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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(720 ILCS 570/) Illinois Controlled Substances Act.

720 ILCS 570/Art. V

 
    (720 ILCS 570/Art. V heading)
ARTICLE V

720 ILCS 570/501

    (720 ILCS 570/501) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1501)
    Sec. 501. (a) It is hereby made the duty of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation and the Illinois State Police, and their agents, officers, and investigators, to enforce all provisions of this Act, except those specifically delegated, and to cooperate with all agencies charged with the enforcement of the laws of the United States, or of any State, relating to controlled substances. Only an agent, officer, or investigator designated by the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation or the Director of the Illinois State Police may: (1) for the purpose of inspecting, copying, and verifying the correctness of records, reports or other documents required to be kept or made under this Act and otherwise facilitating the execution of the functions of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation or the Illinois State Police, be authorized in accordance with this Section to enter controlled premises and to conduct administrative inspections thereof and of the things specified; or (2) execute and serve administrative inspection notices, warrants, subpoenas, and summonses under the authority of this State. Any inspection or administrative entry of persons licensed by the Department shall be made in accordance with subsection (bb) of Section 30-5 of the Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse and Dependency Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
    (b) Administrative entries and inspections designated in clause (1) of subsection (a) shall be carried out through agents, officers, investigators and peace officers (hereinafter referred to as "inspectors") designated by the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation. Any inspector, upon stating his or her purpose and presenting to the owner, operator, or agent in charge of the premises (1) appropriate credentials and (2) a written notice of his or her inspection authority (which notice, in the case of an inspection requiring or in fact supported by an administrative inspection warrant, shall consist of that warrant), shall have the right to enter the premises and conduct the inspection at reasonable times.
    Inspectors appointed before the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly by the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation under this Section 501 are conservators of the peace and as such have all the powers possessed by policemen in municipalities and by sheriffs, except that they may exercise such powers anywhere in the State.
    A Chief of Investigations of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation's Division of Professional Regulation appointed by the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly is a conservator of the peace and as such has all the powers possessed by policemen in municipalities and by sheriffs, except that he or she may exercise such powers anywhere in the State. Any other employee of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation appointed by the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation or by the Director of Professional Regulation on or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 97th General Assembly under this Section 501 is not a conservator of the peace.
    (c) Except as may otherwise be indicated in an applicable inspection warrant, the inspector shall have the right:
        (1) to inspect and copy records, reports and other
    
documents required to be kept or made under this Act;
        (2) to inspect, within reasonable limits and in a
    
reasonable manner, controlled premises and all pertinent equipment, finished and unfinished drugs and other substances or materials, containers and labeling found therein, and all other things therein (including records, files, papers, processes, controls and facilities) appropriate for verification of the records, reports and documents referred to in item (1) or otherwise bearing on the provisions of this Act; and
        (3) to inventory any stock of any controlled
    
substance.
    (d) Except when the owner, operator, or agent in charge of the controlled premises so consents in writing, no inspection authorized by this Section shall extend to:
        (1) financial data;
        (2) sales data other than shipment data; or
        (3) pricing data.
    Any inspection or administrative entry of persons licensed by the Department shall be made in accordance with subsection (bb) of Section 30-5 of the Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse and Dependency Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
    (e) Any agent, officer, investigator or peace officer designated by the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation may (1) make seizure of property pursuant to the provisions of this Act; and (2) perform such other law enforcement duties as the Secretary shall designate. It is hereby made the duty of all State's Attorneys to prosecute violations of this Act and institute legal proceedings as authorized under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 570/501.1

    (720 ILCS 570/501.1) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1501.1)
    Sec. 501.1. Administrative Procedure Act. The Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is hereby expressly adopted and incorporated herein, but shall apply only to the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, as if all of the provisions of that Act were included in this Act, except that the provision of subsection (d) of Section 10-65 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act which provides that at hearings the licensee has the right to show compliance with all lawful requirements for retention, continuation or renewal of the license is specifically excluded. For the purposes of this Act the notice required under Section 10-25 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act is deemed sufficient when mailed to the last known address of a party.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 570/502

