(115 ILCS 5/2)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1702)
As used in this Act:
(a) "Educational employer"
or "employer" means the governing body of a public school district, including the governing body of a charter school established under Article 27A of the School Code or of a contract school or contract turnaround school established under paragraph 30 of Section 34-18 of the School Code, combination
of public school districts, including the governing body of joint agreements
of any type formed by 2 or more school districts, public community college
district or State college or university, a subcontractor of instructional services of a school district (other than a school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code), combination of school districts, charter school established under Article 27A of the School Code, or contract school or contract turnaround school established under paragraph 30 of Section 34-18 of the School Code, an Independent Authority created under Section 2-3.25f-5 of the School Code, and any State agency whose major
function is providing educational services.
"Educational employer" or "employer" does not include (1) a Financial Oversight
Panel created pursuant to Section 1A-8 of the School Code due to a
violating a financial plan or (2) an approved nonpublic special education facility that contracts with a school district or combination of school districts to provide special education services pursuant to Section 14-7.02 of the School Code, but does include a School Finance Authority
under Article 1E or 1F of the School Code and a Financial Oversight Panel created under Article 1B or 1H of the School Code. The change made by this amendatory Act of the 96th General Assembly to this paragraph (a) to make clear that the governing body of a charter school is an "educational employer" is declaratory of existing law.
(b) "Educational employee" or "employee" means any individual, excluding
supervisors, managerial, confidential, short term employees, student, and
part-time academic employees of community colleges employed full or part
time by an educational employer, but shall not include elected officials
and appointees of the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate,
firefighters as defined by subsection (g-1) of Section 3 of the Illinois
Public Labor Relations Act, and peace officers employed by a State
university. For the purposes of this Act, part-time
academic employees of community colleges shall be defined as those
employees who provide less than 3 credit hours of instruction per
semester. In this subsection (b), the term "student" does not include
graduate students who are research assistants primarily
performing duties that involve research, graduate assistants primarily
performing duties that are pre-professional, graduate
students who are teaching assistants primarily performing duties that
involve the delivery and support of instruction, or any other graduate
(c) "Employee organization" or "labor organization" means an organization
of any kind in which membership includes educational employees, and which
exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers
concerning grievances, employee-employer disputes, wages, rates of pay,
hours of employment, or conditions of work, but shall not include any
organization which practices discrimination in membership because of race,
color, creed, age, gender, national origin or political affiliation.
(d) "Exclusive representative" means the labor organization which has
been designated by the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board as the
representative of the majority of educational employees in an appropriate
unit, or recognized by an educational employer prior to January 1, 1984 as
the exclusive representative of the employees in an appropriate unit or,
after January 1, 1984, recognized by an employer upon evidence that the
employee organization has been designated as the exclusive representative
by a majority of the employees in an appropriate unit.
(e) "Board" means the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board.
(f) "Regional Superintendent" means the regional superintendent of
schools provided for in Articles 3 and 3A of The School Code.
(g) "Supervisor" means any individual having authority in the interests
of the employer to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote,
discharge, reward or discipline other employees within the appropriate
bargaining unit and adjust their grievances, or to effectively recommend
such action if the exercise of such authority is not of a merely routine or
clerical nature but requires the use of independent judgment. The term
"supervisor" includes only those individuals who devote a preponderance of
their employment time to such exercising authority.
(h) "Unfair labor practice" or "unfair practice" means any practice
prohibited by Section 14 of this Act.
(i) "Person" includes an individual, educational employee, educational
employer, legal representative, or employee organization.
(j) "Wages" means salaries or other forms of compensation for services
(k) "Professional employee" means, in the case of a public community
college, State college or university, State agency whose major function is
providing educational services, the Illinois School for the Deaf, and the
Illinois School for the Visually Impaired, (1) any employee engaged in work
(i) predominantly intellectual and varied in character as opposed to
routine mental, manual, mechanical, or physical work; (ii) involving the
consistent exercise of discretion and judgment in its performance; (iii) of
such character that the output produced or the result accomplished cannot
be standardized in relation to a given period of time; and (iv) requiring
knowledge of an advanced type in a field of science or learning customarily
acquired by a prolonged course of specialized intellectual instruction and
study in an institution of higher learning or a hospital, as distinguished
from a general academic education or from an apprenticeship or from training
in the performance of routine mental, manual, or physical processes; or
(2) any employee, who (i) has completed the courses of specialized
intellectual instruction and study described in clause (iv) of paragraph
(1) of this subsection, and (ii) is performing related work under the
supervision of a professional person to qualify himself or herself to
become a professional as defined in paragraph (l).
(l) "Professional employee" means, in the case of any public school
district, or combination of school districts pursuant to joint agreement,
any employee who has a certificate issued under Article 21 or Section 34-83
of the School Code, as now or hereafter amended.
(m) "Unit" or "bargaining unit" means any group of employees for which
an exclusive representative is selected.
(n) "Confidential employee" means an employee, who (i) in the regular
course of his or her duties, assists and acts in a confidential capacity to
persons who formulate, determine and effectuate management policies with
regard to labor relations or who (ii) in the regular course of his or her
duties has access to information relating to the effectuation or review of
the employer's collective bargaining policies.
(o) "Managerial employee" means an individual who is engaged
predominantly in executive and management functions and is charged with the
responsibility of directing the effectuation of such management policies and
(p) "Craft employee" means a skilled journeyman, craft person, and his
or her apprentice or helper.
(q) "Short-term employee" is an employee who is employed for less than
2 consecutive calendar quarters during a calendar year and who does not
have a reasonable expectation that he or she will be rehired by the same
employer for the same service in a subsequent calendar year. Nothing in
this subsection shall affect the employee status of individuals who were
covered by a collective bargaining agreement on the effective date of this
amendatory Act of 1991.
