Illinois Compiled Statutes
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EDUCATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS115 ILCS 5/1
(115 ILCS 5/) Illinois Educational Labor Relations Act.
(115 ILCS 5/1)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1701)
It is the public policy of this State and the purpose
of this Act to promote orderly and constructive relationships between all
educational employees and their employers. Unresolved disputes between the
educational employees and their employers are injurious to the public, and
the General Assembly is therefore aware that adequate means must be established
for minimizing them and providing for their resolution.
It is the purpose of this Act to regulate labor relations between
educational employers and educational employees, including the designation
of educational employee representatives, negotiation of wages, hours and
other conditions of employment and resolution of disputes arising under
collective bargaining agreements. The General Assembly recognizes that
substantial differences exist between educational employees and other
public employees as a result of the uniqueness of the educational work
calendar and educational work duties and the traditional and historical
patterns of collective bargaining between educational employers and
educational employees and that such differences demand statutory regulation
of collective bargaining between educational employers and educational
employees in a manner that recognizes these differences. Recognizing that
harmonious relationships are required between educational employees and
their employers, the General Assembly has determined that the overall policy
may best be accomplished by (a) granting to educational employees the right
to organize and choose freely their representatives; (b) requiring educational
employers to negotiate and bargain with employee organizations representing
educational employees and to enter into written agreements evidencing the
result of such bargaining; and (c) establishing procedures to provide for
the protection of the rights of the educational employee, the educational
employer and the public.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/2
(115 ILCS 5/2)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1702)
As used in this Act:
(a) "Educational employer"
or "employer" means the governing body of a public school district, including the governing body of a charter school established under Article 27A of the School Code or of a contract school or contract turnaround school established under paragraph 30 of Section 34-18 of the School Code, combination
of public school districts, including the governing body of joint agreements
of any type formed by 2 or more school districts, public community college
district or State college or university, a subcontractor of instructional services of a school district (other than a school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code), combination of school districts, charter school established under Article 27A of the School Code, or contract school or contract turnaround school established under paragraph 30 of Section 34-18 of the School Code, and any State agency whose major
function is providing educational services.
"Educational employer" or "employer" does not include (1) a Financial Oversight
Panel created pursuant to Section 1A-8 of the School Code due to a
violating a financial plan or (2) an approved nonpublic special education facility that contracts with a school district or combination of school districts to provide special education services pursuant to Section 14-7.02 of the School Code, but does include a School Finance Authority
under Article 1E or 1F of the School Code and a Financial Oversight Panel created under Article 1B or 1H of the School Code. The change made by this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly to this paragraph (a) to make clear that the governing body of a charter school is an "educational employer" is declaratory of existing law.
(b) "Educational employee" or "employee" means any individual, excluding
supervisors, managerial, confidential, short term employees, student, and
part-time academic employees of community colleges employed full or part
time by an educational employer, but shall not include elected officials
and appointees of the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate,
firefighters as defined by subsection (g-1) of Section 3 of the Illinois
Public Labor Relations Act, and peace officers employed by a State
university. For the purposes of this Act, part-time
academic employees of community colleges shall be defined as those
employees who provide less than 3 credit hours of instruction per
semester. In this subsection (b), the term "student"
includes graduate students who are research assistants primarily
performing duties that involve research or graduate assistants primarily
performing duties that are pre-professional, but excludes graduate
students who are teaching assistants primarily performing duties that
involve the delivery and support of instruction and all other graduate
(c) "Employee organization" or "labor organization" means an organization
of any kind in which membership includes educational employees, and which
exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers
concerning grievances, employee-employer disputes, wages, rates of pay,
hours of employment, or conditions of work, but shall not include any
organization which practices discrimination in membership because of race,
color, creed, age, gender, national origin or political affiliation.
(d) "Exclusive representative" means the labor organization which has
been designated by the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board as the
representative of the majority of educational employees in an appropriate
unit, or recognized by an educational employer prior to January 1, 1984 as
the exclusive representative of the employees in an appropriate unit or,
after January 1, 1984, recognized by an employer upon evidence that the
employee organization has been designated as the exclusive representative
by a majority of the employees in an appropriate unit.
(e) "Board" means the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board.
(f) "Regional Superintendent" means the regional superintendent of
schools provided for in Articles 3 and 3A of The School Code.
(g) "Supervisor" means any individual having authority in the interests
of the employer to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote,
discharge, reward or discipline other employees within the appropriate
bargaining unit and adjust their grievances, or to effectively recommend
such action if the exercise of such authority is not of a merely routine or
clerical nature but requires the use of independent judgment. The term
"supervisor" includes only those individuals who devote a preponderance of
their employment time to such exercising authority.
(h) "Unfair labor practice" or "unfair practice" means any practice
prohibited by Section 14 of this Act.
(i) "Person" includes an individual, educational employee, educational
employer, legal representative, or employee organization.
(j) "Wages" means salaries or other forms of compensation for services
(k) "Professional employee" means, in the case of a public community
college, State college or university, State agency whose major function is
providing educational services, the Illinois School for the Deaf, and the
Illinois School for the Visually Impaired, (1) any employee engaged in work
(i) predominantly intellectual and varied in character as opposed to
routine mental, manual, mechanical, or physical work; (ii) involving the
consistent exercise of discretion and judgment in its performance; (iii) of
such character that the output produced or the result accomplished cannot
be standardized in relation to a given period of time; and (iv) requiring
knowledge of an advanced type in a field of science or learning customarily
acquired by a prolonged course of specialized intellectual instruction and
study in an institution of higher learning or a hospital, as distinguished
from a general academic education or from an apprenticeship or from training
in the performance of routine mental, manual, or physical processes; or
(2) any employee, who (i) has completed the courses of specialized
intellectual instruction and study described in clause (iv) of paragraph
(1) of this subsection, and (ii) is performing related work under the
supervision of a professional person to qualify himself or herself to
become a professional as defined in paragraph (l).
(l) "Professional employee" means, in the case of any public school
district, or combination of school districts pursuant to joint agreement,
any employee who has a certificate issued under Article 21 or Section 34-83
of the School Code, as now or hereafter amended.
(m) "Unit" or "bargaining unit" means any group of employees for which
an exclusive representative is selected.
(n) "Confidential employee" means an employee, who (i) in the regular
course of his or her duties, assists and acts in a confidential capacity to
persons who formulate, determine and effectuate management policies with
regard to labor relations or who (ii) in the regular course of his or her
duties has access to information relating to the effectuation or review of
the employer's collective bargaining policies.
(o) "Managerial employee" means an individual who is engaged
predominantly in executive and management functions and is charged with the
responsibility of directing the effectuation of such management policies and
(p) "Craft employee" means a skilled journeyman, craft person, and his
or her apprentice or helper.
