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Public Act 102-0751


 

Public Act 0751 102ND GENERAL ASSEMBLY

  
  
  

 


 
Public Act 102-0751
 
SB3024 EnrolledLRB102 22161 RLC 31290 b

    AN ACT concerning criminal law.
 
    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
 
    Section 5. The Illinois Controlled Substances Act is
amended by changing Section 318 as follows:
 
    (720 ILCS 570/318)
    Sec. 318. Confidentiality of information.
    (a) Information received by the central repository under
Section 316 and former Section 321 is confidential.
    (a-1) To ensure the federal Health Insurance Portability
and Accountability Act and confidentiality of substance use
disorder patient records rules that mandate the privacy of an
individual's prescription data reported to the Prescription
Monitoring Program received from a retail dispenser under this
Act, and in order to execute the duties and responsibilities
under Section 316 of this Act and rules for disclosure under
this Section, the Clinical Director of the Prescription
Monitoring Program or his or her designee shall maintain
direct access to all Prescription Monitoring Program data. Any
request for Prescription Monitoring Program data from any
other department or agency must be approved in writing by the
Clinical Director of the Prescription Monitoring Program or
his or her designee unless otherwise permitted by law.
Prescription Monitoring Program data shall only be disclosed
as permitted by law.
    (a-2) As an active step to address the current opioid
crisis in this State and to prevent and reduce addiction
resulting from a sports injury or an accident, the
Prescription Monitoring Program and the Department of Public
Health shall coordinate a continuous review of the
Prescription Monitoring Program and the Department of Public
Health data to determine if a patient may be at risk of opioid
addiction. Each patient discharged from any medical facility
with an International Classification of Disease, 10th edition
code related to a sport or accident injury shall be subject to
the data review. If the discharged patient is dispensed a
controlled substance, the Prescription Monitoring Program
shall alert the patient's prescriber as to the addiction risk
and urge each to follow the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention guidelines or his or her respective profession's
treatment guidelines related to the patient's injury. This
subsection (a-2), other than this sentence, is inoperative on
or after January 1, 2024.
    (b) The Department must carry out a program to protect the
confidentiality of the information described in subsection
(a). The Department may disclose the information to another
person only under subsection (c), (d), or (f) and may charge a
fee not to exceed the actual cost of furnishing the
information.
    (c) The Department may disclose confidential information
described in subsection (a) to any person who is engaged in
receiving, processing, or storing the information.
    (d) The Department may release confidential information
described in subsection (a) to the following persons:
        (1) A governing body that licenses practitioners and
    is engaged in an investigation, an adjudication, or a
    prosecution of a violation under any State or federal law
    that involves a controlled substance.
        (2) An investigator for the Consumer Protection
    Division of the office of the Attorney General, a
    prosecuting attorney, the Attorney General, a deputy
    Attorney General, or an investigator from the office of
    the Attorney General, who is engaged in any of the
    following activities involving controlled substances:
            (A) an investigation;
            (B) an adjudication; or
            (C) a prosecution of a violation under any State
        or federal law that involves a controlled substance.
        (3) A law enforcement officer who is:
            (A) authorized by the Illinois State Police or the
        office of a county sheriff or State's Attorney or
        municipal police department of Illinois to receive
        information of the type requested for the purpose of
        investigations involving controlled substances; or
            (B) approved by the Department to receive
        information of the type requested for the purpose of
        investigations involving controlled substances; and
            (C) engaged in the investigation or prosecution of
        a violation under any State or federal law that
        involves a controlled substance.
        (4) Select representatives of the Department of
    Children and Family Services through the indirect online
    request process. Access shall be established by an
    intergovernmental agreement between the Department of
    Children and Family Services and the Department of Human
    Services.
    (e) Before the Department releases confidential
information under subsection (d), the applicant must
demonstrate in writing to the Department that:
        (1) the applicant has reason to believe that a
    violation under any State or federal law that involves a
    controlled substance has occurred; and
        (2) the requested information is reasonably related to
    the investigation, adjudication, or prosecution of the
    violation described in subdivision (1).
    (f) The Department may receive and release prescription
record information under Section 316 and former Section 321
to:
        (1) a governing body that licenses practitioners;
        (2) an investigator for the Consumer Protection
    Division of the office of the Attorney General, a
    prosecuting attorney, the Attorney General, a deputy
    Attorney General, or an investigator from the office of
    the Attorney General;
        (3) any Illinois law enforcement officer who is:
            (A) authorized to receive the type of information
