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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

COURTS
(705 ILCS 310/) Jury Commission Act.

705 ILCS 310/0.01

    (705 ILCS 310/0.01) (from Ch. 78, par. 23.9)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Jury Commission Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

705 ILCS 310/0.05

    (705 ILCS 310/0.05)
    Sec. 0.05. Jury administrator defined. As used in this Act, "jury administrator" means an employee of a circuit court located in a county with a population of at least 3,000,000, appointed by the chief judge for that circuit and who, at the direction of the chief judge, performs the functions of jury commissioners.
(Source: P.A. 90-482, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/1

    (705 ILCS 310/1) (from Ch. 78, par. 24)
    Sec. 1. (a) In every county of this State now containing, or which may hereafter contain more than 75,000 inhabitants, and in any other county with a population less than 3,000,000 in which the county board by resolution determines that jury commissioners shall be appointed, the circuit judges in the circuit of which the county is a part, or a majority of them, shall choose 3 competent and discreet electors, who shall not be so chosen on account of party affiliations, who shall be known as jury commissioners. Such commissioners shall, in counties now containing the required number of inhabitants, be chosen on the first Monday of July, 1897, and in counties hereafter containing the required number of inhabitants such commissioners shall be chosen on the first Monday of July, after it shall have been determined by the last preceding national census that the inhabitants of such county are of the number required or after the county board by resolution determines that jury commissioners shall be appointed, as the case may be. Of the first 3 so chosen, one shall hold his office for one year, one for 2 years and one for 3 years, to be determined by lot, and every year thereafter one such officer shall be chosen for the term of 3 years. Each of such commissioners, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe to an oath of office before one of such judges, and shall execute a bond to the People of the State of Illinois in such sums and with such sureties as shall be required by such judge and be, by him, approved, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duties as such commissioner during his term of office. The majority of the Circuit judges herein referred to may remove either of such commissioners, assigning reasons therefor, and fill all vacancies occurring in the office of any such commissioners by death, resignation or removal.
    (b) In counties with a population of at least 3,000,000, the chief judge of the circuit of that county may discontinue the appointment of jury commissioners for that county. If the chief judge of a circuit in a county with a population of at least 3,000,000 discontinues the appointments of the jury commissioners, the functions of the jury commissioners may be performed by a jury administrator. The jury commissioners in office at the time of the discontinuance shall complete their terms of office and shall discharge their duties and responsibilities as assigned by the chief judge of that circuit.
(Source: P.A. 90-481, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/2

    (705 ILCS 310/2) (from Ch. 78, par. 25)
    Sec. 2. In a county with a population of at least 3,000,000 in which a jury administrator or jury commissioners have been appointed, the jury administrator or commissioners, upon entering upon the duties of their office, and every 4 years thereafter, shall prepare a list of all legal voters and all Illinois driver's license, Illinois Identification Card, and Illinois Person with a Disability Identification Card holders, and claimants for unemployment insurance of each town or precinct of the county possessing the necessary legal qualifications for jury duty, to be known as the jury list. In a county with a population of less than 3,000,000 in which a jury administrator or jury commissioners have been appointed, the jury administrator or jury commissioners upon entering upon the duties of their office, and each year thereafter, shall prepare a list of all Illinois driver's license, Illinois Identification Card, and Illinois Person with a Disability Identification Card holders, all claimants for unemployment insurance, and all registered voters of the county to be known as the jury list.
    The jury list may be revised and amended annually in the discretion of the commissioners or jury administrator. Any record kept by the jury commissioners or jury administrator for over 4 years may be destroyed at their discretion. The name of each person on the list shall be entered in a book or books to be kept for that purpose, and opposite the name shall be entered his or her age and place of residence, giving street and number, if any.
    The Director of the Department of Employment Security shall annually compile a list of persons who, in the prior 12 months, filed a claim for unemployment insurance which shall be sent to the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts and the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall furnish that list to the jury administrator or jury commissioners, as provided in Section 1a-1 of the Jury Act. The list shall be in the format currently prescribed by the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts and shall be provided subject to federal regulations. The jury administrator, jury commissioners, or the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts shall receive an up-to-date list of Illinois driver's license, Illinois Identification Card, and Illinois Person with a Disability Identification Card holders from the Secretary of State as provided in Section 1a of the Jury Act. In compiling the jury list, duplication of names shall be avoided to the extent practicable.
    Whenever the name of a registered voter or an Illinois driver's license, Illinois Identification Card, or Illinois Person with a Disability Identification Card holder, or a claimant for unemployment insurance appearing upon this jury list is transferred to the active jury list in the manner prescribed by Section 8 of this Act, the following additional information shall be recorded after the name of the voter: the age of the voter, his or her occupation, if any, whether or not he or she is a resident residing with his or her family and whether or not he or she is an owner or life tenant of real estate in the county.
(Source: P.A. 97-34, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1064, eff. 1-1-13.)

