To select and fix the compensation of
such technical advisors and employees as it may deem necessary pursuant to the provisions of the Personnel Code.
(D) Hearing Officers. To select and fix the
compensation of hearing officers who shall be attorneys duly licensed to practice law in this State and full-time employees of the Commission.
A formal and unbiased training program for hearing
officers shall be implemented. The training program shall include the following:
(1) substantive and procedural aspects of the
hearing officer position;
(2) current issues in human rights law and
(3) lectures by specialists in substantive areas
related to human rights matters;
(4) orientation to each operational unit of the
Department and Commission;
(5) observation of experienced hearing officers
conducting hearings of cases, combined with the opportunity to discuss evidence presented and rulings made;
(6) the use of hypothetical cases requiring the
hearing officer to issue judgments as a means to evaluating knowledge and writing ability;
(7) writing skills;
(8) computer skills, including, but not limited
to, word processing and document management.
A formal, unbiased and ongoing professional
development program including, but not limited to, the above-noted areas shall be implemented to keep hearing officers informed of recent developments and issues and to assist them in maintaining and enhancing their professional competence.
(E) Rules and Regulations. To adopt, promulgate,
amend, and rescind rules and regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(F) Compulsory Process. To issue and authorize
requests for enforcement of subpoenas and other compulsory process established by this Act.
(G) Decisions. Through a panel of 3 members
designated by the Chairperson on a random basis, to hear and decide by majority vote complaints filed in conformity with this Act and to approve proposed settlements. Decisions by commissioners must be based strictly on neutral interpretations of the law and the facts.
(H) Rehearings. To order, by a vote of 3 members,
rehearing of its decisions by the entire Commission in conformity with this Act.
(I) Judicial Enforcement. To authorize requests for
judicial enforcement of its orders in conformity with this Act.
(J) Opinions. To publish each decision within 180
days of the decision to assure a consistent source of precedent. Published decisions shall be subject to the Personal Information Protection Act.
(K) Public Grants; Private Gifts. To accept public
grants and private gifts as may be authorized.
(L) Interpreters. To appoint at the expense of the
Commission a qualified sign language interpreter whenever a hearing impaired person is a party or witness at a public hearing.
(M) Automated Processing Plan. To prepare an
electronic data processing and telecommunications plan jointly with the Department in accordance with Section 7-112.
The provisions of Public Act 89-370 amending subsection (G)
of this Section apply to causes of action filed on or after January 1, 1996.
(Source: P.A. 100-1066, eff. 8-24-18; 101-81, eff. 7-12-19.)
775 ILCS 5/8-103
(775 ILCS 5/8-103)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-103)
Request for review.
(A) Jurisdiction. The Commission,
through a panel of three members, shall have jurisdiction to hear and
determine requests for review of (1) decisions of the Department to dismiss
a charge; and (2) notices of default issued by the Department.
In each instance, the Department shall be the respondent. The respondent on the charge, in the case of dismissal, or the complainant, in the case of default, may file a response to the request for review.
(B) Review. When a request for review is properly filed, the Commission
may consider the Department's report, any argument and supplemental evidence
timely submitted, and the results of any additional investigation conducted by
Department in response to the request. In its discretion, the Commission
may designate a hearing officer to conduct a hearing into the factual basis
of the matter at issue. Within 120 days after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly, the Commission shall adopt rules of minimum standards for the contents of responses to requests for review, including, but not limited to, proposed statements of uncontested facts and proposed statements of the legal issues.
(C) Default Order. When a respondent fails to file a timely request
for review of a notice of default, or the default is sustained on review,
the Commission shall enter a default order and notify the parties that the complainant has the right to either commence a civil action in the appropriate circuit court to determine the complainant's damages or request that the Commission set a hearing on damages before one of its hearing officers. The complainant shall have 90 days after receipt of the Commission's default order to either commence a civil action in the appropriate circuit court or request that the Commission set a hearing on damages.
(D) Time Period Toll. Proceedings on requests for review shall toll
the time limitation established in paragraph (G) of Section 7A-102 from
the date on which the Department's notice of dismissal or default is issued
to the date
on which the Commission's order is entered.
(E) The changes made to this Section by Public Act 95-243 apply to charges or complaints filed with the Department or Commission on or
after the effective date of those changes.
(F) The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly apply to charges or complaints filed with the Department or Commission on or
after the effective date of those changes.
(G) The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly apply to charges filed or pending with the Department or Commission on or
after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 100-1066, eff. 8-24-18.)