        released; and
            (B) approved by the Department to receive the type
        of information released; or
        (4) prescription monitoring entities in other states
    per the provisions outlined in subsection (g) and (h)
    below;
confidential prescription record information collected under
Sections 316 and 321 (now repealed) that identifies vendors or
practitioners, or both, who are prescribing or dispensing
large quantities of Schedule II, III, IV, or V controlled
substances outside the scope of their practice, pharmacy, or
business, as determined by the Advisory Committee created by
Section 320.
    (f-5) In accordance with a confidentiality agreement
entered into with the Department, a medical director, or a
public health administrator and their delegated analysts, of a
county or municipal health department or the Department of
Public Health shall have access to data from the system for any
of the following purposes:
            (1) developing education programs or public health
        interventions relating to prescribing trends and
        controlled substance use; or
            (2) conducting analyses and publish reports on
        prescribing trends in their respective jurisdictions.
    At a minimum, the confidentiality agreement entered into
with the Department shall:
        (i) prohibit analysis and reports produced under
    subparagraph (2) from including information that
    identifies, by name, license, or address, any
    practitioner, dispenser, ultimate user, or other person
    administering a controlled substance; and
        (ii) specify the appropriate technical and physical
    safeguards that the county or municipal health department
    must implement to ensure the privacy and security of data
    obtained from the system. The data from the system shall
    not be admissible as evidence, nor discoverable in any
    action of any kind in any court or before any tribunal,
    board, agency, or person. The disclosure of any such
    information or data, whether proper or improper, shall not
    waive or have any effect upon its confidentiality,
    non-discoverability, or non-admissibility.
    (g) The information described in subsection (f) may not be
released until it has been reviewed by an employee of the
Department who is licensed as a prescriber or a dispenser and
until that employee has certified that further investigation
is warranted. However, failure to comply with this subsection
(g) does not invalidate the use of any evidence that is
otherwise admissible in a proceeding described in subsection
(h).
    (h) An investigator or a law enforcement officer receiving
confidential information under subsection (c), (d), or (f) may
disclose the information to a law enforcement officer or an
attorney for the office of the Attorney General for use as
evidence in the following:
        (1) A proceeding under any State or federal law that
    involves a controlled substance.
        (2) A criminal proceeding or a proceeding in juvenile
    court that involves a controlled substance.
    (i) The Department may compile statistical reports from
the information described in subsection (a). The reports must
not include information that identifies, by name, license or
address, any practitioner, dispenser, ultimate user, or other
person administering a controlled substance.
    (j) Based upon federal, initial and maintenance funding, a
prescriber and dispenser inquiry system shall be developed to
assist the health care community in its goal of effective
clinical practice and to prevent patients from diverting or
abusing medications.
        (1) An inquirer shall have read-only access to a
    stand-alone database which shall contain records for the
    previous 12 months.
        (2) Dispensers may, upon positive and secure
    identification, make an inquiry on a patient or customer
    solely for a medical purpose as delineated within the
    federal HIPAA law.
        (3) The Department shall provide a one-to-one secure
    link and encrypted software necessary to establish the
    link between an inquirer and the Department. Technical
    assistance shall also be provided.
        (4) Written inquiries are acceptable but must include
    the fee and the requester's requestor's Drug Enforcement
    Administration license number and submitted upon the
    requester's requestor's business stationery.
        (5) As directed by the Prescription Monitoring Program
    Advisory Committee and the Clinical Director for the
    Prescription Monitoring Program, aggregate data that does
    not indicate any prescriber, practitioner, dispenser, or
    patient may be used for clinical studies.
        (6) Tracking analysis shall be established and used
    per administrative rule.
        (7) Nothing in this Act or Illinois law shall be
    construed to require a prescriber or dispenser to make use
    of this inquiry system.
        (8) If there is an adverse outcome because of a
    prescriber or dispenser making an inquiry, which is
    initiated in good faith, the prescriber or dispenser shall
    be held harmless from any civil liability.
    (k) The Department shall establish, by rule, the process
by which to evaluate possible erroneous association of
prescriptions to any licensed prescriber or end user of the
Illinois Prescription Information Library (PIL).
    (l) The Prescription Monitoring Program Advisory Committee
is authorized to evaluate the need for and method of
establishing a patient specific identifier.
    (m) Patients who identify prescriptions attributed to them
that were not obtained by them shall be given access to their
personal prescription history pursuant to the validation
process as set forth by administrative rule.
    (n) The Prescription Monitoring Program is authorized to