705 ILCS 310/2a

    (705 ILCS 310/2a) (from Ch. 78, par. 25a)
    Sec. 2a. The combination of the lists of registered voters, driver's license, Illinois Identification Card, and Illinois Person with a Disability Identification Card holders, and claimants for unemployment insurance and the preparation of jury lists under this Act shall, when requested by the Chief Judge or his designee, be accomplished through the services of the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts.
(Source: P.A. 97-34, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1064, eff. 1-1-13.)

705 ILCS 310/3

    (705 ILCS 310/3) (from Ch. 78, par. 26)
    Sec. 3. (a) The said commissioners are empowered to provide a suitable room or rooms in which to transact their business, and to incur all other necessary expenses which shall be paid by warrants drawn as provided in section 6 of this act, and with the approval of said judges or a majority thereof to appoint a clerk and the requisite number of assistants. In counties having 1,000,000 or more inhabitants, the clerk, if there be one, shall be on duty at the room or rooms of said commissioners each day during the session of court; if there be no clerk, then one, at least, of said commissioners shall, in like manner, be present, if so prescribed by the rules hereinafter mentioned. The said jury commissioners shall also have power to summon electors to appear before them and to examine them touching their qualifications for jury service; and each of said commissioners and their clerk and assistants provided for in this act, are hereby empowered to administer all oaths or affirmations required in the discharge of their official duties. Any Circuit Court of this state, in any county where this law is in force, or any judge thereof, upon application of any such jury commissioners may in the discretion of the court compel the attendance of electors and the giving of testimony before the said jury commissioners, by attachment for contempt or otherwise, in the same manner as the production of evidence may be compelled before said court. Every person, who having taken an oath or made affirmation as herein provided, shall swear or affirm willfully, corruptly and falsely, shall be guilty of perjury, and upon conviction shall be punished accordingly.
    (b) In a county with a population of at least 3,000,000, if a jury administrator is designated by the chief judge of that circuit to perform the functions of jury commissioners, the chief judge of that circuit is authorized to provide a suitable room or rooms in which to transact the business of qualifying jurors and to incur all the other necessary expenses to be paid by the county treasurer. The chief judge for that circuit is authorized to designate a requisite number of assistants to aid in the functions of qualifying jurors.
(Source: P.A. 90-482, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/6

    (705 ILCS 310/6) (from Ch. 78, par. 29)
    Sec. 6. The said jury commissioners, clerk and assistants, shall be paid for their services by the county treasurer of the several counties, such compensation as shall be fixed by the county board, upon warrants drawn by the clerk of the county board. The said jury commissioners shall be allowed a reasonable sum every year for stationery and office expenses other than salaries, which shall be paid in like manner: Provided that the said judges, or a majority of them, shall prescribe the number of assistants to be employed by said jury commissioners.
(Source: Laws 1931, p. 655.)