(q) "Short-term employee" is an employee who is employed for less than
2 consecutive calendar quarters during a calendar year and who does not
have a reasonable expectation that he or she will be rehired by the same
employer for the same service in a subsequent calendar year. Nothing in
this subsection shall affect the employee status of individuals who were
covered by a collective bargaining agreement on the effective date of this
amendatory Act of 1991.
(Source: P.A. 96-104, eff. 1-1-10; 97-429, eff. 8-16-11.)
115 ILCS 5/3
(115 ILCS 5/3)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1703)
(a) It shall be lawful for educational employees
to organize, form, join, or assist in employee organizations or engage in
lawful concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or
other mutual aid and protection or bargain collectively through representatives
of their own free choice and, except as provided in Section 11, such employees
shall also have the right to refrain from any or all such activities.
(b) Representatives selected by educational employees in a unit appropriate
for collective bargaining purposes shall be the exclusive representative
of all the employees in such unit to
bargain on wages, hours, terms and conditions of employment. However,
any individual employee or a group of employees may at any time present
grievances to their employer and have them adjusted without the intervention
of the bargaining representative as long as the adjustment is not inconsistent
with the terms of a collective bargaining agreement then in effect, provided
that the bargaining representative has been given an opportunity to be present
at such adjustment.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/4
(115 ILCS 5/4)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1704)
Employers shall not be required to bargain over matters of inherent
managerial policy, which shall include such areas of discretion or policy
as the functions of the employer, standards of services, its overall
budget, the organizational structure and selection of new employees and
direction of employees. Employers, however, shall be required to bargain
collectively with regard to policy matters directly affecting wages, hours
and terms and conditions of employment as well as the impact thereon upon
request by employee representatives, except as provided in Section 10.5. To preserve the rights of employers
and exclusive representatives which have established collective bargaining
relationships or negotiated collective bargaining agreements prior to the
effective date of this Act, employers shall be required to bargain
collectively with regard to any matter concerning wages, hours or
conditions of employment about which they have bargained for and agreed to
in a collective bargaining agreement prior to the effective date of this Act, except as provided in Section 10.5.
(Source: P.A. 98-599, eff. 6-1-14
115 ILCS 5/4.5
(115 ILCS 5/4.5)
Subjects of collective bargaining.
(a) Notwithstanding the existence of any other provision in this Act or
other law, collective bargaining between an educational employer whose
territorial boundaries are coterminous with those of a city having a population
excess of 500,000 and an exclusive representative of its employees may
include any of the following
(2) Decisions to contract with a third party for one
or more services otherwise performed by employees in a bargaining unit and the procedures for obtaining such contract or the identity of the third party.
(3) Decisions to layoff or reduce in force employees.
(4) Decisions to determine class size, class staffing
and assignment, class schedules, academic calendar, length of the work and school day with respect to a public school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code only, length of the work and school year with respect to a public school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code only, hours and places of instruction, or pupil assessment policies.
(5) Decisions concerning use and staffing of
experimental or pilot programs and decisions concerning use of technology to deliver educational programs and services and staffing to provide the technology.
(b) The subject or matters described in subsection (a) are permissive
subjects of bargaining between an educational employer and an exclusive
representative of its employees and, for the purpose of this Act, are within
discretion of the educational employer to decide
to bargain, provided that the educational employer is required to bargain
over the impact of a decision concerning such subject or matter on the
bargaining unit upon request by the exclusive representative. During
this bargaining, the educational employer shall not be precluded from
implementing its decision. If, after a reasonable period of bargaining, a
dispute or impasse exists between the educational employer and the
exclusive representative, the dispute or impasse shall be resolved exclusively
forth in subsection (b) of Section 12 of this Act in lieu of a strike under
Section 13 of this Act. Neither the Board nor any mediator or fact-finder appointed pursuant to subsection (a-10) of Section 12 of this Act shall have jurisdiction over such a dispute or impasse.
(c) A provision in a collective bargaining agreement that was rendered
because it involved a
prohibited subject of collective bargaining
under this subsection (c) as this subsection (c) existed before the effective
this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly
remains null and void and
shall not otherwise be reinstated in any successor agreement unless the
educational employer and exclusive representative otherwise agree to
include an agreement reached on a subject or matter described in
subsection (a) of this Section as subsection (a) existed before this amendatory
the 93rd General Assembly.
(Source: P.A. 97-7, eff. 6-13-11; 97-8, eff. 6-13-11.)
115 ILCS 5/5
(115 ILCS 5/5)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1705)
Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board.
(a) There is hereby created the Illinois Educational Labor Relations
(a-5) Until July 1, 2003 or when all of the new members to be initially
appointed under this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly have been
appointed by the Governor, whichever occurs later, the Illinois Educational
Labor Relations Board shall consist of 7 members, no more
than 4 of whom may be of the same political party, who are residents of
Illinois appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The term of each appointed member of the Board
who is in office on June 30, 2003 shall terminate at the close of business
on that date or when all of the new members to be initially appointed under
this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly have been appointed by the
Governor, whichever occurs later.
(b) Beginning on July 1, 2003 or when all of the new members to be
initially appointed under this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly
have been appointed by the Governor, whichever occurs later, the Illinois
Educational Labor Relations Board shall consist of 5 members appointed by
the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. No more than 3
members may be of the same political party.
The Governor shall appoint to the Board only persons who are residents of
Illinois and have had a minimum of 5 years of experience directly related
to labor and employment relations in representing educational employers or
educational employees in collective bargaining matters. One appointed member
shall be designated at the time of his or her appointment to serve as chairman.
Of the initial members appointed pursuant to this
amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, 2 shall be
designated at the time of appointment to serve a term of 6
years, 2 shall be designated at the time of appointment to serve a term
of 4 years, and the other shall be designated at the time of his or her
appointment to serve a term of 4 years, with each to serve until his or her
successor is appointed and qualified.
Each subsequent member shall be appointed in like manner for a term
of 6 years and until his or her successor is appointed and qualified. Each
member of the Board is eligible for reappointment. Vacancies shall be filled
in the same manner as original appointments for the balance of the unexpired
(c) The chairman shall be paid $50,000 per year, or an amount set by
the Compensation Review Board, whichever is greater. Other members of
the Board shall each be paid $45,000 per year, or an amount set by the
Compensation Review Board, whichever is greater. They shall be entitled
to reimbursement for necessary traveling and other official expenditures
necessitated by their official duties.
Each member shall devote his entire time to the duties of the office,
and shall hold no other office or position of profit, nor engage in any
other business, employment or vocation.
(d) Three members of the Board constitute a quorum and a
vacancy on the Board does not impair the right of the remaining members to
exercise all of the powers of the Board.
(e) Any member of the Board may be removed by the Governor, upon notice,
for neglect of duty or malfeasance in office, but for no other cause.
