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90_HJ0048 LRB9010991LDmb 1 HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION 2 WHEREAS, The United States is a signatory to the 1992 3 United Nations Framework Convention on Global Climate Change 4 ("FCCC"); and 5 WHEREAS, A protocol to expand the scope of the FCCC was 6 negotiated in December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan ("Kyoto 7 Protocol"), requiring the United States to reduce emissions 8 of greenhouse gases by 7% from 1990 levels during the period 9 2008 to 2012, with potentially larger emission reductions 10 thereafter; and 11 WHEREAS, The Kyoto Protocol would require other major 12 industrial nations to reduce emissions from 1990 levels by 6% 13 to 8% during the period 2008 to 2012, with potentially larger 14 emission reductions thereafter; and 15 WHEREAS, President William J. Clinton pledged on October 16 22, 1997, that "The United States will not assume binding 17 obligations (in Kyoto) unless key developing nations 18 meaningfully participate in this effort"; and 19 WHEREAS, On July 25, 1997, the United States Senate 20 adopted Senate Resolution No. 98 by a vote of 95-0, 21 expressing the sense of the Senate that, inter alia, "the 22 United States should not be a signatory to any protocol to or 23 other agreement regarding the Framework Convention on Climate 24 Change... which would require the advice and consent of the 25 Senate to ratification, and which would mandate new 26 commitments to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions for the 27 Developed Country Parties, unless the protocol or other 28 agreement also mandates specific scheduled commitments within 29 the same compliance period to mitigate greenhouse gas 30 emissions for Developing Country Parties"; and 31 WHEREAS, Developing nations are exempt from greenhouse -2- LRB9010991LDmb 1 gas emission limitation requirements in the FCCC, and refused 2 in the Kyoto negotiations to accept any new commitments for 3 greenhouse gas emission limitations through the Kyoto 4 Protocol or other agreements; and 5 WHEREAS, The United States relies on carbon-based fossil 6 fuels for more than 90% of its total energy supply; and 7 WHEREAS, Achieving the emission reductions proposed by 8 the Kyoto Protocol would require more than 35% reduction in 9 projected United states carbon dioxide emissions during the 10 period 2008 to 2012; and 11 WHEREAS, Developing countries exempt from emission 12 limitations under the Kyoto Protocol are expected to increase 13 their rates of fossil fuel use over the next 2 decades, and 14 to surpass the United States and other industrialized 15 countries in total emissions of greenhouse gases; and 16 WHEREAS, Economic impact studies by the U.S. Government 17 estimate that legally binding requirements for the reduction 18 of U.S. greenhouse gases to 1990 emission levels would result 19 in the loss of more than 900,000 jobs in the United States, 20 sharply increased energy prices, reduced family incomes and 21 wages, and severe losses of output in energy-intensive 22 industries such as aluminum, steel, rubber, chemicals, and 23 utilities; and 24 WHEREAS, The failure to provide for commitments by 25 developing countries in the Kyoto Protocol creates an unfair 26 competitive imbalance between industrial and developing 27 nations, potentially leading to the transfer of jobs and 28 industrial development form the United States to developing 29 countries; and 30 WHEREAS, Increased emissions of greenhouse gases by 31 developing countries would offset any environmental benefits -3- LRB9010991LDmb 1 associated with emissions reductions achieved by the United 2 States and by other industrial nations; therefore, be it 3 RESOLVED, BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE 4 NINETIETH GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, THE 5 SENATE CONCURRING HEREIN, That the House and the Senate call 6 upon the President of the United States not to sign the Kyoto 7 Protocol nor to submit the Kyoto Protocol to the United 8 States Senate unless the protocol is amended or otherwise 9 revised consistent with United States Senate Resolution No. 10 98 to include specific scheduled commitments for developing 11 countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions within the 12 same compliance period as required for developed countries; 13 and be it further 14 RESOLVED, That the House and the Senate call upon the 15 United States Senate to reject any proposed protocol or other 16 amendment to the FCCC that is inconsistent with this 17 Resolution or that does not comply fully with United States 18 Senate Resolution No. 98; and be it further 19 RESOLVED, That suitable copies of this resolution be 20 delivered to the President of the United States and to the 21 President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate.
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