Illinois General Assembly

  Bills & Resolutions  
  Compiled Statutes  
  Public Acts  
  Legislative Reports  
  IL Constitution  
  Legislative Guide  
  Legislative Glossary  

 Search By Number
 (example: HB0001)
Search Tips

Search By Keyword

Illinois Compiled Statutes

 ILCS Listing   Public Acts  Search   Guide   Disclaimer

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

225 ILCS 454/1-10

    (225 ILCS 454/1-10)
    (Text of Section from P.A. 100-188)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2020)
    Sec. 1-10. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
    "Act" means the Real Estate License Act of 2000.
    "Address of record" means the designated address recorded by the Department in the applicant's or licensee's application file or license file as maintained by the Department's licensure maintenance unit. It is the duty of the applicant or licensee to inform the Department of any change of address, and those changes must be made either through the Department's website or by contacting the Department.
    "Agency" means a relationship in which a broker or licensee, whether directly or through an affiliated licensee, represents a consumer by the consumer's consent, whether express or implied, in a real property transaction.
    "Applicant" means any person, as defined in this Section, who applies to the Department for a valid license as a managing broker, broker, or leasing agent.
    "Blind advertisement" means any real estate advertisement that does not include the sponsoring broker's business name and that is used by any licensee regarding the sale or lease of real estate, including his or her own, licensed activities, or the hiring of any licensee under this Act. The broker's business name in the case of a franchise shall include the franchise affiliation as well as the name of the individual firm.
    "Board" means the Real Estate Administration and Disciplinary Board of the Department as created by Section 25-10 of this Act.
    "Branch office" means a sponsoring broker's office other than the sponsoring broker's principal office.
    "Broker" means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or registered limited liability partnership other than a leasing agent who, whether in person or through any media or technology, for another and for compensation, or with the intention or expectation of receiving compensation, either directly or indirectly:
        (1) Sells, exchanges, purchases, rents, or leases
    
real estate.
        (2) Offers to sell, exchange, purchase, rent, or
    
lease real estate.
        (3) Negotiates, offers, attempts, or agrees to
    
negotiate the sale, exchange, purchase, rental, or leasing of real estate.
        (4) Lists, offers, attempts, or agrees to list real
    
estate for sale, rent, lease, or exchange.
        (5) Buys, sells, offers to buy or sell, or otherwise
    
deals in options on real estate or improvements thereon.
        (6) Supervises the collection, offer, attempt, or
    
agreement to collect rent for the use of real estate.
        (7) Advertises or represents himself or herself as
    
being engaged in the business of buying, selling, exchanging, renting, or leasing real estate.
        (8) Assists or directs in procuring or referring of
    
leads or prospects, intended to result in the sale, exchange, lease, or rental of real estate.
        (9) Assists or directs in the negotiation of any
    
transaction intended to result in the sale, exchange, lease, or rental of real estate.
        (10) Opens real estate to the public for marketing
    
purposes.
        (11) Sells, rents, leases, or offers for sale or
    
lease real estate at auction.
        (12) Prepares or provides a broker price opinion or
    