705 ILCS 310/7

    (705 ILCS 310/7) (from Ch. 78, par. 30)
    Sec. 7. The jury list provided for in Section 2 of this Act shall be known as the general jury list, and the manner of its preparation by the jury administrator or jury commissioners shall be as prescribed by the chief judge or by rules to be adopted by majority vote of the said judges.
(Source: P.A. 90-482, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/8

    (705 ILCS 310/8) (from Ch. 78, par. 31)
    Sec. 8. In such manner as may be prescribed by rules to be adopted by majority vote of the said judges, the jury administrator or the jury commissioners shall also:
    (a) From time to time prepare a secondary list to be known as the active jury list, containing such number of names taken from the general jury list as shall be appointed by the said rules, and in addition thereto, such other lists, to be known as period jury lists, as the said rules may require. Such period jury lists, if provided for, shall contain the names of prospective jurors who shall have indicated, either before or after being summoned for jury duty, at what time of the year they could most conveniently serve. The active jury list and, except as to the names of persons certified back by the clerk of the court as provided in Section 10 of this act, the period jury lists, shall be prepared by selecting every twentieth name, or other whole number rate necessary to obtain the number required, or, in counties having a population greater than 1,000,000, in a manner prescribed by the judge in charge of jury selection, from the general jury list;
    (b) Make the active jury list and, except as to the names of persons certified back by the clerk of the court as provided in Section 10 of this Act, the period jury lists, available for the clerks of the circuit court to draw therefrom by lot, as hereinafter required, providing for the purpose such devices or mechanisms as the said rules shall prescribe;
    (c) See that at least 2 jury commissioners, one jury commissioner and a judge of the circuit court of the county, or a jury administrator shall be present at any such drawing, along with the clerk of the said jury commissioners, if there be one, except that if the names are to be drawn by computer no jury commissioner need be present at any drawing by computer;
    (d) Provide for the manner of selection of jurors to be provided to coroners pursuant to Section 10 of "An Act to revise the law in relation to coroners", approved July 1, 1874, as amended; provided that such manner of selection shall be, to the extent practicable, similar to the manner in which petit and grand jurors are selected; and
    (e) Perform such other duties in relation to the selection of electors for jury service and their appearance for such service as are prescribed by this act or may be prescribed by the said rules or procedures established by the chief judge of the circuit.
(Source: P.A. 90-482, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/9

    (705 ILCS 310/9) (from Ch. 78, par. 32)
    Sec. 9. In other than single county circuits, the chief judge of the circuit court of the county shall certify to the clerk of the court the number of petit jurors required each month. The clerk shall then repair to the office of the jury commissioners or the jury administrator and there, in the presence of the persons mentioned in Section 8 of this act, proceed to draw by lot or by random electronic process the necessary number of names from those made available for such drawing as in Section 8 of this act provided. The clerk shall thereupon certify the electors whose names are so drawn, and summon them by the type of mail service selected from among those permitted for service of petit and grand jurors selected in "An Act concerning jurors, and to repeal certain Acts therein named", approved February 11, 1874, as amended.
    If service of summons cannot be made by the type of mail service selected, the clerk of the court issuing such summons shall, as soon as that fact is determined, re-issue and deliver the summons for the juror not served to the sheriff for service as provided in such case in Section 9 of "An Act concerning jurors, and to repeal certain Acts therein named," approved February 11, 1874, as amended. If more jurors are needed during the month, a judge of the court shall so certify, and they shall be drawn and certified forthwith and served in the manner above provided. Whenever a grand jury is required by law or by order of the court, it shall be drawn and certified and served in like manner.
(Source: P.A. 90-482, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/9.1