(Source: P.A. 101-380, eff. 1-1-20
(115 ILCS 5/3)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1703)
Employee rights; exclusive representative rights.
(a) It shall be lawful for educational employees
to organize, form, join, or assist in employee organizations or engage in
lawful concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or
other mutual aid and protection or bargain collectively through representatives
of their own free choice and, except as provided in Section 11, such employees
shall also have the right to refrain from any or all such activities.
(b) Representatives selected by educational employees in a unit appropriate
for collective bargaining purposes shall be the exclusive representative
of all the employees in such unit to
bargain on wages, hours, terms and conditions of employment. However,
any individual employee or a group of employees may at any time present
grievances to their employer and have them adjusted without the intervention
of the bargaining representative as long as the adjustment is not inconsistent
with the terms of a collective bargaining agreement then in effect, provided
that the bargaining representative has been given an opportunity to be present
at such adjustment.
(c) Employers shall provide to exclusive representatives, including their agents and employees, reasonable access to and information about employees in the bargaining units they represent. This access shall at all times be conducted in a manner so as not to impede normal operations.
(1) Access includes the following:
(A) the right to meet with one or more employees
on the employer's premises during the work day to investigate and discuss grievances and workplace-related complaints without charge to pay or leave time of employees or agents of the exclusive representative;
(B) the right to conduct worksite meetings during
lunch and other non-work breaks, and before and after the workday, on the employer's premises to discuss collective bargaining negotiations, the administration of collective bargaining agreements, other matters related to the duties of the exclusive representative, and internal matters involving the governance or business of the exclusive representative, without charge to pay or leave time of employees or agents of the exclusive representative;
(C) the right to meet with newly hired employees,
without charge to pay or leave time of the employees or agents of the exclusive representative, on the employer's premises or at a location mutually agreed to by the employer and exclusive representative for up to one hour either within the first two weeks of employment in the bargaining unit or at a later date and time if mutually agreed upon by the employer and the exclusive representative; and
(D) the right to use the facility mailboxes and
bulletin boards of the employer to communicate with bargaining unit employees regarding collective bargaining negotiations, the administration of the collective bargaining agreements, the investigation of grievances, other workplace-related complaints and issues, and internal matters involving the governance or business of the exclusive representative.
Nothing in this Section shall prohibit an employer
and exclusive representative from agreeing in a collective bargaining agreement to provide the exclusive representative greater access to bargaining unit employees, including through the use of the employer's email system.
(2) Information about employees includes, but is not
limited to, the following:
(A) within 10 calendar days from the beginning of
every school term and every 30 calendar days thereafter in the school term, in an Excel file or other editable digital file format agreed to by the exclusive representative, the employee's name, job title, worksite location, home address, work telephone numbers, identification number if available, and any home and personal cellular telephone numbers on file with the employer, date of hire, work email address, and any personal email address on file with the employer; and
(B) unless otherwise mutually agreed upon, within
10 calendar days from the date of hire of a bargaining unit employee, in an electronic file or other format agreed to by the exclusive representative, the employee's name, job title, worksite location, home address, work telephone numbers, and any home and personal cellular telephone numbers on file with the employer, date of hire, work email address, and any personal email address on file with the employer.
(d) No employer shall disclose the following information of any employee: (1) the employee's home address (including ZIP code and county); (2) the employee's date of birth; (3) the employee's home and personal phone number; (4) the employee's personal email address; (5) any information personally identifying employee membership or membership status in a labor organization or other voluntary association affiliated with a labor organization or a labor federation (including whether employees are members of such organization, the identity of such organization, whether or not employees pay or authorize the payment of any dues of moneys to such organization, and the amounts of such dues or moneys); and (6) emails or other communications between a labor organization and its members.
As soon as practicable after receiving a request for any information prohibited from disclosure under this subsection (d), excluding a request from the exclusive bargaining representative of the employee, the employer must provide a written copy of the request, or a written summary of any oral request, to the exclusive bargaining representative of the employee or, if no such representative exists, to the employee. The employer must also provide a copy of any response it has made within 5 business days of sending the response to any request.
If an employer discloses information in violation of this subsection (d), an aggrieved employee of the employer or his or her exclusive bargaining representative may file an unfair labor practice charge with the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board pursuant to Section 14 of this Act or commence an action in the circuit court to enforce the provisions of this Act, including actions to compel compliance, if an employer willfully and wantonly discloses information in violation of this subsection. The circuit court for the county in which the complainant resides, in which the complainant is employed, or in which the employer is located shall have jurisdiction in this matter.
This subsection does not apply to disclosures (i) required under the Freedom of Information Act, (ii) for purposes of conducting public operations or business, or (iii) to the exclusive representative.
(Source: P.A. 101-620, eff. 12-20-19.)
(115 ILCS 5/5)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1705)
Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board.
(a) There is hereby created the Illinois Educational Labor Relations
(a-5) Until July 1, 2003 or when all of the new members to be initially
appointed under this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly have been
appointed by the Governor, whichever occurs later, the Illinois Educational
Labor Relations Board shall consist of 7 members, no more
than 4 of whom may be of the same political party, who are residents of
Illinois appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The term of each appointed member of the Board
who is in office on June 30, 2003 shall terminate at the close of business
on that date or when all of the new members to be initially appointed under
this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly have been appointed by the
Governor, whichever occurs later.
(b) Beginning on July 1, 2003 or when all of the new members to be
initially appointed under this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly
have been appointed by the Governor, whichever occurs later, the Illinois
Educational Labor Relations Board shall consist of 5 members appointed by
the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. No more than 3
members may be of the same political party.
