State of Illinois
90th General Assembly

   [ Search ]   [ Legislation ]   [ Bill Summary ]
[ Home ]   [ Back ]   [ Bottom ]


 1                       HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION
 2        WHEREAS, The United States is a  signatory  to  the  1992
 3    United  Nations Framework Convention on Global Climate Change
 4    ("FCCC"); and
 5        WHEREAS, A protocol to expand the scope of the  FCCC  was
 6    negotiated   in   December   1997  in  Kyoto,  Japan  ("Kyoto
 7    Protocol"), requiring the United States to  reduce  emissions
 8    of  greenhouse gases by 7% from 1990 levels during the period
 9    2008 to 2012, with  potentially  larger  emission  reductions
10    thereafter; and
11        WHEREAS,  The  Kyoto  Protocol  would require other major
12    industrial nations to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by 6%
13    to 8% during the period 2008 to 2012, with potentially larger
14    emission reductions thereafter; and
15        WHEREAS, President William J. Clinton pledged on  October
16    22,  1997,  that  "The  United States will not assume binding
17    obligations  (in  Kyoto)  unless   key   developing   nations
18    meaningfully participate in this effort"; and
19        WHEREAS,  On  July  25,  1997,  the  United States Senate
20    adopted  Senate  Resolution  No.  98  by  a  vote  of   95-0,
21    expressing  the  sense  of  the Senate that, inter alia, "the
22    United States should not be a signatory to any protocol to or
23    other agreement regarding the Framework Convention on Climate
24    Change... which would require the advice and consent  of  the
25    Senate   to   ratification,   and  which  would  mandate  new
26    commitments to mitigate  greenhouse  gas  emissions  for  the
27    Developed  Country  Parties,  unless  the  protocol  or other
28    agreement also mandates specific scheduled commitments within
29    the  same  compliance  period  to  mitigate  greenhouse   gas
30    emissions for Developing Country Parties"; and
31        WHEREAS,  Developing  nations  are exempt from greenhouse
                            -2-                LRB9010991LDmb
 1    gas emission limitation requirements in the FCCC, and refused
 2    in the Kyoto negotiations to accept any new  commitments  for
 3    greenhouse   gas   emission  limitations  through  the  Kyoto
 4    Protocol or other agreements; and
 5        WHEREAS, The United States relies on carbon-based  fossil
 6    fuels for more than 90% of its total energy supply; and
 7        WHEREAS,  Achieving  the  emission reductions proposed by
 8    the Kyoto Protocol would require more than 35%  reduction  in
 9    projected  United  states carbon dioxide emissions during the
10    period 2008 to 2012; and
11        WHEREAS,  Developing  countries  exempt   from   emission
12    limitations under the Kyoto Protocol are expected to increase
13    their  rates  of fossil fuel use over the next 2 decades, and
14    to  surpass  the  United  States  and  other   industrialized
15    countries in total emissions of greenhouse gases; and
16        WHEREAS,  Economic  impact studies by the U.S. Government
17    estimate that legally binding requirements for the  reduction
18    of U.S. greenhouse gases to 1990 emission levels would result
19    in  the  loss of more than 900,000 jobs in the United States,
20    sharply increased energy prices, reduced family  incomes  and
21    wages,  and  severe  losses  of  output  in  energy-intensive
22    industries  such  as  aluminum, steel, rubber, chemicals, and
23    utilities; and
24        WHEREAS,  The  failure  to  provide  for  commitments  by
25    developing countries in the Kyoto Protocol creates an  unfair
26    competitive   imbalance  between  industrial  and  developing
27    nations, potentially leading to  the  transfer  of  jobs  and
28    industrial  development  form the United States to developing
29    countries; and
30        WHEREAS,  Increased  emissions  of  greenhouse  gases  by
31    developing countries would offset any environmental  benefits
                            -3-                LRB9010991LDmb
 1    associated  with  emissions reductions achieved by the United
 2    States and by other industrial nations; therefore, be it
 5    SENATE CONCURRING HEREIN, That the House and the Senate  call
 6    upon the President of the United States not to sign the Kyoto
 7    Protocol  nor  to  submit  the  Kyoto  Protocol to the United
 8    States Senate unless the protocol  is  amended  or  otherwise
 9    revised  consistent  with United States Senate Resolution No.
10    98 to include specific scheduled commitments  for  developing
11    countries  to  mitigate  greenhouse  gas emissions within the
12    same compliance period as required for  developed  countries;
13    and be it further
14        RESOLVED,  That  the  House  and the Senate call upon the
15    United States Senate to reject any proposed protocol or other
16    amendment  to  the  FCCC  that  is  inconsistent  with   this
17    Resolution  or  that does not comply fully with United States
18    Senate Resolution No. 98; and be it further
19        RESOLVED, That suitable  copies  of  this  resolution  be
20    delivered  to  the  President of the United States and to the
21    President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate.

[ Top ]