775 ILCS 5/8-104
(775 ILCS 5/8-104)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-104)
(A) Subpoenas. Any member of the
Commission may issue a subpoena:
(1) At the request of the Department to facilitate
(2) At the request of a party to a proceeding which
is the subject of a complaint pending before the Commission.
(B) Form. The subpoena shall be on a form prescribed by the
Commission in its rules and regulations, and a copy of the subpoena shall be
served upon all parties of record by the party requesting the subpoena.
(C) Content. A subpoena may be issued when necessary to compel the
attendance of a witness or to require the production for examination of
any relevant books, records or documents whatsoever.
(1) On motion of the person to whom the subpoena is
directed or a party, and for good cause shown the Commission or the hearing officer presiding in the case may quash or modify any subpoena;
(2) In the case of a subpoena duces tecum issued and
served at the request of the Department, the Commission or the hearing officer presiding in the case shall upon request order the Department to pay the reasonable expense of producing or providing any item specified in the subpoena.
(1) When anyone fails or refuses to obey a subpoena,
the Commission, through a panel of 3 members, shall authorize Commission staff to prepare and file a petition for enforcement in the circuit court of the county in which the person to whom the subpoena was directed resides or has his or her principal place of business.
(2) Not less than five days before the petition is
filed in the appropriate court, it shall be served on the person along with a notice of the time and place the petition is to be presented.
(3) Following a hearing on the petition, the circuit
courts shall have jurisdiction to enforce subpoenas issued pursuant to this Section.
(1) If any witness whose testimony is required for
hearing resides outside the state, or through illness or any other good cause as determined by the hearing officer is unable to testify at the hearing, his or her testimony or deposition may be taken, within or without the State, in the same manner as is provided for in the taking of depositions in civil cases in circuit courts.
(2) Witnesses subject to subpoena shall be paid the
same fees and mileage as are paid witnesses in the circuit courts of this state, and witnesses whose depositions are taken or the person taking them shall be entitled to the same fees as are paid for like services in the circuit courts of this State.
(G) Service of Process.
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act,
complaints, orders and other process and proper papers shall be served in accordance with such rules and regulations as the Commission may from time to time prescribe. The verified return of the individual making service in accordance with this Section and setting forth the manner of such service shall constitute proof of service.
(2) For the purposes of this Act, any documents
served upon any officer of a labor organization shall be sufficient to acquire jurisdiction against such labor organization, or labor union, or voluntary unincorporated union association, and all of its officers, members and representatives.
(Source: P.A. 89-370, eff. 8-18-95.)
775 ILCS 5/8-105
(775 ILCS 5/8-105)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-105)
(1) When a proposed settlement is submitted by the
Department, the Commission, through a panel of 3 members, shall determine whether to approve its terms and conditions.
(2) A settlement of any complaint and its underlying
charge or charges may be effectuated at any time upon agreement of the parties, with or without the Commission's approval, and shall act as a full and final resolution of the matter. If the parties desire that the Commission retain jurisdiction over the matter for purposes of enforcing the terms of the settlement, the terms shall be reduced to writing, signed by the parties, and submitted to the Commission for approval. The Commission, through a panel of 3 members, shall determine whether to approve the settlement.
(3) Approval of the settlement shall be accomplished
by an order, served on the parties and the Department, in accord with the written terms of the settlement.
(B) Violation. When the Department files notice of a settlement order
violation, the Commission, through a panel of three members, may either
order the Department to seek enforcement of the settlement order pursuant
to paragraph (B) of Section 8-111 or remand for any type of hearing as it
may deem necessary pursuant to paragraph (D) of Section 8A-103.
(C) Dismissal for Refusal to Accept Settlement Offer. The Commission
shall dismiss a complaint and the underlying charge or charges of
complaint if the Commission is satisfied that:
1. the respondent has eliminated the effects of the
civil rights violation charged and taken steps to prevent repetition of the violation; or
2. the respondent offers and the complainant declines
to accept the terms of settlement that the Commission determines are sufficient to eliminate the effect of the civil rights violation charged and to prevent repetition of the violation.
In determining whether the respondent has eliminated the effects
of the civil rights violation charged, or has offered terms of settlement
sufficient to eliminate same, the Commission shall consider the extent to
which the respondent has either fully provided, or reasonably offered by
way of terms of settlement, as the case may be, the relevant relief
available to the complainant under Section 8A-104 of this Act.
At any time after the service of a complaint pursuant to Section 8A-102
of this Act, and prior to service of a decision prepared pursuant to
Section 8A-102(I), a respondent may move for a recommended
a complaint and the underlying charge or charges for complainant's refusal
to accept terms of settlement that are sufficient to eliminate the effects
of the civil rights violation charged in the complaint and to eliminate
repetition of the violation. Respondent's motion and complainant's reply, if
comply with the requirements for summary decision set forth in Section
8-106.1 of this Act.