    (720 ILCS 570/502) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1502)
    Sec. 502. (a) Issuance and execution of administrative inspection warrants shall be as follows:
    (1) a judge of a circuit court upon proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause, may issue warrants for the purpose of conducting administrative inspections authorized by this Act or rules hereunder, and seizures of property appropriate to the inspections. For purposes of the issuance of administrative inspection warrants, probable cause exists upon showing a valid public interest in the effective enforcement of this Act or rules hereunder, sufficient to justify administrative inspection of the controlled premises, as defined in subsection (b), specified in the application for the warrant.
    (2) an inspection warrant shall issue only upon an affidavit of any person having knowledge of the facts alleged, sworn to before the circuit judge and establishing the grounds for issuing the inspection warrant. If the circuit judge is satisfied that there is probable cause to believe that grounds for issuance of an inspection warrant exist, he shall issue an inspection warrant identifying the controlled premises to be inspected, the purpose of the inspection, and, if appropriate, the type of property to be inspected or seized, if any. The inspection warrant shall:
    (i) state the ground for its issuance and the name of each person whose affidavit has been taken in support thereof;
    (ii) be directed to a person authorized by Section 501 to execute it;
    (iii) command the person to whom it is directed to inspect the controlled premises identified for the purpose specified and, if appropriate, direct the seizure of the property specified;
    (iv) identify the item or types of property to be seized, if any;
    (v) direct that it be served at any time of the day or night and designate the circuit court judge to whom it shall be returned.
    (3) an inspection warrant issued pursuant to this Section must be executed and returned within 10 days of its date of issuance unless, upon a showing of a need for additional time, the court which issued the inspection warrant orders otherwise. If property is seized pursuant to an inspection warrant, a copy of the inventory of such seized property shall be given to the person from whom or from whose controlled premises the property is taken. If no person is available, the inspection warrant and a copy of the inventory shall be left at such controlled premises. The inventory shall be made under oath by the person executing the warrant.
    (4) an inspection warrant shall be returnable before the judge of the circuit court who issued the inspection warrant or any judge named in the inspection warrant or before the circuit court. The judge before whom the return is made shall attach to the inspection warrant a copy of the return and all papers returnable in connection therewith and file them with the clerk of the circuit court in which the inspection warrant was executed.
    (5) no warrant shall be quashed nor evidence suppressed because of technical irregularities not affecting the substantial rights of the person responsible for the controlled premises.
    (b) The Director may make inspections of controlled premises in accordance with the following provisions:
    (1) For purposes of this Section only, "controlled premises" means:
    (i) places where persons registered or exempted from registration requirements under this Act keep records required under this Act; and
    (ii) places, including but not limited to, areas, buildings, premises, factories, warehouses, establishments and conveyances in which persons registered or exempted from registration requirements under this Act are permitted to possess, manufacture, distribute, dispense, administer, or otherwise dispose of any controlled substance.
    (2) When authorized by an inspection warrant issued pursuant to this Act, any agent designated by the Director or any peace officer, upon presenting the inspection warrant to the person designated in the inspection warrant or any other person on the controlled premises, may enter controlled premises for the purpose of conducting the inspection.
    (3) When authorized by an inspection warrant any agent designated by the Director may execute the inspection warrant in accordance with its terms.
    (4) This section does not prevent the inspection without a warrant of books and records pursuant to an administrative subpoena issued in accordance with "The Civil Administrative Code of Illinois," nor does it prevent entries and administrative inspections, including seizures of property, without a warrant:
    (i) if the person in charge of the controlled premises consents; or
    (ii) in situations presenting imminent danger to health or safety; or
    (iii) in situations involving inspection of conveyances if there is reasonable cause to believe that the mobility of the conveyance makes it impracticable to obtain a warrant; or
    (iv) in any other exceptional or emergency circumstance where time or opportunity to apply for a warrant is lacking.
    (5) An inspection warrant authorized by this Section shall not extend to financial data, sales data, other than shipment data, or pricing data unless the person in charge of the controlled premises consents in writing, provided, however, that records required to be kept under this Act are not included in such financial data, sales data or pricing data.
(Source: P.A. 79-1362.)