(f) The Board may appoint or employ an executive director, attorneys,
hearing officers, and such other employees as it deems necessary to perform
its functions, except that the Board shall employ a minimum of 8 attorneys and 5 investigators. The Board shall prescribe the duties and qualifications of
such persons appointed and, subject to the annual appropriation, fix their
compensation and provide for reimbursement of actual and necessary expenses
incurred in the performance of their duties.
(g) The Board may promulgate rules and regulations which allow parties
in proceedings before the Board to be represented by counsel or any other
person knowledgeable in the matters under consideration.
(h) To accomplish the objectives and to carry out the duties prescribed
by this Act, the Board may subpoena witnesses, subpoena the production of
books, papers, records and documents which may be needed as evidence on
any matter under inquiry and may administer oaths and affirmations.
In cases of neglect or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to any person,
the circuit court in the county in which the investigation or the public
hearing is taking place, upon application by the Board, may issue an order
requiring such person to appear before the Board or any member or agent
of the Board to produce evidence or give testimony. A failure to obey such
order may be punished by the court as in civil contempt.
Any subpoena, notice of hearing, or other process or notice of the Board
issued under the provisions of this Act may be served personally, by
registered mail or by leaving a copy at the principal office of the respondent
required to be served. A return, made and verified by the individual making
such service and setting forth the manner of such service, is proof of
A post office receipt, when registered mail is used, is proof of service.
All process of any court to which application may be made under the provisions
of this Act may be served in the county where the persons required to be
served reside or may be found.
(i) The Board shall adopt, promulgate, amend, or rescind rules and
regulations in accordance with the Illinois Administrative
Procedure Act as it deems necessary and
feasible to carry out this Act.
(j) The Board at the end of every State fiscal year shall make a report in
writing to the Governor and the General Assembly, stating in detail the work
it has done in hearing and deciding cases and otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 96-813, eff. 10-30-09.)
115 ILCS 5/6
(115 ILCS 5/6)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1706)
Illinois Educational Labor Mediation Roster.
The Board shall
establish an Illinois Educational Labor Mediation Roster, the services of which
are available to the educational employer and to labor organizations for
purposes of arbitration of grievances and mediation or arbitration of contract
disputes. The members of the roster shall be qualified impartial individuals
who are not employees of the Board.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/7
(115 ILCS 5/7)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1707)
Recognition of exclusive bargaining representatives - unit
The Board is empowered to administer the
recognition of bargaining representatives of employees of public school
districts, including employees of districts which have entered into joint
agreements, or employees of public community college districts, or any
State college or university, and any State agency whose major function is
providing educational services, making certain that each bargaining unit
contains employees with an identifiable community of interest and that no unit
includes both professional employees and nonprofessional employees unless a
majority of employees in each group vote for inclusion in the unit.
(a) In determining the appropriateness of a unit, the Board
shall decide in each case, in order to ensure employees the fullest freedom
in exercising the rights guaranteed by this Act, the unit appropriate for
the purpose of collective bargaining, based upon but not limited to such
factors as historical pattern of recognition, community of interest, including
employee skills and functions, degree of functional integration,
interchangeability and contact among employees, common supervision, wages,
hours and other working conditions of the employees involved, and the desires
of the employees. Nothing in this Act, except as herein provided, shall
interfere with or negate the
current representation rights or patterns and practices of employee
organizations which have historically represented employees for the purposes of
collective bargaining, including but not limited to the negotiations of wages,
hours and working conditions, resolutions of employees' grievances, or
resolution of jurisdictional disputes, or the establishment and maintenance of
prevailing wage rates, unless a majority of the employees so represented
expresses a contrary desire under the procedures set forth in this Act. This
Section, however, does not prohibit multi-unit bargaining. Notwithstanding the
above factors, where the majority of public employees of a craft so decide, the
Board shall designate such craft as a unit appropriate for the purposes of
The sole appropriate bargaining unit for tenured and tenure-track
academic faculty at
University of Illinois shall be a unit that is comprised of
non-supervisory academic faculty employed more than half-time and
that includes all tenured and tenure-track
of that University campus employed by the board of trustees in all of the campus's undergraduate, graduate, and
schools and degree and non-degree programs
(with the exception of the college of medicine, the college of pharmacy,
the college of dentistry, the college of law, and the college of veterinary
medicine, each of which shall have its own separate unit), regardless of
historical representation rights or patterns or the application of any
other factors. Any decision, rule, or regulation promulgated by the
Board to the contrary shall be null and void.
(b) An educational employer shall voluntarily recognize a labor organization
for collective bargaining purposes if that organization appears to represent
a majority of employees in the unit. The employer shall post notice
of its intent to so recognize for a period of at least 20 school days on
bulletin boards or other places used or reserved for employee notices.
Thereafter, the employer, if satisfied as to the majority status of the
employee organization, shall send written notification of such recognition
to the Board for certification.
Any dispute regarding the majority status of
a labor organization shall be
resolved by the Board which shall make the determination of majority
Within the 20 day notice period, however, any other interested employee
organization may petition the Board to seek recognition as the exclusive
representative of the unit in the manner specified by rules and regulations
prescribed by the Board, if such interested employee organization has been
designated by at least 15% of the employees in an appropriate bargaining unit
which includes all or some of the employees in the unit intended to be
recognized by the employer. In such event, the Board shall proceed with the
petition in the same manner as provided in paragraph (c) of this Section.
(c) A labor organization may also gain recognition as the exclusive
representative by an election of the employees in the unit. Petitions
requesting an election may be filed with the Board:
(1) by an employee or group of employees or any labor
organizations acting on their behalf alleging and presenting evidence that 30% or more of the employees in a bargaining unit wish to be represented for collective bargaining or that the labor organization which has been acting as the exclusive bargaining representative is no longer representative of a majority of the employees in the unit; or
(2) by an employer alleging that one or more labor
organizations have presented a claim to be recognized as an exclusive bargaining representative of a majority of the employees in an appropriate unit and that it doubts the majority status of any of the organizations or that it doubts the majority status of an exclusive bargaining representative.
The Board shall investigate the petition and if it has reasonable cause to
suspect that a question of representation exists, it shall give notice and
conduct a hearing. If it finds upon the record of the hearing that a question
of representation exists, it shall direct an election, which shall be held no
later than 90 days after the date the petition was filed. Nothing prohibits
the waiving of hearings by the parties and the conduct of consent elections.