develop operational push reports to entities with compatible
electronic medical records. The process shall be covered
within administrative rule established by the Department.
    (o) Hospital emergency departments and freestanding
healthcare facilities providing healthcare to walk-in patients
may obtain, for the purpose of improving patient care, a
unique identifier for each shift to utilize the PIL system.
    (p) The Prescription Monitoring Program shall
automatically create a log-in to the inquiry system when a
prescriber or dispenser obtains or renews his or her
controlled substance license. The Department of Financial and
Professional Regulation must provide the Prescription
Monitoring Program with electronic access to the license
information of a prescriber or dispenser to facilitate the
creation of this profile. The Prescription Monitoring Program
shall send the prescriber or dispenser information regarding
the inquiry system, including instructions on how to log into
the system, instructions on how to use the system to promote
effective clinical practice, and opportunities for continuing
education for the prescribing of controlled substances. The
Prescription Monitoring Program shall also send to all
enrolled prescribers, dispensers, and designees information
regarding the unsolicited reports produced pursuant to Section
314.5 of this Act.
    (q) A prescriber or dispenser may authorize a designee to
consult the inquiry system established by the Department under
this subsection on his or her behalf, provided that all the
following conditions are met:
        (1) the designee so authorized is employed by the same
    hospital or health care system; is employed by the same
    professional practice; or is under contract with such
    practice, hospital, or health care system;
        (2) the prescriber or dispenser takes reasonable steps
    to ensure that such designee is sufficiently competent in
    the use of the inquiry system;
        (3) the prescriber or dispenser remains responsible
    for ensuring that access to the inquiry system by the
    designee is limited to authorized purposes and occurs in a
    manner that protects the confidentiality of the
    information obtained from the inquiry system, and remains
    responsible for any breach of confidentiality; and
        (4) the ultimate decision as to whether or not to
    prescribe or dispense a controlled substance remains with
    the prescriber or dispenser.
    The Prescription Monitoring Program shall send to
registered designees information regarding the inquiry system,
including instructions on how to log onto the system.
    (r) The Prescription Monitoring Program shall maintain an
Internet website in conjunction with its prescriber and
dispenser inquiry system. This website shall include, at a
minimum, the following information:
        (1) current clinical guidelines developed by health
    care professional organizations on the prescribing of
    opioids or other controlled substances as determined by
    the Advisory Committee;
        (2) accredited continuing education programs related
    to prescribing of controlled substances;
        (3) programs or information developed by health care
    professionals that may be used to assess patients or help
    ensure compliance with prescriptions;
        (4) updates from the Food and Drug Administration, the
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other
    public and private organizations which are relevant to
    prescribing;
        (5) relevant medical studies related to prescribing;
        (6) other information regarding the prescription of
    controlled substances; and
        (7) information regarding prescription drug disposal
    events, including take-back programs or other disposal
    options or events.
    The content of the Internet website shall be periodically
reviewed by the Prescription Monitoring Program Advisory
Committee as set forth in Section 320 and updated in
accordance with the recommendation of the advisory committee.
    (s) The Prescription Monitoring Program shall regularly
send electronic updates to the registered users of the
Program. The Prescription Monitoring Program Advisory
Committee shall review any communications sent to registered
users and also make recommendations for communications as set
forth in Section 320. These updates shall include the
following information:
        (1) opportunities for accredited continuing education
    programs related to prescribing of controlled substances;
        (2) current clinical guidelines developed by health
    care professional organizations on the prescribing of
    opioids or other drugs as determined by the Advisory
    Committee;
        (3) programs or information developed by health care
    professionals that may be used to assess patients or help
    ensure compliance with prescriptions;
        (4) updates from the Food and Drug Administration, the
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other
    public and private organizations which are relevant to
    prescribing;
        (5) relevant medical studies related to prescribing;
        (6) other information regarding prescribing of
    controlled substances;
        (7) information regarding prescription drug disposal
    events, including take-back programs or other disposal
    options or events; and
        (8) reminders that the Prescription Monitoring Program
    is a useful clinical tool.
    (t) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act,
neither the Prescription Monitoring Program nor any other
person shall disclose any information in violation of the
restrictions and requirements of paragraph (3.5) of subsection
(a) of Section 316 as implemented under Public Act 102-527.
(Source: P.A. 99-480, eff. 9-9-15; 100-125, eff. 1-1-18;
100-1093, eff. 8-26-18.)

Effective Date: 1/1/2023