720 ILCS 570/503

    (720 ILCS 570/503) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1503)
    Sec. 503. In addition to any other remedies, the Director or the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation is authorized to file a complaint and apply to any circuit court for, and such circuit court may upon hearing and for cause shown, grant a temporary restraining order or a preliminary or permanent injunction, without bond, restraining any person from violating this Act whether or not there exists other judicial remedies.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 570/504

    (720 ILCS 570/504) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1504)
    Sec. 504. (a) The Director and the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation shall each cooperate with Federal agencies and other State agencies in discharging his or her responsibilities concerning traffic in controlled substances and in suppressing the misuse and abuse of controlled substances. To this end he or she may:
        (1) arrange for the exchange of information among
    
governmental officials concerning the use, misuse and abuse of controlled substances;
        (2) coordinate and cooperate in training programs
    
concerning controlled substance law enforcement at local and State levels;
        (3) cooperate with the federal Drug Enforcement
    
Administration or its successor agency; and
        (4) conduct programs of eradication aimed at
    
destroying wild illicit growth of plant species from which controlled substances may be extracted.
    (b) Results, information, and evidence received from the Drug Enforcement Administration relating to the regulatory functions of this Act, including results of inspections conducted by it may be relied and acted upon by the Director and the Secretary of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation in the exercise of their regulatory functions under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 570/505

    (720 ILCS 570/505) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1505)
    Sec. 505. (a) The following are subject to forfeiture:
        (1) all substances which have been manufactured,
    
distributed, dispensed, or possessed in violation of this Act;
        (2) all raw materials, products and equipment of any
    
kind which are used, or intended for use in manufacturing, distributing, dispensing, administering or possessing any substance in violation of this Act;
        (3) all conveyances, including aircraft, vehicles or
    
vessels, which are used, or intended for use, to transport, or in any manner to facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or concealment of property described in paragraphs (1) and (2), but:
            (i) no conveyance used by any person as a common
        
carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier is subject to forfeiture under this Section unless it appears that the owner or other person in charge of the conveyance is a consenting party or privy to a violation of this Act;
            (ii) no conveyance is subject to forfeiture under
        
this Section by reason of any act or omission which the owner proves to have been committed or omitted without his or her knowledge or consent;
            (iii) a forfeiture of a conveyance encumbered by
        
a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party if he or she neither had knowledge of nor consented to the act or omission;
        (4) all money, things of value, books, records, and
    
research products and materials including formulas, microfilm, tapes, and data which are used, or intended to be used in violation of this Act;
        (5) everything of value furnished, or intended to be
    
furnished, in exchange for a substance in violation of this Act, all proceeds traceable to such an exchange, and all moneys, negotiable instruments, and securities used, or intended to be used, to commit or in any manner to facilitate any violation of this Act;
        (6) all real property, including any right, title,
    
and interest (including, but not limited to, any leasehold interest or the beneficial interest in a land trust) in the whole of any lot or tract of land and any appurtenances or improvements, which is used or intended to be used, in any manner or part, to commit, or in any manner to facilitate the commission of, any violation or act that constitutes a violation of Section 401 or 405 of this Act or that is the proceeds of any violation or act that constitutes a violation of Section 401 or 405 of this Act.
    (b) Property subject to forfeiture under this Act may be seized by the Director or any peace officer upon process or seizure warrant issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property. Seizure by the Director or any peace officer without process may be made:
        (1) if the seizure is incident to inspection under an
    