    (705 ILCS 310/9.1) (from Ch. 78, par. 32.1)
    Sec. 9.1. In single county circuits, the chief judge of the circuit court of the county shall certify to the clerk of the court the number of petit jurors required each month. The clerk shall then repair to the office of the jury commissioners and there, in the presence of the persons mentioned in Section 8 of this Act, proceed to draw by lot the necessary number of names from those made available for such drawing as in Section 8 of this act provided. The clerk shall thereupon certify the electors whose names are so drawn and summon them by the procedure he selects or is directed by the court to select from among those permitted by this Section.
    The issuing clerk may use first class mail as the initial form of summons, incorporating any reasonable form of request for acknowledgement which is deemed practical and which would provide a reliable proof of service. One permissible method is the use of a duplex card properly addressed to the person summoned to be a juror and requesting the person so summoned to detach and return to the issuing clerk the part of the duplex card which is attached for his acknowledgement with his signature thereon. As used in this Section, a "duplex card" means any postcard with 2 mailable parts with a summons on one part and a detachable acknowledgement of receipt of such summons on the other part. If the person summoned to be a juror does not return the acknowledgement of the summons in the time period requested, such prospective juror shall not be deemed guilty of a contempt of court.
    The issuing clerk may use certified mail as the initial means of service or as a secondary means of service in case the acknowledgement requested in a summons delivered by first class mail is not returned in the time period required. The certified mail may or may not be marked for delivery to the addressee only. The certificate of the issuing clerk that he has sent the summons pursuant to this Section is evidence that he has done so.
    If service of summons cannot be made by the type of service selected, the clerk shall reissue such summons and deliver it to the sheriff for service as provided in such case in Section 9 of "An Act governing jurors, and to repeal certain Acts as provided in such therein named," approved February 11, 1874, as amended. If more jurors are needed during the month, a judge of the court shall so certify, and they shall be drawn and certified forthwith in the manner above provided. Whenever a grand jury is required by law or by order of the court, it shall be drawn and certified in like manner.
(Source: P.A. 80-1047.)

705 ILCS 310/9.2

    (705 ILCS 310/9.2) (from Ch. 78, par. 32.2)
    Sec. 9.2. In single county circuits containing or which may hereafter contain more than one million inhabitants, jurors may be drawn from such parts of the county and assigned to jury service as determined by court rule to be most favorable to an impartial trial and not to incur unnecessary expense or unduly burden the citizens of any part of the county with jury service. Such rule may utilize established divisions within the county.
(Source: P.A. 88-266.)

705 ILCS 310/10

    (705 ILCS 310/10) (from Ch. 78, par. 33)
    Sec. 10. When any elector drawn and summoned as a petit juror or as a grand juror shall appear in obedience to summons, any judge of the court in which he has thus appeared, if satisfied that, on account of the nature of the elector's occupation, business affairs, physical health, family situation, active duty in military service, or other personal affairs, service at another time will subject him to less inconvenience, shall have discretion to excuse him temporarily from service as juror or grand juror and require him to appear at a subsequent day not later than one year from the time of such excuse. And if any elector so excused shall fail to appear for service at the later day thus designated, his attendance shall be enforced in the same manner as is now provided by law for the case of his failure to appear in obedience to summons. When any elector has been so temporarily excused, the fact of such excuse and the day at which he is to appear for service shall be certified by the clerk of the court to the jury commissioners or the jury administrator. The jury commissioners or the jury administrator shall thereupon place the name of such elector upon the appropriate period jury list, if period jury lists have been provided for by the said rules, and, in any case, shall, at least ten days before the day at which he is required to appear for service, send him by mail a notice reminding him of his duty to appear. Failure to send such notice, however, shall not affect the duty of the elector to appear as required at the time of his temporary excuse. The number of petit jurors to be drawn by the clerk of any of the said courts for any given month, as provided in Section 9 of this act, shall be reduced by the number of petit jurors on the period jury list under duty to appear in that court at that month. A like reduction shall be made in the number of persons to be drawn as grand jurors as provided in Section 9 of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 90-482, eff. 1-1-98.)