comparative market analysis as those terms are defined in this Act, pursuant to the provisions of Section 10-45 of this Act.
    "Brokerage agreement" means a written or oral agreement between a sponsoring broker and a consumer for licensed activities to be provided to a consumer in return for compensation or the right to receive compensation from another. Brokerage agreements may constitute either a bilateral or a unilateral agreement between the broker and the broker's client depending upon the content of the brokerage agreement. All exclusive brokerage agreements shall be in writing.
    "Broker price opinion" means an estimate or analysis of the probable selling price of a particular interest in real estate, which may provide a varying level of detail about the property's condition, market, and neighborhood and information on comparable sales. The activities of a real estate broker or managing broker engaging in the ordinary course of business as a broker, as defined in this Section, shall not be considered a broker price opinion if no compensation is paid to the broker or managing broker, other than compensation based upon the sale or rental of real estate.
    "Client" means a person who is being represented by a licensee.
    "Comparative market analysis" is an analysis or opinion regarding pricing, marketing, or financial aspects relating to a specified interest or interests in real estate that may be based upon an analysis of comparative market data, the expertise of the real estate broker or managing broker, and such other factors as the broker or managing broker may deem appropriate in developing or preparing such analysis or opinion. The activities of a real estate broker or managing broker engaging in the ordinary course of business as a broker, as defined in this Section, shall not be considered a comparative market analysis if no compensation is paid to the broker or managing broker, other than compensation based upon the sale or rental of real estate.
    "Compensation" means the valuable consideration given by one person or entity to another person or entity in exchange for the performance of some activity or service. Compensation shall include the transfer of valuable consideration, including without limitation the following:
        (1) commissions;
        (2) referral fees;
        (3) bonuses;
        (4) prizes;
        (5) merchandise;
        (6) finder fees;
        (7) performance of services;
        (8) coupons or gift certificates;
        (9) discounts;
        (10) rebates;
        (11) a chance to win a raffle, drawing, lottery, or
    
similar game of chance not prohibited by any other law or statute;
        (12) retainer fee; or
        (13) salary.
    "Confidential information" means information obtained by a licensee from a client during the term of a brokerage agreement that (i) was made confidential by the written request or written instruction of the client, (ii) deals with the negotiating position of the client, or (iii) is information the disclosure of which could materially harm the negotiating position of the client, unless at any time:
        (1) the client permits the disclosure of information
    
given by that client by word or conduct;
        (2) the disclosure is required by law; or
        (3) the information becomes public from a source
    