The Governor shall appoint to the Board only persons who are residents of
Illinois and have had a minimum of 5 years of experience directly related
to labor and employment relations in representing educational employers or
educational employees in collective bargaining matters. One appointed member
shall be designated at the time of his or her appointment to serve as chairman.
Of the initial members appointed pursuant to this
amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, 2 shall be
designated at the time of appointment to serve a term of 6
years, 2 shall be designated at the time of appointment to serve a term
of 4 years, and the other shall be designated at the time of his or her
appointment to serve a term of 4 years, with each to serve until his or her
successor is appointed and qualified.
Each subsequent member shall be appointed in like manner for a term
of 6 years and until his or her successor is appointed and qualified. Each
member of the Board is eligible for reappointment. Vacancies shall be filled
in the same manner as original appointments for the balance of the unexpired
(c) The chairman shall be paid $50,000 per year, or an amount set by
the Compensation Review Board, whichever is greater. Other members of
the Board shall each be paid $45,000 per year, or an amount set by the
Compensation Review Board, whichever is greater. They shall be entitled
to reimbursement for necessary traveling and other official expenditures
necessitated by their official duties.
Each member shall devote his entire time to the duties of the office,
and shall hold no other office or position of profit, nor engage in any
other business, employment or vocation.
(d) Three members of the Board constitute a quorum and a
vacancy on the Board does not impair the right of the remaining members to
exercise all of the powers of the Board.
(e) Any member of the Board may be removed by the Governor, upon notice,
for neglect of duty or malfeasance in office, but for no other cause.
(f) The Board may appoint or employ an executive director, attorneys,
hearing officers, and such other employees as it deems necessary to perform
its functions, except that the Board shall employ a minimum of 8 attorneys and 5 investigators. The Board shall prescribe the duties and qualifications of
such persons appointed and, subject to the annual appropriation, fix their
compensation and provide for reimbursement of actual and necessary expenses
incurred in the performance of their duties.
(g) The Board may promulgate rules and regulations which allow parties
in proceedings before the Board to be represented by counsel or any other
person knowledgeable in the matters under consideration.
(h) To accomplish the objectives and to carry out the duties prescribed
by this Act, the Board may subpoena witnesses, subpoena the production of
books, papers, records and documents which may be needed as evidence on
any matter under inquiry and may administer oaths and affirmations.
In cases of neglect or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to any person,
the circuit court in the county in which the investigation or the public
hearing is taking place, upon application by the Board, may issue an order
requiring such person to appear before the Board or any member or agent
of the Board to produce evidence or give testimony. A failure to obey such
order may be punished by the court as in civil contempt.
Any subpoena, notice of hearing, or other process or notice of the Board
issued under the provisions of this Act may be served personally, by
registered mail or by leaving a copy at the principal office of the respondent
required to be served. A return, made and verified by the individual making
such service and setting forth the manner of such service, is proof of
A post office receipt, when registered mail is used, is proof of service.
All process of any court to which application may be made under the provisions
of this Act may be served in the county where the persons required to be
served reside or may be found.
(i) The Board shall adopt, promulgate, amend, or rescind rules and
regulations in accordance with the Illinois Administrative
Procedure Act as it deems necessary and
feasible to carry out this Act.
(j) The Board at the end of every State fiscal year shall make a report in
writing to the Governor and the General Assembly, stating in detail the work
it has done in hearing and deciding cases and otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 96-813, eff. 10-30-09.)
(115 ILCS 5/7)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1707)
Recognition of exclusive bargaining representatives - unit
The Board is empowered to administer the
recognition of bargaining representatives of employees of public school
districts, including employees of districts which have entered into joint
agreements, or employees of public community college districts, or any
State college or university, and any State agency whose major function is
providing educational services, making certain that each bargaining unit
contains employees with an identifiable community of interest and that no unit
includes both professional employees and nonprofessional employees unless a
majority of employees in each group vote for inclusion in the unit.
(a) In determining the appropriateness of a unit, the Board
shall decide in each case, in order to ensure employees the fullest freedom
in exercising the rights guaranteed by this Act, the unit appropriate for
the purpose of collective bargaining, based upon but not limited to such
factors as historical pattern of recognition, community of interest, including
employee skills and functions, degree of functional integration,
interchangeability and contact among employees, common supervision, wages,
hours and other working conditions of the employees involved, and the desires
of the employees. Nothing in this Act, except as herein provided, shall
interfere with or negate the
current representation rights or patterns and practices of employee
organizations which have historically represented employees for the purposes of
collective bargaining, including but not limited to the negotiations of wages,
hours and working conditions, resolutions of employees' grievances, or
resolution of jurisdictional disputes, or the establishment and maintenance of
prevailing wage rates, unless a majority of the employees so represented
expresses a contrary desire under the procedures set forth in this Act. This
Section, however, does not prohibit multi-unit bargaining. Notwithstanding the
above factors, where the majority of public employees of a craft so decide, the
Board shall designate such craft as a unit appropriate for the purposes of
The sole appropriate bargaining unit for tenured and tenure-track
academic faculty at
University of Illinois shall be a unit that is comprised of
non-supervisory academic faculty employed more than half-time and
that includes all tenured and tenure-track
of that University campus employed by the board of trustees in all of the campus's undergraduate, graduate, and
schools and degree and non-degree programs
(with the exception of the college of medicine, the college of pharmacy,
the college of dentistry, the college of law, and the college of veterinary
medicine, each of which shall have its own separate unit), regardless of
historical representation rights or patterns or the application of any
other factors. Any decision, rule, or regulation promulgated by the
Board to the contrary shall be null and void.