(c-5) The Board shall designate an exclusive representative for purposes
collective bargaining when the representative demonstrates a showing of
majority interest by employees in the unit. If the parties to a dispute are
agreement on the means to ascertain the choice, if any, of employee
organization as their representative, the Board shall ascertain the employees'
employee organization, on the basis of dues deduction authorization or other
evidence, or, if necessary, by conducting an election. All evidence submitted by an employee organization to the Board to ascertain an employee's choice of an employee organization is confidential and shall not be submitted to the employer for review. The Board shall ascertain the employee's choice of employee organization within 120 days after the filing of the majority interest petition; however, the Board may extend time by an additional 60 days, upon its own motion or upon the motion of a party to the proceeding. If either party provides
to the Board, before the designation of a representative, clear and convincing
evidence that the dues deduction authorizations, and other evidence upon which
the Board would otherwise rely to ascertain the employees' choice of
representative, are fraudulent or were obtained through coercion, the Board
shall promptly thereafter conduct an election. The Board shall also investigate
and consider a party's allegations that the dues deduction authorizations and
other evidence submitted in support of a designation of representative without
an election were subsequently changed, altered, withdrawn, or withheld as a
result of employer fraud, coercion, or any other unfair labor practice by the
employer. If the Board determines that a labor organization would have had a
majority interest but for an employer's fraud, coercion, or unfair labor
practice, it shall designate the labor organization as an exclusive
representative without conducting an election. If a hearing is necessary to resolve any issues of representation under this Section, the Board shall conclude its hearing process and issue a certification of the entire appropriate unit not later than 120 days after the date the petition was filed. The 120-day period may be extended one or more times by the agreement of all parties to a hearing to a date certain.
(c-6) A labor organization or an employer may file a unit clarification petition seeking to clarify an existing bargaining unit. The Board shall conclude its investigation, including any hearing process deemed necessary, and issue a certification of clarified unit or dismiss the petition not later than 120 days after the date the petition was filed. The 120-day period may be extended one or more times by the agreement of all parties to a hearing to a date certain.
(d) An order of the Board dismissing a representation petition, determining
and certifying that a labor organization has been fairly and freely chosen by a
majority of employees in an appropriate bargaining unit, determining and
certifying that a labor organization has not been fairly and freely chosen by a
majority of employees in the bargaining unit or certifying a labor organization
as the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate bargaining unit
because of a determination by the Board that the labor organization is the
historical bargaining representative of employees in the bargaining unit,
is a final order. Any person aggrieved by any such order issued on or after
the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1987 may apply for and obtain
judicial review in accordance with provisions of the Administrative Review Law,
as now or hereafter amended, except that such review shall be afforded directly
in the Appellate Court of a judicial district in which the Board maintains an
office. Any direct appeal to the Appellate Court shall be filed within 35 days
from the date that a copy of the decision sought to be reviewed was served upon
the party affected by the decision.
No election may be conducted in any bargaining unit during the term of
a collective bargaining agreement covering such unit or subdivision thereof,
except the Board may direct an election after the filing
of a petition between January 15 and March 1 of the final year of a collective
bargaining agreement. Nothing in this Section prohibits the negotiation
of a collective bargaining agreement covering a period not exceeding 3 years.
A collective bargaining agreement of less than 3 years may be extended up
to 3 years by the parties if the extension is agreed to in writing before
the filing of a petition under this Section. In such case, the final year
of the extension is the final year of the collective bargaining agreement.
No election may be conducted in a bargaining unit, or subdivision thereof,
in which a valid election has been held within the preceding 12 month period.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-813, eff. 10-30-09.)
115 ILCS 5/8
(115 ILCS 5/8)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1708)
Election - certification.
Elections shall be by secret ballot,
and conducted in accordance with rules and regulations established by the
Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board. An incumbent exclusive bargaining
representative shall automatically be placed on any ballot with the
labor organization. An intervening labor organization may be placed on the
when supported by 15% or more of the employees in the bargaining unit.
The Board shall give at least 30 days notice of the time
and place of the election to the parties and, upon request, shall provide
the parties with a list of names and addresses of persons eligible to vote
in the election at least 15 days before the election. The ballot must include,
as one of the alternatives, the choice of "no representative". No mail
ballots are permitted except where a specific individual would otherwise
be unable to cast a ballot.
The labor organization receiving a majority of the ballots cast shall be
certified by the Board as the exclusive bargaining representative.
If the choice of "no representative" receives a majority, the employer shall
not recognize any exclusive bargaining representative for at least 12 months.
If none of the choices on the ballot receives a majority, a run-off shall
be conducted between the 2 choices receiving the largest number of valid
votes cast in the election. The Board shall certify the
results of the election within 6 working days after the final tally
unless a charge is filed by a party alleging that improper conduct occurred
affected the outcome of the election. The Board shall
promptly investigate the allegations, and if it finds probable cause that
improper conduct occurred and could have affected the outcome of the election,
it shall set a hearing on the matter on a date falling within 2 weeks of
when it received the charge. If it determines, after hearing, that the outcome
of the election was affected by improper conduct, it shall order a new election
and shall order corrective action which it considers necessary to insure the
fairness of the new election. If it determines upon investigation or after
hearing that the alleged improper conduct did not take place or that it did not
affect the results of the election, it shall immediately certify the election
Any labor organization that is the exclusive bargaining representative
in an appropriate unit on
the effective date of this Act shall continue as such until a new one is
selected under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 92-206, eff. 1-1-02.)
115 ILCS 5/9
(115 ILCS 5/9)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1709)
The Board shall
promulgate rules and regulations governing the appropriateness of bargaining
units, representation elections, employee petitions for recognition and
procedures for voluntary recognition of employee organizations by employers.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/10
(115 ILCS 5/10)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1710)
Duty to bargain.
(a) An educational employer and
the exclusive representative have the authority and the duty to bargain
collectively as set forth in this Section. Collective bargaining is the
performance of the mutual obligations of the educational employer and the
representative of the educational employees to meet at reasonable times and
confer in good faith with respect to wages, hours and other terms and
conditions of employment, and to execute a written contract incorporating
any agreement reached by such obligation, provided such obligation does not
compel either party to agree to a proposal or require the making of a concession.
(b) The parties to the collective bargaining process shall not effect
or implement a provision in a collective bargaining agreement if the
implementation of that provision would be in violation of, or inconsistent
with, or in conflict with any statute or statutes enacted by the General
Assembly of Illinois. The parties to the collective bargaining process
may effect or implement a provision in a collective bargaining agreement if
the implementation of that provision has the effect of supplementing any
provision in any statute or statutes enacted by the General Assembly of
Illinois pertaining to wages, hours or other conditions of employment;
provided however, no provision in a collective bargaining agreement may be
effected or implemented if such provision has the effect of negating,
abrogating, replacing, reducing, diminishing, or limiting in any way any
employee rights, guarantees or privileges pertaining to wages, hours or
other conditions of employment provided in such statutes. Any provision in
a collective bargaining agreement which has the effect of negating,
abrogating, replacing, reducing, diminishing or limiting in any way any
employee rights, guarantees or privileges provided in an Illinois statute or
statutes shall be void and unenforceable, but shall not affect the
validity, enforceability and implementation of other permissible provisions
of the collective bargaining agreement.