administrative inspection warrant;
        (2) if the property subject to seizure has been the
    
subject of a prior judgment in favor of the State in a criminal proceeding, or in an injunction or forfeiture proceeding based upon this Act or the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act;
        (3) if there is probable cause to believe that the
    
property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety;
        (4) if there is probable cause to believe that the
    
property is subject to forfeiture under this Act and the property is seized under circumstances in which a warrantless seizure or arrest would be reasonable; or
        (5) in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure
    
of 1963.
    (c) In the event of seizure pursuant to subsection (b), notice shall be given forthwith to all known interest holders that forfeiture proceedings, including a preliminary review, shall be instituted in accordance with the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act and such proceedings shall thereafter be instituted in accordance with that Act. Upon a showing of good cause, the notice required for a preliminary review under this Section may be postponed.
    (d) Property taken or detained under this Section shall not be subject to replevin, but is deemed to be in the custody of the Director subject only to the order and judgments of the circuit court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings and the decisions of the State's Attorney under the Drug Asset Forfeiture Procedure Act. When property is seized under this Act, the seizing agency shall promptly conduct an inventory of the seized property and estimate the property's value, and shall forward a copy of the inventory of seized property and the estimate of the property's value to the Director. Upon receiving notice of seizure, the Director may:
        (1) place the property under seal;
        (2) remove the property to a place designated by the
    
Director;
        (3) keep the property in the possession of the
    
seizing agency;
        (4) remove the property to a storage area for
    
safekeeping or, if the property is a negotiable instrument or money and is not needed for evidentiary purposes, deposit it in an interest bearing account;
        (5) place the property under constructive seizure by
    
posting notice of pending forfeiture on it, by giving notice of pending forfeiture to its owners and interest holders, or by filing notice of pending forfeiture in any appropriate public record relating to the property; or
        (6) provide for another agency or custodian,
    
including an owner, secured party, or lienholder, to take custody of the property upon the terms and conditions set by the Director.
    (e) If the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation suspends or revokes a registration, all controlled substances owned or possessed by the registrant at the time of suspension or the effective date of the revocation order may be placed under seal by the Director. No disposition may be made of substances under seal until the time for taking an appeal has elapsed or until all appeals have been concluded unless a court, upon application therefor, orders the sale of perishable substances and the deposit of the proceeds of the sale with the court. Upon a suspension or revocation order becoming final, all substances may be forfeited to the Illinois State Police.
    (f) When property is forfeited under this Act the Director shall sell all such property unless such property is required by law to be destroyed or is harmful to the public, and shall distribute the proceeds of the sale, together with any moneys forfeited or seized, in accordance with subsection (g). However, upon the application of the seizing agency or prosecutor who was responsible for the investigation, arrest or arrests and prosecution which lead to the forfeiture, the Director may return any item of forfeited property to the seizing agency or prosecutor for official use in the enforcement of laws relating to cannabis or controlled substances, if the agency or prosecutor can demonstrate that the item requested would be useful to the agency or prosecutor in their enforcement efforts. When any forfeited conveyance, including an aircraft, vehicle, or vessel, is returned to the seizing agency or prosecutor, the conveyance may be used immediately in the enforcement of the criminal laws of this State. Upon disposal, all proceeds from the sale of the conveyance must be used for drug enforcement purposes. When any real property returned to the seizing agency is sold by the agency or its unit of government, the proceeds of the sale shall be delivered to the Director and distributed in accordance with subsection (g).
    (g) All monies and the sale proceeds of all other property forfeited and seized under this Act shall be distributed as follows:
        (1)(i) 65% shall be distributed to the metropolitan
    