(b) An educational employer shall voluntarily recognize a labor organization
for collective bargaining purposes if that organization appears to represent
a majority of employees in the unit. The employer shall post notice
of its intent to so recognize for a period of at least 20 school days on
bulletin boards or other places used or reserved for employee notices.
Thereafter, the employer, if satisfied as to the majority status of the
employee organization, shall send written notification of such recognition
to the Board for certification.
Any dispute regarding the majority status of
a labor organization shall be
resolved by the Board which shall make the determination of majority
Within the 20 day notice period, however, any other interested employee
organization may petition the Board to seek recognition as the exclusive
representative of the unit in the manner specified by rules and regulations
prescribed by the Board, if such interested employee organization has been
designated by at least 15% of the employees in an appropriate bargaining unit
which includes all or some of the employees in the unit intended to be
recognized by the employer. In such event, the Board shall proceed with the
petition in the same manner as provided in paragraph (c) of this Section.
(c) A labor organization may also gain recognition as the exclusive
representative by an election of the employees in the unit. Petitions
requesting an election may be filed with the Board:
(1) by an employee or group of employees or any labor
organizations acting on their behalf alleging and presenting evidence that 30% or more of the employees in a bargaining unit wish to be represented for collective bargaining or that the labor organization which has been acting as the exclusive bargaining representative is no longer representative of a majority of the employees in the unit; or
(2) by an employer alleging that one or more labor
organizations have presented a claim to be recognized as an exclusive bargaining representative of a majority of the employees in an appropriate unit and that it doubts the majority status of any of the organizations or that it doubts the majority status of an exclusive bargaining representative.
The Board shall investigate the petition and if it has reasonable cause to
suspect that a question of representation exists, it shall give notice and
conduct a hearing. If it finds upon the record of the hearing that a question
of representation exists, it shall direct an election, which shall be held no
later than 90 days after the date the petition was filed. Nothing prohibits
the waiving of hearings by the parties and the conduct of consent elections.
(c-5) The Board shall designate an exclusive representative for purposes
collective bargaining when the representative demonstrates a showing of
majority interest by employees in the unit. If the parties to a dispute are
agreement on the means to ascertain the choice, if any, of employee
organization as their representative, the Board shall ascertain the employees'
employee organization, on the basis of dues deduction authorization or other
evidence, or, if necessary, by conducting an election. All evidence submitted by an employee organization to the Board to ascertain an employee's choice of an employee organization is confidential and shall not be submitted to the employer for review. The Board shall ascertain the employee's choice of employee organization within 120 days after the filing of the majority interest petition; however, the Board may extend time by an additional 60 days, upon its own motion or upon the motion of a party to the proceeding. If either party provides
to the Board, before the designation of a representative, clear and convincing
evidence that the dues deduction authorizations, and other evidence upon which
the Board would otherwise rely to ascertain the employees' choice of
representative, are fraudulent or were obtained through coercion, the Board
shall promptly thereafter conduct an election. The Board shall also investigate
and consider a party's allegations that the dues deduction authorizations and
other evidence submitted in support of a designation of representative without
an election were subsequently changed, altered, withdrawn, or withheld as a
result of employer fraud, coercion, or any other unfair labor practice by the
employer. If the Board determines that a labor organization would have had a
majority interest but for an employer's fraud, coercion, or unfair labor
practice, it shall designate the labor organization as an exclusive
representative without conducting an election. If a hearing is necessary to resolve any issues of representation under this Section, the Board shall conclude its hearing process and issue a certification of the entire appropriate unit not later than 120 days after the date the petition was filed. The 120-day period may be extended one or more times by the agreement of all parties to a hearing to a date certain.
(c-6) A labor organization or an employer may file a unit clarification petition seeking to clarify an existing bargaining unit. The Board shall conclude its investigation, including any hearing process deemed necessary, and issue a certification of clarified unit or dismiss the petition not later than 120 days after the date the petition was filed. The 120-day period may be extended one or more times by the agreement of all parties to a hearing to a date certain.
(d) An order of the Board dismissing a representation petition, determining
and certifying that a labor organization has been fairly and freely chosen by a
majority of employees in an appropriate bargaining unit, determining and
certifying that a labor organization has not been fairly and freely chosen by a
majority of employees in the bargaining unit or certifying a labor organization
as the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate bargaining unit
because of a determination by the Board that the labor organization is the
historical bargaining representative of employees in the bargaining unit,
is a final order. Any person aggrieved by any such order issued on or after
the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1987 may apply for and obtain
judicial review in accordance with provisions of the Administrative Review Law,
as now or hereafter amended, except that such review shall be afforded directly
in the Appellate Court of a judicial district in which the Board maintains an
office. Any direct appeal to the Appellate Court shall be filed within 35 days
from the date that a copy of the decision sought to be reviewed was served upon
the party affected by the decision.
No election may be conducted in any bargaining unit during the term of
a collective bargaining agreement covering such unit or subdivision thereof,
except the Board may direct an election after the filing
of a petition between January 15 and March 1 of the final year of a collective
bargaining agreement. Nothing in this Section prohibits the negotiation
of a collective bargaining agreement covering a period not exceeding 3 years.
A collective bargaining agreement of less than 3 years may be extended up
to 3 years by the parties if the extension is agreed to in writing before
the filing of a petition under this Section. In such case, the final year
of the extension is the final year of the collective bargaining agreement.
No election may be conducted in a bargaining unit, or subdivision thereof,
in which a valid election has been held within the preceding 12 month period.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-813, eff. 10-30-09.)