(D) This amendatory Act of 1996 applies to causes of action filed on or
after January 1, 1996.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)
775 ILCS 5/8-106.1
(775 ILCS 5/8-106.1)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-106.1)
(1) At any time after the service of a
complaint and prior to service of a decision pursuant to Section 8-106(I),
complainant or respondent may move with or without supporting affidavits
for a summary order in the moving party's favor as to all or any part of
the relief sought. A hearing officer may
not preclude the filing of said motion except within the 60-day period prior to
hearing on the merits of the complaint.
(2) Procedure. The non-moving party may file counteraffidavits prior to
the time of the ruling on the motion. The hearing officer shall decide the
without delay and shall grant it if the pleadings and affidavits, if any,
show that there is
no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is
entitled to a recommended order as a matter of law. The term "without delay"
shall be defined by rule promulgated by the Commission. An interim summary
recommended order, interlocutory in character, may be rendered on the issue
of liability alone although there is a genuine issue as to the relief to be
(3) Affidavits or Motions Made in Bad Faith. If it appears to the
the hearing officer at any time that any affidavit or motion presented pursuant
this Section is presented in bad faith or solely for the purpose of delay,
the hearing officer may recommend that the party employing the use of
affidavits for dilatory purposes shall pay to the
other party the amount of reasonable expenses incurred as a result of the
filing of the affidavit or motion, including reasonable attorney's fees.
(Source: P.A. 89-370, eff. 8-18-95.)
775 ILCS 5/8-109
(775 ILCS 5/8-109)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-109)
Specific penalties; public contracts; licensees; public
In addition to the penalties and forms of relief set forth
in Section 8A-104, a hearing officer may recommend and the Commission or
any three member panel thereof may:
(A) Public Contracts. In the case of a respondent
who commits a civil rights violation while holding a public contract, where the practice was authorized, requested, commanded, performed, or knowingly permitted by the board of directors of the respondent or by an officer or executive agent acting within the scope of his employment, order: (1) termination of the contract; (2) debarment of the respondent from participating in public contracts for a period not to exceed three years; (3) imposition of a penalty to be paid to the State Treasurer not to exceed any profit acquired as a direct result of a civil rights violation; or (4) any combination of these penalties.
(B) Licensees. In the case of a respondent,
operating by virtue of a license issued by the State, a political subdivision, or any agency thereof, who commits a civil rights violation, recommend to the appropriate licensing authority that the respondent's license be suspended or revoked.
(C) Public Officials. In the case of a respondent
who is a public official who violates paragraph (C) of Section 5-102, recommend to the department or agency in which the official is employed that such disciplinary or discharge proceedings as the Commission deems appropriate be employed.
(Source: P.A. 101-221, eff. 1-1-20
775 ILCS 5/8-109.1
(775 ILCS 5/8-109.1)
Civil penalties; failure to report; failure to train.
(A) A hearing officer may recommend the Commission or any 3-member panel thereof may:
(1) Failure to report. In the case of an employer
who fails to make any disclosures required under Section 2-108 within 30 days of the Department's notice to show cause, or as otherwise extended by the Department, order that a civil penalty be imposed pursuant to subsection (B).
(2) Failure to train. In the case of an employer
who fails to comply with the sexual harassment prevention training requirements under Section 2-109 or 2-110 within 30 days of the Department's notice to show cause, or as otherwise extended by the Department, order that a civil penalty be imposed pursuant to subsection (B).
(B) An employer who violates Section 2-108, 2-109, or 2-110 is subject to a civil penalty as follows:
(1) For an employer with fewer than 4 employees: a
penalty not to exceed $500 for a first offense; a penalty not to exceed $1,000 for a second offense; a penalty not to exceed $3,000 for a third or subsequent offense.
(2) For an employer with 4 or more employees: a
penalty not to exceed $1,000 for a first offense; a penalty not to exceed $3,000 for a second offense; a penalty not to exceed $5,000 for a third or subsequent offense.
(C) The appropriateness of the penalty to the size of the employer charged, the good faith efforts made by the employer to comply, and the gravity of the violation shall be considered in determining the amount of the civil penalty.
(Source: P.A. 101-221, eff. 1-1-20
775 ILCS 5/8-110
(775 ILCS 5/8-110)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-110)
Publication of opinions.