(c) The collective bargaining agreement negotiated between representatives
of the educational employees and the educational employer shall contain
a grievance resolution procedure which shall apply to all employees in the
unit and shall provide for binding arbitration of disputes concerning the
administration or interpretation of the agreement. The agreement shall
also contain appropriate language prohibiting strikes for the duration of
the agreement. The costs of such arbitration shall be borne equally by the
educational employer and the employee organization.
(d) Once an agreement is reached between representatives of the educational
employees and the educational employer and is ratified by both parties, the
agreement shall be reduced to writing and signed by the parties.
(Source: P.A. 84-832.)
115 ILCS 5/10.5
(115 ILCS 5/10.5)
Duty to bargain regarding pension amendments.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this Act, employers shall not be required to bargain over matters affected by the changes, the impact of changes, and the implementation of changes made to Article 14, 15, or 16 of the Illinois Pension Code, or Article 1 of that Code as it applies to those Articles, made by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly, or over any other provision of Article 14, 15, or 16 of the Illinois Pension Code, or of Article 1 of that Code as it applies to those Articles, which are prohibited subjects of bargaining; nor shall the changes, the impact of changes, or the implementation of changes made to Article 14, 15, or 16 of the Illinois Pension Code, or to Article 1 of that Code as it applies to those Articles, by this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly or any other provision of Article 14, 15, or 16 of the Illinois Pension Code, or of Article 1 of that Code as it applies to those Articles, be subject to interest arbitration or any award issued pursuant to interest arbitration. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to an employment contract or collective bargaining agreement that is in effect on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 98th General Assembly. However, any such contract or agreement that is subsequently modified, amended, or renewed shall be subject to the provisions of this Section. The provisions of this Section shall also not apply to the ability of an employer and employee representative to bargain collectively with regard to the pick up of employee contributions pursuant to Section 14-133.1, 15-157.1, or 16-152.1 of the Illinois Pension Code.
(b) Nothing in this Section, however, shall be construed as otherwise limiting any of the obligations and requirements applicable to each employer under any of the provisions of this Act, including, but not limited to, the requirement to bargain collectively with regard to policy matters directly affecting wages, hours and terms and conditions of employment as well as the impact thereon upon request by employee representatives, except for the matters deemed prohibited subjects of bargaining under subsection (a) of this Section. Nothing in this Section shall further be construed as otherwise limiting any of the rights of employees or employee representatives under the provisions of this Act, except for matters deemed prohibited subjects of bargaining under subsection (a) of this Section.
(c) In case of any conflict between this Section and any other provisions of this Act or any other law, the provisions of this Section shall control.
(Source: P.A. 98-599, eff. 6-1-14
115 ILCS 5/11
(115 ILCS 5/11)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1711)
Non-member fair share payments.
When a collective
bargaining agreement is entered into with an exclusive representative, it
may include a provision requiring employees covered by
the agreement who are not members of the organization to pay
to the organization a fair share fee for services rendered. The exclusive
representative shall certify to the employer an amount not to exceed the
dues uniformly required of members which shall constitute each non member
employee's fair share fee. The fair share fee payment shall be deducted
by the employer from the earnings of the non member employees and paid to
the exclusive representative.
The amount certified by the exclusive representative shall not include
any fees for contributions related to the election or support of any candidate
for political office. Nothing in this Section shall preclude the non member
employee from making voluntary political contributions in conjunction with
his or her fair share payment.
If a collective bargaining agreement that includes a fair share clause expires or continues in effect beyond its scheduled expiration date pending the negotiation of a successor agreement, then the employer shall continue to honor and abide by the fair share clause until a new agreement that includes a fair share clause is reached. Failure to honor and abide by the fair share clause for the benefit of any exclusive representative as set forth in this paragraph shall be a violation of the duty to bargain and an unfair labor practice.
Agreements containing a fair share agreement must safeguard the right of
non-association of employees based upon bonafide religious tenets or teaching
of a church or religious body of which such employees are members. Such
employees may be required to pay an amount equal to their proportionate
share, determined under a proportionate share agreement, to a non-religious
charitable organization mutually agreed upon by the employees affected
and the exclusive representative to which such employees would otherwise
pay such fee. If the affected employees and the exclusive representative
are unable to reach an agreement on the matter, the Illinois Educational
Labor Relations Board may establish an approved list of charitable
organizations to which such payments may be made.
The Board shall by rule require that in cases where an employee files
an objection to the amount of the fair share fee, the employer shall
continue to deduct the employee's fair share fee from the employee's pay,
but shall transmit the fee, or some portion thereof, to the Board for
deposit in an escrow account maintained by the Board; provided, however,
that if the exclusive representative maintains an escrow account for the
purpose of holding fair share fees to which an employee has objected, the
employer shall transmit the entire fair share fee to the exclusive
representative, and the exclusive representative shall hold in escrow that
portion of the fee that the employer would otherwise have been required to
transmit to the Board for escrow, provided that the escrow account
maintained by the exclusive representative complies with rules to be
promulgated by the Board within 30 days of the effective date of this
amendatory Act of 1989 or that the collective bargaining agreement
requiring the payment of the fair share fee contains an indemnification
provision for the purpose of indemnifying the employer with respect to the
employer's transmission of fair share fees to the exclusive representative.
(Source: P.A. 94-210, eff. 7-14-05.)
115 ILCS 5/12
(115 ILCS 5/12)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1712)
(a) This subsection (a) applies only to collective bargaining between an educational employer that is not a public school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code and an exclusive representative of its employees. If the parties engaged in collective
bargaining have not reached an agreement by 90 days before the scheduled
start of the forthcoming school year, the parties shall notify the Illinois
Educational Labor Relations Board concerning the status of negotiations. This notice shall include a statement on whether mediation has been used.
Upon demand of either party, collective bargaining between the employer
and an exclusive bargaining representative must begin within 60 days of
the date of certification of the representative by the Board, or in the case
of an existing exclusive bargaining representative, within 60 days of the
receipt by a party of a demand to bargain issued by the other party. Once
commenced, collective bargaining must continue for at least a 60 day
period, unless a contract is entered into.
Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this Section, if after
a reasonable period of negotiation and within 90 days of the
scheduled start of the forth-coming school year, the parties engaged in
collective bargaining have reached an impasse, either party may petition
the Board to initiate mediation. Alternatively, the Board on its own
motion may initiate mediation during this period. However, mediation shall
be initiated by the Board at any time when jointly requested by the parties
and the services of the mediators shall continuously be made available to
the employer and to the exclusive bargaining representative for purposes of
arbitration of grievances and mediation or arbitration of contract
disputes. If requested by the parties, the mediator may perform
fact-finding and in so doing conduct hearings and make written findings and
recommendations for resolution of the dispute. Such mediation shall be
provided by the Board and shall be held before qualified impartial
individuals. Nothing prohibits the use of other individuals or
organizations such as the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service or the
American Arbitration Association selected by both the exclusive bargaining
representative and the employer.