enforcement group, local, municipal, county, or state law enforcement agency or agencies which conducted or participated in the investigation resulting in the forfeiture. The distribution shall bear a reasonable relationship to the degree of direct participation of the law enforcement agency in the effort resulting in the forfeiture, taking into account the total value of the property forfeited and the total law enforcement effort with respect to the violation of the law upon which the forfeiture is based. Amounts distributed to the agency or agencies shall be used for the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances or for security cameras used for the prevention or detection of violence, except that amounts distributed to the Secretary of State shall be deposited into the Secretary of State Evidence Fund to be used as provided in Section 2-115 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
        (ii) Any local, municipal, or county law enforcement
    
agency entitled to receive a monetary distribution of forfeiture proceeds may share those forfeiture proceeds pursuant to the terms of an intergovernmental agreement with a municipality that has a population in excess of 20,000 if:
            (I) the receiving agency has entered into an
        
intergovernmental agreement with the municipality to provide police services;
            (II) the intergovernmental agreement for police
        
services provides for consideration in an amount of not less than $1,000,000 per year;
            (III) the seizure took place within the
        
geographical limits of the municipality; and
            (IV) the funds are used only for the enforcement
        
of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances or for security cameras used for the prevention or detection of violence or the establishment of a municipal police force, including the training of officers, construction of a police station, the purchase of law enforcement equipment, or vehicles.
        (2)(i) 12.5% shall be distributed to the Office of
    
the State's Attorney of the county in which the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, deposited in a special fund in the county treasury and appropriated to the State's Attorney for use in the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances, or at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in addition to other authorized purposes, to make grants to local substance abuse treatment facilities and half-way houses. In counties over 3,000,000 population, 25% will be distributed to the Office of the State's Attorney for use in the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances, or at the discretion of the State's Attorney, in addition to other authorized purposes, to make grants to local substance abuse treatment facilities and half-way houses. If the prosecution is undertaken solely by the Attorney General, the portion provided hereunder shall be distributed to the Attorney General for use in the enforcement of laws governing cannabis and controlled substances.
        (ii) 12.5% shall be distributed to the Office of the
    
State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor and deposited in the Narcotics Profit Forfeiture Fund of that office to be used for additional expenses incurred in the investigation, prosecution and appeal of cases arising under laws governing cannabis and controlled substances. The Office of the State's Attorneys Appellate Prosecutor shall not receive distribution from cases brought in counties with over 3,000,000 population.
        (3) 10% shall be retained by the Department of State
    
Police for expenses related to the administration and sale of seized and forfeited property.
    (h) Species of plants from which controlled substances in Schedules I and II may be derived which have been planted or cultivated in violation of this Act, or of which the owners or cultivators are unknown, or which are wild growths, may be seized and summarily forfeited to the State. The failure, upon demand by the Director or any peace officer, of the person in occupancy or in control of land or premises upon which the species of plants are growing or being stored, to produce registration, or proof that he or she is the holder thereof, constitutes authority for the seizure and forfeiture of the plants.
(Source: P.A. 97-253, eff. 1-1-12; 97-334, eff. 1-1-12; 97-544, eff. 1-1-12; 97-813, eff. 7-13-12; 97-985, eff. 1-1-13.)

720 ILCS 570/506

    (720 ILCS 570/506) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1506)
    Sec. 506.
    It is not necessary for the State to negate any exemption or exception in this Act in any complaint, information, indictment or other pleading or in any trial, hearing, or other proceeding under this Act. The burden of proof of any exemption or exception is upon the person claiming it.
(Source: P.A. 77-757.)