(115 ILCS 5/11.1)
(a) Employers shall make payroll deductions of employee organization dues, initiation fees, assessments, and other payments for an employee organization that is the exclusive representative. Such deductions shall be made in accordance with the terms of an employee's written authorization and shall be paid to the exclusive representative. Written authorization may be evidenced by electronic communications, and such writing or communication may be evidenced by the electronic signature of the employee as provided under Section 5-120 of the Electronic Commerce Security Act.
There is no impediment to an employee's right to resign union membership at any time. However, notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary regarding authorization and deduction of dues or other payments to a labor organization, the exclusive representative and an educational employee may agree to reasonable limits on the right of the employee to revoke such authorization, including a period of irrevocability that exceeds one year. An authorization that is irrevocable for one year, which may be automatically renewed for successive annual periods in accordance with the terms of the authorization, and that contains at least an annual 10-day period of time during which the educational employee may revoke the authorization, shall be deemed reasonable. This Section shall apply to all claims that allege that an educational employer or employee organization has improperly deducted or collected dues from an employee without regard to whether the claims or the facts upon which they are based occurred before, on, or after the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 101st General Assembly and shall apply retroactively to the maximum extent permitted by law.
(b) Upon receiving written notice of the authorization, the educational employer must commence dues deductions as soon as practicable, but in no case later than 30 days after receiving notice from the employee organization. Employee deductions shall be transmitted to the employee organization no later than 10 days after they are deducted unless a shorter period is mutually agreed to.
(c) Deductions shall remain in effect until:
(1) the educational employer receives notice that
an educational employee has revoked his or her authorization in writing in accordance with the terms of the authorization; or
(2) the individual educational employee is no
longer employed by the educational employer in a bargaining unit position represented by the same exclusive representative; provided that if such employee is, within a period of one year, employed by the same educational employer in a position represented by the same employee organization, the right to dues deduction shall be automatically reinstated.
Nothing in this subsection prevents an employee from continuing to authorize payroll deductions when no longer represented by the exclusive representative that would receive those deductions.
Should the individual educational employee who has signed a dues deduction authorization card either be removed from an educational employer's payroll or otherwise placed on any type of involuntary or voluntary leave of absence, whether paid or unpaid, the employee's dues deduction shall be continued upon that employee's return to the payroll in a bargaining unit position represented by the same exclusive representative or restoration to active duty from such a leave of absence.
(d) Unless otherwise mutually agreed by the educational employer and the exclusive representative, employee requests to authorize, revoke, cancel, or change authorizations for payroll deductions for employee organizations shall be directed to the employee organization rather than to the educational employer. The employee organization shall be responsible for initially processing and notifying the educational employer of proper requests or providing proper requests to the employer. If the requests are not provided to the educational employer, the employer shall rely on information provided by the employee organization regarding whether deductions for an employee organization were properly authorized, revoked, canceled, or changed, and the employee organization shall indemnify the educational employer for any damages and reasonable costs incurred for any claims made by educational employees for deductions made in good faith reliance on that information.
(e) Upon receipt by the exclusive representative of an appropriate written authorization from an individual educational employee, written notice of authorization shall be provided to the educational employer and any authorized deductions shall be made in accordance with law. The employee organization shall indemnify the educational employer for any damages and reasonable costs incurred for any claims made by an educational employee for deductions made in good faith reliance on its notification.
(f) The failure of an educational employer to comply with the provisions of this Section shall be a violation of the duty to bargain and an unfair labor practice. Relief for the violation shall be reimbursement by the educational employer of dues that should have been deducted or paid based on a valid authorization given by the educational employee or employees. In addition, the provisions of a collective bargaining agreement that contain the obligations set forth in this Section may be enforced in accordance with Section 10.
(g) The Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board shall have exclusive jurisdiction over claims under Illinois law that allege an educational employer or employee organization has unlawfully deducted or collected dues from an educational employee in violation of this Act. The Board shall by rule require that in cases in which an educational employee alleges that an employee organization has unlawfully collected dues, the educational employer shall continue to deduct the employee's dues from the employee's pay, but shall transmit the dues to the Board for deposit in an escrow account maintained by the Board. If the exclusive representative maintains an escrow account for the purpose of holding dues to which an employee has objected, the employer shall transmit the entire amount of dues to the exclusive representative, and the exclusive representative shall hold in escrow the dues that the employer would otherwise have been required to transmit to the Board for escrow; provided that the escrow account maintained by the exclusive representative complies with rules adopted by the Board or that the collective bargaining agreement requiring the payment of the dues contains an indemnification provision for the purpose of indemnifying the employer with respect to the employer's transmission of dues to the exclusive representative.
(h) If a collective bargaining agreement that includes a dues deduction clause expires or continues in effect beyond its scheduled expiration date pending the negotiation of a successor agreement, then the employer shall continue to honor and abide by the dues deduction clause until a new agreement that includes a dues deduction clause is reached. Failure to honor and abide by the dues deduction clause for the benefit of any exclusive representative as set forth in this subsection (h) shall be a violation of the duty to bargain and an unfair labor practice. For the benefit of any successor exclusive representative certified under this Act, this provision shall be applicable, provided the successor exclusive representative presents the employer with employee written authorizations or certifications from the exclusive representative for the deduction of dues, assessments, and fees under this subsection (h).
(i)(1) If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or subdivision of this Section shall be adjudged by a court of competent jurisdiction to be unconstitutional or otherwise invalid, that judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or subdivision of this Section directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
(2) If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of a signed authorization for payroll deductions shall be adjudged by a court of competent jurisdiction to be unconstitutional or otherwise invalid, that judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder of the signed authorization, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of the signed authorization directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
(Source: P.A. 101-620, eff. 12-20-19.)