If the parties engaged in collective bargaining fail to reach an agreement
within 45 days of the scheduled start of the forthcoming school year and
have not requested mediation, the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board
shall invoke mediation.
Whenever mediation is initiated or invoked under this subsection (a), the
parties may stipulate to defer selection of a mediator in accordance with
rules adopted by the Board.
(a-5) This subsection (a-5) applies only to collective bargaining between a public school district or a combination of public school districts, including, but not limited to, joint cooperatives, that is not organized under Article 34 of the School Code and an exclusive representative of its employees.
(1) Any time 15 days after mediation has commenced,
either party may initiate the public posting process. The mediator may initiate the public posting process at any time 15 days after mediation has commenced during the mediation process. Initiation of the public posting process must be filed in writing with the Board, and copies must be submitted to the parties on the same day the initiation is filed with the Board.
(2) Within 7 days after the initiation of the public
posting process, each party shall submit to the mediator, the Board, and the other party in writing the most recent offer of the party, including a cost summary of the offer. Seven days after receipt of the parties' offers, the Board shall make public the offers and each party's cost summary dealing with those issues on which the parties have failed to reach agreement by immediately posting the offers on its Internet website, unless otherwise notified by the mediator or jointly by the parties that agreement has been reached. On the same day of publication by the Board, at a minimum, the school district shall distribute notice of the availability of the offers on the Board's Internet website to all news media that have filed an annual request for notices from the school district pursuant to Section 2.02 of the Open Meetings Act. The parties' offers shall remain on the Board's Internet website until the parties have reached and ratified an agreement.
(a-10) This subsection (a-10) applies only to collective bargaining between a public school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code and an exclusive representative of its employees.
(1) For collective bargaining agreements between an
educational employer to which this subsection (a-10) applies and an exclusive representative of its employees, if the parties fail to reach an agreement after a reasonable period of mediation, the dispute shall be submitted to fact-finding in accordance with this subsection (a-10). Either the educational employer or the exclusive representative may initiate fact-finding by submitting a written demand to the other party with a copy of the demand submitted simultaneously to the Board.
(2) Within 3 days following a party's demand for
fact-finding, each party shall appoint one member of the fact-finding panel, unless the parties agree to proceed without a tri-partite panel. Following these appointments, if any, the parties shall select a qualified impartial individual to serve as the fact-finder and chairperson of the fact-finding panel, if applicable. An individual shall be considered qualified to serve as the fact-finder and chairperson of the fact-finding panel, if applicable, if he or she was not the same individual who was appointed as the mediator and if he or she satisfies the following requirements: membership in good standing with the National Academy of Arbitrators, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, or American Arbitration Association for a minimum of 10 years; membership on the mediation roster for the Illinois Labor Relations Board or Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board; issuance of at least 5 interest arbitration awards arising under the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act; and participation in impasse resolution processes arising under private or public sector collective bargaining statutes in other states. If the parties are unable to agree on a fact-finder, the parties shall request a panel of fact-finders who satisfy the requirements set forth in this paragraph (2) from either the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service or the American Arbitration Association and shall select a fact-finder from such panel in accordance with the procedures established by the organization providing the panel.
(3) The fact-finder shall have the following duties
(A) to require the parties to submit a statement
of disputed issues and their positions regarding each issue either jointly or separately;
(B) to identify disputed issues that are
(C) to meet with the parties either separately
or in executive sessions;
(D) to conduct hearings and regulate the time,
place, course, and manner of the hearings;
(E) to request the Board to issue subpoenas
requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses or the production of evidence;
(F) to administer oaths and affirmations;
(G) to examine witnesses and documents;
(H) to create a full and complete written record
(I) to attempt mediation or remand a disputed
issue to the parties for further collective bargaining;
(J) to require the parties to submit final
offers for each disputed issue either individually or as a package or as a combination of both; and
(K) to employ any other measures deemed
appropriate to resolve the impasse.
(4) If the dispute is not settled within 75 days
after the appointment of the fact-finding panel, the fact-finding panel shall issue a private report to the parties that contains advisory findings of fact and recommended terms of settlement for all disputed issues and that sets forth a rationale for each recommendation. The fact-finding panel, acting by a majority of its members, shall base its findings and recommendations upon the following criteria as applicable:
(A) the lawful authority of the employer;
(B) the federal and State statutes or local
ordinances and resolutions applicable to the employer;
(C) prior collective bargaining agreements and
the bargaining history between the parties;
(D) stipulations of the parties;
(E) the interests and welfare of the public and
the students and families served by the employer;
(F) the employer's financial ability to fund the
proposals based on existing available resources, provided that such ability is not predicated on an assumption that lines of credit or reserve funds are available or that the employer may or will receive or develop new sources of revenue or increase existing sources of revenue;
(G) the impact of any economic adjustments on the
employer's ability to pursue its educational mission;
(H) the present and future general economic
conditions in the locality and State;
(I) a comparison of the wages, hours, and
conditions of employment of the employees involved in the dispute with the wages, hours, and conditions of employment of employees performing similar services in public education in the 10 largest U.S. cities;
(J) the average consumer prices in urban areas
for goods and services, which is commonly known as the cost of living;
(K) the overall compensation presently received
by the employees involved in the dispute, including direct wage compensation; vacations, holidays, and other excused time; insurance and pensions; medical and hospitalization benefits; the continuity and stability of employment and all other benefits received; and how each party's proposed compensation structure supports the educational goals of the district;
(L) changes in any of the circumstances listed in
items (A) through (K) of this paragraph (4) during the fact-finding proceedings;
(M) the effect that any term the parties are at
impasse on has or may have on the overall educational environment, learning conditions, and working conditions with the school district; and
(N) the effect that any term the parties are at
impasse on has or may have in promoting the public policy of this State.
(5) The fact-finding panel's recommended terms of
settlement shall be deemed agreed upon by the parties as the final resolution of the disputed issues and incorporated into the collective bargaining agreement executed by the parties, unless either party tenders to the other party and the chairperson of the fact-finding panel a notice of rejection of the recommended terms of settlement with a rationale for the rejection, within 15 days after the date of issuance of the fact-finding panel's report. If either party submits a notice of rejection, the chairperson of the fact-finding panel shall publish the fact-finding panel's report and the notice of rejection for public information by delivering a copy to all newspapers of general circulation in the community with simultaneous written notice to the parties.