720 ILCS 570/507

    (720 ILCS 570/507) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1507)
    Sec. 507. All rulings, final determinations, findings, and conclusions of the Illinois State Police, the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation, and the Department of Human Services under this Act are final and conclusive decisions of the matters involved. Any person aggrieved by the decision may obtain review of the decision pursuant to the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, as amended and the rules adopted pursuant thereto. Pending final decision on such review, the acts, orders and rulings of the Department shall remain in full force and effect unless modified or suspended by order of court pending final judicial decision. Pending final decision on such review, the acts, orders, sanctions and rulings of the Department of Financial and Professional Regulation regarding any registration shall remain in full force and effect, unless stayed by order of court. However, no stay of any decision of the administrative agency shall issue unless the person aggrieved by the decision establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that good cause exists therefor. In determining good cause, the court shall find that the aggrieved party has established a substantial likelihood of prevailing on the merits and that granting the stay will not have an injurious effect on the general public. Good cause shall not be established solely on the basis of hardships resulting from an inability to engage in the registered activity pending a final judicial decision.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 570/507.1

    (720 ILCS 570/507.1) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1507.1)
    Sec. 507.1. The Department shall not be required to certify any record to the court or file any answer in court or otherwise appear in any court proceedings under the Administrative Review Law, unless there is filed in the court with the complaint a receipt from the Department acknowledging payment of the costs of furnishing and certifying the record. Exhibits shall be certified without cost. Failure on the part of the plaintiff to file such receipt in court shall be grounds for dismissal of the action.
(Source: P.A. 83-969.)

720 ILCS 570/507.2

    (720 ILCS 570/507.2)
    Sec. 507.2. Rulemaking authority. The Department of Human Services is granted rulemaking authority concerning implementation, maintenance, and compliance with the Prescription Monitoring Program.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)

720 ILCS 570/508

    (720 ILCS 570/508) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1508)
    Sec. 508. (a) The Department shall encourage research on controlled substances. In connection with the research, and in furtherance of the purposes of this Act, the Department may:
        (1) establish methods to assess accurately the effect
    
of controlled substances and identify and characterize those with potential for abuse;
        (2) make studies and undertake programs of research
    
to:
            (i) develop new or improved approaches,
        
techniques, systems, equipment and devices to strengthen the enforcement of this Act;
            (ii) determine patterns of use, misuse, and abuse
        
of controlled substances and their social effects; and
            (iii) improve methods for preventing, predicting,
        
understanding, and dealing with the use, misuse and abuse of controlled substances; and
        (3) enter into contracts with public agencies,
    
educational institutions, and private organizations or individuals for the purpose of conducting research, demonstrations, or special projects which relate to the use, misuse and abuse of controlled substances.
    (b) Persons authorized to engage in research may be authorized by the Department to protect the privacy of individuals who are the subjects of such research by withholding from all persons not connected with the conduct of the research the names and other identifying characteristics of such individuals. Persons who are given this authorization shall not be compelled in any civil, criminal, administrative, legislative or other proceeding to identify the individuals who are the subjects of research for which the authorization was granted, except to the extent necessary to permit the Department to determine whether the research is being conducted in accordance with the authorization.
    (c) The Department may authorize the possession and dispensing of controlled substances by persons engaged in research, upon such terms and conditions as may be consistent with the public health and safety. The Department may also approve research and treatment programs involving the administration of Methadone. The use of Methadone, or any similar controlled substance by any person is prohibited in this State except as approved and authorized by the Department in accordance with its rules and regulations. To the extent of the applicable authorization, persons are exempt from prosecution in this State for possession, manufacture or delivery of controlled substances.
    (d) Practitioners registered under Federal law to conduct research with Schedule I substances may conduct research with Schedule I substances within this State upon furnishing evidence of that Federal registration and notification of the scope and purpose of such research to the Department.
(Source: P.A. 96-328, eff. 8-11-09.)