705 ILCS 310/10.1

    (705 ILCS 310/10.1) (from Ch. 78, par. 33.1)
    Sec. 10.1. Jury duty, notice to employer, right to time off. (a) Any person who is not legally disqualified to serve on juries, and has been duly summoned for jury duty for either petit or grand jury service, shall be given time off from employment to serve upon the jury for which such employee is summoned, regardless of the employment shift such employee is assigned to at the time of service of such summons. An employee shall give his employer reasonable notice of required jury service. An employer may not deny an employee time off for jury duty because such employee is then assigned to work a night shift of employment, that is, an employer cannot require a night shift worker to work while such employee is doing jury duty in the daytime.
    (b) No employer shall discharge, threaten to discharge, intimidate or coerce any employee by reason of the employee's jury service, or the attendance or scheduled attendance in connection with such service, in any court of this State.
    (c) If an employee gives reasonable notice of required jury service, any employer who violates the provisions of this Section:
        (1) may be charged with contempt of court. In such
    
an event, the State's Attorney shall file a petition for civil contempt, criminal contempt, or both, against the employer to be prosecuted by the State's Attorney; and
        (2) shall be liable for damages for any loss of wages
    
or other benefits suffered by an employee by reason of the violation; and
        (3) may be enjoined from further violations of this
    
Section and ordered to reinstate any employee discharged by reason of jury service.
    As used in this Section, "reasonable notice of required jury service" means that the employee summoned for jury duty must deliver to the employer a copy of the summons within 10 days of the date of issuance of the summons to the employee.
    (d) Any individual who is reinstated to a position of employment in accordance with this Section shall be considered as having been on furlough or leave of absence during his period of jury service, shall be reinstated to his position of employment without loss of seniority, and shall be entitled to participate in insurance or other benefits offered by the employer under established rules and practices relating to employees on furlough or leave of absence in effect with the employer at the time the individual entered upon jury service.
    (e) In any action or proceeding under this Section, the court may award a prevailing employee who brings the action by retained counsel a reasonable attorney's fee.
    (f) Any right or remedy provided in this Section is in addition to any right or remedy otherwise provided by law to an employee.
    (g) No employer shall be obligated to compensate an employee for time taken off for jury duty.
    (h) The official responsible for issuing the summons may advise the juror of his rights under this Act by printed insert with the summons or on the summons itself.
(Source: P.A. 86-1395; 87-616.)

705 ILCS 310/10.5

    (705 ILCS 310/10.5)
    Sec. 10.5. Removal of prospective juror due to total and permanent disability. If a prospective juror is found to be unqualified due to the existence of a total and permanent disability or is excused for undue hardship that is due to the existence of a total and permanent disability, the jury administrator or jury commissioners shall permanently exclude the prospective juror from all current and subsequent jury lists or general jury lists. Proof of total and permanent disability shall be a written letter from a licensed physician that states the prospective juror has a total and permanent disability as defined in this Section, describes the disability, explains how it prevents the prospective juror from serving as a juror, and states that the prospective juror will never be able to serve as a juror.
    The jury administrator or jury commissioners shall create and maintain a list of persons to be permanently excluded from any jury list or general jury list pursuant to this Section.
    For the purposes of this Section, "total and permanent disability" means any physical or mental impairment, disease, or loss of a permanent nature that prevents performance of the duties of a juror.
(Source: P.A. 97-436, eff. 1-1-12.)

705 ILCS 310/11

    (705 ILCS 310/11) (from Ch. 78, par. 34)
    Sec. 11. The said judges of the circuit court of the county, by majority vote, are hereby empowered to make and from time to time alter and amend all such rules, not inconsistent with this act, as in their judgment may be necessary or proper for the purposes of prescribing the powers and duties of the jury commissioners, regulating in general the conduct of their office, and carrying out the provisions of this act. But all such rules or any amendment or revision thereof, before becoming effective, shall be published at least once in some newspaper of general circulation throughout the county.
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 3579.)

705 ILCS 310/12

    (705 ILCS 310/12) (from Ch. 78, par. 35)
    Sec. 12. No objection, exception or challenge to any petit juror or grand juror or to any panel or petit or grand jurors shall be allowed at any time because of any failure to comply with the provisions of this act or of the said rules, unless the party urging the same shall show to the court that actual and substantial injustice has resulted or will result to him, because of the error or defect charged.
(Source: Laws 1931, p. 655.)