(b) If, after a period of bargaining of at least 60 days, a
dispute or impasse exists between an educational employer whose territorial
boundaries are coterminous with those of a city having a population in
excess of 500,000 and the exclusive bargaining representative over
a subject or matter set forth in Section 4.5 of this Act, the parties shall
submit the dispute or impasse to the dispute resolution procedure
agreed to between the parties. The procedure shall provide for mediation
of disputes by a rotating mediation panel and may, at the request of
either party, include the issuance of advisory findings of fact and
(c) The costs of fact finding and mediation shall be shared equally
the employer and the exclusive bargaining agent, provided that, for
purposes of mediation under this Act, if either party requests the use of
mediation services from the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, the
other party shall either join in such request or bear the additional cost
of mediation services from another source. All other costs and expenses of complying with this Section must be borne by the party incurring them.
(c-5) If an educational employer or exclusive bargaining representative refuses to participate in mediation or fact finding when required by this Section, the refusal shall be deemed a refusal to bargain in good faith.
(d) Nothing in this Act prevents an employer and an exclusive bargaining
representative from mutually submitting to final and binding impartial
arbitration unresolved issues concerning the terms of a new collective
(Source: P.A. 97-7, eff. 6-13-11; 97-8, eff. 6-13-11; 98-513, eff. 1-1-14.)
115 ILCS 5/13
(115 ILCS 5/13)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1713)
(a) Notwithstanding the existence of any other
provision in this Act or other law, educational employees employed in school
districts organized under Article 34 of the School Code shall not engage in
a strike at any time during the 18 month period that commences on the
effective date of this amendatory Act of 1995. An educational employee
employed in a school district organized
under Article 34 of the School Code who participates in a strike in violation
of this Section is subject to discipline by the employer. In addition, no
educational employer organized under Article 34 of the School Code may pay or
cause to be paid to an educational employee who
participates in a strike in violation of this subsection any wages or other
compensation for any period during
which an educational employee participates in the strike, except for wages or
compensation earned before participation in the strike.
Notwithstanding the existence of any other
provision in this Act or other law, during the 18-month period that strikes are
prohibited under this subsection nothing in this subsection shall be construed
to require an educational employer to submit to a binding dispute resolution
(b) Notwithstanding the existence of any other provision in this Act or any
other law, educational employees other than those employed in a school district
organized under Article 34 of the School Code and, after the expiration of the
18 month period that commences on the effective date of this amendatory Act of
1995, educational employees in a school district organized under Article 34 of
the School Code shall not engage in a strike except under the following
(1) they are represented by an exclusive bargaining
(2) mediation has been used without success and, for
educational employers and exclusive bargaining representatives to which subsection (a-5) of Section 12 of this Act applies, at least 14 days have elapsed after the Board has made public the parties' offers;
(2.5) if fact-finding was invoked pursuant to
subsection (a-10) of Section 12 of this Act, at least 30 days have elapsed after a fact-finding report has been released for public information;
(2.10) for educational employees employed in a
school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code, at least three-fourths of all bargaining unit employees who are members of the exclusive bargaining representative have affirmatively voted to authorize the strike; provided, however, that all members of the exclusive bargaining representative at the time of a strike authorization vote shall be eligible to vote;
(3) at least 10 days have elapsed after a notice of
intent to strike has been given by the exclusive bargaining representative to the educational employer, the regional superintendent and the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board;
(4) the collective bargaining agreement between the
educational employer and educational employees, if any, has expired or been terminated; and
(5) the employer and the exclusive bargaining
representative have not mutually submitted the unresolved issues to arbitration.
If, however, in the opinion of an employer the strike is or has become a
clear and present danger to the health or safety of the public, the employer
in the circuit court of the county in which such danger exists an action for
relief which may include, but is not limited to, injunction. The court may
grant appropriate relief upon the finding that such clear and present danger
An unfair practice or other evidence of lack of clean hands by the educational
employer is a defense to such action. Except as provided for in this
paragraph, the jurisdiction of the court under this Section is limited by the
Labor Dispute Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-7, eff. 6-13-11; 97-8, eff. 6-13-11; 98-513, eff. 1-1-14.)
115 ILCS 5/14
(115 ILCS 5/14)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1714)
Unfair labor practices.
(a) Educational employers, their agents
or representatives are prohibited from:
(1) Interfering, restraining or coercing employees in
the exercise of the rights guaranteed under this Act.
(2) Dominating or interfering with the formation,
existence or administration of any employee organization.
(3) Discriminating in regard to hire or tenure of
employment or any term or condition of employment to encourage or discourage membership in any employee organization.
(4) Discharging or otherwise discriminating against
an employee because he or she has signed or filed an affidavit, authorization card, petition or complaint or given any information or testimony under this Act.
(5) Refusing to bargain collectively in good faith
with an employee representative which is the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate unit, including but not limited to the discussing of grievances with the exclusive representative; provided, however, that if an alleged unfair labor practice involves interpretation or application of the terms of a collective bargaining agreement and said agreement contains a grievance and arbitration procedure, the Board may defer the resolution of such dispute to the grievance and arbitration procedure contained in said agreement.
(6) Refusing to reduce a collective bargaining
agreement to writing and signing such agreement.
(7) Violating any of the rules and regulations
promulgated by the Board regulating the conduct of representation elections.
(8) Refusing to comply with the provisions of a
binding arbitration award.
(9) Expending or causing the expenditure of public
funds to any external agent, individual, firm, agency, partnership or association in any attempt to influence the outcome of representational elections held pursuant to paragraph (c) of Section 7 of this Act; provided, that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit an employer's right to be represented on any matter pertaining to unit determinations, unfair labor practice charges or pre-election conferences in any formal or informal proceeding before the Board, or to seek or obtain advice from legal counsel. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit an employer from expending or causing the expenditure of public funds on, or seeking or obtaining services or advice from, any organization, group or association established by, and including educational or public employers, whether or not covered by this Act, the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act or the public employment labor relations law of any other state or the federal government, provided that such services or advice are generally available to the membership of the organization, group, or association, and are not offered solely in an attempt to influence the outcome of a particular representational election.
(b) Employee organizations, their agents or representatives or educational
employees are prohibited from:
(1) Restraining or coercing employees in the exercise
of the rights guaranteed under this Act, provided that a labor organization or its agents shall commit an unfair labor practice under this paragraph in duty of fair representation cases only by intentional misconduct in representing employees under this Act.
(2) Restraining or coercing an educational employer
in the selection of his representative for the purposes of collective bargaining or the adjustment of grievances.
(3) Refusing to bargain collectively in good faith
with an educational employer, if they have been designated in accordance with the provisions of this Act as the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate unit.
(4) Violating any of the rules and regulations
promulgated by the Board regulating the conduct of representation elections.
(5) Refusing to reduce a collective bargaining
agreement to writing and signing such agreement.
(6) Refusing to comply with the provisions of a
binding arbitration award.
