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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

SCHOOLS
(105 ILCS 145/) Care of Students with Diabetes Act.

105 ILCS 145/1

    (105 ILCS 145/1)
    Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Care of Students with Diabetes Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/5

    (105 ILCS 145/5)
    Sec. 5. Legislative findings. The General Assembly finds the following:
        (1) Diabetes is a serious chronic disease in which
    
the pancreas does not make insulin (Type 1) or the body cannot use insulin properly (Type 2).
        (2) Diabetes must be managed 24 hours a day to avoid
    
the potentially life-threatening, short-term consequences of low blood sugar and prevent or delay the serious complications caused by blood sugar levels that are too high for too long, such as atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, blindness, kidney failure, amputation, and stroke.
        (3) Federal law affords people with diabetes specific
    
rights and protections. These laws include Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008.
        (4) Federal laws enforced consistently in schools
    
provide students with diabetes equal educational opportunities and a healthy and safe environment.
        (5) A school nurse is the most appropriate person in
    
a school setting to provide for all students' healthcare needs; however, a school nurse may not be available when needed, and many schools do not have a full-time nurse.
        (6) Many students are capable of checking their blood
    
glucose levels, calculating a carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio, and administering insulin independently. Allowing capable students to manage diabetes independently in school is consistent with the recommendations of pediatric endocrinologists and certified diabetes educators and other specialists.
        (7) Because appropriate and consistent diabetes care
    
decreases the risks of serious short-term and long-term complications, increases a student's learning opportunities, and promotes individual and public health benefits, the General Assembly deems it in the public interest to enact this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/10

    (105 ILCS 145/10)
    Sec. 10. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    "Delegated care aide" means a school employee who has agreed to receive training in diabetes care and to assist students in implementing their diabetes care plan and has entered into an agreement with a parent or guardian and the school district or private school.
    "Diabetes care plan" means a document that specifies the diabetes-related services needed by a student at school and at school-sponsored activities and identifies the appropriate staff to provide and supervise these services.
    "Health care provider" means a physician licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches, advanced practice nurse who has a written agreement with a collaborating physician who authorizes the provision of diabetes care, or a physician assistant who has a written supervision agreement with a supervising physician who authorizes the provision of diabetes care.
    "Principal" means the principal of the school.
    "School" means any primary or secondary public, charter, or private school located in this State.
    "School employee" means a person who is employed by a public school district or private school, a person who is employed by a local health department and assigned to a school, or a person who contracts with a school or school district to perform services in connection with a student's diabetes care plan. This definition must not be interpreted as requiring a school district or private school to hire additional personnel for the sole purpose of serving as a designated care aide.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/15

    (105 ILCS 145/15)
    Sec. 15. Diabetes care plan.
    (a) A diabetes care plan shall serve as the basis of a student's Section 504 plan (29 U.S.C. Sec. 794) and shall be signed by a student's parent or guardian and submitted to the school for any student with diabetes who seeks assistance with diabetes care in the school setting, unless the student has been managing his or her diabetes care in the school setting before the effective date of this Act, in which case the student's parent or guardian may sign and submit a diabetes care plan under this Act. It is the responsibility of the student's parent or guardian to share the health care provider's instructions concerning the student's diabetes management during the school day. The diabetes care plan shall include the treating health care provider's instructions concerning the student's diabetes management during the school day, including a copy of the signed prescription and the methods of insulin administration.
    (b) The services and accommodations specified in a diabetes care plan shall be reasonable, reflect the current standard of diabetes care, include appropriate safeguards to ensure that syringes and lancets are disposed of properly, and include requirements for diet, glucose testing, insulin administration, and treatment for hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and emergency situations.
    (c) A diabetes care plan shall include a uniform record of glucometer readings and insulin administered by the school nurse or delegated care aide during the school day using a standardized format provided by the State Board of Education.
    (d) A diabetes care plan shall include procedures regarding when a delegated care aide shall consult with the parent or guardian, school nurse, where available, or health care provider to confirm that an insulin dosage is appropriate.
    (e) A diabetes care plan shall be submitted to the school at the beginning of the school year; upon enrollment, as soon as practical following a student's diagnosis; or when a student's care needs change during the school year. Parents shall be responsible for informing the school in a timely manner of any changes to the diabetes care plan and their emergency contact numbers.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/20