other than the licensee.
    "Confidential information" shall not be considered to include material information about the physical condition of the property.
    "Consumer" means a person or entity seeking or receiving licensed activities.
    "Coordinator" means the Coordinator of Real Estate created in Section 25-15 of this Act.
    "Credit hour" means 50 minutes of classroom instruction in course work that meets the requirements set forth in rules adopted by the Department.
    "Customer" means a consumer who is not being represented by the licensee but for whom the licensee is performing ministerial acts.
    "Department" means the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Designated agency" means a contractual relationship between a sponsoring broker and a client under Section 15-50 of this Act in which one or more licensees associated with or employed by the broker are designated as agent of the client.
    "Designated agent" means a sponsored licensee named by a sponsoring broker as the legal agent of a client, as provided for in Section 15-50 of this Act.
    "Dual agency" means an agency relationship in which a licensee is representing both buyer and seller or both landlord and tenant in the same transaction. When the agency relationship is a designated agency, the question of whether there is a dual agency shall be determined by the agency relationships of the designated agent of the parties and not of the sponsoring broker.
    "Education provider" means a school licensed by the Department offering courses in pre-license, post-license, or continuing education required by this Act.
    "Employee" or other derivative of the word "employee", when used to refer to, describe, or delineate the relationship between a sponsoring broker and a managing broker, broker, or a leasing agent, shall be construed to include an independent contractor relationship, provided that a written agreement exists that clearly establishes and states the relationship. All responsibilities of a broker shall remain.
    "Escrow moneys" means all moneys, promissory notes or any other type or manner of legal tender or financial consideration deposited with any person for the benefit of the parties to the transaction. A transaction exists once an agreement has been reached and an accepted real estate contract signed or lease agreed to by the parties. Escrow moneys includes without limitation earnest moneys and security deposits, except those security deposits in which the person holding the security deposit is also the sole owner of the property being leased and for which the security deposit is being held.
    "Electronic means of proctoring" means a methodology providing assurance that the person taking a test and completing the answers to questions is the person seeking licensure or credit for continuing education and is doing so without the aid of a third party or other device.
    "Exclusive brokerage agreement" means a written brokerage agreement that provides that the sponsoring broker has the sole right, through one or more sponsored licensees, to act as the exclusive designated agent or representative of the client and that meets the requirements of Section 15-75 of this Act.
    "Inoperative" means a status of licensure where the licensee holds a current license under this Act, but the licensee is prohibited from engaging in licensed activities because the licensee is unsponsored or the license of the sponsoring broker with whom the licensee is associated or by whom he or she is employed is currently expired, revoked, suspended, or otherwise rendered invalid under this Act.
    "Interactive delivery method" means delivery of a course by an instructor through a medium allowing for 2-way communication between the instructor and a student in which either can initiate or respond to questions.
    "Leads" means the name or names of a potential buyer, seller, lessor, lessee, or client of a licensee.
    "Leasing Agent" means a person who is employed by a broker to engage in licensed activities limited to leasing residential real estate who has obtained a license as provided for in Section 5-5 of this Act.
    "License" means the document issued by the Department certifying that the person named thereon has fulfilled all requirements prerequisite to licensure under this Act.
    "Licensed activities" means those activities listed in the definition of "broker" under this Section.
    "Licensee" means any person, as defined in this Section, who holds a valid unexpired license as a managing broker, broker, or leasing agent.
    "Listing presentation" means a communication between a managing broker or broker and a consumer in which the licensee is attempting to secure a brokerage agreement with the consumer to market the consumer's real estate for sale or lease.
    "Managing broker" means a broker who has supervisory responsibilities for licensees in one or, in the case of a multi-office company, more than one office and who has been appointed as such by the sponsoring broker.
    "Medium of advertising" means any method of communication intended to influence the general public to use or purchase a particular good or service or real estate.
    "Ministerial acts" means those acts that a licensee may perform for a consumer that are informative or clerical in nature and do not rise to the level of active representation on behalf of a consumer. Examples of these acts include without limitation (i) responding to phone inquiries by consumers as to the availability and pricing of brokerage services, (ii) responding to phone inquiries from a consumer concerning the price or location of property, (iii) attending an open house and responding to questions about the property from a consumer, (iv) setting an appointment to view property, (v) responding to questions of consumers walking into a licensee's office concerning brokerage services offered or particular properties, (vi) accompanying an appraiser, inspector, contractor, or similar third party on a visit to a property, (vii) describing a property or the property's condition in response to a consumer's inquiry, (viii) completing business or factual information for a consumer on an offer or contract to purchase on behalf of a client, (ix) showing a client through a property being sold by an owner on his or her own behalf, or (x) referral to another broker or service provider.
    "Office" means a broker's place of business where the general public is invited to transact business and where records may be maintained and licenses displayed, whether or not it is the broker's principal place of business.
    "Person" means and includes individuals, entities, corporations, limited liability companies, registered limited liability partnerships, and partnerships, foreign or domestic, except that when the context otherwise requires, the term may refer to a single individual or other described entity.
    "Personal assistant" means a licensed or unlicensed person who has been hired for the purpose of aiding or assisting a sponsored licensee in the performance of the sponsored licensee's job.
    "Pocket card" means the card issued by the Department to signify that the person named on the card is currently licensed under this Act.
    "Pre-renewal period" means the period between the date of issue of a currently valid license and the license's expiration date.
    "Proctor" means any person, including, but not limited to, an instructor, who has a written agreement to administer examinations fairly and impartially with a licensed education provider.
    "Real estate" means and includes leaseholds as well as any other interest or estate in land, whether corporeal, incorporeal, freehold, or non-freehold, including timeshare interests, and whether the real estate is situated in this State or elsewhere.
    "Regular employee" means a person working an average of 20 hours per week for a person or entity who would be considered as an employee under the Internal Revenue Service eleven main tests in three categories being behavioral control, financial control and the type of relationship of the parties, formerly the twenty factor test.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, or a person authorized by the Secretary to act in the Secretary's stead.
    "Sponsoring broker" means the broker who has issued a sponsor card to a licensed managing broker, broker, or a leasing agent.
    "Sponsor card" means the temporary permit issued by the sponsoring broker certifying that the managing broker, broker, or leasing agent named thereon is employed by or associated by written agreement with the sponsoring broker, as provided for in Section 5-40 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-227, eff. 8-3-15; 100-188, eff. 1-1-18.)
 