(c) The expressing of any views, argument, opinion or the
dissemination thereof, whether in written, printed, graphic or visual form,
shall not constitute or be evidence of an unfair labor practice under any
of the provisions of this Act, if such expression contains no threat of
reprisal or force or promise of benefit.
(d) The actions of a Financial Oversight Panel created pursuant to Section
of the School Code due to a district violating a financial plan shall not
constitute or be evidence of an unfair labor practice under any of the
provisions of this Act. Such actions include, but are not limited to,
reviewing, approving, or rejecting a school district budget or a collective
(Source: P.A. 89-572, eff. 7-30-96.)
115 ILCS 5/15
(115 ILCS 5/15)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1715)
Unfair labor practice procedure.
A charge of unfair labor
practice may be filed with the Board by an employer, an individual or
a labor organization. If the Board after investigation
finds that the charge states an issue of law or fact, it shall issue and
cause to be served upon the party complained of a complaint which fully
states the charges and thereupon hold a hearing on the charges, giving at
least 5 days' notice to the parties. At hearing, the charging party may
also present evidence in support of the charges and the party charged may
file an answer to the charges, appear in person or by attorney, and present
evidence in defense against the charges.
The Board has the power to issue subpoenas and administer
oaths. If any party wilfully fails or neglects to appear or testify or
to produce books, papers and records pursuant to subpoena issued by the
Board, the Board shall apply to the circuit court for an order to compel
the attendance of the party at the hearing to testify or produce requested documents.
If the Board finds that the party charged has committed
an unfair labor practice, it shall make findings of fact and is empowered
to issue an order requiring the party charged to stop the unfair practice,
and may take additional affirmative action, including requiring the party
to make reports from time to time showing the extent to which he or she
has complied with the order. No order shall be issued upon an unfair practice
occurring more than 6 months before the filing of the
charge alleging the unfair labor practice. If the Board awards back pay,
it shall also award interest at the rate of 7% per annum. If the Board
finds that the party charged has not committed any unfair labor practice,
findings of fact shall be made and an order issued dismissing the charges.
The Board may petition the circuit court of the county
in which the unfair labor practice in question occurred or where the party
charged with the unfair labor practice resides or transacts business to
enforce an order and for other relief which may include, but is not limited
The Board's order may in its discretion also include an appropriate
sanction, based on the Board's rules and regulations, and the sanction may
include an order to pay the other party or parties' reasonable expenses
including costs and reasonable attorney's fee, if the other party has made
allegations or denials without reasonable cause and found to be untrue or
has engaged in frivolous litigation for the purpose of delay or needless
increase in the cost of litigation; the State of Illinois or any agency
thereof shall be subject to the provisions of this sentence in the same
manner as any other party.
(Source: P.A. 86-412; 87-736.)
115 ILCS 5/16
(115 ILCS 5/16)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1716)
(a) A charging party or any person aggrieved by a final order of the Board
granting or denying in whole or in part the relief sought may apply for and
obtain judicial review of an order of the Board entered under this Act in
accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, as now or
hereafter amended, except that such judicial review shall be taken directly to
the Appellate Court of a judicial district in which the Board maintains an
office. Any direct appeal to the Appellate Court shall be filed within 35 days
from the date that a copy of the decision sought to be reviewed was served upon
the party affected by the decision.
(b) Whenever it appears that any person has violated a final order of
the Board issued under this Act, the Board may commence an action in the
name of the people of the State of Illinois by petition, alleging the
violation, attaching a copy of the order of the Board, and praying for the
issuance of an order directing the person, his officers, agents, servants,
successors, and assigns to comply with the order of the Board. Upon the
commencement of the action, the Court may grant or refuse, in whole or in
part, the relief sought, provided that the Court may stay an order of the
Board in accordance with Section 3-111 of the Code of Civil Procedure
pending disposition of the proceedings. The Court may punish a violation
of its order as in civil contempt.
(c) The proceedings provided in subsection (b) of this Section shall be
commenced in the Appellate Court of a judicial district in which the
Board maintains an office.
(d) The Board may, upon issuance of an unfair labor practice complaint,
petition the circuit court where the alleged unfair practice which is the
subject of the Board's complaint was allegedly committed, or where a person
required to cease and desist from such alleged unfair labor practice resides
or transacts business, for appropriate temporary relief or a restraining
order. Upon the filing of any such petition the court shall cause notice
thereof to be served upon such person, and thereupon shall have jurisdiction
to grant to the Board such temporary relief or restraining order as it deems
just and proper.
(e) In any judicial review proceeding brought hereunder, the employee
organization may sue or be sued as an entity and in behalf of the employees
whom it represents. The service of legal process, summons, or subpoena upon
an officer or agent of the employee organization in his or her capacity
as such, shall constitute service upon said employee organization.
(Source: P.A. 88-1.)
115 ILCS 5/17
(115 ILCS 5/17)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1717)
Effect on other laws.
Except as provided in Section 10.5, in case of any conflict between the
provisions of this Act and any other law, executive order or administrative
regulation, the provisions of this Act shall prevail and control.
Except as provided in Section 10.5, nothing in this Act shall be construed to replace or diminish the rights
of employees established by Section 36d of "An Act to create the State Universities
Civil Service System", approved May 11, 1905, as amended or modified.
(Source: P.A. 98-599, eff. 6-1-14
115 ILCS 5/17.1
(115 ILCS 5/17.1)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1717.1)
Precedents established by other labor boards.
contradicted by administrative precedent previously established by the
Board, all final decisions in representation and unfair labor practice
cases decided by the State or Local Panel of the Illinois Labor Relations
Board or their predecessors, the Illinois State Labor Relations Board and the
Illinois Local Labor Relations Board previously created under the Illinois
Public Labor Relations Act, which have not been reversed by subsequent
court rulings shall be considered, but need not be followed, by the
(Source: P.A. 91-798, eff. 7-9-00.)
115 ILCS 5/18
(115 ILCS 5/18)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1718)
The provisions of the Open Meetings Act shall not
apply to collective bargaining negotiations and grievance arbitrations conducted
pursuant to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/19
(115 ILCS 5/19)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1719)
For purposes of this Act, the State of
Illinois waives sovereign immunity.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/20
(115 ILCS 5/20)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1720)
This Act shall be known and may be cited as the
"Illinois Educational Labor Relations Act".
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)
115 ILCS 5/21
(115 ILCS 5/21)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1721)
Inapplicability of State Mandates Act.
The General Assembly
finds that this Act imposes additional duties on local educational employers
which can be carried out by existing
staff and procedures at no appreciable net cost increase. The increased
additional annual net costs resulting from the enactment of this Act would
be less than $50,000, in the aggregate, for all local educational employers
affected by this Act, and reimbursements
of local educational employers is not required
of the State under The State Mandates Act, by reason of the exclusions specified
in clauses (2) and (5) of subsection (a) of Section 8 of that Act.
(Source: P.A. 83-1014.)