    (105 ILCS 145/20)
    Sec. 20. Delegated care aides.
    (a) Delegated care aides shall perform the duties necessary to assist a student with diabetes in accordance with his or her diabetes care plan and in compliance with any guidelines provided during training under Section 25 of this Act.
    (b) In accordance with the diabetes care plan or when an unexpected snack or meal requires a dose of insulin not anticipated by a student's diabetes care plan, the delegated care aide shall consult with the parent or guardian, school nurse, where available, or health care provider to confirm that the insulin dosage is appropriate given the number of carbohydrates to be taken and the student's blood glucose level as determined by a glucometer reading.
    (c) The principal shall facilitate compliance with the provisions of a diabetes care plan.
    (d) Delegated care aides are authorized to provide assistance by a student's parents or guardian and the school district or private school.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/25

    (105 ILCS 145/25)
    Sec. 25. Training for school employees and delegated care aides.
    (a) In schools that have a student with diabetes, all school employees shall receive training in the basics of diabetes care, how to identify when a student with diabetes needs immediate or emergency medical attention, and whom to contact in the case of an emergency during regular inservice training under Section 3-11 of the School Code.
    (b) Delegated care aides shall be trained to perform the tasks necessary to assist a student with diabetes in accordance with his or her diabetes care plan, including training to do the following:
        (1) check blood glucose and record results;
        (2) recognize and respond to the symptoms of
    
hypoglycemia according to the diabetes care plan;
        (3) recognize and respond to the symptoms of
    
hyperglycemia according to the diabetes care plan;
        (4) estimate the number of carbohydrates in a snack
    
or lunch;
        (5) administer insulin according to the student's
    
diabetes care plan and keep a record of the amount administered; and
        (6) respond in an emergency, including how to
    
administer glucagon and call 911.
    (c) The school district shall coordinate staff training.
    (d) Initial training of a delegated care aide shall be provided by a licensed healthcare provider with expertise in diabetes or a certified diabetic educator and individualized by a student's parent or guardian. Training must be consistent with the guidelines provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in the guide for school personnel entitled "Helping the Student with Diabetes Succeed". The training shall be updated when the diabetes care plan is changed and at least annually.
    (e) School nurses, where available, or health care providers may provide technical assistance or consultation or both to delegated care aides.
    (f) An information sheet shall be provided to any school employee who transports a student for school-sponsored activities. It shall identify the student with diabetes, identify potential emergencies that may occur as a result of the student's diabetes and the appropriate responses to such emergencies, and provide emergency contact information.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10; 97-559, eff. 8-25-11.)

105 ILCS 145/30

    (105 ILCS 145/30)
    Sec. 30. Self-management. Provided that the student is authorized according to his or her diabetes care plan, a student shall be permitted to do the following:
        (1) check blood glucose when and wherever needed;
        (2) administer insulin with the insulin delivery
    
system used by the student;
        (3) treat hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia and
    
otherwise attend to the care and management of his or her diabetes in the classroom, in any area of the school or school grounds and at any school-related activity or event in accordance with the diabetes care plan; and
        (4) possess on his or her person, at all times, the
    
supplies and equipment necessary to monitor and treat diabetes, including, but not limited to, glucometers, lancets, test strips, insulin, syringes, insulin pens and needle tips, insulin pumps, infusion sets, alcohol swabs, a glucagon injection kit, glucose tablets, and food and drink, in accordance with the diabetes care plan.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/35

    (105 ILCS 145/35)
    Sec. 35. Restricting access to school prohibited. A school district shall not restrict the assignment of a student with diabetes to a particular school on the basis that the school does not have a full-time school nurse, nor shall a school deny a student access to any school or school-related activities on the basis that a student has diabetes.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/40

    (105 ILCS 145/40)
    Sec. 40. Protections against retaliation. A school employee shall not be subject to any penalty, sanction, reprimand, discharge, demotion, denial of a promotion, withdrawal of benefits, or other disciplinary action for choosing not to agree to serve as a delegated care aide.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/45

    (105 ILCS 145/45)
    Sec. 45. Civil immunity.
    (a) A school or a school employee is not liable for civil or other damages as a result of conduct, other than willful or wanton misconduct, related to the care of a student with diabetes.
    (b) A school employee shall not be subject to any disciplinary proceeding resulting from an action taken in compliance with this Act, unless the action constitutes willful or wanton misconduct.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/50

    (105 ILCS 145/50)
    Sec. 50. Federal law. Nothing in this Act shall limit any rights available under federal law.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)

105 ILCS 145/95

    (105 ILCS 145/95)
    Sec. 95. (Amendatory provisions; text omitted).
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10; text omitted.)

105 ILCS 145/99

    (105 ILCS 145/99)
    Sec. 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon becoming law.
(Source: P.A. 96-1485, eff. 12-1-10.)