Decisions of the Commission or panels
thereof, whether on requests for review or
complaints, shall be
made available on the Commission's website and to online legal research companies within 14 calendar days after publication by the Commission as required by subsection (J) of Section 8-102. Published decisions shall be subject to the Personal Information Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-1066, eff. 8-24-18.)
775 ILCS 5/8-111
(775 ILCS 5/8-111)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-111)
(A) Civil Actions Commenced in Circuit Court.
(1) Venue. Civil actions commenced in a circuit
court pursuant to Section 7A-102 shall be commenced in the circuit court in the county in which the civil rights violation was allegedly committed.
(2) If a civil action is commenced in a circuit
court, the form of the complaint shall be in accordance with the Code of Civil Procedure.
(3) If a civil action is commenced in a circuit court
under Section 7A-102, the plaintiff or defendant may demand trial by jury.
(4) Remedies. Upon the finding of a civil rights
violation, the circuit court or jury may award any of the remedies set forth in Section 8A-104.
(B) Judicial Review.
(1) Any complainant or respondent may apply for and
obtain judicial review of a final order of the Commission entered under this Act by filing a petition for review in the Appellate Court within 35 days from the date that a copy of the decision sought to be reviewed was served upon the party affected by the decision. If a 3-member panel or the full Commission finds that an interlocutory order involves a question of law as to which there is substantial ground for difference of opinion and that an immediate appeal from the order may materially advance the ultimate termination of the litigation, any party may petition the Appellate Court for permission to appeal the order. The procedure for obtaining the required Commission findings and the permission of the Appellate Court shall be governed by Supreme Court Rule 308, except the references to the "trial court" shall be understood as referring to the Commission.
(2) In any proceeding brought for judicial review,
the Commission's findings of fact shall be sustained unless the court determines that such findings are contrary to the manifest weight of the evidence.
(3) Venue. Proceedings for judicial review shall be
commenced in the appellate court for the district wherein the civil rights violation which is the subject of the Commission's order was allegedly committed.
(C) Judicial Enforcement.
(1) When the Commission, at the instance of the
Department or an aggrieved party, concludes that any person has violated a valid order of the Commission issued pursuant to this Act, and the violation and its effects are not promptly corrected, the Commission, through a panel of 3 members, shall order the Department to commence an action in the name of the People of the State of Illinois by complaint, alleging the violation, attaching a copy of the order of the Commission and praying for the issuance of an order directing such person, his or her or its officers, agents, servants, successors and assigns to comply with the order of the Commission.
(2) An aggrieved party may file a complaint for
enforcement of a valid order of the Commission directly in Circuit Court.
(3) Upon the commencement of an action filed under
paragraphs (1) or (2) of subsection (B) of this Section the court shall have jurisdiction over the proceedings and power to grant or refuse, in whole or in part, the relief sought or impose such other remedy as the court may deem proper.
(4) The court may stay an order of the Commission in
accordance with the applicable Supreme Court rules, pending disposition of the proceedings.
(5) The court may punish for any violation of its
order as in the case of civil contempt.
(6) Venue. Proceedings for judicial enforcement of a
Commission order shall be commenced in the circuit court in the county wherein the civil rights violation which is the subject of the Commission's order was committed.
(D) Limitation. Except as otherwise provided by law, no court of this
state shall have jurisdiction over the subject of an alleged civil rights
violation other than as set forth in this Act.
(E) This amendatory Act of 1996 applies to causes of action filed on or
after January 1, 1996.
(F) The changes made to this Section by this amendatory Act of the 95th General Assembly apply to charges or complaints filed with the Department or the Commission on or
after the effective date of those changes.
(Source: P.A. 95-243, eff. 1-1-08.)
775 ILCS 5/8-112
(775 ILCS 5/8-112)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-112)
Public Grants; Private Gifts) The commission is authorized
to accept public grants and private gifts and bequests so long as the conditions
of the grant, gift, or bequest are not inconsistent with the purposes of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 81-1216.)
775 ILCS 5/8-113
(775 ILCS 5/8-113)
(from Ch. 68, par. 8-113)
The Human Rights Commission and the
Department of Human Rights are authorized to receive and collect
information concerning employment discrimination in relation to persons
affected by the federal Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, and
the Human Rights Commission and the Department of Human Rights are
authorized to cooperate with the United States General Accounting Office in
providing such information as may be necessary or appropriate for the
preparation of the report of the Comptroller General of the United States
on discrimination and the implementation of employer sanctions pursuant to
that Act. The Human Rights Commission and Department of Human Rights shall
coordinate their activities under this Section, and report to the Governor
or his designee.
(Source: P.A. 85-139.)