    (Text of Section from P.A. 100-534)
    (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2020)
    Sec. 1-10. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
    "Act" means the Real Estate License Act of 2000.
    "Address of record" means the designated address recorded by the Department in the applicant's or licensee's application file or license file as maintained by the Department's licensure maintenance unit. It is the duty of the applicant or licensee to inform the Department of any change of address, and those changes must be made either through the Department's website or by contacting the Department.
    "Advisory Council" means the Real Estate Education Advisory Council created under Section 30-10 of this Act.
    "Agency" means a relationship in which a broker or licensee, whether directly or through an affiliated licensee, represents a consumer by the consumer's consent, whether express or implied, in a real property transaction.
    "Applicant" means any person, as defined in this Section, who applies to the Department for a valid license as a managing broker, broker, or leasing agent.
    "Blind advertisement" means any real estate advertisement that does not include the sponsoring broker's business name and that is used by any licensee regarding the sale or lease of real estate, including his or her own, licensed activities, or the hiring of any licensee under this Act. The broker's business name in the case of a franchise shall include the franchise affiliation as well as the name of the individual firm.
    "Board" means the Real Estate Administration and Disciplinary Board of the Department as created by Section 25-10 of this Act.
    "Branch office" means a sponsoring broker's office other than the sponsoring broker's principal office.
    "Broker" means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or registered limited liability partnership other than a leasing agent who, whether in person or through any media or technology, for another and for compensation, or with the intention or expectation of receiving compensation, either directly or indirectly:
        (1) Sells, exchanges, purchases, rents, or leases
    
real estate.
        (2) Offers to sell, exchange, purchase, rent, or
    
lease real estate.
        (3) Negotiates, offers, attempts, or agrees to
    
negotiate the sale, exchange, purchase, rental, or leasing of real estate.
        (4) Lists, offers, attempts, or agrees to list real
    
estate for sale, rent, lease, or exchange.
        (5) Buys, sells, offers to buy or sell, or otherwise
    
deals in options on real estate or improvements thereon.
        (6) Supervises the collection, offer, attempt, or
    
agreement to collect rent for the use of real estate.
        (7) Advertises or represents himself or herself as
    
being engaged in the business of buying, selling, exchanging, renting, or leasing real estate.
        (8) Assists or directs in procuring or referring of
    
leads or prospects, intended to result in the sale, exchange, lease, or rental of real estate.
        (9) Assists or directs in the negotiation of any
    
transaction intended to result in the sale, exchange, lease, or rental of real estate.
        (10) Opens real estate to the public for marketing
    
purposes.
        (11) Sells, rents, leases, or offers for sale or
    
lease real estate at auction.
        (12) Prepares or provides a broker price opinion or
    
comparative market analysis as those terms are defined in this Act, pursuant to the provisions of Section 10-45 of this Act.
    "Brokerage agreement" means a written or oral agreement between a sponsoring broker and a consumer for licensed activities to be provided to a consumer in return for compensation or the right to receive compensation from another. Brokerage agreements may constitute either a bilateral or a unilateral agreement between the broker and the broker's client depending upon the content of the brokerage agreement. All exclusive brokerage agreements shall be in writing.
    "Broker price opinion" means an estimate or analysis of the probable selling price of a particular interest in real estate, which may provide a varying level of detail about the property's condition, market, and neighborhood and information on comparable sales. The activities of a real estate broker or managing broker engaging in the ordinary course of business as a broker, as defined in this Section, shall not be considered a broker price opinion if no compensation is paid to the broker or managing broker, other than compensation based upon the sale or rental of real estate.
    "Client" means a person who is being represented by a licensee.
    "Comparative market analysis" is an analysis or opinion regarding pricing, marketing, or financial aspects relating to a specified interest or interests in real estate that may be based upon an analysis of comparative market data, the expertise of the real estate broker or managing broker, and such other factors as the broker or managing broker may deem appropriate in developing or preparing such analysis or opinion. The activities of a real estate broker or managing broker engaging in the ordinary course of business as a broker, as defined in this Section, shall not be considered a comparative market analysis if no compensation is paid to the broker or managing broker, other than compensation based upon the sale or rental of real estate.
    "Compensation" means the valuable consideration given by one person or entity to another person or entity in exchange for the performance of some activity or service. Compensation shall include the transfer of valuable consideration, including without limitation the following:
        (1) commissions;
        (2) referral fees;
        (3) bonuses;
        (4) prizes;
        (5) merchandise;
        (6) finder fees;
        (7) performance of services;
        (8) coupons or gift certificates;
        (9) discounts;
        (10) rebates;
        (11) a chance to win a raffle, drawing, lottery, or
    