(115 ILCS 5/12)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1712)
(a) This subsection (a) applies only to collective bargaining between an educational employer that is not a public school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code and an exclusive representative of its employees. If the parties engaged in collective
bargaining have not reached an agreement by 90 days before the scheduled
start of the forthcoming school year, the parties shall notify the Illinois
Educational Labor Relations Board concerning the status of negotiations. This notice shall include a statement on whether mediation has been used.
Upon demand of either party, collective bargaining between the employer
and an exclusive bargaining representative must begin within 60 days of
the date of certification of the representative by the Board, or in the case
of an existing exclusive bargaining representative, within 60 days of the
receipt by a party of a demand to bargain issued by the other party. Once
commenced, collective bargaining must continue for at least a 60 day
period, unless a contract is entered into.
Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this Section, if after
a reasonable period of negotiation and within 90 days of the
scheduled start of the forth-coming school year, the parties engaged in
collective bargaining have reached an impasse, either party may petition
the Board to initiate mediation. Alternatively, the Board on its own
motion may initiate mediation during this period. However, mediation shall
be initiated by the Board at any time when jointly requested by the parties
and the services of the mediators shall continuously be made available to
the employer and to the exclusive bargaining representative for purposes of
arbitration of grievances and mediation or arbitration of contract
disputes. If requested by the parties, the mediator may perform
fact-finding and in so doing conduct hearings and make written findings and
recommendations for resolution of the dispute. Such mediation shall be
provided by the Board and shall be held before qualified impartial
individuals. Nothing prohibits the use of other individuals or
organizations such as the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service or the
American Arbitration Association selected by both the exclusive bargaining
representative and the employer.
If the parties engaged in collective bargaining fail to reach an agreement
within 45 days of the scheduled start of the forthcoming school year and
have not requested mediation, the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board
shall invoke mediation.
Whenever mediation is initiated or invoked under this subsection (a), the
parties may stipulate to defer selection of a mediator in accordance with
rules adopted by the Board.
(a-5) This subsection (a-5) applies only to collective bargaining between a public school district or a combination of public school districts, including, but not limited to, joint cooperatives, that is not organized under Article 34 of the School Code and an exclusive representative of its employees.
(1) Any time 15 days after mediation has commenced,
either party may initiate the public posting process. The mediator may initiate the public posting process at any time 15 days after mediation has commenced during the mediation process. Initiation of the public posting process must be filed in writing with the Board, and copies must be submitted to the parties on the same day the initiation is filed with the Board.
(2) Within 7 days after the initiation of the public
posting process, each party shall submit to the mediator, the Board, and the other party in writing the most recent offer of the party, including a cost summary of the offer. Seven days after receipt of the parties' offers, the Board shall make public the offers and each party's cost summary dealing with those issues on which the parties have failed to reach agreement by immediately posting the offers on its Internet website, unless otherwise notified by the mediator or jointly by the parties that agreement has been reached. On the same day of publication by the Board, at a minimum, the school district shall distribute notice of the availability of the offers on the Board's Internet website to all news media that have filed an annual request for notices from the school district pursuant to Section 2.02 of the Open Meetings Act. The parties' offers shall remain on the Board's Internet website until the parties have reached and ratified an agreement.
(a-10) This subsection (a-10) applies only to collective bargaining between a public school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code and an exclusive representative of its employees.
(1) For collective bargaining agreements between an
educational employer to which this subsection (a-10) applies and an exclusive representative of its employees, if the parties fail to reach an agreement after a reasonable period of mediation, the dispute shall be submitted to fact-finding in accordance with this subsection (a-10). Either the educational employer or the exclusive representative may initiate fact-finding by submitting a written demand to the other party with a copy of the demand submitted simultaneously to the Board.
(2) Within 3 days following a party's demand for
fact-finding, each party shall appoint one member of the fact-finding panel, unless the parties agree to proceed without a tri-partite panel. Following these appointments, if any, the parties shall select a qualified impartial individual to serve as the fact-finder and chairperson of the fact-finding panel, if applicable. An individual shall be considered qualified to serve as the fact-finder and chairperson of the fact-finding panel, if applicable, if he or she was not the same individual who was appointed as the mediator and if he or she satisfies the following requirements: membership in good standing with the National Academy of Arbitrators, Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, or American Arbitration Association for a minimum of 10 years; membership on the mediation roster for the Illinois Labor Relations Board or Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board; issuance of at least 5 interest arbitration awards arising under the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act; and participation in impasse resolution processes arising under private or public sector collective bargaining statutes in other states. If the parties are unable to agree on a fact-finder, the parties shall request a panel of fact-finders who satisfy the requirements set forth in this paragraph (2) from either the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service or the American Arbitration Association and shall select a fact-finder from such panel in accordance with the procedures established by the organization providing the panel.
(3) The fact-finder shall have the following duties
(A) to require the parties to submit a statement
of disputed issues and their positions regarding each issue either jointly or separately;
(B) to identify disputed issues that are
(C) to meet with the parties either separately
or in executive sessions;
(D) to conduct hearings and regulate the time,
place, course, and manner of the hearings;
(E) to request the Board to issue subpoenas
requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses or the production of evidence;
(F) to administer oaths and affirmations;
(G) to examine witnesses and documents;
(H) to create a full and complete written record
(I) to attempt mediation or remand a disputed
issue to the parties for further collective bargaining;
(J) to require the parties to submit final
offers for each disputed issue either individually or as a package or as a combination of both; and
(K) to employ any other measures deemed
appropriate to resolve the impasse.