720 ILCS 570/509

    (720 ILCS 570/509) (from Ch. 56 1/2, par. 1509)
    Sec. 509. Whenever any court in this State grants probation to any person that the court has reason to believe is or has been an addict or unlawful possessor of controlled substances, the court shall require, as a condition of probation, that the probationer submit to periodic tests by the Department of Corrections to determine by means of appropriate chemical detection tests whether the probationer is using controlled substances. The court may require as a condition of probation that the probationer enter an approved treatment program, if the court determines that the probationer is addicted to a controlled substance. Whenever the Parole and Pardon Board grants parole or aftercare release to a person whom the Board has reason to believe has been an unlawful possessor or addict of controlled substances, the Board shall require as a condition of parole that the parolee or aftercare releasee submit to appropriate periodic chemical tests by the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice to determine whether the parolee or aftercare releasee is using controlled substances.
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)

720 ILCS 570/510

    (720 ILCS 570/510)
    Sec. 510. Preservation of evidence for laboratory testing.
    (a) Before or after the trial in a prosecution for a violation of any Section of Article IV of this Act, a law enforcement agency or an agent acting on behalf of the law enforcement agency must preserve, subject to a continuous chain of custody, not less than:
        (1) 2 kilograms of any substance containing a
    
detectable amount of heroin;
        (2) 10 kilograms of any substance containing a
    
detectable amount of: (A) coca leaves, except coca leaves and extract of coca leaves from which cocaine, ecgonine, and derivatives of ecgonine or their salts have been removed; (B) cocaine, its salts, optical and geometric isomers, and salts of isomers; (C) ecgonine, its derivatives, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers; or (D) any combination of the substances described in subdivisions (A) through (C) of this paragraph (a)(2);
        (3) 10 kilograms of a mixture of substances described
    
in subdivision (B) of paragraph (a)(2) that contains a cocaine base;
        (4) 200 grams of phencyclidine (also referred to as
    
"PCP") or 2 kilograms of any substance containing a detectable amount of phencyclidine;
        (5) 20 grams of any substance containing a detectable
    
amount of lysergic acid diethylamide (also referred to as "LSD");
        (6) 800 grams of a mixture or substance containing a
    
detectable amount of fentanyl, or 2 grams of any substance containing a detectable amount of any analog of fentanyl;
with respect to the offenses enumerated in this subsection (a) and must maintain sufficient documentation to locate that evidence. Excess quantities with respect to the offenses enumerated in this subsection (a) cannot practicably be retained by a law enforcement agency because of its size, bulk, and physical character.
    (b) The sheriff or seizing law enforcement agency must file a motion requesting destruction of bulk evidence before the trial judge in the courtroom where the criminal charge is pending. The sheriff or seizing law enforcement agency must give notice of the motion requesting destruction of bulk evidence to the prosecutor of the criminal charge and the defense attorney of record. The trial judge will conduct an evidentiary hearing in which all parties will be given the opportunity to present evidence and arguments relating to whether the evidence should be destroyed, whether such destruction will prejudice the prosecution of the criminal case, and whether the destruction of the evidence will prejudice the defense of the criminal charge. The court's determination whether to grant the motion for destruction of bulk evidence must be based upon the totality of all of the circumstances of the case presented at the evidentiary hearing, the effect such destruction would have upon the defendant's constitutional rights, and the prosecutor's ability to proceed with the prosecution of the criminal charge.
    (c) The court may, before trial, transfer excess quantities of any substance containing any of the controlled substances enumerated in subsection (a) with respect to a prosecution for any offense enumerated in subsection (a) to the sheriff of the county, or may, in its discretion, transfer such evidence to the Illinois State Police, for destruction after notice is given to the defendant's attorney of record or to the defendant if the defendant is proceeding pro se.
    (d) After a judgment of conviction is entered and the charged quantity is no longer needed for evidentiary purposes with respect to a prosecution for any offense enumerated in subsection (a), the court may transfer any substance containing any of the controlled substances enumerated in subsection (a) to the sheriff of the county, or may, in its discretion, transfer such evidence to the Illinois State Police, for destruction after notice is given to the defendant's attorney of record or to the defendant if the defendant is proceeding pro se. No evidence shall be disposed of until 30 days after the judgment is entered, and if a notice of appeal is filed, no evidence shall be disposed of until the mandate has been received by the circuit court from the Appellate Court.
(Source: P.A. 97-334, eff. 1-1-12.)