similar game of chance not prohibited by any other law or statute;
        (12) retainer fee; or
        (13) salary.
    "Confidential information" means information obtained by a licensee from a client during the term of a brokerage agreement that (i) was made confidential by the written request or written instruction of the client, (ii) deals with the negotiating position of the client, or (iii) is information the disclosure of which could materially harm the negotiating position of the client, unless at any time:
        (1) the client permits the disclosure of information
    
given by that client by word or conduct;
        (2) the disclosure is required by law; or
        (3) the information becomes public from a source
    
other than the licensee.
    "Confidential information" shall not be considered to include material information about the physical condition of the property.
    "Consumer" means a person or entity seeking or receiving licensed activities.
    "Continuing education school" means any person licensed by the Department as a school for continuing education in accordance with Section 30-15 of this Act.
    "Coordinator" means the Coordinator of Real Estate created in Section 25-15 of this Act.
    "Credit hour" means 50 minutes of classroom instruction in course work that meets the requirements set forth in rules adopted by the Department.
    "Customer" means a consumer who is not being represented by the licensee but for whom the licensee is performing ministerial acts.
    "Department" means the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation.
    "Designated agency" means a contractual relationship between a sponsoring broker and a client under Section 15-50 of this Act in which one or more licensees associated with or employed by the broker are designated as agent of the client.
    "Designated agent" means a sponsored licensee named by a sponsoring broker as the legal agent of a client, as provided for in Section 15-50 of this Act.
    "Dual agency" means an agency relationship in which a licensee is representing both buyer and seller or both landlord and tenant in the same transaction. When the agency relationship is a designated agency, the question of whether there is a dual agency shall be determined by the agency relationships of the designated agent of the parties and not of the sponsoring broker.
    "Employee" or other derivative of the word "employee", when used to refer to, describe, or delineate the relationship between a sponsoring broker and a managing broker, broker, or a leasing agent, shall be construed to include an independent contractor relationship, provided that a written agreement exists that clearly establishes and states the relationship. All responsibilities of a broker shall remain.
    "Escrow moneys" means all moneys, promissory notes or any other type or manner of legal tender or financial consideration deposited with any person for the benefit of the parties to the transaction. A transaction exists once an agreement has been reached and an accepted real estate contract signed or lease agreed to by the parties. Escrow moneys includes without limitation earnest moneys and security deposits, except those security deposits in which the person holding the security deposit is also the sole owner of the property being leased and for which the security deposit is being held.
    "Electronic means of proctoring" means a methodology providing assurance that the person taking a test and completing the answers to questions is the person seeking licensure or credit for continuing education and is doing so without the aid of a third party or other device.
    "Exclusive brokerage agreement" means a written brokerage agreement that provides that the sponsoring broker has the sole right, through one or more sponsored licensees, to act as the exclusive designated agent or representative of the client and that meets the requirements of Section 15-75 of this Act.
    "Inoperative" means a status of licensure where the licensee holds a current license under this Act, but the licensee is prohibited from engaging in licensed activities because the licensee is unsponsored or the license of the sponsoring broker with whom the licensee is associated or by whom he or she is employed is currently expired, revoked, suspended, or otherwise rendered invalid under this Act.
    "Interactive delivery method" means delivery of a course by an instructor through a medium allowing for 2-way communication between the instructor and a student in which either can initiate or respond to questions.
    "Leads" means the name or names of a potential buyer, seller, lessor, lessee, or client of a licensee.
    "Leasing Agent" means a person who is employed by a broker to engage in licensed activities limited to leasing residential real estate who has obtained a license as provided for in Section 5-5 of this Act.
    "License" means the document issued by the Department certifying that the person named thereon has fulfilled all requirements prerequisite to licensure under this Act.