(4) If the dispute is not settled within 75 days
after the appointment of the fact-finding panel, the fact-finding panel shall issue a private report to the parties that contains advisory findings of fact and recommended terms of settlement for all disputed issues and that sets forth a rationale for each recommendation. The fact-finding panel, acting by a majority of its members, shall base its findings and recommendations upon the following criteria as applicable:
(A) the lawful authority of the employer;
(B) the federal and State statutes or local
ordinances and resolutions applicable to the employer;
(C) prior collective bargaining agreements and
the bargaining history between the parties;
(D) stipulations of the parties;
(E) the interests and welfare of the public and
the students and families served by the employer;
(F) the employer's financial ability to fund the
proposals based on existing available resources, provided that such ability is not predicated on an assumption that lines of credit or reserve funds are available or that the employer may or will receive or develop new sources of revenue or increase existing sources of revenue;
(G) the impact of any economic adjustments on the
employer's ability to pursue its educational mission;
(H) the present and future general economic
conditions in the locality and State;
(I) a comparison of the wages, hours, and
conditions of employment of the employees involved in the dispute with the wages, hours, and conditions of employment of employees performing similar services in public education in the 10 largest U.S. cities;
(J) the average consumer prices in urban areas
for goods and services, which is commonly known as the cost of living;
(K) the overall compensation presently received
by the employees involved in the dispute, including direct wage compensation; vacations, holidays, and other excused time; insurance and pensions; medical and hospitalization benefits; the continuity and stability of employment and all other benefits received; and how each party's proposed compensation structure supports the educational goals of the district;
(L) changes in any of the circumstances listed in
items (A) through (K) of this paragraph (4) during the fact-finding proceedings;
(M) the effect that any term the parties are at
impasse on has or may have on the overall educational environment, learning conditions, and working conditions with the school district; and
(N) the effect that any term the parties are at
impasse on has or may have in promoting the public policy of this State.
(5) The fact-finding panel's recommended terms of
settlement shall be deemed agreed upon by the parties as the final resolution of the disputed issues and incorporated into the collective bargaining agreement executed by the parties, unless either party tenders to the other party and the chairperson of the fact-finding panel a notice of rejection of the recommended terms of settlement with a rationale for the rejection, within 15 days after the date of issuance of the fact-finding panel's report. If either party submits a notice of rejection, the chairperson of the fact-finding panel shall publish the fact-finding panel's report and the notice of rejection for public information by delivering a copy to all newspapers of general circulation in the community with simultaneous written notice to the parties.
(b) If, after a period of bargaining of at least 60 days, a
dispute or impasse exists between an educational employer whose territorial
boundaries are coterminous with those of a city having a population in
excess of 500,000 and the exclusive bargaining representative over
a subject or matter set forth in Section 4.5 of this Act, the parties shall
submit the dispute or impasse to the dispute resolution procedure
agreed to between the parties. The procedure shall provide for mediation
of disputes by a rotating mediation panel and may, at the request of
either party, include the issuance of advisory findings of fact and
(c) The costs of fact finding and mediation shall be shared equally
the employer and the exclusive bargaining agent, provided that, for
purposes of mediation under this Act, if either party requests the use of
mediation services from the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, the
other party shall either join in such request or bear the additional cost
of mediation services from another source. All other costs and expenses of complying with this Section must be borne by the party incurring them.
(c-5) If an educational employer or exclusive bargaining representative refuses to participate in mediation or fact finding when required by this Section, the refusal shall be deemed a refusal to bargain in good faith.
(d) Nothing in this Act prevents an employer and an exclusive bargaining
representative from mutually submitting to final and binding impartial
arbitration unresolved issues concerning the terms of a new collective
(Source: P.A. 97-7, eff. 6-13-11; 97-8, eff. 6-13-11; 98-513, eff. 1-1-14.)
(115 ILCS 5/13)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1713)
(a) Notwithstanding the existence of any other
provision in this Act or other law, educational employees employed in school
districts organized under Article 34 of the School Code shall not engage in
a strike at any time during the 18 month period that commences on the
effective date of this amendatory Act of 1995. An educational employee
employed in a school district organized
under Article 34 of the School Code who participates in a strike in violation
of this Section is subject to discipline by the employer. In addition, no
educational employer organized under Article 34 of the School Code may pay or
cause to be paid to an educational employee who
participates in a strike in violation of this subsection any wages or other
compensation for any period during
which an educational employee participates in the strike, except for wages or
compensation earned before participation in the strike.
Notwithstanding the existence of any other
provision in this Act or other law, during the 18-month period that strikes are
prohibited under this subsection nothing in this subsection shall be construed
to require an educational employer to submit to a binding dispute resolution
(b) Notwithstanding the existence of any other provision in this Act or any
other law, educational employees other than those employed in a school district
organized under Article 34 of the School Code and, after the expiration of the
18 month period that commences on the effective date of this amendatory Act of
1995, educational employees in a school district organized under Article 34 of
the School Code shall not engage in a strike except under the following
(1) they are represented by an exclusive bargaining
(2) mediation has been used without success and, for
educational employers and exclusive bargaining representatives to which subsection (a-5) of Section 12 of this Act applies, at least 14 days have elapsed after the Board has made public the parties' offers;
(2.5) if fact-finding was invoked pursuant to
subsection (a-10) of Section 12 of this Act, at least 30 days have elapsed after a fact-finding report has been released for public information;
(2.10) for educational employees employed in a
school district organized under Article 34 of the School Code, at least three-fourths of all bargaining unit employees who are members of the exclusive bargaining representative have affirmatively voted to authorize the strike; provided, however, that all members of the exclusive bargaining representative at the time of a strike authorization vote shall be eligible to vote;
(3) at least 10 days have elapsed after a notice of
intent to strike has been given by the exclusive bargaining representative to the educational employer, the regional superintendent and the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board;
(4) the collective bargaining agreement between the
educational employer and educational employees, if any, has expired or been terminated; and
(5) the employer and the exclusive bargaining
representative have not mutually submitted the unresolved issues to arbitration.