    "Licensed activities" means those activities listed in the definition of "broker" under this Section.
    "Licensee" means any person, as defined in this Section, who holds a valid unexpired license as a managing broker, broker, or leasing agent.
    "Listing presentation" means a communication between a managing broker or broker and a consumer in which the licensee is attempting to secure a brokerage agreement with the consumer to market the consumer's real estate for sale or lease.
    "Managing broker" means a broker who has supervisory responsibilities for licensees in one or, in the case of a multi-office company, more than one office and who has been appointed as such by the sponsoring broker.
    "Medium of advertising" means any method of communication intended to influence the general public to use or purchase a particular good or service or real estate.
    "Ministerial acts" means those acts that a licensee may perform for a consumer that are informative or clerical in nature and do not rise to the level of active representation on behalf of a consumer. Examples of these acts include without limitation (i) responding to phone inquiries by consumers as to the availability and pricing of brokerage services, (ii) responding to phone inquiries from a consumer concerning the price or location of property, (iii) attending an open house and responding to questions about the property from a consumer, (iv) setting an appointment to view property, (v) responding to questions of consumers walking into a licensee's office concerning brokerage services offered or particular properties, (vi) accompanying an appraiser, inspector, contractor, or similar third party on a visit to a property, (vii) describing a property or the property's condition in response to a consumer's inquiry, (viii) completing business or factual information for a consumer on an offer or contract to purchase on behalf of a client, (ix) showing a client through a property being sold by an owner on his or her own behalf, or (x) referral to another broker or service provider.
    "Office" means a broker's place of business where the general public is invited to transact business and where records may be maintained and licenses displayed, whether or not it is the broker's principal place of business.
    "Person" means and includes individuals, entities, corporations, limited liability companies, registered limited liability partnerships, and partnerships, foreign or domestic, except that when the context otherwise requires, the term may refer to a single individual or other described entity.
    "Personal assistant" means a licensed or unlicensed person who has been hired for the purpose of aiding or assisting a sponsored licensee in the performance of the sponsored licensee's job.
    "Pocket card" means the card issued by the Department to signify that the person named on the card is currently licensed under this Act.
    "Pre-license school" means a school licensed by the Department offering courses in subjects related to real estate transactions, including the subjects upon which an applicant is examined in determining fitness to receive a license.
    "Pre-renewal period" means the period between the date of issue of a currently valid license and the license's expiration date.
    "Proctor" means any person, including, but not limited to, an instructor, who has a written agreement to administer examinations fairly and impartially with a licensed pre-license school or a licensed continuing education school.
    "Real estate" means and includes leaseholds as well as any other interest or estate in land, whether corporeal, incorporeal, freehold, or non-freehold and whether the real estate is situated in this State or elsewhere. "Real estate" does not include property sold, exchanged, or leased as a timeshare or similar vacation item or interest, vacation club membership, or other activity formerly regulated under the Real Estate Timeshare Act of 1999 (repealed).
    "Regular employee" means a person working an average of 20 hours per week for a person or entity who would be considered as an employee under the Internal Revenue Service eleven main tests in three categories being behavioral control, financial control and the type of relationship of the parties, formerly the twenty factor test.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, or a person authorized by the Secretary to act in the Secretary's stead.
    "Sponsoring broker" means the broker who has issued a sponsor card to a licensed managing broker, broker, or a leasing agent.
    "Sponsor card" means the temporary permit issued by the sponsoring broker certifying that the managing broker, broker, or leasing agent named thereon is employed by or associated by written agreement with the sponsoring broker, as provided for in Section 5-40 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 99-227, eff. 8-3-15; 100-534, eff. 9-22-17.)