If, however, in the opinion of an employer the strike is or has become a
clear and present danger to the health or safety of the public, the employer
in the circuit court of the county in which such danger exists an action for
relief which may include, but is not limited to, injunction. The court may
grant appropriate relief upon the finding that such clear and present danger
An unfair practice or other evidence of lack of clean hands by the educational
employer is a defense to such action. Except as provided for in this
paragraph, the jurisdiction of the court under this Section is limited by the
Labor Dispute Act.
(Source: P.A. 97-7, eff. 6-13-11; 97-8, eff. 6-13-11; 98-513, eff. 1-1-14.)
(115 ILCS 5/14)
(from Ch. 48, par. 1714)
Unfair labor practices.
(a) Educational employers, their agents
or representatives are prohibited from:
(1) Interfering, restraining or coercing employees in
the exercise of the rights guaranteed under this Act.
(2) Dominating or interfering with the formation,
existence or administration of any employee organization.
(3) Discriminating in regard to hire or tenure of
employment or any term or condition of employment to encourage or discourage membership in any employee organization.
(4) Discharging or otherwise discriminating against
an employee because he or she has signed or filed an affidavit, authorization card, petition or complaint or given any information or testimony under this Act.
(5) Refusing to bargain collectively in good faith
with an employee representative which is the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate unit, including but not limited to the discussing of grievances with the exclusive representative; provided, however, that if an alleged unfair labor practice involves interpretation or application of the terms of a collective bargaining agreement and said agreement contains a grievance and arbitration procedure, the Board may defer the resolution of such dispute to the grievance and arbitration procedure contained in said agreement.
(6) Refusing to reduce a collective bargaining
agreement to writing and signing such agreement.
(7) Violating any of the rules and regulations
promulgated by the Board regulating the conduct of representation elections.
(8) Refusing to comply with the provisions of a
binding arbitration award.
(9) Expending or causing the expenditure of public
funds to any external agent, individual, firm, agency, partnership or association in any attempt to influence the outcome of representational elections held pursuant to paragraph (c) of Section 7 of this Act; provided, that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit an employer's right to be represented on any matter pertaining to unit determinations, unfair labor practice charges or pre-election conferences in any formal or informal proceeding before the Board, or to seek or obtain advice from legal counsel. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit an employer from expending or causing the expenditure of public funds on, or seeking or obtaining services or advice from, any organization, group or association established by, and including educational or public employers, whether or not covered by this Act, the Illinois Public Labor Relations Act or the public employment labor relations law of any other state or the federal government, provided that such services or advice are generally available to the membership of the organization, group, or association, and are not offered solely in an attempt to influence the outcome of a particular representational election.
(10) Interfering with, restraining, coercing,
deterring or discouraging educational employees or applicants to be educational employees from: (1) becoming members of an employee organization; (2) authorizing representation by an employee organization; or (3) authorizing dues or fee deductions to an employee organization, nor shall the employer intentionally permit outside third parties to use its email or other communications systems to engage in that conduct. An employer's good faith implementation of a policy to block the use of its email or other communication systems for such purposes shall be defense to an unfair labor practice.
(11) Disclosing to any person or entity information
set forth in subsection (d) of Section 3 of this Act that the employer knows or should know will be used to interfere with, restrain, coerce, deter, or discourage any public employee from: (i) becoming or remaining members of a labor organization, (ii) authorizing representation by a labor organization, or (iii) authorizing dues or fee deductions to a labor organization.
(b) Employee organizations, their agents or representatives or educational
employees are prohibited from:
(1) Restraining or coercing employees in the exercise
of the rights guaranteed under this Act, provided that a labor organization or its agents shall commit an unfair labor practice under this paragraph in duty of fair representation cases only by intentional misconduct in representing employees under this Act.
(2) Restraining or coercing an educational employer
in the selection of his representative for the purposes of collective bargaining or the adjustment of grievances.
(3) Refusing to bargain collectively in good faith
with an educational employer, if they have been designated in accordance with the provisions of this Act as the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate unit.
(4) Violating any of the rules and regulations
promulgated by the Board regulating the conduct of representation elections.
(5) Refusing to reduce a collective bargaining
agreement to writing and signing such agreement.
(6) Refusing to comply with the provisions of a
binding arbitration award.
(c) The expressing of any views, argument, opinion or the
dissemination thereof, whether in written, printed, graphic or visual form,
shall not constitute or be evidence of an unfair labor practice under any
of the provisions of this Act, if such expression contains no threat of
reprisal or force or promise of benefit.
(c-5) The employer shall not discourage public employees or applicants to be public employees from becoming or remaining union members or authorizing dues deductions, and shall not otherwise interfere with the relationship between employees and their exclusive bargaining representative. The employer shall refer all inquiries about union membership to the exclusive bargaining representative, except that the employer may communicate with employees regarding payroll processes and procedures. The employer will establish email policies in an effort to prohibit the use of its email system by outside sources.
(d) The actions of a Financial Oversight Panel created pursuant to Section
of the School Code due to a district violating a financial plan shall not
constitute or be evidence of an unfair labor practice under any of the
provisions of this Act. Such actions include, but are not limited to,
reviewing, approving, or rejecting a school district budget or a collective
(Source: P.A. 101-620, eff. 12-20-19.)